Analysis of the poem “Water transport” (National language) No. 1
The poem The Waterfall of Zen master Phap Thuan (915 – 990) is considered the earliest work appearing in the national written literature. The poem fully meets the criteria of the earliest appearance, has a clear author’s name, has a specific composing situation, has a national spirit and is really meaningful as a foundation. for a literary age.
In fact, the poem itself has no name. Originally, it was just a way of answering Zen master Phap Thuan when asked by King Le Dai Hanh about the country’s fortunes with four lines of poetry written in the book “Thien-yen phuong”. This book appeared in the Tran Dynasty, the first half of the XNUMXth century. The title of the poem Quoc To (Land of Water) was given by modern scholars, based on the two opening words.
Zen master Phap Thuan, with the surname Do, does not know where his hometown is, only knows that he is a well-educated person, understands the contemporary world, has the talent to support the king and help the country. In the early days, when the Tien Le Dynasty was just starting to work, the Master had a great deal in planning the strategy. When the world was at peace, he did not accept the title of the imperial court. King Le Dai Hanh was even more respectful, often not calling his name, only calling Do magus and entrusting him to draft documents. Once, the king ordered him to disguise himself as a ferryman to welcome the Song Dynasty envoy, Ly Giac. His ability to respond made the ambassador Ly Giac impressed, so he gave him a poem, in which there was the sentence: Thien foreign friend Thien Ung Vien Chien (Outdoors are still shining), implying that outdoors in the North, there are heavens in the South. again.
Set in the context that the country has just spent half a century regaining its national autonomy and independence, Phap Thuan’s poem has the meaning of a declaration of peace, of a long-term plan for nation building and has profound political color. Right from the opening verse mentioned, affirming and emphasizing the issue of water transport, which is the concern of the king and also the source of the strength of unity of the whole nation. First of all, the two words Quoc Quoc mean the country’s destiny, the country’s destiny; at the same time also means “emperor”, the throne. Under the feudal period, the word “national” (country) was often understood to be associated with the word “de” (king), fortune was associated with the throne. This is also a concern throughout the nation’s history, especially in the stages of consolidating and developing independence or when there are foreign invaders, and autonomy is violated.
This relationship between the kingdom and the emperor (country – king) is especially evident in the poem “Nam Quoc Son Ha Nam De do” (“Song and Mountain of Water, Nam, King of Nam”). More importantly, the water movement here is placed in relation to the state of the country and the current state of the country is a symbolic image of “the wrong side” (the connecting cloud). It is possible to understand the meaning of the whole verse associated with the situation that the country at that time had just defeated the Song invaders in 981, so the risk of war was still there, not really stable, like a connecting cloud, very complicated binding. complex. The verse leads to awakening, the feeling of water luck, if it is good to keep it, it will be durable, if it is not well kept, it will lead to confusion and danger. and “connecting cloud rope”, connected by the conjunction “like”, thereby creating a parallelism and association, the relationship between the water movement / like / connected cloud rope; and vice versa, the image of connecting clouds is like water. This way of placing comparative subparagraphs helps the verse to become visual, vivid, clear, and easy to enter into the reader’s mind.
If the opening verse is inclined to suggest and raise problems about the current state of the country, the next verse “Nam Thien Ly Thai Binh” (Southern Troi expands the peace) aims to establish requirements, measures, and methods. national awareness, in favor of affirmation, opening the way. Particularly, the word li means to take care of, administer, and expand the political affairs so that the country can be peaceful and the people are full. The identification of “Southern Troi expands the peace” is a straightforward and responsible way of saying the monk before the current state of the country is like a complicated and connected cloud. It is also a continuation and response to the content raised from the above verse. It is clear that poetry also has a great meaning, transcending the time of a time to become a lesson for eternity, because every dynasty needs an attitude that dares to look directly at the truth, needs management, expansion, to foster peace and prosperity for the country. Here, the translated poetry has also closely followed the content, meaning and rhyme of the original:
Carrying water like a cloud,
Heaven in the South mines peace.
In the following two verses, the monk emphasizes the direction, determines the form and measures to rule the country for the king himself. The verse “No wii, the palace” (in the palace uses the way “no viv”) has nuances as a warning, advice, concretizing how to keep peace for the country. The word “vii” according to Taoist doctrine means not doing unnatural things. According to Lao Tzu’s book Tao Te Ching, “Tao” is inherently unconditioned, according to nature, people should not interfere and go against the laws of life. In the rule of the country and social activities, a talented king can still “do no rule”, set policies that are pleasing to the people, and look after the four directions gently, seemingly doing nothing, but the country is still peaceful. , prosperous. Confucianism also upholds the role of “Dai Thien Hanh Hoa” and “The Thien Thien Hanh Hoa” (Heavenly Thien Hanh) takes the place of the king to rule the country. If the king has bright virtues and good qualities, then hundreds of people will voluntarily follow. Confucius said in the main Tian Wei, the Analects book: “Being virtuous and virtuous is like the Northern Gods, who are long-term and well-behaved” (Performing public affairs through virtue is like the North Star standing still. All other stars are coming back.)
On the other hand, because Phap Thuan is a Zen master, it is necessary to understand the two words “vii” in the sense of “no-violence” of the Buddha to fully understand. In essence, this is just another way of understanding, a visualization and another expression of the plan to rule the country in accordance with the laws of nature. Because the term “non-violation” means “Dharma away from cause and effect”, directing people to true likeness, peace, and freedom. Applied to the management of water, the spirit of “no-action” of the Buddha upholds the obedience of predestined conditions, compassion and love, leading to liberation to a peaceful place, a peaceful life, without creating wrong things. contrary to the general trend.
Thus, according to Phap Thuan, the king in the palace plays the role of the administrator of the government, so it is necessary to take measures in accordance with the purpose of governing the country and the people, not doing cruel things, contrary to common sense. Only in such a way of governing itself according to nature would the king get along with the people, skillfully building a peaceful and leisurely country as if he had nothing to do. It is also a high requirement for the “bright king, I am gentle” and towards the highest goal: “The land of the warriors” (Everywhere ends the war of warriors). The following two-sentence poetry translation also shows the continuity, response, continuity between action and purpose, measure and result:
Void on the electricity,
The place to stop the warriors.
It can be said that the poem Yun water is written in Chinese characters in the form of five great words, Tang Luat, with only twenty words, very concise and concise, but has fully expressed the feelings and sense of responsibility of Master Phap Thuan. before the king and the state of the country. The final sentence of the poem “The place to end the war” is actually also the answer to the problem of “water transport”, affirming that the sustainable basis of the country’s future must also be based on the foundation of peace and stability. , reunification. The poem is political but still has lasting vitality because it mentions the great problem of an entire nation, arouses interest and concern for all Vietnamese people.
Analysis of the poem “Water transport” (National language) No. 3
Zen master Phap Thuan’s full name is Do Phap Thuan (915 – 990), his hometown is unknown, lived in the pre-Le era. He is considered a high monk who made an important contribution to the peace process during the reign of King Dinh Tien Hoang. He is also a special phenomenon of medieval Vietnamese literature. His poem “Land of Water” (Country) is ranked in the position of enlightening our nation’s literature written in Chinese characters. This can also be considered as the earliest and clearest poem with the author’s name in Vietnamese literature.
Carrying water like a cloud,
The southern sky is open and peaceful.
Void on the electricity,
The place to stop the warriors.
The poem Yun water is composed in the form of five great quatrains with the basic characteristics of being concise and concise, often using natural images to express thoughts. According to historical documents, this poem is Zen Master Phap Thuan’s reply when King Le Dai Hanh asked about the current state of fortune because the monk was highly trusted and respected by the king. Legend has it that when the monk obtained the Dharma, his words often corresponded to the oracle, very trusted by the leaders of the country and the people.
Water movement, which is an abstract concept, and the comparative measure in the first two verses have helped to make the image more concrete and vivid. Initially, the poem was not titled by the author, but only attached to the king’s question to answer.
Carrying water like a cloud,
The South sky opens peace.
Borrowing the image of tangerine rattan rope to describe the water’s fortunes is both easy to imagine and shows the author’s confidence and pride in the country. Rattan rope is inherently tough, durable and when wrapped together, it will be even more durable. In that entwined position, it also suggests reaching up and reaching out in a constantly growing trend. If the first verse suggests height, the second verse suggests width, “The South sky opens to peace”. The translated verse is quite close to the original, but the sound cannot evoke the spaciousness and immensity of the original verse “Nam Thien Ly Thai Binh”. That may be the strength of the Sino-Vietnamese word, the phrase “Nam Thien Ly” has a large, immense size like the stature of the brocade. A five-word verse that both presents and describes the poet’s deep pride in his country. A whole stretch of Giang san in a peaceful state is indeed a beautiful picture, a peaceful beauty that generations of Vietnamese people have built and preserved. Three centuries later, Lieutenant General Tran Quang Khai also eloquently declared:
Peace of mind,
Van ancient try Giang san.
That is the thought of a famous general who just came out of the war against foreign invaders, and the thought of a Zen master like Phap Thuan has a very special point:
Void on the electricity,
The place to stop the warriors.
First of all, we need to clarify the concept of wu wu, a concept quite foreign to modern people but very familiar to medieval people. “Violence” is first and foremost a Taoist concept with the policy of a natural, harmonious life, not too bound by social laws. Phap Thuan is a Zen master, so his word wu wi can also be the dharma of Buddhism which means compassion, charity, and altruism. As a participant in feudal politics, his wu wu leaned towards the Confucian rule of wu wi, which meant leisurely, calmly, doing nothing but ruling the people by virtue.
So “vi viv” can be considered as the label of the poem, and regardless of the religious perspective, it also exudes a spirit of compassion in the way of governing the country and keeping the world at peace. The two verses are the monk’s advice first to the king who is ruling the country and then a message to posterity. That is also the truth of eternity if understood in a positive and correct sense. If the leader of the country is not ambitious for hegemony, is not warlike, then peace will reign in this beautiful world. The image of the place to stop the war is indeed a desirable prospect for all people and all ethnic groups.
The poem Waterfall was born from the early days of written literature. Experiencing many ups and downs of history, many wars until today, the country is peaceful and prosperous, the poem is still valid. A concise, condensed five-language poem with a profound thought. Moreover, the poem enters people’s hearts by a deep love and pride for the country, by dreams and belief in the future of the country. There is an opinion that if Nam Quoc Son Ha is a declaration of independence, then Quoc Quoc is the earliest peace declaration of our nation. Our generation needs to be proud and continue the peace-loving tradition of our forefathers in addition to striving to build a beautiful and peaceful country forever.
Analysis of the poem “Water transport” (National language) No. 8
In 980, Le Dai Hanh was crowned as king by generals and court officials, opening the Tien Le dynasty. In 981, Le Dai Hanh defeated the invading Tong invaders, the following year defeated Champa, opening a new era: peace for the country. The poem “National Toi” was probably born in a historical context. such history. Do Phap Thuan not only talked about the luck of the country but also gently reminded the king what to do, how to open a peaceful and prosperous situation for the country.
Originally written in Chinese characters, written in the form of five-language quatrains. Soft, brooding voice:
“Country is like a pervert,
Void where the electricity,
The land is the warrior.”
The first verse is a comparison: “Nation is like a totem”. Transporting water like tangerine vines suggests the stability of a country; hundreds of families and peoples with one heart towards the king. Water fortune sometimes declines, sometimes flourishes. Comparing the luck of the water like clouds and vines, a specific statement praising the country’s sustainability.
How does the poem clearly state that the country’s destiny is sustainable? That is the scene: “Nam Thien Ly Thai Binh”, the country of the South is at peace. The foreign invaders have been defeated, the domestic wild enemies have been defeated, and every place in the South has been peaceful and happy.
“The water is like entangled clouds,
The South sky opens peace.”
The second verse in Chinese characters sounds like a song: “Nam Thien Ly Thai Binh”. Nam Thien is referred to as the “Nam Quoc Son Ha” of our people. Poetry seems to be compressed, emotions seem to settle down deeply and profoundly. The two sentences 3 and 4 are structured according to the condition-result relationship. Where the electricity must be unconditioned is the condition. Everywhere, turning off all the soldiers is the result:
“The Power of the Void,
The land is the warrior”.
(Vivi on the attic,
The place to turn off the warriors).
“Doing nothing” literally means doing nothing. In the palace, the king lightly collected taxes, reduced the military service, cared about production, expanded education, brought peace and happiness to hundreds of families… then it was “vii”. On the contrary, in the palace of kings and kings living in luxury, insatiable sexual immorality… is not “no-vi”. The holy emperor, the wise military ruler of the country knows “no wii”. If there is no action in the guardhouse, then everywhere in the same countryside, in the villages and alleys, there will be no more mourning and resentment, no more chaos, the war will be stopped.
It can be said that the last two sentences of the poem are the plan to build the country that Do Phap Thuan presented to King Le Dai Hanh. The lyrics expressed the deep aspirations and aspirations of our people at that time: they wanted the country to prosper and the people to live in peace and joy. The poem expresses a political height in the strategy of nation building, a heart of patriotism and love for the people, a yearning for peace, a belief in sustainable and prosperous national destiny.
More than a thousand years have passed, the poem “Country” by Do Phap Thuan still has the same value and meaning. The fortunes of the country in the Early Le Dynasty were peace, and the turning off of swordsmen. Today’s water transportation is innovation, the people are rich, the country is strong, the country is modernized and industrialized.
Analysis of the poem “Water transport” (National language) No. 5
The poem The Waterfall of Zen master Phap Thuan is considered the earliest work appearing in the national written literature. Do Phap Thuan (915-990) was a monk who served as an advisor in the pre-Le court. His poems often have few words but many meanings, concise and condensed. The poem Waterfall is one of the outstanding poems of the monk.
The poem fully meets the criteria for the earliest appearance of written literature, has a clear author’s name, has a specific composing situation, has a national spirit, and is truly meaningful. laid the foundation for a literary age. In fact, the poem itself has no name. Originally, it was just a way of answering Zen master Phap Thuan when asked by King Le Dai Hanh about the country’s fortunes with four lines of poetry written in the book “Thien-yen phuong”. This book appeared in the Tran Dynasty, the first half of the XNUMXth century. The title of the poem Quoc To (Land of Water) was given by modern scholars, based on the two opening words.
Right at the beginning of the poem, author Do Phap Thuan made a unique comparison:
Nationality is like a pervert,
(Shipping water like a cloud,)
The monk compares the luck of water to a cloud. Such a comparison is intended to show that the fortunes of water depend on many binding relations. Water movement cannot exist of an independent force. Water transportation is not based on only one factor that works. It is the relationship of many factors to keep the country’s fortune for long-term development and prosperity. Although the magician does not say it, we understand: a country, a country must have a good and suitable way of governing; have good diplomatic relations with neighboring countries; has military and economic potential; there is a high consensus between the leader and the people. If so, then the country will be at peace:
(In the Southern heaven (opens) the scene of peace.)
The definition of “Southern Troi expands the peace” is a straightforward and responsible way of saying the monk before the current state of the country is like a complicated and connected cloud. It is also a continuation and response to the content raised from the above verse. Obviously, the poem also has a great meaning beyond the time of a time to become a lesson for eternity. Because, every dynasty needed an attitude that dared to look directly at the truth, needed the management, expansion and cultivation for the country to be peaceful and prosperous. With this verse, the author wants to bring his understanding of the ideology of national governance to the king (the head) how to keep the country quiet and the people to settle down and settle down.
So, what measures to bring peace and tranquility to the people? In the next verses, the monk Phap Thuan offers measures to solve the problem. That is:
Homeless electricity the
The land of the warriors.
(Vivi on the electricity,
The place to end the sword.)
Violent action is the non-violation of the Buddha’s law, That is, compassion and love. The palace is the court, only the king. The whole verse should be understood, in order to keep the country’s fortunes and for the country’s prosperity and prosperity, the king must be indifferent, and must do what is natural with people’s hearts. In the Buddhist sense, to make all living beings happy, to take care of the people.
The last verse of the article: “The land of the soldiers” is actually the answer to the problem of “water transport”, affirming that the sustainable basis of the country’s future must also be based on the foundation of peace and stability. , reunification. This is a verse reflecting the patriotic tradition, the desire for peace, and humanity is the beauty of the Vietnamese people. The history of our nation has proven that Vietnam is a country that loves peace and hates war. Our people have fought bravely for that independent peace. Everywhere is at peace, without war, then all peoples will be peaceful, full of happiness. What the monk said in the poem is the truth for all eternity.
The poem “Land of Water” reveals the author’s thought of ruling the country and foresight. And above all, the poem expresses the love of the country and the people of the monk Phap Thuan. The poem is political and has lasting vitality because it mentions the great problem of the nation, arouses interest and concern for all Vietnamese people.
Analysis of the poem “Water transport” (National language) No. 2
Do Phap Thuan is a leading poet in the patriotic movement and the nation’s aspiration for independence.
The country’s destiny was written by the author right after the author replied to the plan to calm the world with Le Dai Thanh after 981. The author uses the comparative art style at the beginning: “The nation is like a lost land”. “Country” is a matter of country. Talking about the country is talking about “national affairs”, then we often think of the plans to build the country to protect the country, it is given by the country’s talented people with creative wisdom, the author’s verses are used. for comparison increases the hardness and steel in the verse. The fact that water has a general meaning such as treating people, domestic and foreign relations with neighboring countries, taking care of all peoples for “deep and lasting roots”, strengthening national defense… Its meaning is not only sustainability, longevity, prosperous development. The author’s mood is the voice of everyone at all times. Patriotic, wishing the country to always live in peace:
Nationality is like a pervert
Peaceful Southern Heaven
(Transport of water like clouds
Peace in the South is open.)
The declaration of the first two verses is the author’s purpose and peaceful aspiration for the country’s destiny, next the author talks about the process of defeating foreign invaders to gain independence for the people who want to win the country’s independence. for the country to be prosperous, developed and peaceful:
The war is forever broken and peaceful
Because where is the land of danger, our virtue is high?
This is probably a peaceful song, wanting to defeat foreign invaders to gain independence for the nation, want the people to have peace, have a peaceful life, the country is free without the tragic and devastating war. The king and mandarin need to have solutions and actions to show the king’s responsibility to all people:
“The Power of the Void
The land is the warrior”.
This is an attitude of life in accordance with nature, not contrary to the laws of nature. In this poem, the author has used the word “vii” which also means to advise people to act in accordance with nature. The king’s responsibility is to cultivate virtue and benevolence, to be able to inspire the people to be admired and imitated by the people. The verse wants to talk about the king’s great responsibility to all people. Bright virtue and inner mind can gather people’s strength. Therefore, it is not corrupting people’s lives, self-aggressive… so that the people can enjoy peace and quiet. The king must understand the people, deal with the people rationally with the natural law that is not a plan to rule the country for a long time in that causal relationship.
What the author wants to express in this poem is the desire to gain national independence for the people. If you want the country to be free, the people need to unite to fight against foreign invaders, want the country to be free and peaceful, the people live in a peaceful state, but to achieve that, the king is very important. must be a leading example in the patriotic movement and take leading actions for the people to learn.
The poem has helped us have a correct perception of the freedom of the country, giving us a firm belief in the country’s succession, with peace and tranquility as the priority.
Analysis of the poem “Water transport” (National language) No. 7
Do Phap Thuan is one of the leading poets in the patriotic movement, typical of the nation’s aspiration for independence. Typically, there is the poem Quoc To, written by the author in 981 after responding to the plan to publicize the world with Le Dai Thanh.
At the beginning of his poem, the author used the artistic style of comparison with the sentence: “Nation is like a lost land”, the word “Country” here is a matter of the country, then we often think of strategies for Build a country and defend your country. The creative wisdom given by those who are considered to be talented people of the country, the author has used verses for comparison to add hardness as well as steel to the verse the author wants to talk about.
Water has a general meaning such as the way we usually treat people, or the way we use it in domestic and foreign relations with neighboring countries. To be able to take care of the people when the country still has a foundation in defense, the military is still too weak.
It is not only meant for sustainability, long-term or prosperous development. The author’s mood is the voice of each person in each different era. Bringing a patriotic heart with the desire to make the country and its people always live in prosperity:
“The highway is like a lost path
Peaceful Southern Heaven”
“Transporting water like a tangerine vines
In the Southern heaven, peace opens.”
This is like a statement of purpose, the author’s aspiration for peace for the common destiny of the country, talking about the process of fighting for the enemy to disintegrate and gaining national independence to bring the country forward to a new level. new high, prosperous, prosperous and happy country:
“End of eternal peace”
Why is the soil dangerous and high moral character?”
Perhaps this is the song of peace, the desire to be able to drive away the foreign invaders to gain independence for the nation, to let the people live together and enjoy peace and a peaceful life. live peacefully, the country is free, there will be no mourning, the country losing home melts the tragedy of the devastation times. Therefore, the kings and mandarins need to come up with solutions as well as specific actions to show the responsibilities and roles of my king towards the people of a country in a time of turmoil.
“Electricity of the Void
The land is the warrior”
Through the above verse, the author wants to show that it is an attitude to live in accordance with nature, not contrary to the laws of nature and society. The word “vii” here means to do nothing but it has a deeper meaning that is to follow nature and not go against it.
In addition, it also has the meaning of admonishing and teaching people about how to live in accordance with the laws of nature, the responsibility of the king is to constantly cultivate virtues, to have the ability to inspire, to act. for the people to obey and imitate.
When virtue is bright, the heart must be converted, must have a holy heart and noble virtues before the people can submit, attract and win the hearts of the people, the king must always understand the people’s hearts, must take the people as the root of the development of the country. It is necessary to have a reasonable and reasonable attitude towards the people, and to closely follow the people’s lives to understand the wishes and difficulties that the people are suffering every day.
The above must be the truth for the king to use as a premise to rule the country, only then will the country develop, my king can join hands to build and rule the country according to a that law of cause and effect. What the author is referring to in this verse is the desire to gain independence and freedom for the people, this will be really possible when the people unite and work together to fight the foreign invaders. The invaders and the king must always be a shining example and take the lead in the movement against foreign invaders to liberate the country.
The poem is a shining example so that we can realize the rightness as well as the importance of freedom for a country that is a firm belief that the plan is to take peace, preserve the territory and reassure. The people are important to the defense of the country.
Analysis of the poem “Water transport” (National language) No. 6
According to the Zen garden in English language Luc, King Le Hoan often asked the Zen master: “How long is the short-term fortune?”. The monk replied with a great five-word poem in response to the king. The monk here is none other than Zen Master Do Phap Thuan, he is the author of the above five-language great poem, which is “Quoc To” (Quoc To). Zen master Phap Thuan (915-990), surnamed Do, whose real name and hometown are unknown, was a man who was “widely educated, well-versed in poetry, talented in helping the king, and understanding the contemporary world” – Zen euphemum him). He is a patriotic Confucian, his ideas have been imbued with expression in literature, or in his behavior towards the country, loyally supporting the king and helping the country. The monk actively participated in the government of the Early Le Dynasty, had a very important position and was highly respected and trusted by King Le Hoan.
King Le Hoan often confided and asked him about government affairs, he was not only a politician but also an excellent poet. His works have had a great influence on our literary career and our nation’s struggle to protect the country. Typical is the work “Quoc To”, a poem written after 981-982, when King Le Hoan personally went to war against foreign invaders to protect the nation and the result was victorious. The poem “Quoc To” is considered as one of the earliest poems with the author’s name in Vietnam. The poem is the prophecy of the Sorcerer when answering a question about the king’s fortunes.
This is one of the opening works of Vietnamese written literature. The poem begins with two words “Koc To” which creates the beginning of the meaning: the throne is exalted (to means throne), the blessing of the country is long and prosperous (to also has another meaning, benediction-blessed). may). This poem is Zen Master Phap Thuan’s reply when King Le Dai Hanh asked about the fortunes of the country, concisely, with only twenty words, but the meaning is profound.
In the first verse, the author borrows the image of nature to talk about the country’s luck:
“Transport of water like a few bags
(Country is like a pervert)
The art of comparing the luck of water to the tangerine vines of rattan, both evokes durability, and suggests longevity and prosperity. The whole sentence says that the luck of the country is stable. The second verse is followed by direct speech:
Peace in the South is open
(Nam Thien Ly Thai Binh)
The first two verses reflect a mood that exposes the author’s joy, pride, and optimism while reinforcing the king’s belief in the fortunes of the country. The good thing here is the two words “Thai Binh”, because these two words combine the first two verses of the poem and open the last two sentences. The direction of the country revolves around the two words “peace” and the way to rule the country also towards the two words “peace”. The declaration of the first two sentences echoes the author’s purpose, aspiration for peace, prosperity, living in peace for the destiny of the country. In these first two verses, the author uses vivid images such as: “vines wrapped around tangerines” symbolizing the solidity and certainty of the country’s destiny. The second sentence in the word “Southern heaven” (Nam Thien) refers to “Nam Quoc Son Ha” which is the pride and affirmation of the sovereignty of our independent country. The way to rule the country, condensed in two words “no wii”:
Void on the electricity
The place to stop the sword
(The Homeless Power of the
The land of the warriors)
According to Lao Tzu, “vii” means following nature, not doing anything contrary to the laws of nature. According to Confucianism, wu wi is a method of virtuous rule: “ruling the country by virtue will cause wu wu and people will follow”. When entering the Buddha, there is a Dharma of no-vi that promotes compassion and love, transforms people with virtue, and does not need to resort to violent measures. As in this poem, the author uses the word “vii” which also means to advise people to live in harmony with nature. The noble responsibility of a king is to cultivate virtue, live virtuously, then it will win the hearts of the people, and the people will trust, admire, and set an example accordingly. The king must understand what the people want, how to behave with the people in a reasonable manner with the laws of nature, which is the long-term strategy of governing the country in the causal relationship of reincarnation.
So what the Zen master meant was that he wanted to advise the king to use the method of ruling the country with virtue and teaching the people by virtue. Next is the word “residence” in “residence in the palace” if understood in the simple sense that it means “in the palace guard”, but here the author wants to talk about the way of behavior and administration. And “the palace” refers to the palace where political affairs are discussed. Thus, “residence of the palace” means to refer to the place where the government runs the government. It can be said that in the last two verses is the plan to build the country that Zen master Do Phap Thuan wants to report to the king. The poem is like a sincere heart that Zen Master wants to express the wish of our people, which is to want the country to prosper, and the people to live in peace and prosperity.
We put the poem in the context of the country at that time to see the greatness and profound vision of the Zen master and also show us the master’s sense of responsibility for the country. After many years of protection and preservation, but also many years of war and chaos due to civil war and rebellion, the Twelve Emperors and Dinh Bo Linh suppressed the rebellion to unify the country, due to wars of aggression, the uprising of When the forces wanted to overthrow the king to take the throne, in 981 with the invasion war of the Song army, Le Hoan defeated the Song army, our country entered a relatively stable period.
However, the elements always wanted to plot to rebel, the aggressive customs of that time were still there, but the people’s aspiration at that time was “peace”, the people still aspire to live in peace. peace, no bloodshed, the country lives in unity without killing each other. So we can see the wisdom and quickness in Zen Master’s thinking, advising the king to rule the country by the way of “no-action”, use virtue to touch the hearts of the people and that is also the wish of the people.
The poem was written under the author’s love for the country and people, so when reading the poem, it has a gentle and warm sound, showing the noble heart and full of humanity in the soul of the family. poem. The poem contributes to the struggle and defense of the country with poetry, and also shows a far-sighted vision of the policy of nation building. Not only can this be a song, praising the country, a belief in the country’s long-term prosperity and sustainability.
More than a thousand years have passed, but the poem “Quoc To” by Zen Master Do Phap Thuan still retains its value until now and forever. The fortunes of the country under the Tien Le dynasty were peaceful, when the soldiers were turned off, and the people lived in comfort. So in the present time, we must try our best to protect the country, renew the country so that the country becomes richer and more civilized. As a young generation, let’s learn and practice well absorbing scientific and technological achievements to apply in life.
Analysis of the poem “Water transport” (National language) No. 4
Nguyen Phap Thuan is a famous poet of the Han Dynasty, his work has left a very deep impression and it has a great influence on the literary career and the struggle to protect the country of the organization. Nationality, typical of those works is the song Quoc To by Nguyen Phap Thuan.
Nguyen Phap Thuan is a patriotic Confucian, his thought has been imbued in the literature and has great influence, it is imbued with core values and profound anti-national historical values about the fate of Vietnam. destiny of a country, it is a heroic country and also has an influence on the cause of struggle to protect the country, the image of the country has been expressed very deeply in his article by the author. the image of a heroic and tragic country, the fate of the country has a very important influence, it has very unique sounds and bold images of a peaceful country. The fate of the country is described and compared by the author as climbing clouds, here there is such a comparison because the image of water has a great influence on the people. Depending on the fate of the country, prosperity or decline, a series of images have profoundly influenced the destiny of this heroic country:
Transporting water like a rattan entwined tangerine,
In the Southern heaven, a peaceful scene is opened.
The unconditioned in the palace,
Then all the weapons were turned off everywhere.
Water transport here is understood as the situation of the country’s prosperity or decline, it is used as a tangerine rope because it has a great influence on many other factors, water transport affects the lives of the people, the people and the people. Whether the people prosper or fail is determined by the fortunes of the country, it has a great influence on the situation of the people, the people are happy when they live in peace, the people are free and happy. while in the southern heaven is opening a peaceful scene where the people have food to eat and clothe, have a prosperous life and rich in love between people and people.
People’s lives have a great influence on the destiny of the country, it is an image of a peaceful country where the people have enough food to eat and clothe, the fate of the country governs those things and it has a great influence. , the author is worried about the fate of the country because there are special emotions in a peaceful society, the people have enough food to eat and have enough conditions to take care of themselves. The country’s fortunes mentioned by the author here are in a state of peace, people can live a free and happy life, people have enough conditions to make a living and it is associated with that that the author is wishing for the country is peaceful, the country is prosperous and the people have enough conditions to develop, wishing for the people to have a happy and prosperous life, it greatly affects the country and also affects many things to the destiny of the country. country.
Starting from a patriotic Confucianist, he always has an open mind and broadens his vision and thoughts, with his patriotic heart, he always leaves a great influence on readers and The details in the article that he wrote have a great influence and vision, when the author has a talent for foresight, seeing the destiny of his country, an image of a heroic Thai country. people do not have to live in poverty, a splendid and splendid life has taken place when the country is always at peace, people will have enough conditions to develop themselves in a free and fair society. No more oppression and exploitation. The author always wishes and has great aspirations for a heroic country that has great influence on the people. The image of a peaceful country has been deeply expressed by the author in the poem, it has a very deep resonance, while the people live in peace, in palaces, there are no wars. War no longer kills and ushers in a bright period for the people, where there are no more swordsmen, no more killing. People live in peace.
The word wu here has a very deep meaning that discourages people from becoming a virtuous person and has a great influence on the author’s art of building an image that is an image of a heroic country, In the two poems somewhere is love for the country and the author’s wishes for a prosperous time, the author is having great feelings for it and also has a profound influence on the image of a country. peaceful hero country, the people live a very heroic and heroic life, they have created a tone and great and profound inspiration in the hearts of readers, longing for peace. These are the special feelings that the author expresses in this poem, which is a bright belief and opens up for each of us unique poetic images.
The last two verses of the author’s poem talk about the process of fighting to achieve independence and freedom and it has a gentle and powerful resonance to the reader, and those things have created in the person of the author. authoring special emotions and bringing strange things, that struggle takes place in a process that is not one day or two days but it is a whole process, a process of action and development among the people, to the people, it has the echoes of life and is deeply evocative, in that pompous palace will appear heroic images that are no longer death or mourning bloodshed, the author is imagine a country without war, it creates for every human being the belief and influences that have great impact on the people and imbued with the flavors of the homeland, the author’s love and is taking place very actively and it has a great influence on beliefs and those effects also greatly affect the mood of the times as well as the destiny of a country. dear country.
Everywhere in the world there is no longer the image of the warrior, all extinguished, there is no longer a tragic death, it has a great influence on great things and has the power to describe precious things in the mind. The author’s soul, each author has influences and influences on the struggle to protect the country, great wishes and aspirations appear in the author’s soul, so it greatly affects poetry. songs and words that he is expressing in his writing, in that palace there are images bearing the imprints of special and powerful images. The poems he wrote were filled with love for his homeland, his wish for a peaceful country, a country without wars, the people lived in peace and the people did not have to suffer many difficulties. hard work too, that has a great influence on the image of the country’s homeland and has deep tones.
Everywhere on this palace, great things have been shown and in this large space, the fate of the country has been affecting the lives of the people, the people have strong development conditions and day by day. the greater the impact on the community and these create a large cultural space and have a profound influence on each person and a beloved country of the Vietnamese people.
The author’s love for the motherland has been deeply expressed in this article, it creates a gentle tone and shows the noble and humane heart in the author’s soul, shows gentle and powerful things in the struggle and defense of the country, a country that is flashy and boldly marked with peace and prosperity, with a deep impression of a safe country. peace and the people live in peace and prosperity.