This is the pseudonym of an anonymous poet in the New Poetry movement. And until now, it is still not possible to determine who TTKH is. However, although anonymous, her works have left an indelible impression in the hearts of readers who love poetry. Referring to TTKH, it is impossible not to mention the poignant verses in the familiar “Two colors of Tagon flowers”. Those who have experienced several times of suffering and unfinished love, please quiet your heart to let go of each word of TTKH’s confession, to sympathize, share, and understand:
“If I knew that I was married
Oh my God! Is he sad?
Thinking of broken flowers
Title hearts fading, like a red blood”
Confidential words, questions, complaints, sounds like containing heavy sadness. TTKH left only three works of literature and poetry. However, all three works were very famous and received much love from poetry-loving readers. And until now, the influence as well as value of the poetic works composed by TTKH still remains unrelentingly…
Some famous works: The first poem, The two colors of the Tignon flower, The last poem.
Vu Hoang Chuong
Poet Vu Hoang Chuong (1916-1976) is one of the talented poets of Vietnamese poetry. He was born in Nam Dinh (now Hung Yen). As a child, he was taught Chinese characters, so his poetry is also influenced by Chinese poetry and literature, creating depth and inspiration for the verses. According to experts, literary critics, poet Vu Hoang Chuong’s style has a bit of nostalgia, luxurious and elaborate sentences. Therefore, he has created a unique feature in him. As well as creating value for poetic works, the most special thing is, Vu Hoang Chuong was once honored as “Thi Ba” of Vietnam.
“Love each other since the time when the hair was still falling
An innocent girl, a crazy guy
Late at night, shoulder to shoulder, reading books
Sharing lights and moonlight
Seven-eight years of the flower season woven in front of the house
Five years of love go deeper
Saying goodbye to Son Hai
Goodbye… who would have thought it would be forever”
Some famous works: The fisherman’s song, Double cup of wine, Gentle,…
Poet Tu Mo (1900-1976), real name Ho Trong Hieu, is one of the famous satirical poets of Vietnamese literature. His poetic works were highly appreciated by experts and made comments and comments on his talent: “..with nearly half a century of persistent writing, he has made significant contributions to the world. with the development of poetry, especially in terms of satirical poetry, he was always a master”. Thereby, we have seen a part of his talent and enthusiasm for his poetic career. And most especially, in 1957, he was elected Vice President of the Vietnam Union of Literature and Arts.
Poet Tu Mo’s poetic style mostly writes about the reality of life and society; criticize, condemn the bad, the shabby, the dirty through the subtle, profound eyes and the mocking, disparaging, witty tone. Therefore, his poetry is very popular and quite close to readers.
“Being a teacher sign with a wise teacher
Living in this world has four wishes:
Hope the month will pass quickly, the money will be received quickly
Hope it’s over soon, the work will be done soon
The locket is hoping to get a few dozen
Salary is expected to increase by six seven dong
Let’s hope so for now
How many more wishes are placed in your heart?”
(Four wishes of Mr. Phan)
Some famous works: Ten Love, Mutual Love, Rich People,…
Referring to those who pioneered and started the New Poetry movement rekindled and flourished, it is impossible not to mention the poet “of two centuries”: Tan Da. The reason for calling him that is because he is the person standing between the old and new poetry. Old poetry is very important in terms of rhymes, rules and ideas. Poetry writers must also follow those rules. And it was Tan Da who was the first to break those restrictive rules, which is reflected in his words, in his poetic thought: wanting to escape from reality, expressing his “gossip”.
Learn about poet Tan Da, his real name is Nguyen Khac Hieu, born in 1889 and died in 1939. An interesting thing in his pseudonym is that it is a combination of two places in his hometown: Tan Vien mountain and river. Da, His birthplace was in Ha Dong (now Hanoi).
It can be said that Tan Da is one of the master poets of Vietnamese poetry. He is one of the people who enlightened New Poetry and left an indelible impression in the hearts of readers with his profound, personal and valuable poems.
“The autumn night is very sad! Ms. Hang!
I’m half bored now.
Whose palace has been sitting there pregnant?
Her most exalted spike please play.
Pregnant, have friends, can’t help but feel sorry,
With the same wind, with the same clouds, that’s fun.
Then every August full moon.
Leaning against the world, smiling”
(Want to be Cuoi)
Some famous works: Goodbye, Want to be Cuoi, Autumn Wind,…
Han Mac Tu
Han Mac Tu (1912-1940), real name Nguyen Trong Tri, was born in Quang Binh and grew up in Quy Nhon. He is the originator of modern romantic poetry in Vietnam, and also the originator of Truong Po Loan (crazy poetry). Referring to Han Mac Tu, it is about a talented poet who lost his life. He died when he was only 28 years old, due to a prolonged leprosy. Han Mac Tu is famous and remembered by many people not only for his “crazy” poems, his excellent surrealist lines, but also for his unhappy life. Pain in love; along with the torment and torment of the evil disease, made the talented poet painful and desperate for life. That pain, that loneliness goes into poetry, like a scream, like a bleeding wound. The two most common images in Han Mac Tu’s poetry are blood and the moon. He feared them, but also cherished them dearly.
Han Mac Tu has six muses and six love affairs. Whether it is unilateral, bilateral or not, when he wrote it into poetry, it was so painful and profound. Perhaps, the love of Han Mac Tu and Mong Cam is the love that many people talk about and know the most. It seems that his pain, which has penetrated to the heart, has been received by the reader with all sympathy:
“Long live Nghe, Nghe, sad
Remember, there’s only a handful of bones left.”
Most especially, the great contribution of the poet with the Han surname is that he created Truong Po Luan, along with other poets, created great masterpieces for life, which are saved year after year in the literature. Vietnamese poetry. There are quite a few musicians, poets writing about him, about his life, with all the most sincere admiration and respect. Indeed, Han Mac Tu deserves the title of one of the most talented poets in the New Poetry movement in particular, as well as in Vietnamese poetry in general.
Some famous works: This is Vi Da village, Half Moon, Soul Drain,…
Poet Te Hanh (1921-2009) is known as one of the famous poets of Vietnam even in the period of the New Poetry movement as well as the later period of pre-war poetry. In him, poetry has a particularly deep vibe. That is reflected in the tone, writing style as well as the image and poetic image that he built in his works. Therefore, Te Hanh’s poetic works are highly appreciated by experts, and also receive support from readers from all over the country. Literary critic Hoai Thanh, Hoai Chan commented on him like this: “Te Hanh is a very sophisticated person, Te Hanh has recorded some very charming features about the scene of life in his homeland. People can hear it. even things without form, without sound like a piece of village soul, on raised sails, like the singing of a charming country, a small country road. Te Hanh poetry brings us into a very close world.” Thereby, we can see the role as well as the significant contribution of Te Hanh to the country’s poetry.
“The Night Tilted Storm
The tree has broken branches and leaves
I hold your hand
Let’s cross the road together so we don’t fall
The storm has stopped long ago
The rows of trees are green again
But I’m far away
And the storm of my heart blows forever”
Some famous works: Missing the hometown river, Homeland, Love poem in Hangzhou,…
Anh Tho (1921-2005) whose real name is Vuong Kieu An, is known as one of the famous poets in the New Poetry movement of 1930-1945. She is best known for her work “Spring Afternoon”. Anh Tho’s poetry depicts the beautiful and fresh scenes in the Vietnamese countryside, along with the activities and labors of people. In that harmonious and lively picture, each brushstroke she drew has a profound beauty, sad but also very special. And most of all, all are filled with sincere and deep feelings:
“The rain pours soft dust on the deserted harbor,
Lazy boat lying in the river’s water;
The picture shop stood still in the silence
Beside the constellation of purple flowers,
Some famous works: Wharf on moon night, spring afternoon, noon,…
Poet Tham Tam (1917-1950) was a Vietnamese poet and playwright. He was born in Hai Duong, comes from a family of teachers, so for a long time, for Tham Tam, he has oriented his own ideals and progressive and profound thoughts. Tham Tam is best known to readers through the work “Together farewell”. This is a very unique work when there is a combination of classical and modern, making the poetics of the poem very new and attractive. Besides, the spirit of “Song Farewell” is very high, but no less emotional:
“Put people not across the river
Why has the sound of waves in your heart?
Afternoon shadow is not warm, not yellow
Filled with sunset in the eye?”
With his talent as well as his passion for literature, poet Tham Tam has left an indelible mark in the hearts of readers by his enthusiasm and talent; as well as find a firm position in Vietnamese literature and poetry.
Some famous works: Goodbye, Rainy afternoon, Street 5, Hello Huong Son,…
Che Lan Vien
Poet Che Lan Vien (1920-1989), real name Phan Ngoc Hoan, originally from Quang Tri, is one of the very famous poets in the New Poetry movement in particular as well as Vietnamese poetry in general. Before the August Revolution, Che Lan Vien’s poetry was a bit escapist from reality, and also contained sadness and loneliness like other poets. He is one of the members of the School of Poetry, founded by Han Mac Tu. Death, mourning, loneliness and torment are clearly shown through each of his words, bringing chills, shivers but no less uniqueness to readers. And one more special thing, Che Lan Vien’s poetry is rich in philosophy. Therefore, his poetry is highly appreciated and considered as one of the influential poets, making great contributions to the country’s poetry.
“I’m not waiting, I’m not waiting
Bringing spring to evoke more sadness?
To me, it’s all meaningless
Everything is nothing but suffering!”
Some famous works: My Realm, Decay, Spring,…
Doan Phu Tu
Doan Phu Tu (1910-1989) was a famous poet, playwright, and translator in Vietnam. He is a multi-talented artist. Besides composing poetry, Doan Phu Tu is known as one of the pioneers in the movement of writing and performing plays. At the same time, his poetic works are very diverse in color, fully converging with beautiful and profound words, creating inspiration and vividness for the works. It can be said that Doan Phu Tu’s talent is recognized and admired by many people. Among them are poetry-loving readers, as well as literary critics. Currently, in Da Nang, there is a street named after him.
“Time color is not green
Purple time color
The scent of time is not strong
The scent of time is clear”
Some famous works: Color of Time, Moonlight, Sadness,…
Poet Nguyen Binh (1918-1966), real name Nguyen Trong Binh, is a famous romantic poet of Vietnam. His poetry is written about his homeland, about the countryside scene, activities, daily life, boldly rustic and idyllic. Nguyen Binh’s poetry is deeply musical, but at the same time very close and dear. Over the years, when mentioning Nguyen Binh, people remember the image of a talented poet, the author of unique poems about his homeland. His poetry is widely popularized and widely known, receiving love and support from readers. The rustic and simple quality in him is reflected in the fact that he has applied folklore like folk songs. , proverbs, … along with the traditional six-eighth verse form to put into their works as responses, as sincere and simple confessions. It is because of such everyday life material that Nguyen Binh’s poetry is very close to everyone, and affirms his position in the country’s literature. Still there over time the familiar words:
“Yesterday I came back from the province
Wait for me to stay on the first dyke of the village
Velvet scarves are bustling
Buttoned shirt, you hurt me!”
Some famous works: Foot countryside, Tuong Tu, He returned to his old hometown,…
Poet The Lu (1907-1989), real name Nguyen Thu Le, was a poet, writer, and theater activist. He is best known for his work “Remembering the forest” composed in 1936. Considered as one of the talented poets of the country’s poetry, we must admit that The Lu’s poetry has been blown. into the souls of readers and listeners of unforgettable emotions. The hidden sadness in his poetry is hidden deep under the images of other things and phenomena. Although not expressed in a strong and direct way, but that feeling, that feeling is still deposited and contains so much:
“Having a lump of hatred in an iron cage,
I lie down, watching the days go by.
Contempt those arrogant, stupid people,
Raise your child’s eyes and parade the majesty of the forest,
Now lost, humiliated and imprisoned,
To make a fancy, toy thing.
(Remember the forest)
Some famous works: Remember the forest, Temple bells, Thien Thai flute.
Xuan Dieu (1916-1985) was one of the most famous poets in the New Poetry movement in the years 1935-1945. Besides being a poet, he is also a famous journalist and literary critic. Referring to Xuan Dieu is referring to “the king of Vietnamese love poetry’. His poetic works are admired by many people, as well as having a certain position in the country’s literature and poetry. People look to poetry. , is to find the harmony, the vibe in the human soul. Xuan Dieu’s poetry is like the flow of emotions, abundant, immense, and vibrant.Like many other poets in New Poetry, his poetry Xuan Dieu has deep sadness in each word, but he has a rather special and outstanding point, which is awareness, sense of space, time, and ideals. live: live fast, live meaningfully In the poem “Hurry”, he also once confided:
“Spring is coming means spring is passing
Young spring means spring will be old
And when spring ends, I also die.”
The awareness, awareness of time, of that life in Xuan Dieu, has made his poetry bring its own color and beauty. Even though time has passed and the years have gradually faded, Xuan Dieu’s earnest words are still there, living forever in the hearts of readers for generations to come. And it is indeed no exaggeration, when Hoai Thanh, Hoai Chan – literary critics, commented on him: “Xuan Dieu is the newest of the new poets”.
“Today the sky is light up,
I’m sad I don’t know why I’m sad…
Rose leaves fall silently
The dew of virginity falls from the source of love”
Some famous works: Hurry; Words of prostitutes; Here comes autumn….
Luu Trong Lu
Luu Trong Lu (1911-1991) is known as a Vietnamese poet, writer, and playwright. He came from a Confucian family in Quang Binh province. Therefore, Luu Trong Lu has extensive knowledge and understanding. Luu Trong Lu’s poetry in the period of New Poetry 1930-1945 is highly appreciated as a unique “artistic work”. His compositions have more or less contributed to the position, as well as the great success of the New Poetry movement. His works, each sentence, each word are carefully polished, accompanied by unique poetic images, creating a large field of associations, as well as the inspiration for each verse. Therefore, it is no exaggeration to say that poet Luu Trong Lu was one of the most talented and enthusiastic poets in the 1930-1945 New Poetry movement.
“I don’t listen to the forest
Autumn leaves rustle
Golden deer bewildered
Step on dry yellow leaves”
Some famous works: Autumn sound, Sad eyes, Immense sadness,…
Poet Cu Huy Can (1919-2005) is one of the outstanding poets in the New Poetry movement. He is also a confidant and confidant with poet Xuan Dieu. Like many other poets in this period, Huy Can’s poetry brought sadness, loneliness, and anguish. It is a sadness ahead of the times, at the disparity when choosing the ideal life for the road ahead, right in the period of 1930-1945, when society was full of upheaval.
Huy Can’s poetry has the tendency to escape from reality, from reality to find nature and immerse in that vast place. Reading his poetry, we will feel that every stroke of Huy Can’s pen is very beautiful, very real, but also very sad. His poetry paintings are very colorful. However, regardless of the scene, Huy Can’s poetry still has somewhere dark, dark patches of loneliness and ideals that have not yet found a destination. He also once expressed that through the lines of poetry in the work “Trang Giang”:
“The waves rippled with sadness and sadness
The boat goes down the parallel water,
The boat returned to the country, sorrowful hundreds of ways;
Firewood dry branches located a few lines”.
Readers come to Huy Can’s poetry and fall in love with his poetry because of the ingenuity in each brushstroke that he carved into each word. And certainly, Huy Can is indeed worthy and shameless to be recognized as one of the best poets in the New Poetry movement of our Vietnamese literature.
Some famous works: Sad rainy night, Trang Giang. Old afternoon,….