Train students in observation skills
Observe in sequence from far to near and vice versa, from inside to outside, from coverage to detail and vice versa. Record what you observe. Organize observations for each specific object. Observation can be guided in many forms: direct observation of the object (the flag salute at the beginning of the week, the scene before the lesson, during recess, teachers, teachers, relatives,…); home observations (the house you live in, family reunions, the view of the street where you live in the morning, …); observe through newspapers, radio (a singer is performing, a comedian you like, ….);…
Observe, make a detailed outline
Outlining is an extremely important step in writing. There are many students who are subjective and consider it to be an unnecessary step, but the fact proves that most of the good writers attach great importance to making an outline. Therefore, to help students learn descriptive writing well, teachers need to guide them to make an outline before making a complete essay. If you have an outline, you can find ideas, arrange ideas, write a coherent essay, clear layout, clear ideas.
For example, with the topic: Describe a beautiful scene in your hometown, where you are living.
- First, teachers should have students prepare at home, observe the beautiful local scenery, record the observations.
- In the next lesson, based on the observed results, they will make an outline for an essay describing a beautiful local scene, then practice converting part of the outline into a complete paragraph.
- Then, instructions on how to outline an essay describing a beautiful local scene include 3 parts:
- Introduction: An overview of the scene to be described.
- Body: Describe how each part of the scene changes over time.
- Conclusion: State the writer’s comments or feelings.
- Based on this general outline, the teacher should help students make a detailed outline for each beautiful scene they choose
Example: Outline for an essay describing a morning scene in the field
Opening lesson: Introduction to the field in the morning: I was originally a child of the countryside, of the vast land of green fields. My childhood is always associated with the image of fragrant fields in the season of ripe milk or fields with the scent of straw in the harvest season. I love my countryside field in the early morning, it always gives me a feeling of peace and relaxation. Only those who live in the countryside, close to the fields, can understand this feeling. My countryside field in the morning is very beautiful.
a) Brief description
- In the morning, my hometown is very peaceful and peaceful
- The rooster crows in the distance, signaling a new working day has arrived
- The sun wakes up after a long sleep
- The field is like a stretch of silk with a fresh green shirt color
b) Detailed description
- When dawn appeared, the field seemed to be covered with a thick layer of fog.
- When the sun rises, the dew gradually melts, the field appears, the green color of the maiden rice covers the whole field, as beautiful as a green carpet.
- The spring wind from the top of the hill flows into the valley, creating waves of rice chasing each other in a hurry.
- Here and there, a glimpse of people came to visit the fields, making the birds catching rice worms jump up high.
- The buffaloes are closing their eyes, preparing for a new working day
- The storks are flying, falling on each stalk of rice as if enjoying the taste of the morning
- The village road stretches, straight
- The light sun shines through the branches and leaves
c) Description of activities:
- Everyone is slowly starting their work
- The aunts and uncles laughed and happily carried the hoe to the field
- There are a few shadows slapping water in the fields
- Buffalo boy sitting on buffalo back
- And I’m bouncing around on my way to school
Conclusion: The sun has risen, but I still look at this blue silk without getting bored. Today’s green color, the color of faith and hope, will definitely signal a bountiful harvest.
Analysis of sample texts
With sample texts, teachers need to guide students to focus on learning the beauty and beauty in the text, not copy the same, copy everything (need explaining for them to understand). Because, once they feel the beauty and beauty, they will form aesthetic feelings, helping to study better writing, especially descriptive writing.
To guide students to learn to feel the beauty and beauty of the passage, the teacher guides them to form the habit of thinking, asking and recording questions around the content of the passage. As a result, students can ask themselves questions such as:
- What character traits does this passage describe?
- What words does this passage use to describe the character’s image?
- What comparative pictures can be used for the passage?…
Also learn how to use the senses when observing and how to select details to describe. It can also be combined with observing scenes through paintings, photos, …
Choose topics that are close and familiar to students
For weak students and students whose families do not have the opportunity to observe reality, unfamiliar topics are something to avoid. Children come to school to study in a relatively limited Vietnamese language, but the teacher asks them to visualize, imagine, then make sentences and write a complete descriptive essay with an object that they have not seen yet. It’s always too much for you.
Provide vocabulary for students
In order for students to study well in writing, before implementing a requirement of a certain topic, teachers need to help students systematize words related to the topic of the article, so that students have the vocabulary that they need. use while doing homework. This will help you avoid confusion.
Example: When teaching a writing exercise: describe the scene of a rural market with your imagination
Teachers need to help children systematize the words of the market theme. For example: crowded, burdened, carried, carried, carried, noisy, colorful, faded, diminished, …
Expand the correct sentence into a good one
Because students’ sentence-making skills are still limited, teachers need to help them practice how to make correct sentences, from correct sentences to know how to expand into good sentences to use in writing exercises.
Example: When teaching the lesson: Write a paragraph describing the moonlit night scene in your hometown. After helping students identify the topic, the teacher needs to help them make the correct sentences, from the correct sentences to expand into good sentences. Such as:
Right sentence: The moon rises.
Extend: A full moon rose slowly in the wind. Wherever the moon shines, the place sings and laughs happily.
Right sentence: The boat in the river
Extend: On the river, the boat hovered like a tourist walking around to admire the scenery. The steady sound of oars stirred the calm water.
Learn the structure of an essay describing a scene or a person
From a sample text, the teacher guides students to identify the opening, body, and conclusion of the exercise to describe scenes and people.
Let students draw memories about the structure of the text describing the scene (describing people).
Then note to students how to present the writing exercise so that the 3 parts of a writing exercise are clearly separated.