The “cocoon-in-law” festival in Duong Yen
Yen Street is an ancient village of Xuan Non commune, Dong Anh district, on the outskirts of Hanoi. In the past, the village was called Kim Hoa, called Nom Kim Con, located near Co Loa. On the day 2nd day of the second lunar month Every year, people in Duong Yen village, Xuan Non commune, Dong Anh, Hanoi often organize The “cocoon-in-law” festival village tradition. The festival is held to commemorate and honor the famous female general Le Hoa.
Legend has it that Lady La Le Hoa, originally from Pha Lai, followed Hai Ba Trung to fight the enemy to save the country. After conquering 65 enemy cities, Hai Ba Trung became king, appointed Ms. La Le Hoa as a general and sent her to be the governor of Dong Ngan district, based in Duong Yen village. And here, she opened a “cocoon-in-law” festival, since then the festival has become an annual cultural beauty of Duong Yen and Xuan Non villagers.
“Cocoons-in-law” Association of Duong Yen prepared very carefully, the stage of selecting participants is very careful, the person who plays the mother of the saint ie “Mother Mother” must be a beautiful, but perfect, family model… Two “grooms” (divided into two North factions) and Hau) and the person who plays the Notre Dame (Mrs. Le Hoa) must be elegant men and women who do not have their own families and other items to serve the association. On the morning of the 2nd day of the 2nd lunar month, Duong Yen villagers woke up early and excitedly went to the communal house to attend the festival. Although the communal house yard is large, sometimes there is not enough space for people to attend the festival. When the show of honoring the ancestors began, a procession of people carrying Mrs. Le Hoa’s palanquin went from the village gate to the communal house yard, on both sides were the village elders to welcome the “Holy Lady” down the “Holy Lady” palanquin with their hands clasped in front of their chests. .
At this time, the villagers danced “Take off your breast”. It is said that when she followed Hai Ba Trung to fight the enemy, she had to use mo areca to make armor to pretend to be a boy, now no longer a fierce enemy, she had to give up mo areca to become a girl and get married. Then paraphrase six young angels and six well-dressed, masked “fairies” into the yard. When there is a command drum, the “fairies” take off their chests, and the dance takes place three times. This is considered a dance performance with folk characteristics combined with music to liven up the atmosphere of the festival, it reminds people of the past and loves the land that our ancestors had. painstakingly cultivated. The dance ended, Mother Ba had a rhyme, at this time the two grooms in traditional costumes in turbans went around in front of the judges and villagers, clasping their hands towards Mother’s place. After the two grooms had finished introducing themselves, the two sides competed in behavior.
Since ancient times, our forefathers have always taken farming as a priority, so when this festival was opened, plowing contests, transplanting contests, fishing for fish, fishing for frogs, and catching frogs was a folk hobby, and at the same time this was also a popular hobby. is to teach children and grandchildren for thousands of generations to work diligently. The farming contest of the “cocoon-in-law” ceremony includes sections such as ploughing contest, frog fishing contest, dog poking contest, and catching trach in the jar. The two grooms are preparing to take each subject in turn, and the judges will mark the points with cards. At the end of each contest, the Jury declares who won then adds card points to choose the winner.
After finding the winner, the villagers organized dances and songs for the talented and talented couple, the festival ended, leaving a lingering impression in the hearts of the participants because of the rustic lyrical nature, because the radiant faces of the people who make up the poetry of that nation’s soul.
It can be said that Duong Yen Festival It is an opportunity for villagers and tourists from all over the world to review historical traditions, helping generations, especially the younger ones, have a pure love for their homeland. The festival reminds the young generation to exercise regularly, love labor, and love their homeland. The festival also sparks a flow of thousands of lives of Vietnamese culture: always preserving the Vietnamese cultural identity and preserving that cultural beauty for eternity.
Worship: Le Hoa – General of Hai Ba Trung
Where to eat: Duong Yen Village, Xuan Non Commune, Dong Anh
Time: 2nd day of the second lunar month
The procession of false kings of Sai Temple
On January 11 every year, Sai Temple (Thuy Lam, Dong Anh, Hanoi) is held Procession of the False King (also known as the Procession of the Living King) in memory of the god Huyen Thien Tran Vu who helped An Duong Vuong eliminate love and build Co Loa citadel.
According to History, Sai Temple dates back to the reign of Thuc An Duong Vuong, about 2.200 years ago. The temple has a close relationship with Co Loa citadel and Quan Thanh temple. At that time, Thuc Vuong was building a wall of thousands of feet in the shape of a snail, so it was called Loa Thanh to fight against the invaders of Trieu Da. However, this city was almost finished building and fell, so the king was worried, so he ordered the army to set up an altar to pray to heaven and earth and to miraculously mountain rivers and mountains. The king asked about the reason for the fall of the city, then the Golden Tortoise appeared and said clearly: It is because of the spirit of the mountains and rivers in this region, hiding in That Dieu Son, there is a white rooster that has lived for thousands of years and has come to disturb it. Thuc Vuong was led by the god Kim Quy (Golden Turtle) to That Dieu Son mountain to destroy the white chicken (Bach Ke Tinh) so that half a month later, the citadel was completed.
And the person who eliminated monsters to help An Duong Vuong was Huyen Thien Tran Vu. According to legend, Huyen Thien Tran Vu is the guardian god of the North, once reincarnated as the son of the king of Tinh Lac (China), grew up leaving the princely throne to practice in a cave in Vu Duong for 42 years. Northerners eliminated many demons, helped the people of the Zhou Dynasty to defeat the plague god causing mass death, and was named Dai Tu and Dai Bi by God, and finally was named Huyen Thien Tran Vu.
In Sai Temple false king procession festival, all the details, all the movements are meant to be re-enacted according to the old legend when the king returned to the temple to pay his respects. Because of that distinctive feature, the festival of procession of false kings at Sai temple is a unique, special, and rare festival in our country. Those who are appointed by the people to be kings and sit on the throne during the festival must hold a banquet to entertain the villagers who come to eat and drink. In previous years, the villagers here always held a 3-day meal festival, but recently it has been shortened.
Where to eat: Thuy Loi village (Hoi), Thuy Lam commune
Time (Official Assembly): 11/1 Lunar Calendar
Co Loa Association
Co Loa This is an extremely famous historical relic site, located in Dong Anh district, outside Hanoi. This is considered a large citadel, a physical vestige of military architecture and an ancient citadel more than 2 millennia ago. Although this place is a testament to a sad story about the loss of vigilance to let the country fall into the hands of the enemy, but through so many ups and downs of history, Co Loa citadel has always been the pride of Vietnamese people about history. history of the nation’s anti-foreign aggression.
Every year every day January 6thCo Loa people and tourists from all over the country return here to offer incense in memory of King An Duong Vuong, solemnly organize Co Loa temple festival with contests and folk games.
Right from the early morning of the 6th, the dignitaries of eight villages went to the fairy house of Van Thuong village – the village has the privilege of preparing the literature, to process it. There is a shelf for writing articles that have been pasted. Fairy only and dignitaries with hats and hats come in front of the altar to perform the ceremony. The procession consists of the Bat Am ward in the lead, the dignitaries and 8 fairies of 8 villages and the Dinh people carrying the Van Te price, the long communal palanquin, and the flags to the An Duong Vuong Temple, or Thuong Temple. The temple yard is decorated with extremely brilliant fan flags for the sacrifice. Outside the temple door, there are pink and white horses (wooden) standing in adoration, and on both sides of the road leading to the temple are wooden stands with flags and fans and revealing bowls of buu (worship items made in the form of eight weapons). . The palanquins of eight communes are arranged in the correct order. In front of the temple, there is a large incense burner, above it is a glass box containing a pair of golden halves and worshiping objects. In front of the large incense altar is a smaller incense stick on display of the weapons of King Thuc such as bow, sword, arrow, and crossbow. Then spread a row of mats to make sacrifices. When the procession arrives, the communal house is placed in front of two incense burners, the sacrifice is conducted in the background of the music of the Bat Am ward. The fairy points to Van Thuong village as the celebrant. After the sacrifice, it was the villagers’ turn to do the ceremony. The ceremony lasted until nearly noon that day.
Then move on to the god procession. At the forefront is the fan flag, then the long communal house and the bowls of the road. Next is the Bat Am ward and the officials wear sacrificial robes, hia belts, and carry the king’s weapons. Immediately after, the dignitaries and boys from Chua village in Co Loa village carried the long communal house with the king’s tablet. Then came the dignitaries and people of other villages, each village carrying its own palanquin, with its own fan flag, and its own bowl of sound. The whole procession is very long, goes very slowly, the flute is jubilant and bustling.
That is the ceremony, and the festival lasts until the full moon day of January with many fun activities. In the evening at the communal house, there are fireworks, ca tru singing, and tuong singing. During the day, the old men played cards and chess. The old women go to the temple ceremony. Teenage boys and girls have games: swinging, wrestling, tug of war, climbing rope, archery, crossbow, human chess, blowing rice contest, cock fighting, slamming … During Co Loa festivals, people Around the area with tourists from all over the world came to see a lot of people, considering this a meaningful occasion of spring fun.
Worship: An Duong Vuong
Where to eat: Co Loa Commune
Time: From 4 to 15 January
Main Festival: January 6th
Quail village festival
Every year, every New Year to the spring, the people of Dong Anh eagerly wait for the jubilant “Elder Brother Quai” village festival to take place from January 12-15 (lunar calendar) in Lien Ha commune, Dong Anh district, Hanoi.
Every January 6, Co Loa festival and Quai village recommend a group of 12 elders to worship the king. However, as always, Co Loa villagers have to wait for the elders of Quai village to arrive before starting the ceremony. The elders of Quai village are always warmly welcomed like siblings and sit on mats because they have given up land for the king to build the city. After that, the Quai Village Festival officially took place from January 12 to 15. This festival worship three gods: Thuy Hai, Dang Giang, Khong Chong. These three gods are village boys who followed Hai Ba Trung to chase away the invaders and two saints Tam Giang and Dong Hai – ancestors who made merit to the country.
As for the ceremony of the Quai village festival, the village law stipulates: The village elders from 60 years old and above are allowed to participate in the reception and sacrifices; those in their 50s in charge of offerings and Communion; age 49 must serve water to invite betel nut to the elderly; age 46 prepares items and arranges prize levels for carnival games.
As for the Association, it is said that in the past, the elders also held the festival for 18 days and nights, continuously from January 12 to 30. However, now the part of the Association has been shortened to only four days to serve the people’s production. Therefore, on the day of the festival, people are always eager, eagerly looking forward to each other, racing to go to the festival.
Worship: Thuy Hai, Dang Giang, Khong Chong, Tam Giang and Dong Hai.
Where to eat: Chau Phong village; The Deal and the Great Tail
Time: 12/1-15/1 lunar calendar
Xuan Non Village Festival
Spring Festival is an ancient village with a long history of creation and development. The village was called “Be” village, later changed to Xuan Non. Experiencing many historical events, Xuan Non’s appearance has been renewed day by day, but the golden imprint of the past is still imprinted in the minds of the people of Xuan Non and the historical and cultural relics of the village.
The village communal house is the place where the festival takes place, the communal house is located on a large area of land, the houses are planned around a large brick yard. It is one of the earliest communal houses in our country and has survived through hundreds of years of ups and downs of history. The longevity and strong vitality of the communal house has confirmed its historical role in the spiritual and cultural life of the local people. The Xuan Non village festival took place from the afternoon of October 10, when the villagers opened the communal house, and in the afternoon the officials sacrificed and desecrated the saints. On the evening of October 10, plays and games are held. But what is remarkable is the performance of the saint worshiping opera, which is the performance of the artists’ reenactment of the relics of the saints who fought and won the battle to return to glory. A trumpet and drum emerges a spearhead singing to worship the saint with the melodies of nam binh, nam thuong, and pipe singing… The singing shows respect for the ancestors, after 10-10 tunes the whole tuong team comes out to the field. stage plays, games. Xuan Non is the hometown of ancient tunes. It is the bridge between the material and spiritual culture of the people. On October 4, the main festival takes place, the main activities are the procession of the Queen’s palanquin, the sacrifice to the saints and the snake dance. This is an opportunity to review historical traditions, unite the community and educate the local people physically and mentally.
In the early morning of October 11, the villagers organized a procession to bring King Ba A La from Thien Temple to the communal house to attend the festival. The special thing here is the procession by hammock, the procession is all the “female officials” selected from the girls in the village. The colors of the flags, canopy, parasols, and clothes, the girls’ fresh faces, blend in with the beautiful nature. The person who beat the mule at the head of the procession is called “Ba Meng”. On the hammock, there is a statue of the Holy Mother, covered with towels, all embroidered with tinsel above with a fan and umbrella. Arriving at the communal house, the female officials carried the statue to the harem to be next to the Holy throne. After being seated, “King Ba” sacrificed a song called “sacrifices to welcome King Ba”. Previously, the festival was held for 10 days, on October 1, after the procession of King Ba to the temple, the snake pulling ceremony was held and the evening sacrifice was made. Today, due to economic and social conditions, the festival is only held on 5 days, so the snake pulling organization is held at noon on October 15, the evening of cultural performances. The snake-pulling game was held by the villagers to commemorate the deity who helped Saint Vu Dinh break the siege of the enemy. According to legend, when Vu Dinh was surrounded by the enemy, he set up an altar to pray to God for help, suddenly in the river appeared a spirit with the head of a snake and asked to help him fight the enemy. The enemy army was terrified and fled, our army won.
Since then, the people of Xuan Noi have held an annual snake pulling ceremony to show their gratitude to the gods. The organization of pulling snakes must be very elaborately prepared, especially the stage of selecting people to join the snake pulling team. The number of people is 34 because in the past, there were 34 boys from Be village who followed the saint to fight the enemy. Must be a healthy, virtuous man with a well-to-do family, young age. “Mr. Snake” is human-like, in the past wearing a loincloth and shirtless, now wearing a red scarf with a yellow belt. The “snake-headed man” wears a red scarf on his head to make a crest, and his tail is a red scarf tied to the ground. The preparatory work has been completed. The command drum emerged, the boss of the group wearing a red scarf entered the pavilion holding the drum. The snake army entered the communal house to offer Holy Mass, burned incense, then jumped up and shouted to the saint to worship the saint, three times like that. After bowing to the saint, the snake-headed person holds a cotton tree and dances to the saint with flexible but decisive tuong movements showing the power of the gods. When the sacred dance ends, it is also the time when the snake drag dance begins to trace the snakes together by: the latter grip tightly on the waist of the first, and so on until the person makes the snake’s tail. The boss led the way, snakes threaded through the pillars in the pavilion, entered the harem, and then passed through all the pillars. Drums lead the way, snakes follow, snakes circle 3 around the communal house and then enter the communal house yard to perform the pattern in the style of gerbera, which looks very beautiful and attractive. The snake drag dance was performed in the cheers of the people with the sound of drums and trumpets playing, creating a bustling atmosphere that stirred the hearts of attendees. The performance of “gerbera” was over until the “snake” returned to the sea, the snake group went to the pond in front of the communal house to “disappear”.
Participants pull the snake to jump into the diving pond or swim to the other side. The snake-pulling festival is considered successful when the connection of the snakes is not broken or faulty, even though it has to be performed for about 30 minutes. Snake pulling association is a folk sport game to improve physical strength, gratitude to gods, gratitude to prehistoric heroes who have built and defended the country. In the evening of October 11th, the villagers held a cultural festival. Tuong singing, Ca Tru singing and today performing mass art. In the past, they organized the burning of cotton trees very elaborately and meaningfully. The cotton tree is made of bamboo tubes in which there are couplets, poems, and paper seeds. When burning cotton plants from the bamboo tubes fly out the seeds, couplets, poems, whoever “robs” something is considered to be “lucky”. This is a precious folk game that needs to be restored and preserved. It is one of the precious intangible cultural heritages of Dong Anh district and Hanoi.
Xuan Non communal house and the festival of “process of King Ba”, “burning of cotton trees”, “snake dance”, “Saint tuong” have special values in social and cultural life. Coming to the Spring Festival, everyone is excited and excited because there, the feelings of Xuan Non people are sincere and open, a festival space imbued with Kinh Bac culture.
Worship: Lady A La Tue Tinh, Vu Dinh Dai Vuong and Thien Loi Ton Than, Truong Hong, Truong Hat
Where to eat: Xuan Non village, Xuan Non commune
Time: 10 – 15/10 lunar calendar
Main Assembly: 11/10 lunar calendar
Characteristics: Procession of the king’s palanquin, Snake dance
Thuy Ha Village Association
Thuy Ha village, Bac Hong commune, Dong Anh district, located on the outskirts of Hanoi, formerly known as O Oa, formerly belonged to Dong Do canton, Kim Hoa district, Bac Ha district, Kinh Bac country. In the north of this land, there is Ca Lo river winding around the village. West of Thuy Ha has a high strip of land, shaped like a dragon embracing the village. Here and there are some mounds with very old names: Drum mound, Gong mound, Con Qui mound, Vuon Sach mound, and Nghien But mound.
Thuy Ha Village Spring Festival includes many parts, but is mainly divided into two main parts which are the ceremony and the festival. In the ceremony, there is a procession of palanquins bearing many unique and distinctive markings, which are distinct from other localities. The Hoi section has various forms of folk entertainment such as blindfolded catching goats, peeing on the pond or newly organized sports such as football, volleyball…
It can be said that Thuy Ha village festival It is not only a time when people can fully immerse themselves in the cultural beauty of their homeland, the nation, but also an occasion for descendants to remember the merits of opening a hamlet, establishing a village, fighting the enemy to save the people of their ancestors. Not only that, this is also an opportunity for the community of Thuy Ha villagers to educate about the village’s precious traditions, as well as increase community and village cohesion.
The festival is held from 8th to 13th January (8th out, 13th in). On the morning of the 8th, there is a procession of the Saint’s palanquin and weapons from the communal house to the outside of the village communal house. Immediately after the sacrifice ceremony is the sword dance ceremony, reenacting the legend of the villagers and soldiers of the god Cao Son defeating the enemy in this very land. After that, they carry the Saint’s palanquin back to the communal house for the ceremony, then back to the churches where they hold the ancestral ceremony, and then all gather at the village gate to process it back to the communal house. On the 13th, the union of the village said goodbye to the funeral and asked to take the incense pots of the clans to the church.
Where to eat: Long Tu Temple and Communal House, Thuy Ha Village, Bac Hong
Time: January 8 to January 1 of the lunar calendar.
Dao Thuc Water Puppet Village Festival, Thuy Lam
Dao Thuc village water puppet ward located in Thuy Lam commune, Dong Anh district, Hanoi city. This place is known as the place to preserve the traditional cultural capital, the folk art of water puppetry for nearly 300 years. According to the epitaph, the biography of the ancestor who passed on the profession of water puppetry to Dao Thuc village was Nguyen Dang Vinh, himself Phuc Thiem, who worked as a housekeeper in the reign of King Le Y Tong (1735-1740). During his time as an official “internal director” in the court, he personally absorbed the art of water puppetry from the puppet troupes performing to serve the court. And as soon as he returned to the village, he established a ward and directly taught the people in the village the art of performing water puppetry. Since then, every year on 24-2 Lunar Calendar (on the day of his death), the villagers held an incense offering ceremony to commemorate the merits of their ancestor.
Dao Thuc water puppetry performance Different from everywhere in that using only the type of puppetry, the puppet can shake and swing with both hands, easily to the right, to the left, especially the puppet enters the game room by going back. With more than 20 games, these are ancient puppet plays originating from the farm work of Vietnamese agricultural residents such as plowing, planting rice, herding buffaloes, fishing…; Or it’s games. folk songs such as swinging, dancing and singing in a good season… or reenacting ancient stories and legends of the nation such as Thach Sanh fighting Tran Tinh…
Come to Dao Thuc water puppetViewers not only feel happy and relaxed, but also have the opportunity to enjoy the smooth and earnest folk tunes of these charming love songs. In response to the extremely sincere feelings that the audience has for, the Dao Thuc Water Puppet troupe always strives to create new and unique performances to make it interesting, unique and attractive. guide, to be able to meet the needs of the audience.
This New Year, let’s try to go to Dong Anh to watch Dao Thuc folk puppetry in the peaceful setting of suburban villages, to interact with artisans, visit temples and buy souvenirs… to feel the feeling. receive the beauty and beauty of water puppetry in particular and traditional folklore forms in general of the Vietnamese people.
Where to eat: Dao Thuc village, Thuy Lam commune
Time (Corporate Assembly): 13/11 lunar calendar – 24/2 lunar calendar
Xuan Trach Village Festival
Xuan Trach Village Another name is Canh Tram which is an ancient village with a long history. History recorded in “Xa Than Bi Ky” and “Vuong Pha Co Luc”, the identities from the reign of King Le Canh Hung 44 to King Nguyen record the merits of Than Hoang of Xa Than Quoc village Cao Minh Son and Thanh Mau. This is reflected in the 11 decrees conferred by the Kings in praise of her merits.
During the festival, there is a water procession to pray for favorable weather, good crops, and a happy and prosperous life for the villagers. This is also a festival of profound historical value because it contains proofs of a heroic historical period of the nation, and is an environment for preserving, educating and transmitting traditional culture. a symbol of community solidarity and a demonstration of the collective strength of the people, and at the same time reminding children and grandchildren of the tradition of drinking water, remembering the source, and inscribing the gratitude to those who have made meritorious services to the people, the village, and the water.
Worship: Cao Minh Son Xa Than Quoc
Where to eat: Xuan Trach village, Xuan Canh commune
Time: The main meeting on March 10 of the lunar calendar (March 03 to 8 of the lunar calendar).
Characteristics: Water procession