The article analyzes the philosophy of life in “Zhang Ba’s soul, butcher’s skin” number 2
“The Soul of Truong Ba – The Butcher’s Skin” is one of the most famous plays of Luu Quang Vu, and is also an outstanding achievement of the Vietnamese theater scene because it not only presents a unique dramatic situation but also contains contains many profound philosophies about life and times.
Truong Ba’s Soul – The butcher’s skin was built based on a familiar folk plot, but the author began to build a contradiction from the end of that folk story to highlight the resistance of the soul. Truong Ba for the domination and domination of the butcher’s corpse. Through the antagonistic contradictions of Truong Ba’s soul and the butcher’s body, author Luu Quang Vu has raised concerns and profoundly meaningful issues about life.
A person’s life is only truly meaningful if it is truly lived, living in accordance with his life’s ideals and values. All patchwork, compulsion, living sent does not bring happiness. In the play, in order to continue living, Truong Ba is forced to live in the body of a butcher. However, his life was not happy, before the domination of the body, Truong Ba gradually changed to become rude and mundane, He realized his own change, felt disappointment, Due to the suffering of his loved ones, Truong Ba was torn in tragedy and lived but was extremely miserable and tormented.
Man is a unified whole between soul and body, no noble soul can live in a mortal body, and vice versa. When we make a mistake, we cannot blame the body to comfort the inner soul. Actual human actions and attitudes are motivated by both internal desires and external instincts. Anyone has two parts of soul and body, we can only be happy if we can reconcile it, and in our complicated life, don’t let the body, the instincts dominate, overwhelm the emotions. good things in the soul.
When making mistakes, have the courage to admit it to correct and improve. The dialogue between the soul and the body in the play Spirit of Truong Ba, the butcher’s skin is a strict recognition of bad habits as well as negative attitudes, a tendency to blame, to explain the reasons for the bad habits. human error.
Not only does the play deal with philosophical issues about life, but the play is also deeply epochal. The play was written in 1984, this is a special period when the war is far away, people are catching up to adapt to a new life. New circuTaxances with new conditions people begin to think about private life and have a sense of self-improvement both materially and spiritually. The play has posed the painful problems of the times, people are only happy when they live freely, live according to nature, all actions that go against the laws of nature can create tragedy of life. life is like the character Truong Ba.
Life is complicated, full of injustices, every mistake and negligence of one person can cause unhappiness and suffering to others. Through the play, the author Luu Quang Vu criticized the way of life following petty material desires, making people vulgar and vulgar.
The conflict between Truong Ba’s soul and the butcher’s skin is hypothetical about the contradictions between the soul and the body inside a person. The bad, the tragedy can arise from the adversity itself, if people are not brave enough to control themselves, it is likely that the instinct will reign and govern all human actions. The play has directed people to the aspirations of a pure life, pointing out the need for a reconciliation between the two parts of soul and body.
The article analyzes the philosophy of life in “Zhang Ba’s soul, butcher’s skin” number 3
Truong Ba’s Soul is a butcher’s skin” is a famous play built by Luu Quang Vu based on a folk story about the character Truong Ba who is good at chess and his unjust death. But the novelty of this play is a completely different ending from the end of folklore. Through the play, Luu Quang Vu conveyed his reflections on human life and happiness, and at the same time combined with criticism some negatives in contemporary lifestyles.
Based on a folk story, the play also builds the character Truong Ba, a gentle old farmer and gardener, loved by everyone and very good at playing chess. Nam Cao was negligent in his work, so he mistakenly arrested Truong Ba. De Thich – a chess fairy and also a friend of Truong Ba – helped Truong Ba’s soul enter the butcher’s body, who had also recently died. In folk tales, the drama built is the scene of two wives fighting over their husbands on the mandarin house. And then Truong Ba’s wife won the case and brought her husband home.
Not stopping at such a beautiful ending, Luu Quang Vu continued to exploit the ending of folk tales. When Truong Ba’s soul lived in the butcher’s body, his life became wobbly and lame. Suffering and despairing, Truong Ba finally asked Emperor Thich to let him die completely, because “it is impossible to be one thing inside, another outside”. Constructing a dramatic situation and how to deal with such a situation, Luu Quang Vu wants to express a philosophy of life: life is precious, but not everything can be lived. If people live borrowed, patchwork, without harmony of soul and body, people will only encounter tragedies. Life is only really happy when we are able to be ourselves, in harmony both physically and mentally. This is also the main ideological content that the work wants to aim at.
To highlight this thought, Luu Quang Vu built conflicts around the character Truong Ba to show the reader the limp between “inside one thing, outside another”. The first is the conflict expressed through the dialogue between the soul and the body. This is also the main conflict, the most important conflict in the play.
Truong Ba used to be kind, but since entering the butcher’s body, he suddenly changed: craving for delicious food, craving for wine and meat, no longer interested in intellectual pleasures. That made Truong Ba’s soul extremely miserable and disgusted with the bulky, rude body he was carrying. That’s why Truong Ba’s soul wanted to live as a gentle and hardworking Mr. Truong Ba, but was mocked by the body and forced to satisfy mundane demands. The arguments that Truong Ba’s soul gave gradually became weak and became more and more powerless, only sighing and letting out desperate words because the soul was becoming more and more strongly dominated by the body.
This conflict has shown that the body also has an instinctive voice, and also has needs that need to be met. Therefore, human consciousness is also partly governed by the body. But humans, needing to know harmony, always have to struggle and struggle with themselves to overcome the false demands of the body and the vulgarities of everyday life.
The lameness “one inside, another outside” not only made Truong Ba feel miserable but also caused trouble for his loved ones. The dialogues of Truong Ba’s soul with family members reveal a very different Truong Ba. His wife felt more pain and sadness than when he died. His granddaughter also chased him away because of his large hands and shovel-like feet, which had roughly trampled to death the young shoots that his grandfather Truong Ba had planted. His sister-in-law, who knew and sympathized with him, had to admit: “Sometimes I don’t even recognize you myself…”.
It can be seen that in the eyes of his relatives, Truong Ba has turned into a different person. No matter how hard he tried, he could not return to the image of a gentle, hard-working old gardener loved by everyone. Although Truong Ba was resurrected, in the butcher’s body, all relatives could not feel that this was his husband, father, and grandfather. That tragedy is the tragedy of living without being acknowledged. of Truong Ba’s soul at this time is an unrecognized tragedy.
I can’t accept myself and my family can’t accept me, Truong Ba’s soul becomes extremely miserable and desperate. That’s why Truong Ba made a decisive decision: “I don’t want to enter anyone’s form. I’m already dead, let me die!” Even when Emperor Thich persuaded Truong Ba’s soul to enter the body of Uncle Ty, he still insisted: “Let me die completely”. Because, “can’t be inside one thing, outside another” and living on the other’s body is no longer yourself, then life is not living but just a series of tragedies that stop. This can be said to be a very great thought and reason for life. Because the true meaning of life is that people live with themselves. All fake, patchwork can not bring comfort and happiness.
At the end of the play, Truong Ba’s soul left the butcher’s body, which seemed like an unhappy ending, but it was the most beautiful ending. Luu Quang Vu has left an ending that makes the reader both sigh and ponder. Cu Ty is resurrected, and Truong Ba’s soul still lives in the light of the cooking fire, in the garden, in the good things around everyone. That is the most complete ending, in which people need to live to live, live to be true to themselves.
The play “Zhang Ba’s soul, butcher’s skin” has shown us lessons about the reason of life, about death and about human happiness. Through the play, Luu Quang Vu also criticized some negative manifestations in the lifestyle at that time. People live that only know to satisfy trivial requirements but gradually lose themselves. Life only really has meaning when you can live as yourself, be integrated with the community, with society.
The article analyzes the philosophy of life in “Zhang Ba’s soul, butcher’s skin” number 7
“Spirit of Truong Ba butcher’s skin” is a famous play by author Luu Quang Vu based on an imaginary plot in Vietnamese folklore. However, if in the original story “Truong Ba’s butcher’s skin” only stopped at a fight between two wives when everyone thought it was their husband, then both Truong Ba’s wives and the butcher pulled each other. went to court, then the court ruled for Truong Ba’s wife to win the case.
The story is only meant to entertain simple fun, causing funny laughter for readers. Then in Luu Quang Vu’s play, he brought the story to a new level, expressing profound philosophies of life. It is the contradiction between the soul and the human body. The need for the flesh, causing the soul’s nature to change at times to satisfy that need. Borrowing other people’s bodies to live is a job that brings many unfortunate consequences is a famous play built by Luu Quang Vu based on a folk story about the character Truong Ba good at chess and death. his grievances.
After watching the play, the audience not only felt the laughter but also had thoughts about life and happiness. Truong Ba’s Soul tells the story of an old man over 60 years old Truong Ba who loves to play chess, and is famous as the chess king in the village with extremely mysterious and difficult chess moves. No one was his opponent in this field, but one day, when Emperor Thich passed through the village of Truong Ba, he saw that Truong Ba was fond of chess, so they played together. De Thich was a fairy, so he could solve Truong Ba’s moves, so the two formed a close friendship.
Due to Nam Cao’s negligence, Truong Ba unfortunately died unjustly. After Truong Ba’s family finished his burial ceremony, De Thich went down to play chess but could not find Truong Ba, knowing that Truong Ba died unjustly, Emperor Thich sought to borrow his body to restore his soul. At that time, in the village, there was a butcher who had just died and his body had not yet been buried. Emperor Thich immediately allowed Truong Ba’s soul to enter it, then the butcher opened his eyes, stepped out of the coffin, shocked his wife and children, and then was overjoyed. But the butcher insisted that he was Truong Ba and ran back to his house to find his wife. Truong Ba’s wife did not believe it at first, but seeing the butcher behaved well, especially his chess talent was exactly the same as her husband’s when he was still alive, so she gradually believed. A husband’s dispute occurs between two wives.
The two dragged each other to court, in the end, the judge ruled for Truong Ba’s wife to win the case, Truong Ba was allowed to go home to live with his wife and children. Truong Ba went home to live with relatives but all problems arose from here. From an old farmer and elegant gardener, Truong Ba gradually became a commoner and died gradually. In the past, he did not eat blood pudding, dog wine, but lived in the body of a tall, muscular butcher, Truong Ba sometimes craved wine and meat, then that fat body made him eat better, his hands and feet were clumsy. back, with big chubby fingers.
Truong Ba’s voice, which used to be slow to make everyone respect, now it’s loud and loud, making others jump in fear. Moreover, the hot-tempered butcher often beat his wife, Truong Ba’s soul in his body sometimes could not control his anger. Truong Ba’s life while in the butcher’s body became awkward, the body had its own needs that the mind and soul could not control. Truong Ba was extremely distressed, when the daughter-in-law who respected her father-in-law the most, who understood his predicament the most, sometimes had to say, “Even I sometimes don’t recognize you anymore.” .
His granddaughter also did not recognize him, in the past, the two of them were entwined with each other all day. It respects and loves him like that, now whenever he sees his grandfather approaching, he avoids it. She refused to accept him as her grandfather. Too painful and desperate, Truong Ba made an appointment with Emperor Thich to meet and talk, and then he asked to let him die. The life borrowed from the body, the soul in a different place, the body in one place made Truong Ba extremely desperate, the conflicts in his family also stemmed from here, causing him great pain.
In his play, Luu Quang Vu built the details of Truong Ba’s soul talking to the butcher’s body. The conversation was very profound and profound, showing the suffering of Truong Ba’s soul when he could not control his body “Inside one thing, outside another”. Truong Ba felt disgusted with his body, it was that bulky body that gave rise to unusual desires, upsetting Truong Ba’s previous elegant and elegant life. This life of conflict shows that the body is an instinctive voice, there are also demanding needs of the body. After struggling with oneself.
Truong Ba asked to die completely, Emperor Thich told Truong Ba to enter the dead body of Ti, making a child will be more peaceful, and easier to live. But Truong Ba did not agree, he just asked Emperor Thich one last favor to let Cu Ti resurrect, because his family was the only son of the family line. When the play closes, Truong Ba’s soul escapes from the butcher’s body, old Ti comes back to life, and Truong Ba’s soul lives in the firelight, in the garden in the house, in the good thoughts of everyone thinking about him. It’s the best ending for all the characters.
The play “Soul of Truong Ba butcher’s skin” gives us a profound lesson about death and life, it is better to die but still live in everyone’s thoughts than to live but die, when no one loves you. no one recognized me.
The article analyzes the philosophy of life in “Zhang Ba’s soul, butcher’s skin” number 1
From the comparison of philosophical viewpoints between the folk tale “The Soul of Truong Ba, the Skin of the Meat” and the play of the same name by Luu Quang Vu, the article has raised new and very meaningful features in the work of Luu Quang Vu. this famous playwright. If the folk plot simply enhances and absolutizes the role of the soul in the body, then in the play of Luu Quang Vu, the problem has been deepened, expanded and developed much more by him. He had a different view of the relationship between the soul and the body – that is, an organic, mutually reinforcing relationship.
Moreover, he also extended his philosophy to other human issues, such as the conflict between natural needs and personality, the struggle within each person to perfect his/her personality. , etc. Luu Quang Vu’s play, therefore, is not only a great achievement of modern Vietnamese drama, but also a remarkable contribution of his to the concept of philosophy of life in general. In this article, we do not make a comprehensive comparison between a folktale and a modern long play, nor do we compare the whole content of thought, but only the philosophical thought – core of both works.
Folktales: Once upon a time, there was a man named Truong Ba, who was young but played chess very well. His moves are easy, no one can compete with the world. Many chess tournaments in the spring summer festivals went to him. Rumors spread throughout the country, as far as Jiangnan. At that time, in China, there was Mr. Ky Nhu who was also famous for raising the flag. Upon hearing Truong Ba’s voice, Ky Nhu immediately went to the South to find the enemy’s house. The two of them competed against each other in a few games, still unable to lose. But in the third game, Truong Ba cornered Ky Nhu. Seeing the other party scratching their heads thinking, Truong Ba proudly said:
– This move can’t be removed even if Emperor Thich comes down here.
At that time, Emperor Thich, a chess god in heaven, suddenly heard Truong Ba’s insolent words insulting him, and rode a cloud to the ceiling to show him his hand. Truong Ba and Ky Nhu were playing, when suddenly an old man came and sat next to the chessboard. The old man perforated advised Ky Nhu a few countries. Naturally, the Cavalry side won the defeat. Truong Ba scowled, angry in his stomach where the old man came to make himself fall into a puddle. But seeing the old man with white hair and beard, his face did not seem to be a worldly person, suddenly understood, he fell down and bowed down and said: “You must be the god Emperor Thich here, I am a mortal, I don’t know, please forgive me. error”. Emperor Thich laughed and said: “I hear that your family is conceited to raise the flag, so come down and see.” Truong Ba immediately kept Emperor Thich and bought wine, killed chickens, and treated him very well. De Thich, even though he had just met, loved Truong Ba very much. Seeing him imploring to learn his moves, Emperor Thich told him: “I see that you have a sincere stomach, so I will give you a bunch of this incense, every time you need me, light a tree, I will come down”. Saying that, ride a cloud and fly to the sky.
Since then, Truong Ba would sometimes clear the flag and invite De Thich to come down to play. The two sides are very similar. But one day, Truong Ba was suddenly taken away by death. After burying her husband, the wife cleaned the house, saw that there was an incense stick hanging on the roof, she accidentally took it down and burned it in front of her husband’s altar. In heaven, God Emperor Thich received the news by scent and immediately came down. Seeing Truong Ba’s absence, Emperor Thich was surprised:
“Where’s Zhang Ba?” Truong Ba’s wife sniffled:
“My house has been dead for almost a month now!”
– “Dead! Why didn’t you call me down when I just died, so what can I do now?”
Thinking for a moment, Emperor Thich asked again: “Is there anyone in the neighborhood who has recently died?”.
Truong Ba’s wife replied:
“There was a butcher who died last night.”
God Emperor Thich told her to take me to the butcher’s house and say:
“I will find a way to bring your husband back to life.”
After saying that, he turned the magic and returned to heaven.
Talking in the butcher’s house at that time, everyone was gathered around the shrine crying and telling stories when suddenly saw the dead man sitting up. He threw away all the burial items and went straight to Truong Ba’s house without saying a word. When Truong Ba’s wife saw the butcher, knowing that the god De Thich had brought her husband back to life, she happily welcomed him in. In the meantime, the butcher’s wife and children also ran to cling to their husband, but not only were they pulled back by Truong Ba’s wife, but even his own husband definitely refused to return. The two sides argued with each other, which eventually turned into a very fierce argument. The village did not know how to arbitrate, so they took it to the official.
Quan asked the neighbors to come and interrogate, everyone said that the resurrected person was Mr. Butcher. But only Truong Ba’s wife will definitely recognize her husband. Quan asked:
“What does your husband usually do?”
A: “My husband is only good at playing chess.”
The mandarin asked the Butcher’s wife:
“What does your husband do every day?”
A: “My husband is only good at slaughtering pigs.”
Listening to the passage, the official brought a pig into the public road for Mr. Butcher to slaughter, but he was confused as to what to do. The mandarin sent a few good chess players to compete with the butcher, but unexpectedly, that man made very high moves that no one could match. Quan then told him to go back to Truong Ba’s house. That’s why there is a saying “Truong Ba’s soul, butcher’s skin”.
Thus, the folk tale of Truong Ba’s Soul, butcher’s skin also believes that the soul must have a body to have a place to live, and the body must have a soul to live and not decay. But folktales absoluteize the role of the soul, disregarding the body, so when Truong Ba borrowed the butcher’s body, Truong Ba considered himself to be Truong Ba 100% in his consciousness, in his emotions, in his life. personality, not at all concerned about his appearance. The same goes for Truong Ba’s wife, when she saw that her husband was the body of Mr. Butcher but his mind was Truong Ba – her husband – she did not worry, immediately accepted it and happily lived together. Mr. Butcher’s wife simply saw that her husband’s form had come back to life, so she fought to get her back, even though he said he was Truong Ba and ran back to Truong Ba’s house. After examining the skill of slaughtering pork and especially playing chess, the mandarin decided to immediately execute him – Hang – meat – bring – Truong Ba’s soul back to Truong Ba’s wife. The butcher test may not be accurate, because Mr. Butcher, if he likes Truong Ba’s wife, can pretend to do clumsy surgery; but the test of playing chess is infallible, because it belongs to the intellect, to the ability to calculate in a special kind of intellectual sport, which is also an expression, a unique aspect of the soul. It determined and confirmed that the soul could only be Truong Ba – a very good chess player in his lifetime.
With a short plot, bringing a somewhat simple philosophical thought – promoting, absolutizing the soul, ignoring the relationship between the body and the soul, separating the noise and the body, considering The body is just like a bag for the soul – folk tales of Truong Ba’s Soul, Skin butchers are consistent with the old concept that, over the centuries, has been told, loved and not controversial.
But today, along with the development of society, people and science (physiology and psychology), philosophical thought about man has also become richer, deeper and more comprehensive. . Since then, the philosophical thought in folktales has been re-reviewed and developed by Luu Quang Vu, a talented playwright of the modern era, according to the awareness level of the times, according to the requirements of human life and aesthetic values. beauty of modern times.
Summary of plays by Luu Quang Vu. “Nam Cao, Bac Dau are sitting on the people who have to die during the day. Emperor Thich came to express his desire to come down to the world to find someone to raise the flag to play for fun. Because he was in a hurry to go to the party at the Thai Thuong Palace, Nam Tao crossed the name of Truong Ba indiscriminately. Truong Ba was taking care of the garden and talking with his wife, granddaughter, son and daughter-in-law when Truong Hoat came to play chess. Emperor Thich appeared, helping Truong Hoat remove the position. De Thich gave Truong Ba a few sticks of incense and told him that if he needed to light one, he would come down, and if he burned three, he could go to heaven to meet Emperor Thich. After that, Truong Ba felt uncomfortable and died. Nam Cao, Bac Dau and De Thich were chatting when Truong Ba’s wife came up (she accidentally lit three incense sticks for her husband). She demanded her husband’s life. Nhan had Mr. Butcher just died, his body had not yet decomposed, Nam Cao and Bac Dau let Truong Ba’s soul merge into Mr. Butcher’s body to resurrect.
The butcher’s family was sitting next to the coffin when the butcher put the coffin lid on, demanding to go to Truong Ba’s house, refusing to stay at the Butcher’s restaurant. Truong Ba’s wife came to see the miracle to welcome her husband. At first, everyone was surprised, but Truong Ba’s soul said things that only the old Truong Ba knew, so Truong Ba’s wife accepted her husband, Truong Hoat accepted her friend. Truong Ba’s soul (in Mr. Butcher’s body) returned to Truong Ba’s house. But the wife wondered because her husband’s body was so different from before. She also wondered about the fact that her husband had to help Ms. Hang slaughter pigs, despite being clumsy. The son hopes that with his new strength, his father can go smuggling with him. Truong Ba’s soul slapped me with the strength of the butcher’s arm. Chief Ly entered and forced Truong Ba’s soul to return to the butcher’s house. His son bribed, Chief Ly tried: during the day at Truong Ba’s house, at night at the butcher’s house. His son had a word, but Chief Ly allowed Truong Ba to only stay at the butcher’s restaurant until midnight before he could go home.
It was late at night, and Truong Ba’s spirit helped Hang butcher to slaughter pigs, prepare the meat, and prepare to return, she kept inviting wine and invited her to stay. At first, Truong Ba’s soul intended to follow, but fought with her thoughts, removed her hand, and went home. Truong Hoat criticized Truong Ba and began to change his character: drinking alcohol, demanding good food, and different moves. The chief came to harass him again. The granddaughter did not accept him, the daughter-in-law also complained that her father-in-law had changed. A dialogue between Truong Ba’s spirit and the butcher’s body takes place; Thereby, the butcher’s body affirms his encroachment on Truong Ba’s soul.
Truong Ba’s soul burned a stick of incense to call Di Thich down to free himself. At that time, the neighbor’s uncle was seriously ill and was about to die. Emperor Thich told Truong Ba’s soul to enter Ty’s body. Truong Ba refused, asked for Cu Ty to live, and I would like to return the body to the butcher and accept death. Truong Ba’s soul entered the green garden to chat with his wife. First of all, Luu Quang Vu inherits the ideas of folk tales. He also emphasized the higher role of the soul over the body. When Truong Ba came back to life in the body of Mr. Butcher, he realized that he was Truong Ba (based on memories, emotions and consciousness of Truong Ba’s soul) and immediately returned to his home (Truong Ba’s house). Truong Ba’s wife, after checking the memories of Truong Ba (new), also claimed to be her husband and kept it. Truong Hoat, Truong Ba’s friend, when checking Truong Ba’s (new) memories of the friendship between the two, was also moved to hug and kiss his friend, even though he was now in a strange body. The daughter-in-law loves her father-in-law even more, even though his father is now the butcher’s figure, because what she finds in him is the same benevolent virtue as the old father-in-law. She said quite rightly, quite enough, quite basicly about the soul: “How can it be called a soul, because it is not square or round, but happy and sad, happy and angry, love and hate. You still teach us: What does the appearance matter, only a loving heart and high intelligence are remarkable.
However, Luu Quang Vu did not stop there. At first, Truong Ba’s soul was strange and uncomfortable with the difference of his body. Then he felt that body begin to dominate him: also liked to eat blood pudding, drink wine, speak loudly and be healthy (no back pain, no more asthma, slap children with bleeding in the mouth). When Mr. Ly told him he had to go to the butcher’s house for a few hours a day, he also complimented the deliciousness of her dishes. Butcher knew that the soul in her husband’s body was not hers but Truong Ba’s, but she valued it even more because it was nice and gentle, something she didn’t see in her abusive husband. hidden. The loneliness of body and soul made her even more yearning for Truong Ba’s soul. Truong Ba’s soul was also moved by the closeness to the Butcher’s wife and had to struggle to get out of her loving embrace. Truong Ba’s wife also gradually felt that her husband was different from before and developed an inferiority complex about health and beauty before the young and healthy body of Truong Ba’s soul. Here, we have seen the independent existence of the body over the soul, the domination of the body over the soul and the troubles caused by the incompatibility and inconsistency between the soul and the body.
The culmination of philosophical thought in the play is the dialogue between the soul and the body. This dialogue shows that human beings have two parts, the soul and the body. Those two parts are organically related to each other. The soul has the physical basis of the body, as well as the rational perception must start from the feeling; feelings formed from specific relationships in everyday life; Aesthetic emotions must be based on the senses of sight, hearing, etc. The body also has relative independence, has its own voice, has reasonable natural needs, and cannot be ignored. But, the soul must control those needs, adjust, sublimate, “humanize” and culture those needs. Humans in general must know how to restrain and control their instinctive needs and, if necessary, know how to suppress and sacrifice them. Soul and body are one unity; in which, the soul holds the leading position, so the soul is ultimately responsible for the actions of the body, cannot satisfy all needs at all levels, places, and times and then blames the body. corpse. The struggle between the soul and the body is really the struggle within the person to control his needs and desires, especially when influenced by circuTaxances. It is a struggle to master yourself and perfect your personality. Here, this struggle also warns against the overwhelming power of the body – i.e., of trivial needs – over the soul – i.e., over the desire to live a noble life.
Truong Ba’s act of accepting death and returning the body to the butcher is a right action, a brave and moral act. From the dialectical reinterpretation of the relationship between the body and the soul on the human philosophy of the times, Luu Quang Vu has come to a beautiful life concept: to live honestly, you must be yourself, both soul and body, living for everyone, for human happiness and goodness. Truong Ba died, but Truong Ba’s soul was still alive – living in everyone’s love, living without borrowing anyone’s body.
Before the end, the author also put the character to the final test, putting the character in front of a choice: accept death or enter the body of the Snake – a neighbor’s baby just died. Truong Ba could not repeat the tragedy of living in someone else’s borrowed body: “It is impossible to be one inside, another outside. I want to be whole me.” Therefore, he asked for Uncle Ty to be resurrected, and he asked to die. In fact, it is the author’s affirmation of the beautiful life concept that we mentioned above. The tragedy of the conflict between the soul and the body cannot be resolved in the same way that created the tragedy. At this point, Truong Ba’s “complete death” represents a convincing victory of “existence – person”, of personality, of aspiration to perfect human personality.
Not until psychics and biofield theorists appeared, Luu Quang Vu asserted, in his way, that the body of each individual person has a finite existence, but the life and soul of a human being. people are immortal. Luu Quang Vu’s philosophical thought about man is both dialectical, optimistic and noble. This, together with the author’s artistic creativity, has made the play highly humane, reaching the human level.
The problem of the relationship between the soul and the body in Truong Ba’s Soul, butcher’s skin can also remind us of the relationship between content and form in each thing. Of course, the relationship between the soul and the body, between content and form are two pairs of heterogeneous categories, which cannot be translated into the other. However, from the heterogeneity and even opposition between the soul and the body in the play, we can think of the necessary unity between content and form, which are two sides of natural and social reality. festival. When content and form match, things exist and develop. When content and form do not match, development is inhibited and even, the existence of things is threatened.
The above association does not exist when reading folk tales, but if it does, it is just the absolutization of the content, disregarding form and separating content from form, a transcendent metaphysical thinking. . From the simple philosophy in folk tales about the first important role of the soul, Luu Quang Vu has created a play with strong appeal, sending readers a profound message about the philosophy of the soul. life: body and soul have an organic relationship with each other; man cannot live only by the body, but must always struggle with himself to have a harmonious unity between the soul and the body, towards a noble lifestyle, towards a perfect personality.
The article analyzes the philosophy of life in “Zhang Ba’s soul, butcher’s skin” number 5
Macsim Gocki once affirmed: “A writer who does not know folklore is a bad writer”. Luu Quang Vu rewrote the fairy tale based on a folk story: Truong Ba was good at chess, so he was familiar with De Thich. Nam Cao mistakenly killed Truong Ba, Emperor Thich brought Truong Ba’s soul back to life by entering the dead butcher’s body. Truong Ba’s soul is alive, happy, reunited with his wife and children. But modern drama does not have such a happy ending. Luu Quang Vu started exploiting the tragedy right from the place where Truong Ba’s soul came back to life and all were seen from a different angle, in the true light of so many sorrows when Truong Ba’s soul was in the butcher’s body.
Luu Quang Vu focused on exploiting the tragedy that Truong Ba’s soul could not be reconciled with the butcher’s flesh. The soul symbolizes the pure spiritual world, crystallizing human culture. The body represents human needs and instincts. Tragedy happened that the soul could not find peace in that body, in its own family and in the butcher’s family, and finally chose the solution of death. From a familiar folk tale, Luu Quang Vu has built a dramatic situation with fierce, new and unique conflicts. Thereby, the writer has conveyed a profound philosophy of life as a human being.
Tragedy happened when Truong Ba’s soul resurrected in the butcher’s body. This is the main tragedy, the inner tragedy of the character in the raw flesh full of sexual instincts of the butcher. Truong Ba’s soul, which used to be kind, has gradually changed: he likes to drink, likes to sell meat, and is no longer interested in intellectual games. Being aware of that, Truong Ba’s soul suffered greatly and suffered even more when he could not resolve the conflict. The more Truong Ba’s soul tries to escape the domination of the gross body, the more it is forced by the body.
Therefore, Truong Ba’s soul has a strong desire to get out of the body, but the soul is disgusted. The soul suffers more because I am no longer myself. Truong Ba is no longer a hardworking gardener who wholeheartedly loves his wife and children but has turned into a clumsy rude person. In the dialogue with the butcher’s body, we see that Truong Ba’s soul is pushed into a weak and weak position while the butcher’s body is increasingly dominant because the body has its own strength. The corpse gave specific examples to show his dominance. It was the feeling of fluttering before the food: blood soup, ancient tofu…, that was the feeling: “trembling limbs, hot breath” when standing next to the butcher’s wife… That was the time he slapped his son. he was “bloody mouth and nose”. Those evidences are the truth that makes Truong Ba’s soul feel ashamed and mean, the body also mocks with the argument that Truong Ba’s soul only gives to make excuses: “I still have a separate, intact life, pure and straightforward”. The butcher’s corpse noticed that the arguments of Truong Ba’s soul were getting weaker and weaker, so he forced the soul to compromise with him. The reason given by the corpse is that the two have become one, inseparable. The soul just fulfills the needs of the body and then does bad things and blames it on the body.
It can be seen in this dialogue that the body wins so it is very gloating. Sometimes sarcastic, sometimes sarcastic. As for the soul, it is extremely painful and ashamed of what the body says that we do not want to admit. Indeed, the soul has been dominated by the body. Dramatic conflict has not been resolved, has not stopped. However, through the dialogue between the soul and the body, the reader realizes the deep implications Luu Quang Vu wants to convey in it. The body is the natural voice of man, in man there is a natural part and a social part. Natural people also have their own voice, their own needs, that need itself is not bad, humans must also meet those natural needs. The body has tremendous effects on the soul. Therefore, people always have to struggle and struggle with themselves to overcome the false demands of the body, to overcome the vulgarities of everyday life. Here, we see that Truong Ba’s soul has been resurrected but lives a life of shame, vulgarity and destruction. Through this, Luu Quang Vu wants to mention the issue of perfecting the environment and living conditions of people. In a good environment and circuTaxances, people can perfect their personality and protect cultural values.
The desperate suffering of Truong Ba’s soul was pushed up even more when talking with family members. During the conversation with his gentle wife, he realized that in the form of a butcher, his personality had also changed. The wife that he loved so much asked to leave and was more sad and sad than when he died. She also dared to talk about the change in him: “He is no longer him, he is no longer the old gardener Truong Ba”. The wife’s words once again affirm the corruption and change in Truong Ba’s soul and that denial means rejection.
His granddaughter Cai also refused to accept Truong Ba’s soul as his grandfather. It does not accept the person who has a hand to kill a pig, has big feet like a shovel, acts clumsy, rude, and tramples a newly planted precious ginseng tree. The Girl’s anger had turned into a fierce repulsion, an absolute denial: “Go away, butcher!”.
The daughter-in-law, which is described as a deep, mature person who understands more than the truth, she sympathizes with the pain of her father-in-law: “Because I know that you are suffering a lot more now than before”. But before the family situation was about to fall apart, she also had to tell the truth: “But teacher, I’m so scared, because I feel, it hurts… every day you’re getting different, losing more and more, everything seems to be distorted, fades away, so much so that sometimes I don’t even recognize you anymore…”
Thus, all loved ones in the family realize the irony of adversity and the change in Truong Ba. Although they loved Truong Ba very much, they still had to say it out loud because they realized one thing: the day they buried Truong Ba’s body in the ground, they wouldn’t suffer as much as they do now. The tragedy of Truong Ba’s soul at this time is an unrecognized tragedy. Truong Ba’s soul is a stranger in the world, a stranger in his family.
Family tragedy is the final push in a series of dramatic conflicts. The family is very important to Eastern people, it is the basis for the resurrection of humanity. Losing family is the greatest loss of Truong Ba’s soul, the meaning of life of Truong Ba’s soul is no longer there. The climax of the conflict appeared when Truong Ba’s soul decided to burn incense to call Di Thich. Before entering a dialogue with De Thich, Luu Quang Vu allowed Truong Ba’s soul to monologue, expressing his extreme pain: “You have won, the body is not mine, you have found it. I can do all sorts of things to overwhelm me…But could I just give in to you, surrender to you and lose myself?” From this monologue led to the decision that Truong Ba lit up incense to call Di Thich.
Through the dialogue with Emperor Thich, the reader realizes the concept of happiness and death. Truong Ba’s soul has definitely expressed his longing through lines: “can’t be inside one thing, outside another”; “living on possessions and possessions is a bad thing, after all, even my body has to live off of the butcher. He simply thought of letting me live, but he doesn’t care how to live!” The lines of Truong Ba’s soul are the core of Luu Quang Vu’s ideology. Man is a unity, soul and body must be in harmony. People are only truly happy when they can be themselves. And human life is precious, but really living out human life is the important thing. Live without patchwork, without borrowing. The true meaning of life is that people can live honestly with all things and with themselves.
Truong Ba’s soul definitely asked Emperor Thich to let him die. He did not listen to the solution to enter the soul of Ti, nor did he compromise with Emperor Thich that this world was not perfect. an elf accepts a fake life but a human does not. Through this, we see that Truong Ba is a wise man, rich in self-esteem, with a deep sense of true life. The play should have ended where the spirit of Truong Ba died, the butcher died, and Cu Ti died, but Luu Quang Vu did not fall into a state of skepticism and pessimism because Truong Ba’s soul persuaded Emperor Thich to let him die. Ti is resurrected, but the soul of Truong Ba – the benevolent gardener, the elegant chess player still lives in the firelight cooking rice, in the garden, in the good things of life, in every fruit…
Luu Quang Vu entrusted the choice of Truong Ba’s soul with concerns, torments and strong faith in people. By his death, Truong Ba has preserved good memories, has kept the following generations’ faith in people and life. The image of two children sticking together, loving each other and the girl’s custard apple buried in the ground: “Let the trees grow together and grow. Forever…” The grandfather’s words are the hope and strong belief of the author. faked into the “impossible things” in every human being. Through the play Truong Ba’s Soul butcher, Luu Quang Vu contributed to criticizing some negative manifestations in the lifestyle at that time. People are in danger of running after trivial desires, wanting to satisfy the needs of their instincts, to the point of becoming ordinary people, as poet Che Lan Vien wrote:
“Want to feed the body
Meat for the soul”
But there is an opposite trend, using the pretext that the soul is precious, the soul life is the highest, do not care about material life, refuse to strive for complete happiness. The play also criticizes the state of people living falsely, not daring to live as themselves. That is the risk of pushing people into corruption due to fame and gain. But Luu Quang Vu’s plays have long-term vitality because of their profound philosophies, which are meaningful for all eternity. The play gives us lessons about life, death, and happiness. Life is precious, but it’s not meant to be lived. The true happiness of man is to live fully, to be true to himself and to everyone.
Through the play, readers also feel the talent of Luu Quang Vu. The play is a combination of modernity and traditional values, between strong, fierce criticism and loving lyricism, between profound philosophy and romantic and soaring lyrics.
The article analyzes the philosophy of life in “Zhang Ba’s soul, butcher’s skin” number 8
Luu Quang Vu was a quite famous poet in the sixties of the twentieth century, loved by many readers. In the early eighties, Luu Quang Vu completely switched to the stage field. In just seven or eight years, he wrote about fifty scripts and most of them were staged. Luu Quang Vu’s drama expresses the aspiration for beauty, good, for the perfection of human personality, quite fiercely fighting evil and evil, especially fighting against negativity to make life clean. better, better. The play Truong Ba’s Soul, the butcher’s skin, and especially in the following line between Truong Ba’s soul and the immortal Emperor Thich, showed us Luu Quang Vu’s desire for a good life: Unable to be inside a the other side, the outside is the other way. I want to be whole me…. Living off other people’s belongings and possessions is not a good thing, after all, even my body has to live off of the butcher. He just thought that simply let me live, but he didn’t need to know how to live.
These lines are the words Luu Quang Vu wants to convey the concepts of happiness, the reason of life and death. As we all know, Truong Ba’s soul, butcher’s skin was composed by Luu Quang Vu in the direction of exploitation, folk plot to convey his thoughts on life and happiness, expressing a profound philosophy of truth. life, human reason, combining criticism with some negatives in the current way of life. Although exploiting the theme from the folk plot, but in this play Luu Quang Vu has a very unique creation: in folk tales, when Truong Ba’s soul was imported into the butcher’s body, the spirit of the emperor by Emperor Thich. Truong Ba still lives calmly, but in this play, Truong Ba’s soul is very twisted, there are always intense inner conflicts. Truong Ba’s soul had to go through fierce struggles with the body in which it resided – the butcher’s instinctive lust-filled body. And Luu Quang Vu pushed the drama to the climax when Truong Ba’s soul was about to fall into the hands of the butcher’s wife, almost the purity of Truong Ba’s soul was overwhelmed by the body, plus the alienation of other people. Family members made Truong Ba’s soul even more painful and pitiful. In order to untie the knot of this dramatic situation, Luu Quang Vu allowed Truong Ba’s soul to come to a decisive decision that he could not prolong his life forever: “Can’t be inside one thing, outside another. Okay.
I want to be whole me.” This line spoke to the tragedy, the irony in Truong Ba’s soul, which was the contradiction between a beautiful soul and a rude, mundane body. This line clearly shows Luu Quang Vu’s point of view and philosophy on life. Luu Quang Vu believes that human life is a unity between soul and body. Soul and body must be in harmony. There can be no noble soul in a mortal, sinful body. When a person is completely dominated by the instinctive needs of the body, that is, the material needs completely dominate the spiritual life, it is not possible to have a pure and noble soul. That said, here Luu Quang Vu does not have to completely deny the need for material life, but just wants in life we must know how to harmoniously combine material life and spiritual life. If we only care about the spiritual life without worrying about the material life, our life will not be very good, we will live in illusion with the metaphysical beauty of the soul. So we should never let the material life bring down the spiritual life.
And in the next line, Luu Quang Vu continued to present his view on life: “Living on other people’s belongings and possessions is not a good thing, after all, even my body has to live. thanks to the butcher. He simply thought of letting me live, but he didn’t need to know how to live!” This line proves that Truong Ba’s soul is well aware of his irony and tragic situation. Truong Ba’s soul was deeply saddened by realizing the increasingly disparity between soul and body. This disparity has been shown since when Truong Ba’s soul entered the butcher’s body, his form changed, his actions changed, and his family members were increasingly alienated, Truong Ba is no longer a person. Truong Ba is like the old days – “no longer the old gardener Truong Ba” (from Truong Ba’s wife), “I am not your grandchild”, “my grandfather is dead”, “his pig-killing hand” he broke a young bud, his feet were as big as a shovel, and he stepped on a precious new-grown ginseng tree! My grandfather never was so rude and cruel! “, “You’re so ugly, so evil! get out! Old butcher, go away” (words of Cai Gai)… Truong Ba’s soul could not live forever in such suffering and torment; Therefore, he protested and did not accept that Emperor Thich allowed himself to live on the butcher’s body. This protest prepares for the drastic and decisive action of Truong Ba’s soul, which is to choose death, return the body to the butcher, so that the soul can be at ease, no longer tormenting suffering.
Through this line, Luu Quang Vu wants to express his views on life, to find the answer to the question: what is a truly meaningful life? According to him, really living a human being is not easy or simple. A truly meaningful life is a life created by our own hands and minds, living for ourselves, a life that is truly useful to our family and society. If you live off, live on, live a patchwork life, if you can’t be yourself, then that life is meaningless, not worth living, it’s better to die.
In summary, the two lines above between Truong Ba’s soul and Emperor Thich’s fairy have revealed Luu Quang Vu’s very correct views on life. It is also a reflection on life, on happiness, a critique of some negative aspects of the lifestyle of some people in contemporary society by Luu Quang Vu. In fact, in today’s life, many people live by the body and authority of others, live by bowing and flattery to get promotion, living by money not by their own ability. It turns out that it is the money from the sweat, tears, and blood of the people, comrades and teammates, ruining social life. To live like that is a life that is ugly, despicable, condemnable and vilified. Luu Quang Vu expressed his concern and concern about this through the sufferings and worries of Truong Ba’s soul when he had to live on the butcher’s body. It is this that moves the hearts of readers and viewers of this play.
The article analyzes the philosophy of life in “Zhang Ba’s soul, butcher’s skin” number 4
The play “Spirit of Truong Ba butcher’s skin” is a famous classic work of author Luu Quang Vu built on an oral folk tale about an elegant and educated character who had a talent for playing chess but died. wretchedly. In Luu Quang Vu’s play, there is a different ending from the folk tale. If the living philosophy of the original folk tale simply spoke of the importance of the human spirit. In the play of author Luu Quang Vu, his philosophy of life shows the harmony between the soul and the body, which have an interactive relationship with each other. As well as natural and personality needs. People can try to improve themselves to be able to live better.
The content of the play tells the character Truong Ba, a gentle old farmer, loved by everyone around him and famous for his talent in playing chess. Nam Cao, a person in charge of the “Black Book” work, holds life and death in his hands. If he judges someone, he will end his life on earth. Due to negligence, Nam Cao mistakenly marked Truong Ba causing him to die unjustly, De Thich, a chess-playing character who was a friend of Truong Ba, helped Truong Ba recover his body by taking Truong Ba’s soul into his body. butchers have just died and have not yet been buried. From now on, the story begins with dramatic situations, attracting viewers.
The plot in folklore, tragedy only occurs when two wives, Truong Ba’s wife and the butcher’s wife, have a dispute about their husband, everyone thinks this is their husband. Finally, the court ruled for Truong Ba’s wife to win the case to bring her husband home to live together. However, in the play of the author Luu Quang Vu, it is not only that the author exploits more deeply into the character’s personality. When Truong Ba’s soul was living in the butcher’s body, his life was really tragic, extremely difficult. Because of the demanding physical needs, but the mundane lifestyle made Truong Ba’s soul extremely miserable, because Truong Ba was originally a gentle person, loved by everyone, now he has become a mortal. …
So he met Emperor Thich and asked him to die, without needing to return to his soul. The author wants to convey to viewers a noble life philosophy, of a man with a noble soul, who wants to keep his honor clean, not living but making his image in everyone’s eyes become tarnished. vulgar. Life will only be truly happy if people can live as they are. If you live and have to borrow someone else’s body, your life will be full of tragedy. If people live borrowed, patchwork, without harmony of soul and body, people will only encounter tragedies. Life is only really happy when we are able to be ourselves, in harmony both physically and mentally. This is also the main ideological content that the work wants to aim at.
Author Luu Quang Vu has built many funny situations when Truong Ba’s soul entered the butcher. Truong Ba was originally a noble and elegant person, but since being in the butcher’s body, he suddenly had a craving for good food, because the butcher eats well every day. Craving for wine and meat no longer enjoyed the noble pleasures he used to enjoy. So Truong Ba was extremely sad. A hard-working, gentle Truong Ba character, loved and respected by everyone, now because of the bulky corpses, he wants more and more, so he becomes a commoner. The strength of the desires in the other body of the other part is getting bigger and bigger, it conquers the will of the soul, making Truong Ba wish that he would die completely.
This struggle is actually a struggle between the soul and the body, between the instinctive needs and the instinctive control of people. It is essentially a battle between the child and the human part of each of us. The children are always the requirements to serve life, maintain the things that make it possible for people to exist. As for the human part, it is the soul, the nobility in thinking that directs people to the truth-good-beautiful things.
It is the standard deviation, lameness between the soul and the body that makes Truong Ba himself feel like he’s alive but dead, feeling sad and confused. The dialogues of Truong Ba’s soul with members of his family show us a completely different Mr. Truong Ba. It was Truong Ba’s wife who felt even more miserable and sad than when he really died.
The granddaughter chased her grandfather away from her because of his big, rude hands, his feet were as big as a shovel, his feet stepped on the ground, killing the green trees that her grandfather Truong Ba had previously planted. His daughter-in-law, who loved and cherished her father-in-law, now has to say that “I myself sometimes don’t recognize you anymore…” Even the dearest person in the family could not accept him. in the body of the butcher, what else is he still alive in this world for? Truong Ba’s soul was extremely desperate, so he made a bold and decisive decision “I don’t want to import anyone’s picture. I’m dead, let me die.”
The play ends when the soul of the character Truong Ba has completely left the butcher’s body and is gone forever. Many viewers thought that with such an ending, Truong Ba did not have to die but then still died, unjustly for him. But in fact, this is a very satisfying ending because when Truong Ba decided to leave for eternity, he gave the chance to live again for a boy named Cu Ty. As for Truong Ba, although he was dead, he still lived in the hearts of his loved ones as a kind, gentle, gentle Truong Ba.
This play has given us a new philosophy of life that is to live so that it is worth living, to live as yourself is more meaningful than to live by borrowing, to do things that are no longer like you, to lose your pure soul. high. Live like a child.
The article analyzes the philosophy of life in “Zhang Ba’s soul, butcher’s skin” number 6
Luu Quang Vu came to the genre of drama and really found his forte after participating in writing in many areas, including poetry and short stories, which had not yet left much of an impression on Vietnamese literature. With the thorough, fresh and realistic view of a soldier who has experienced the battlefield and gone through the years when the country is undergoing renovation and renewal with a backward subsidized economy, Luu Quang Vu has given many difficulties. There were nearly 50 plays, large and small, reflecting many aspects of society at that time. His plays at that time were very popular with the people because of their very sophisticated writing style, very life, and deep humanistic philosophy. The most famous of which is the play “Spirit of Truong Ba butcher’s skin”, which was recreated by the author from a folk tale of the same name, about the tragedy of a person, Truong Ba, who died unjustly because of the negligence of the mandarins in heaven. family, was eventually brought back to life under the butcher’s corpse. That strange resurrection of Truong Ba has turned the lives of two families upside down, and at the same time caused suffering for himself, because of his inconsistency inside and out, unable to live according to his will. Turning a folk story into a tragedy has brought readers many profound life philosophies, through the thoughts and lines of Truong Ba’s soul.
Truong Ba was originally a skillful gardener, hardworking, good at playing chess, gentle, with a noble and clean lifestyle, so he was loved and respected by everyone. Tragedy began when Nam Cao ruled the life and death book in heaven because he was in a hurry to go to a party but mistakenly crossed out Truong Ba’s name, causing him to die unexpectedly and full of injustice. It wasn’t until nearly a month later that De Thich, who was originally a fairy and his confidant chess friend, knew about his death. Because Truong Ba died unjustly and regretted the loss of a good chess player, Truong Ba advised Nam Cao and Bac Dau to “correct the mistake” by allowing Truong Ba’s soul to be resurrected into the butcher’s body. just died yesterday, because Truong Ba’s body was already rotting and could no longer contain his soul. Truong Ba’s strange resurrection story has brought both families a bit of confusion, but because Truong Ba in the butcher’s body has proven himself to be Truong Ba, he returns to his home and begins life with his family. new body.
Thought everything would be fine, but a series of tragedies happened, making Truong Ba extremely miserable. If according to the old folk plot, after Truong Ba returned home with a new body, he continued to enjoy life with his wife and children, bringing a very simple philosophy: Emphasizing the importance and absolute of the soul, separating the soul and the body into two aspects, while the soul holds all thoughts and decisions, and the body is simply a body, without a soul, the body is just a bag of flesh nothing more no less, no thought, no thought. However, coming to Luu Quang Vu’s pen, the relationship between soul and body is deeply and philosophically recognized. The author still goes into affirming the higher role of the soul, through the events that Truong Ba remembers his memories, as well as his affection for his family and brought the butcher’s corpse home to live, along with his family. The fact that family members through Truong Ba’s precise gestures, habits and memories also quickly accepted Truong Ba under the butcher’s body, although it was very difficult. However, Luu Quang Vu not only affirms the role of the soul in comparison with the body, but also provides an intimate and organic relationship between the body and the soul.
After living in the butcher’s body for a while, Truong Ba’s soul gradually realized the change in himself, which we call alienation. He began to like drinking, eating blood pudding, enjoying delicious food, his moves were different from the past, he was even more interested in selling pork than playing chess. Before the change to the point of being criticized by a neighbor that he changed his personality, Truong Ba was very sad, he felt hatred and disgust for this dark, blind body, he wished he had get rid of it even for a little while. Thus, we can see that Truong Ba himself began to hate the life of one’s soul and another’s body and he began to realize the inadequacy of the two, so he felt suffocated and wanted get out of it to breathe easier. The discord between the soul and the body is further clarified through the debate between Truong Ba’s soul and the butcher’s body. Truong Ba’s soul is always confident because he has a pure and noble soul, different from the ordinary body full of mundane desires.
But the spirit will prevail, but the body with sarcastic tone, sharp reasoning has repeatedly argued back, it shows how Truong Ba’s soul has changed, likes to eat well, like to drink. , moreover, he couldn’t help himself from the young butcher’s wife one night, pointing out that he had slapped his son to the point of bloodshed, which he had never done before. ,… These corrupting expressions have inflicted a strong slap on Truong Ba’s soul, making him feel extremely ashamed because of his strange depravity. However, Truong Ba still did not accept the fact that he had changed, he stubbornly believed that it was the banal, sensual desires of the “murky, blind” corpse that had stained his soul, made him change even though he himself didn’t want to. But he immediately exposed the confusion of the soul by criticizing him for being a man of honor, or narcissism, every time he was involved in something bad, he wanted to push all the responsibility to the body, to let himself be. be at peace and the soul is always pure and holy.
Thus, it can be seen that although Truong Ba’s soul always wants to control the desire for the body, however, because of the incompatibility of his nature, on the contrary, he is controlled by the butcher’s body, and often makes things that are far from the nature in the unconscious, until they realize it, they regret it in time. From that, we draw a philosophy that between the soul and the body there must be a close organic unity, the body plays the role of rational perception, is the basis for containing the soul, and for the soul at the same time. emotional perception, building the beauty of the soul, the two must work closely together, then they can become a whole person and live true to themselves. The flesh itself also has certain needs, to be fed and cared for, but other physiological needs need to be satisfied, but the soul must control and control those needs in a reasonable way. cannot be controlled by the flesh. Because it is a unified entity, in which the soul plays an important role in shaping personality and thoughts, it must therefore be fully responsible for what the flesh has created, not could be like Truong Ba’s soul, obviously “tolerating” the body, and then finally blamed it on it to protect his face. It can be seen that the fierce debate between the soul and the correctness is a constant struggle in each individual, an ideological struggle between the soul and the body in life to perfect moral character, and forge moral character. practice self-mastery, keeping the “human” part of the society more dominant than the “child” part of ourselves.
The second philosophy of the work lies in the fact that Truong Ba’s soul decided to return the body to the butcher, while I accepted to die for real. Truong Ba’s soul affirmed to De Thich, “It is not possible to be one thing inside, another outside. I want to be whole.” This character has realized that this ridiculous patchwork is extremely absurd, it has caused him and those around him to suffer, torment, would rather he really die. Now his family is safe again, and people still remember him with love and respect, not with the strangeness, horror, and alienation like today. Therefore, he decided to return the body to the butcher, to protect his soul with pure and high values, not the destruction caused by the domination of the flesh. That is a right, wise and ethical choice, one cannot because of the desire to live and harm the people around them to suffer. Moreover, one cannot live without one’s soul and one body, and one cannot disagree with each other, as shown in the play, people have clearly recognized the difference between the soul and the body. body, making it a grotesque patchwork. Truong Ba’s soul loves gardening, is hard-working, skillful and loves plants very much, while living in the butcher’s body he still keeps that habit, but the rudeness and clumsiness of the corpse has completely broken the young bud. , feet as big as shovels tore apart all precious ginseng plants, and then the hands that killed pigs ruined the kite that Cu Ti always loved,… The inconsistency made everything turn into trouble. should be exposed, because these skillful and meticulous jobs are not for the muscular person accustomed to slaughter, but for the person with careful, thin hands like the old corpse of Truong Ba is suitable. Finally, the reader draws a truth that one can only live fully and truthfully when there is a perfect unity of soul and body, not a patchwork of one’s soul and another.
Another detail that is also very philosophical in that story is that Emperor Thich suggested that Truong Ba’s soul reside in Cu Ti’s body, but Truong Ba refused. It was also a great challenge for Truong Ba’s soul, because Emperor Thich thought that he did not like the butcher’s rude body, perhaps he would prefer Cu Ti’s body. But Truong Ba refused, he accepted death, rather than stepping on the same path again because the tragedy could not be repeated with a similar tragedy again. From that, we understand that in the fierce battle between the soul (the human part) – symbolizing the nobility and purity and the body (the child part) – which symbolizes the desires, the common sensuality, then the human part, the personality part finally triumphed, freed from the charm of continuing to live, to be enjoyed. That is the clearest evidence for the nobility, beauty of morality and the desire to perfect the personality since many generations of people. Perhaps the saying “it is better to die honorably than live shamefully” is quite true in this case.
After reading all of Luu Quang Vu’s plays, we discovered that in addition to the tragic plot and thematic philosophies of the work, the author himself, through the characters’ words, often included dialogues of the same nature. profound humanistic philosophy, making readers not only recognize the main contents such as living in full unity between body and soul or the struggle to perfect the noble personality of man, but also learn more get many other things. To help readers broaden their horizons with life, such as quoting Truong Ba: “There are mistakes that cannot be corrected. Forced patchwork only makes more mistakes”, to advise people not to because selfishness of the individual that is forced to repair so that in the end, things become even more irretrievable, and at the same time, it also causes others to suffer. Like Nam Cao himself, because of his negligence, he wanted to cover up his crimes, while Emperor Thich kept regretting a good chess friend, thus causing Truong Ba and those around him a series of problems. tragedy. Or when Truong Ba told De Thich “you must exist”, when this character said that Truong Ba was his reason for living. That has implicitly reminded each of us that our own life is not dependent on others, but must have our own ideal goals, not always chasing the shadow of others to search. own value (because De Thich plays chess with Truong Ba, he always wins).
Truong Ba’s Soul butcher’s Skin is a good play imbued with human values and profound human philosophies, advising people to fight to perfect their personality, to be able to live as themselves. can’t live without inconsistency inside and out and eventually suffer, tragedy. Besides, it also educates people not to do things that affect others because of their own selfishness. Although the end of the story is tragic, it is the most logical ending, satisfying modern readers.
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