Fort Machu Picchu
Machu Picchu, is an ancient Incan city dating back to the 15th century located in the Eastern Mountains of southern Peru on a ridge 2.430 meters high. Administratively it is located in the district of Machupicchu in the province of Urubamba, above the Sacred valley 80 km northwest of Cusco. The Urubamba River flows through, cuts through the mountain range and creates a gorge with a tropical mountain climate. Most archaeologists believe that Machu Picchu was built as a residence for the Inca emperor Pachacuti (1438 – 1472). Often mistakenly referred to as the “Lost City of the Incas”, it is the most familiar symbol of the Inca civilization. The Incas built this edifice around 1450 but abandoned it only a century later at the time of the Spanish conquest of South America. Although known locally, it was unknown to the Spanish during the colonial period and remained unknown to the outside world until American historian Hiram Bingham introduced it to the world in AD. 1911.
Machu Picchu, built in the classical Inca style, with polished dry stone walls. Its three main structures are the Intihuatana, the Temple of the Sun, and the chamber of the Three Windows. Most of the buildings outside have been reconstructed to give tourists a better look at how they originally appeared. By 1976, 30% of Machu Picchu had been restored and restoration work continued. Machu Picchu was declared a Historic Sanctuary of Peru in 1981 and a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1983. In 2007, Machu Picchu was voted one of the New Seven Wonders of the World in a poll of wonders. Explore the world through a global network to find seven other architectural and artistic masterpieces besides the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World of Human Civilization.
The Giza Pyramid Complex and the Egyptian Sphinx Statue
The Giza Pyramid Complex with the Sphinx It is the work associated with the ancient Egyptian civilization. The overall relic includes 3 pyramids, of which the largest pyramid has a height of up to 145,75 m. The Egyptian Pharaohs built the Pyramids with the purpose of becoming a resting place for their own eternal life. Although built around the 26th century BC, the Great Pyramid of Giza and the Sphinx have survived to this day and become the only surviving structure among the seven wonders of the ancient world. . The Giza pyramid complex is an archaeological site in the Giza plain, Giza, on the outskirts of Cairo, Egypt. This complex of ancient monuments consists of three pyramid complexes known as the Great Pyramids, a large sculpture known as the Great Sphinx, several cemeteries, a workers’ village, and an industrial park. Karma. It is located in the Western Desert, about 3 km west of the Nile in the town of Giza and about 9 km from downtown Cairo. The pyramids, historically often seen as symbols of Ancient Egypt in the Western imagination, were popularized in Hellenistic times, when the Pyramids were listed by Antipater of Sidon. is one of the seven wonders of the world. This is by far the oldest ancient wonder and the only one still in existence.
The Great Sphinx of Giza commonly known as the Sphinx, is a limestone statue of a sphinx (a mythical creature with the body of a lion and a human head) in a prostrate position located on the Giza Plateau, on the Giza Plateau. left bank of the Nile at Giza, Egypt. It is the largest monolithic statue in the world, 73,5 meters long and 20,22 meters high and one of the oldest monolithic sculptures. The statue is believed to have been built by the ancient Egyptians of the Old Kingdom period, during the reign of the pharaoh Khafra (2558 – 2532 BC). The Sphinx is the largest and oldest statue in the world, but basic information about it such as when and who built it is still disputed. These questions have led to the popular notion of “The Riddle of the Sphinx,” a reference to the Greek myth of the Mystery of the Sphinx. Pliny The Elder mentioned the Sphinx in his book Natural History, commenting that the Egyptians worshiped the statue as a god and that “King Harmais was buried there”. The name the statue’s builder used to call it is not known, as the Sphinx does not appear in any texts from the Old Kingdom period. During the New Kingdom, the Sphinx known as Hor-em-akhet also referred to it in his Dream Stele.
The ancient Mayan city of Lagunita
Mayan civilization has always been one of the most mysterious question marks prompting scientific discoveries. One of the quintessence they leave for posterity is the strange architecture, monuments, and symbols. The ancient city of Lagunita is one of the remnants of the Mayan people. Located in the state of Campeche on the Yucatan peninsula, the ancient city of Lagunita is hidden in the jungle by the oblivion of time. The Mayan city existed in the years 1000 – 600 BC. In the relic complex, archaeologists also found that there are full of pyramid works, citadels, houses, proving that in the past this city was very prosperous.
According to archaeologists, two cities have just discovered their greatest growth between 600 and 1.000 AD. The team found palace-like buildings, pyramids and commercial centers. One of the pyramids has a height of up to 20 m. Giant stone stele covered with earth in Tamchen. Most of the buildings are deformed because these cities were abandoned 1.000 years ago. Traces of the Mayan city The ancients mentioned above are found in the jungle of the center of the Yucatan peninsula, in the southeastern state of Campeche, Mexico, where the vegetation is thick and almost inaccessible to humans.
Statue of people on Easter Island
Easter Island is an island in the southeastern Pacific Ocean, belonging to Chile, located at the southeastern tip of the Polynesian Triangle. Easter Island is famous for its 887 stone statues, called moai, created by the ancient Rapa Nui people. In 1995, UNESCO recognized Easter Island as a World Heritage Site, with most of the area protected in Rapa Nui National Park. Polynesians may have arrived on Easter Island sometime between 700 and 1100, and created a rich and flourishing culture, as shown in moai statues and other artifacts. However, human activity, the appearance of mice and overpopulation have led to deforestation and the depletion of natural resources, leading to the downfall of the Rapa Nui civilization. When Europeans arrived in 1722, the island’s population was only 2.000-3.000, down from an estimated 15.000 a century ago. Plague and the slave trade continued to reduce the Rapa Nui population, to just 111 in 1877. Easter Island is one of the most remote inhabited islands in the world. The nearest inhabited island is Pitcairn Island, 2.075 km away, the nearest town is Rikitea, with a population of just over 500, located on Mangareva Island, 2.606 km away, the nearest land point is in central Chile, 3.512 kilometer.
Easter Island is a special territory of Chile, annexed in 1888. Administratively, it belongs to the Valparaíso region and more precisely, it is the only commune in the province of Isla de Pascua. According to 2012 statistics, the island has 5.800 people, of which about 60% are indigenous Rapa Nui people. Easter Island was discovered by Dutch explorer Jacob Roggeveen on Easter Sunday in 1722, hence the name Easter Island. The island in the Southeast Pacific sea is now owned by the country of Chile. What creates the mystery of Easter Island is the pictures Giant stone statue named Moai, is estimated to have existed for about 6000 years. The statues scattered across the island are said to belong to the civilization of the RapaNui tribe that inhabited the island. Currently, scientists have been digging and discovering statues on Easter Island that also have a very large lower body buried. Hopefully in the future the mystery of the statues on Easter Island – one of the greatest mysteries of mankind will have an answer.
From a distance of a few hundred meters to Stonehenge, people noticed that there were special shapes, which seemed to be imprinted on the field. When you get up close, you can see that the grass image is created with ideal precision. The drawings in the Stonehenge area are of a special kind: The soil here is untouched, but the structure of the blades of grass inside the rings has changed, as if the grass “lays” on its own in the necessary order. The drawings appearing in this area have confused researchers from all over the world. What meaning is hidden in those drawings, who left them for us, for what and why the drawings appear exactly near Stonehenge until now no one has been able to answer. Stonehenge is one of the most mysterious places on the planet. So far it has not been possible to say who created those large rocks and for what. Initially, the work was a ring of 30 vertical stone blocks (25 tons each), connected by horizontal bars, inside the circle there were 5 pairs of stone blocks with horizontal bars above.
According to scientists, Stonehenge Construction began in the 19th century BC and was completed several hundred years later. In quarries, people have chiseled out large blocks of stone, then rolled them or carried them by river to the construction site. There the rocks were buried 1 meter into the ground. The rocks here are of two types: the hard blocks that make up the building’s outer ring, and the softer rocks from the coal and ore seams (hence the name bluestone), which make up the inner ring of Stonehenge. Scientists say the green rocks were taken from Mount Prezeli, located about Stonehenge about 200 km, it’s enough to see how much effort and life it took for ancient people, with only ropes and sticks, to move them. There are many theories about who built this mysterious structure. The theory that aliens participated in the construction of Stonehenge attracted the most attention. During the period from 3.000 to 1.500 BC, in Europe, especially on the British islands, there appeared many mysterious structures, unlike anything else.