Explanation of hexagonal poetry
It can be said that there is not a Vietnamese person that does not know about it Alexandrine, a purely national poetic form, appearing for thousands of years. From the time I was in the cradle, lying in the hammock, following the sweet lullabies of my grandmother and mother, the six-bowl poems have penetrated into the heart and mind, creating a rich spiritual life of each person. In terms of genres and forms of poetry in literature, Vietnamese people, besides the Chinese, absorb them like Co Phong poetry or Duong Luat poetry. Besides, our forefathers also created their own unique poetic forms, imbued with the colors and culture of the Vietnamese nation, as if the Song That Luc Bat or the Luc Bat Poetry had become invaluable. familiar in Vietnamese literature. In there, Luc bowl poetry chosen by many poets as a material to build their literary works, also to build the most nationalistic essays.
The hexagonal verse is a form of verse consisting of two parts of verse six (sentence) and verse eight (sentence eight). Usually a hexagonal poem usually begins with a verse and ends with a verse. The number of lines in a hexagonal poem is not as strictly limited as that of a lyric poem or a syllabic form. A hexagonal poem may consist of two or four lines such as:
“I’m leaving, I miss my hometown
Remember the vegetable soup memorized bitter bean soup
Remember who was drenched in the sun and dew
Remember who slapped water on the roadside today”
Or it can also extend to thousands of verses, the most typical one that we can mention is the masterpiece “Doan Truong Tan Thanh” (Truyen Kieu) by the great poet Nguyen Du (including 3253 sentences, in that includes 1627 verse and 1627 verse). The number of verses completely depends on the content and intention that the writer wants to convey to the readers.
The law of sound in hexagonal poetry: Alexandrine there are two standard sentences, namely the Luc and the octet, as well as the Tang Lu verse, which adheres to the most rule, three, five regardless; binary, quartet, hexagonal. That is, the 2st, 1,3,5rd, and 2,4,6th voices in the sentence can be free in tone, but the 2, 4, and 6 must follow strict rules. The rules are as follows: The six sentences in the order of 2-4-6 languages are Bang (B) – Trac (T) – Bang (B). Sentences: in the order of 8-XNUMX-XNUMX-XNUMX languages, it is BTBB
Example: Midnight passed Nghi Xuan district
Missing the old lady, loving her body Kieu
The rhythm in the hexagonal poetry is mostly even, creating a calm, leisurely tone, suitable for lullabies and chanting. For example: Because of the clouds / for the mountains / for the sky,
Because of / the wind blows / flowers laugh / with the moon.
Hay: Star wind / cool wind / behind
What’s wrong / miss you / stranger / like this?
But when it is necessary to express a certain ideological and emotional content, one can change the rhythm of the poem to suit. For example, what Thuy Kieu said to Hoan Thu in the scene where Kieu returned revenge for revenge:
Easy / habitual / beautiful,
The more / harsher / more / more unjustly!
It is clear that her voice is bitter and critical when Thuy Kieu mentions the unique jealous blood of Miss Hoan.
In terms of rhyming, Luc Bat poetry is not limited by strict rules like Duong Luat poetry, but it still has to ensure the basic elements. Specifically, in a poem Luc Bat, the last verse of the verse must rhyme with the sixth verse of the verse. Similarly, the last sentence of the octave must rhyme with the last sentence of the green. An example can be taken in the poem Viet Bac by poet To Huu as:
“When I come back, do you remember me?
Fifteen years are passionate and passionate.
I’m back, do you remember?
Look at the tree, remember the mountain, look at the river, remember the source.
In terms of the content of the poem bowl expresses the multi-dimensional mood of the lyrical character. Usually, ordinary people often borrow this type of rhyme to express their feelings and emotions in life, activities, love, etc. Besides the traditional hexagon, there are also variations of hexagonal sentences which are formal sentences. Luc bowl but not over six under eight but has a certain elasticity in syllables in terms of rhyming position… The phenomenon of hexagonal variation is a remarkable issue in folk songs, we can consider a number of cases: hexagonal variation increases, hexagonal variation decreases the number of voices.
Thus, we can see an overview of the definition as well as the basic characteristics and rules in an article. Alexandrine. Thereby, we also partly understand how poets create a literary work, which is a whole process, both showing the talent and showing the quick thinking of the poets.
Explanation of the poetic form of Seven Languages and Eight Cuu
Poetry structure lost words bowl ku Includes 8 sentences, 7 words each. If the second syllable of sentence 1 is still equal, it is called an equal body; if it is a rhyme, it is called an equal body. Poetry has very strict regulations on the law of trigrams. This law of equal measure has created a sophisticated, flexible and balanced sound network that makes the lyrics melodious like a love song. There have been sentences connecting the problem of the law of bang Trac in each syllable in each verse: the first – tam – five words, regardless of the other words: Nhi – qua – hexagon Minh. However, in the process of composing with their creativity, the authors have reduced the strictness and strictness of the law of equal measure so that the romantic soul can soar in each verse.
About rhyme, poetic form Seven Words and Eight Ways of the Law There is usually an equal rhyme that is said at the end of sentences 1-2-4-6-8. Rhymes both create meaningful connections and have the effect of creating music for poetry. For example, in the song “Cross Deo Ngang”, it is still pronounced as rhyme “a”. The poetic form also has the similarity in sound in the second syllable in sentence pairs: 2 – 1, 8 – 2, 3 – 4 , 5 – 6. It is this that gives the poem a tight and rhythmic structure in sound.In the poem “Cross the Horizontal Pass”: verses 7 – 1 are the same in all languages, except for the 8th ( TTBBTB) sentences 6-2 are the same in sounds 3, 2, 4 (BTB)…
Regarding the opposite, the poetic form has reciprocal or contrasting duality in the sentences: 3 – 4, 5 – 6. In the poem “Cross the Horizontal Pass” verses 3 – 4 support each other to reveal the sparse life, few people in the middle of the wild mountain pass, verses 5-6 together reveal the author’s nostalgia for the country’s love for home. The sentences are both in terms of type, sound, and meaning. As for how to break the rhythm of poetry, the most common is 3 – 4 or 4 – 3 (2 – 2 – 3; 3 – 2 – 2). The way to break the beat creates a smooth rhythm, drifting along with each line of the poet’s emotions. However, in some works, the author has changed the usual way of breaking the rhythm to serve a certain artistic intention. We take an example in the article “Crossing the Ngang Pass” by Ms. Huyen Thanh Quan:
“Kneel down, spend a few
Few sporadic riverside home market.”
The way to break the beat 2/2/3 has partly shown us the desperation of the scene and the loneliness and sadness of people.
Seven Words and Eight Ways of the Law beautiful in harmony, balance, classic with low, rhythmic sound, evocative images, deep feelings. However, it is constrained by many constraints and strict rules, so now it is very difficult to find a new poem that is written in the correct form of the apocalyptic form of Tang Lu.
Despite such limitations, it is possible that there is no famous poet who has not once written a seven-word poem. Seven languages and bowls have an important place in Vietnamese poetry, it is a testament to an era of famous poets whose poems have entered the history of lyrical literature.
Explanation of the poetic form of song lost hex bowl
The rhyme of the verse form of Song That Luc Bat is regulated as follows: The first letter of the 5th verse 7 rhymes with Bang (B). The last word of the first sentence 7 is in rhyme Trac(T), rhymes with the 5th word of the second 7th sentence (also rhymes Trac). The second last word of sentence 7 rhymes with Bang, rhymes with the last word of sentence 6 (Rhyme Bang). The last word of sentence 6 rhymes with Bang , rhymes with the 6th word of sentence 8 (Rhyme Bang). The last word of verse 8 rhymes with Bang, and rhymes with the 3rd or 5th word of the first verse 7 in the next stanza. This 5th letter rhymes Bang. The third word is more flexible, when rhyming with the previous sentence, it must rhyme Bang, if it doesn’t rhyme with the previous sentence, then Trac, Bang is fine.
When there was a wind in heaven and earth dust,
Customers have a lot of blush Noi truan specialized
That blue is so deep on
For who built for Candlestick Noi This?
Trang Thanh drum lay shadow moon,
Faint Orange Smoke dark awake cloud.
Nine times the sword is given Tay,
Midnight spread the decree day export chinh.
Bar water jar three hundred years cũ,
Velvet shirt vu TU click here.
The angel of heaven soon urges the way cloud,
Merit is important West which sa.
Master of Music – Dang Tran Con – Doan Thi Diem
This poetic form is not required to have pairs of opposites, but two sentences with the same number of words, if the poets can write a pair of opposites:
The mantra of the elder brother of the Ly family
Vuong’s sister’s knitting and voice
The smell of riches entices the village of sarama,
The honorable woman tricked the public man
The-Thuy Bridge sits indifferently
Thu Phong’s shop stands droopy-huy
Bow of resentment reciting song – Nguyen Gia Thieu
Trang Thanh drum (2) shakes the moon’s shadow,
Cam Tuyen smoke (3) is cloudy and awake.
He went to the old world in the rain and wind,
I went back to the old room and covered the blanket.
The soul of the martyr the wind blows,
The conquering face of the moon is watching.
In the place of Ham Duong (19) he still looked back,
Ben Tieu Tuong (20) please look over.
Concubine reciting songs
As a special poetic form of the Vietnamese people, but the hexagonal bowl and the hexagonal bowl were very popular with the authors during the medieval period of Vietnamese literature. This form of poetry flourished in the 18th century until the beginning of the 20th century. Many typical works of Vietnamese literature have used this form of poetry such as the translation of Chinh sub reciting – Doan Thi Diem, Ai tu van – Le Ngoc Han, Literature and sacrifice of all kinds of beings – Nguyen Du, Cung resentful chanting -Nguyen Gia Thieu, Tu love song – Cao Ba Nha. After the new poetry movement appeared, but seven six bowls were no longer favored by poets. These poetic works are increasingly rare, perhaps in part because of its complicated and difficult rules of rhyme. So, try to read these poems to understand more!
Explanation of the poetic form of the four great words
Poem Seven great words It is divided into two types: Seven Languages and Four Perfections of Tang Luat (a form of poetry that is quite popular in Duong Luat Poetry): There are strict rules of law, seal and rhyme (according to the degree of trilogy) and a clear layout. The Seven Languages of the Ancient Wind do not follow clear rules, can use one rhyme (single loon) or many rhymes (intervalence) but the rhyme must still adapt to the law of sound, with a rhythm equal to interlaced for easy reading. . In the secondary school curriculum, we were acquainted and recognized the poetic form of the seven-word quartet of Tang Lu, consisting of 2 sentences, 4 words each. owl.
About rhyming, we often encounter 3 rhyming ways in the form of Seven languages and four great poems as follows: Method 1: Rhyming at the end of sentences 1-2-4 (the last word of verse 3 is mandatory).
Example: My body is both white and round
Seven floating sunken with water
Snakes break even though the hands of the molders
But I still keep my heart
This method is most often used by the ancient masters.
Method 2: Cross rhyme: In the last word of sentences 1-3 (the last word of sentences 2-4 must be chatter) or sentences 2-4 (the last word of sentences 1-3 must be chatter).
Example: The moon enters the cold lunar chord
Moon love, moon miss, oh moon
Sad, quiet, oh slow
Every drop falls like a tear
The four verses above, we see that the rhyme “an” of verses 2,4 and 1,3 is heard, so the last word of verse XNUMX and XNUMX must be the “cold, slow” syllable.
Method 3: Rhyming hug: The last word of sentence 1 rhymes with the last word of sentence 4, the last word of sentence 2 rhymes with the last word of sentence 3.
Example: The soft voice of the piano leads me go
Through the wide courtyards hồ
Is it A Room or Miss? Tô?
Willow leaves are as long as a stroke my.
The usual layout of an essay consists of 4 parts: Topic, Fact, Argument, and Conclusion. The “topic” consists of the first two sentences, the first sentence is called the problem-solving sentence, the second sentence is called the thesis statement, and the idea is transitioned to go to the next part. “Real” includes the next 2 sentences, explaining the first idea clearly. “Thesis” consists of two more sentences that expand on the main idea. “Ending” is the last 2 sentences, ending the whole idea.
Summary four great words It is a poetic form with a harmonious and balanced combination of classical music and rhythmic rhythmic melodies. There is very diverse and rich content that is easy to get into people’s hearts. We need to preserve the poems left by the old artists.
Explanation of the poetic form of pentagram
Poetry in five languages It is one of the most commonly used poetic genres today. However, the first point that you need to distinguish is the pentagram form – that is, referring to a form in the lyric poetic form. But it’s not a modern five-letter poem. Because with the requirements of this form of poetry, there must be strict adherence to the law.
The poetic form of pentagram and quartet is one of the poetic forms originating from China. Along with other poetic forms in the group, it has created a Vietnamese poetry movement. Basically this poem has 4 lines in each poem and each sentence has 5 words. In which sentences 1, 2, 4 or only sentences 2 with 4 rhymes together in the last word. In general, this form of poetry is quite similar to the form of the quatrain, but the number of sentences is less. Tuc is that just by removing the last two words, we have a pentagram form.
On the rain, there is sunshine
Under the waves, the sea is calm
Cold stone still holds fire
Love is still predestined?
This wonderful form of pentagram has 4 lines, each verse has 5 words, and is made in the form of stanza poetry. Basically, this is also a poetic form quite similar to that of the seven-word eight-command line, but each sentence has omitted the first two hours of the sentence and only the last 5 hours remain. Regarding the law of rhyme, this form of poetry is also similar to the form of the seven words of the eight lines of the law.
About poetic form Five great words By the way, we will have 4 verses in each poem, each sentence consists of 5 words in which sentences 1,2,4 or just sentences 2,4 will rhyme together at the last word so the whole poem plus there will be 20 such words. Basically, this verse is similar to the quatrain. Just remove the last two words and we’ll get a great five-language poem. On the other hand, it’s also a copy of the Pentateuch. the four verses of the poem are taken out to create a quatrain poem. Only four short verses but extremely wonderful, so it’s called a quartet poem. Five-language poem layout There will be 4 parts which are (topic, real, thesis, conclusion).
Regarding the characteristics of the poem, when reciting the poem, it will bring a sense of comfort to the ears and a reasonable emphasis, creating a sense of readability for the reader and easy listening for the audience. The five-language poetry of the great line of the law will have an odd rhythm with a two-thirds break. Rhythm: alternately equals – trilogy or equals – equals, trom – trim in the second and fourth languages. It is recommended to sow Rhythm (single loon). In such order until the end of the poem, we will have a complete poem, exactly according to the law of poetry.