Putra Church, also known as the Pink Mosque, is one of the mosques that have a great influence on the religion of this country. It is known that this is the first and only mosque in the world, designed by a female architect. Arriving at the church, you will see that this unique building has both traditional and modern trends, a perfect combination of Malaysian architectural styles, Islamic Three Words and Islamic Arab. Therefore, this will be a place for visitors to learn about diverse cultural and religious beauties. This mosque was completed and put into operation in 1999, costing about RM250 million. Although, as a famous tourist destination in Malaysia, famous for its impressive design, it is still visited by many people, as well as Muslims, to pray regularly. If you want to come here, please pay attention to discreet, polite clothes, avoid wearing revealing clothes, especially women, if you do not want to create aversion to the people here.
Step inside the church, with a large space that can accommodate up to 15.000 people, meeting the needs of tourists. Above the rooftop is the cathedral tower, with a height of up to 115m and consisting of 5 towers, meaning to represent the 5 pillars of Islam. The outside campus of the Putra mosque is quite large, and 3/4 of the total area of the mosque is located on the artificial lake of Putra Lake, bringing a peaceful and pure space. The lake area is quite large, up to 650ha and the purpose is to build this artificial lake, to regulate the city’s air. And now, this lake is also used to organize major competitions such as: F1 motorboat racing, Asian rowing tournament… Therefore, if you’re lucky, you can not only visit the Mosque. Putra, but also attended a lot of interesting events. Putra Mosque is not only a famous tourist destination in Malaysia, but also a spiritual area where Muslims come to pray.
Hassan II – Casablanca, Morocco
Morocco As a Muslim country, 98% of the people are Muslim. Therefore, the characteristics, cultural and architectural imprints of this country are imbued with Islam. And it is expressed very strongly and spread throughout the country of Morocco. With the Morocco tour, you will have the opportunity to learn and understand more about the Muslim culture in Morocco. The best thing about coming to Casablanca in particular and Morocco in general is to visit the largest Hassan II mosque in Morocco. Hassan II Cathedral is extremely magnificent and magnificent located next to the Atlantic coast. This mosque is the second largest mosque in the world and the largest in Morocco. In particular, Hassan II is the only mosque that Moroccan tourists can visit, while most other mosques are only for Muslim men. This mosque was built on the occasion of the 60th birthday of King Hassan II, featuring a 210m high minara tower and this is also the world’s tallest minaret among mosques.
Hassan II Mosque is a mosque in Casablanca, Morocco. It is the second largest mosque in the world (after the Shah Faisal mosque near Islamabad). Its minara is the tallest in the world among mosque minarets with a height of 210m. It was built on the 60th anniversary of the birth of the then Moroccan monarch, King Hassan II, and was completed in 1993. French architect Michel Pinseau was the architect and built it by Bouygues. The church was built on a promontory facing the sea overlooking the Atlantic Ocean. The prayer room can accommodate 25.000 people. The garden can accommodate 80.000 people. Construction work began in 1980 and was scheduled to be completed for the 60th birthday of the former Moroccan king, Hassan II, in 1989. However, construction was inaugurated until 1993. Authorities spent about 800 million USD to build this church.
Faisal Islamabad, Pakistan
Faisal Mosque is a mosque located in Islamabad, Pakistan. It is the fifth largest mosque in the world and the largest in South Asia, located in the foothills of the Margalla Hills in the Pakistani capital Islamabad. The mosque has a modern design consisting of eight sides of concrete shells and is inspired by the design of a typical Bedouin tent. A major tourist attraction in Pakistan, the mosque is a piece of contemporary and influential Islamic architecture. Construction of the mosque began in 1976 following a $28 million grant from King Faisal of Saudi Arabia, who gave the mosque its name. The unique design of Turkish architect Vedat Dalokay was selected after an international competition. Without a typical dome, the mosque is shaped like a Bedouin tent, surrounded by four 79-meter-high minarets. The design has eight sloping shell-shaped roofs forming a triangular altar that can accommodate 10.000 devotees. Incorporating the 33-acre structure, the mosque dominates the landscape of Islamabad. It is located at the northern end of Faisal Avenue, at the northernmost point of the city and at the foothills of Margalla, the westernmost foothill of the Himalayas. It is located on a high ground with a picturesque backdrop of the national park. Faisal Mosque was the largest mosque in the world from 1986 until 1993 when it was surpassed by mosques in Saudi Arabia. The Faisal Mosque is currently the fifth largest mosque in the world in terms of capacity.
The impetus for the mosque began in 1966 when King Faisal bin Abdul-Aziz supported the Pakistani Government’s initiative to build a mosque. National Mosque in Islamabad during his official visit to Pakistan. In 1969, an international competition was held in which architects from 17 countries submitted 43 proposals. The winning design is by Turkish architect Vedat Dalokay. 46 acres of land was assigned to the project and the implementation was entrusted to Pakistani engineers and workers. Construction of the mosque began in 1976 by National Construction Limited of Pakistan, led by Azim Khan and funded by the Saudi government, at a cost of more than 130 million Saudi riyals. King Faisal bin Abdul Aziz is credited with funding it, and both the mosque and the road leading to it are named after him after his assassination in 1975. King Faisal bin Abdulaziz’s successor King Khalid laid the foundation stone for the church in October 10 and signed the construction agreement in 1976. Basic information about the mosque can be found on the bedrock. On June 1978, 18, the first prayer service was held, although the mosque was completed in 6. The mosque grounds along with being a building for prayer were also used. used to house the International Islamic University a few years ago but since moving to a new campus in 1988. Some traditional and conservative Muslims at first criticized the design for its design. unique and lacks the traditional dome structure.
Al – Masjid an – Nabawi, Saudi Arabia
Al-Masjid an-Nabawī is a mosque Built by the Prophet Muhammad of Islam, located in the city of Medina in Saudi Arabia. Al-Masjid an-Nabawi is the third mosque built in the history of Islam and is one of the largest mosques in the world today. It is the second holiest site in the Muslim world, after Masjid al-Haram in Mecca. The church is always open regardless of the date or time. In 1279 A.D., a wooden dome was made above the tomb, which was then remade many times and painted green in 1837. Surrounding the church are trees. huge towering poles on which there are many electric lights. Also the mosque serves visitors as a community center, a court and a religious school. The site was originally next to the house of Muhammad, who settled there after his pilgrimage to Medina in 622. He contributed to the construction work.
Cathedral Originally an open space building. The church functioned as a community center, a court and a religious school. There is a separate pulpit built high for the teacher of the Koran. Later Muslim rulers greatly expanded and redecorated this church. In 1909, it became the first place in the entire Arabian peninsula to be lit with electric lights. The church is located in what was once the ancient center of Medina, with many old hotels and markets around. This is a major pilgrimage site. Many Muslims make a pilgrimage to Medina to visit this church because of its connection with the prophet Muhammad. One of the church’s most prominent sites is the Blue Dome located in the southeast corner of the church, formerly the home of Aisha, one of Muhammad’s wives, and also the site of Muhammad’s tomb. In 1279, a wooden dome was built over the catacombs, then rebuilt and repaired several times in the late 1817th century and once in 1818. The existing dome was the sultan of the Ottoman Empire. Mahmud II added in 1837 and first painted green in XNUMX, then known as the “Green Dome”.
Sheikh Zayed, Abu Dhabi
Sheikh Zayed . Mosque is a Mosque in Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates and is considered the center of worship in the country. This church has 82 domes (the highest roof is up to 85 meters), 4 spires 107 meters high, a total value of about 2 billion dirhams ($ 545 million). In the church, there is a wool carpet of nearly 6.000 square meters in the main prayer room which is considered the largest in the world, designed by Iranian artist Ali Khaliqi, made by 2 – 1.200 Iranian weavers with 1.300 knots, in can take 2.268.000.000 years to complete. This church can accommodate up to 2 devotees, exquisite by the 40.000 carved columns, sacred by 96 different names / names of Allah engraved – gilded on the wall of the mosque.
Sheikh Zayed . Mosque It is the largest mosque in the United Arab Emirates and the 8th largest mosque in the world. This massive structure can hold about 40.000 people inside. Thousands of workers from 30 design firms worked hard to build the Mosque to become the most expensive church in the world. White marble materials are imported from 28 different countries, the chandeliers are from Europe and the world’s most valuable rugs are shipped directly from Iran. Despite the high cost of construction, the church is open to the public free of charge. Tourists are advised to wear formal attire, including long skirts or trousers and long-sleeved shirts. Women must wear headscarves in the Mosque, so female visitors should prepare their own as they are not provided at the mosque. In addition, visitors should bring sunglasses because the white marble here can cause glare.
Al Aqsa Mosque
Al-Aqsa Mosque also known as al-Aqsa, is a mosque in Jerusalem’s Old Town that is Islam’s 3rd holiest site. The site of this mosque (along with the Dome of the Rock) is also known as al-haram ash-Sharif or “sacred holy place”, a site also called Temple Mount, the holiest site in Judaism, where the first and second temples are generally believed to have been located. Considered by many to be the third holiest place in Islam, Muslims believe that Muhammad was transported from the Holy Mosque in Mecca to al-Aqsa during the Night Journey. Islamic tradition holds that Muhammad led prayers towards this place until the seventeenth month after the emigration, when the Holy Spirit ordered him to return to the Ka’aba. According to Islamic belief, Jacob, son of Isaac, was the first to build the Mosque as a house of the Holy One. The Kaaba in Mecca is the first House of Worship of the Saint and the Masjid Al-Aqsa (Bayt Al-Maqdis) is the second.
Originally built by Jacob and undergoing extensive expansion and renovation by King Solomon, this cathedral has been destroyed twice. Islamic tradition holds that Muhammad led worshipers to pray towards this site until the 16th or 17th month after his migration from Mecca to Medina, when Allah directed him to turn towards the Kaaba in Mecca. Mosque was originally a small house of prayer ordered to be built by Umar, the second king of the Rashidun Caliphate, but was ordered to be rebuilt and enlarged by Umayyad caliph Abd al-Malik and completed by his son was al-Walid in 705. This completed church was destroyed by an earthquake in 746 and the Abbasid caliph al-Mansur ordered it rebuilt in 754. This church was rebuilt in 780. Another earthquake destroyed most of al-Aqsa in 1033, but two years later Fatimid caliph Ali az-Zahir built another mosque whose outline was preserved in the present structure.
Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddin, Brunei
Located on the banks of the Brunei River, next to the floating village of Kampong Ayer in the capital city of Bandar Seri Begawan in the districts of Brunei and Muara, Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddin Mosque is a great mosque built by the royal family in the mid-1950s. The mosque is named after the 28th Sultan of the Sultanate of Brunei: Omar Ali Saifuddin III. Designed by the famous Italian architect Cavalieri R. Nolli, Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddin Mosque has a unique architectural style, perfectly combining innovations between traditional Islamic architecture, Indian Mughal and style. Italian Renaissance, becoming a symbol of modern Islamic architecture of the twentieth century. The entire project is arranged on an artificial lagoon near the strip of land along the banks of the Brunei River with an area of about 2 hectares. After 4 years of construction, the church was completed on September 26, 9 at a cost of about 1958 million USD at the time of construction. As a massive work, Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddin Mosque can be seen from anywhere in the capital Bandar Seri Begawan with its round dome with oval spire, the highest point recorded at 5m, high marble towers. in which the main tower has a height of more than 52m.
These towers, together with the walls, columns, arches covered with Italian marble, are typical of the Italian Renaissance architectural style – a rarity in the islamic architecture. The interesting point is that inside these towers, there is a modern elevator system that leads to the top of the tower, a prime location for panoramic views of the capital… To make this magnificent work, most of the materials are used. All materials are imported from abroad and transported here by waterway: Italian marble, Shanghai granite, chandeliers with a total weight of about 4 tons and stained glass from England, high-class red carpet from Belgium and Arab Saudi… One of the rare indigenous materials used is “kalat”, a very thick and strong rope, used to wrap around the outer layers of the pillars, both to strengthen the durability and to leave the mark of Brunei. The interior and exterior decoration is also taken care of to every detail in which quality and art are always put on top, from decorative motifs on the ceiling, light trusses, colorful glazed windows. … to thick carpets, especially the dome is plated with 5 tons of pure gold including 3,3 million pieces of gold assembled on an area of 520m².
Al Haram – Mecca, Saudi Arabia
With the spread of Islam, the mosque multiplied throughout the Muslim world. Sometimes churches and temples are converted into mosques, which influences the Islamic architectural style. While most pre-modern mosques are funded by charitable foundations, modern countries in the Muslim world have tried to bring mosques under government control. Increased government regulation of major mosques has been countered by the proliferation of privately funded mosques of various parties and ideologies, many of which served as the basis for various Islamic revival movements and social activism. Mosques have played a number of political roles. Mosque attendance rates vary widely depending on the region. Al-Masjid Al-Haram is a mosque in the city of Mecca, Saudi Arabia. It is the largest mosque in the world and surrounds one of Islam’s holiest places, the Kaaba. Muslims must face the direction of the Kaaba while performing Salat.
One of the Five Pillars of Islamic requires every Muslim to perform the Hajj pilgrimage at least once in his or her life if given the opportunity, including a circumnavigation of the Kaaba. The present structure of this church covers an area of 356.800 square meters, including outdoor and indoor prayer spaces, which can accommodate up to two million worshipers during Hajj, one of the largest annual gatherings. of people around the world. This is the first place built for Allah’s followers to pray, built in 2 AD. Al Haram is the largest and oldest mosque in the world. The present structure of the mosque covers an area of 638 square meters including indoor and outdoor prayer spaces that can accommodate up to 356.800 million worshipers during the Hajj, one of the largest annual gatherings of Muslims. religion in the world.