Turn to gold
The 4th of January according to the ancient calendar is water day. On this day, the Vietnamese people make offerings to their ancestors who have come to celebrate Tet with their descendants and burn a lot of votive paper so that the ancestors will return to the underworld to have more capital at the beginning of the year, in order to bless the descendants of posterity to do well. . In many areas in the Northern Delta, the Vietnamese have a custom of singing rowing boats to bring their ancestors back to the afterlife.
Golden Secularization On the 4th or 5th, many families still follow the old tradition: making rice, burning votive papers to send their loved ones away to pray for a new year of good luck. According to historian Duong Trung Quoc, gold secularization based on ancestor worship, gold materialization is often associated with daily life, to see people in the invisible afterlife living close to the earth. On the 4th and 5th of January, people abstain from leaving because it is not a good day.
Happy New Year
The traditional Tet holiday of Vietnamese people is always the most characteristic, fun and most anticipated Tet holiday. It is a family reunion day, an opportunity for everyone to exchange meaningful New Year wishes and gifts.
On the morning of the first day of the Lunar New Year, also known as the Lunar New Year, the descendants gather at the patriarch’s house to celebrate the ancestors and wish their grandparents and elders. According to the concept, every new year comes, each person grows one year old, so The first day of Tet is the day when children and grandchildren “wish” their grandparents and seniors (In the old days, the old people often did not remember the date of birth, so they only knew that when Tet came, they would increase their age by one year).
The New Year tree will be erected from December 23, and taken down on the 7th day of the Lunar New Year. The tree also has the meaning of exorcising demons, preventing the devil from coming to disturb the family, and having a peaceful Tet holiday. Families prepare offerings of rice, drops of oil, wine, incense, flowers, fruits, rice plates, salt plates, gold coins, and soya beans to make thanksgiving offerings. Fully display and complete outdoor offerings. Homeowners burn incense, ask for permission from the elders in the house first, then conduct the ceremony outdoors. The opening ceremony carries with it the cultural roots and national psychology.
The opening day of summer is one of the special holidays that show the gratitude of Vietnamese people to heaven, Buddha, gods and ancestors. January 7th (maybe also January 6th) is the last day of the Tet festival series. On this day, Vietnamese people do The ceremony to lower the tree, called the festival of the summer, ends the Lunar New Year and start doing business in the new year from the 8th or 9th of January.
The custom of visiting
Visiting relatives is to bond family and relatives. New Year’s greetings are usually good health, prosperity, good luck, all wishes will be successful… Those who are in trouble in the old year, encourage each other to overcome accidents or change their lives. The evil also finds the blessing, towards the good.
Visiting my neighbors and families who live close to my family, wish them good wishes at the beginning of the new year. These visits help bring people together, erase all the problems of the old year, and welcome the new year with joy. Visiting friends, colleagues and loved ones with me to wish them good words, to help close friendships.
Broke ground (or kicking the ground, opening goods) is a long-standing custom in Vietnam. Many people consider the first day to “open” a new year. They believe that on this day, if everything goes smoothly and luckily, the whole year will be auspicious and favorable. Right after the New Year’s Eve, anyone who walks in from the outside with New Year’s wishes is considered to have stormed the land for the owner. That is why the first visitor to the house in a year is also important. So at the end of the year, people intentionally look for people in their relatives or neighbors who are cheerful, flexible, virtuous and successful to ask for a visit. People come broke ground usually only visit, wish the New Year for about 5 to 10 minutes, but do not stay long, pray that everything in the year of the host is also smooth.
How to choose the age to break ground:
Age of Giap is compatible with Ky but not with Canh – Mau.
The age of At matches Canh but is incompatible with Tan – Ky.
The age of Binh is compatible with Tan but not with Nham – Canh.
Dinh’s age is compatible with Nham but not with Quy – Tan.
The age of the Mau is compatible with Quy but not with Giap – Nham.
Age of Ky is compatible with Giap but not with At – Quy.
Age of Canh is compatible with At but not with Binh – Giap.
The Tan age is compatible with Binh but not with Dinh – At.
Age of Nham is compatible with Dinh but not with Mau – Binh.
Age of Quy matches with Mau but is not with Ky – Dinh.
Walker broke ground After that, they are happy because they have done a good deed, and the person who is allowed to break the ground is also happy because they believe that their family will be lucky during the coming year. In the old days, there were only two ways to choose good people broke ground first day of the year. The mandarin, the educated choose people broke ground age appropriate for the landlord.
New Year’s Day Three Days
“January XNUMXst” is the first New Year’s Day and is considered the most important day in the entire Tet holiday. Excluding the lucky and age-appropriate people who are invited to storm the land, in the early morning of this day, the ancient Vietnamese people often do not go out of their homes, only presenting New Year offerings, feasting and congratulating each other within the family. For families who have separated from their parents and whose parents are still alive, they come to wish their fathers Tet according to the custom: the first day of the Father’s Day.
“January XNUMXnd” This is the day when there are worshiping activities at home in the early morning. After that, people wish the mothers New Year according to the custom of the second day of the Mother’s Day. Men who are about to get married must go to the house of their future parents-in-law (musician) to wish New Year according to the custom of Going Sieu.
“January XNUMXrd” is the day after offering rice at home according to the custom of worshiping for at least three days of Tet, students often come to congratulate the teacher on Tet and teach according to the custom of the third day of Tet. In these days, people often visit and ask each other what they did in the old year and what they will do in the new year.
For the Vietnamese Catholic community, the first three days of the year they often attend Mass at the church with the intention of praying for each day: on the first day they pray for peace for the new year, on the second day pray for their ancestors, Mr. If grandmothers and parents are still alive and remember if they have passed away, on the third day they pray for sanctification for good jobs and jobs in the new year.
Exodus and picking
Depart is the first time going out of the house of the year, usually done on the first auspicious day of the new year to seek good luck for oneself and one’s family. Before departure, one must choose the Zodiac date, Zodiac time and good directions in order to expect to meet the noble gods, talented gods, happy gods… In the North, if depart Going to a temple or temple, after worshiping, Vietnamese people still have continue to break off a bud to bring home for good luck and blessings. It is the custom of reaping. The bud is a small banyan branch or a twig, a branch of si… is a lush and bountiful year-round tree. The custom of picking fortune in temples and pagodas implies asking for a little fortune from Gods and Buddhas for the New Year. Branches buds plugged in usually bring about the altar. Unlike the North, the Central region does not have the custom of picking buds at the beginning of the year, so that the trees in the temples and pagodas in the Central region still keep their green leaves throughout the spring.
However, today’s fortune-telling has different conceptions compared to the past:
Picking buds should not be because there may be buds with “death” (soul) following. When we gather fortune, we will accidentally bring “death” with us, if “death” is good, it is okay, but if “death” is bad, it can make our house unlucky. This is an idealistic problem, but it also has its reasons.
Next, the picking of buds sometimes affects the greenery of the urban landscape because everyone wants to bring a lot of fortune home to pray for good luck, so there have been many cases of damaging trees, affecting the environment. school.
Finally, the harvest sometimes leads to conflicts due to the competition or “stealing” of fortune in sensitive agencies such as the Bank.
These actions do not know if they bring luck, but they reflect the bad side of the behavior culture of the people involved.
On the first days of the year, when the sun rises, people go out of their houses to see the direction of the wind and can predict the new year’s luck or bad luck, for example:
- South Wind: only great drought;
- West Wind: only looting and disorder;
- Southwest wind: indicates cholera;
- North Wind: only moderate season;
- Northwest wind: only the season of beans and beans;
- East wind: only big floods.
Happy age – Lucky money
Lucky money: Adults often give children money put in a red paper bag, or “hong bao”, called “lucky money” with congratulations on eating full and growing quickly. According to Chinese fairy tales, in the “hong bao” there are 8 coins (which are the incarnations of the Eight Immortals) that are placed under the child’s pillow to scare away evil spirits, because ghosts will be afraid of red paper.
According to the legend: Once upon a time, there was a demon that often appeared on New Year’s Eve, causing children to startle and scream. The next day, the child had a headache, a high fever, making his parents unable to sleep, and had to stay up to watch the demon. There was a couple who had just given birth to a beautiful son. That year, there were 8 fairies walking past, knowing that the boy would be in trouble, they turned into 8 coins day and night to stay with the boy. After the boy fell asleep, the couple wrapped the coins in red paper and placed it on the child’s pillow and slept. In the middle of the night, the demon appeared to harm the child, when from the pillow, bright golden rays flashed, causing it to run away in terror. The money received on New Year’s Day is called “Opening Money”. In the past, it was also customary for the pioneer to cover change (rather than even) money, implying that the money would proliferate.