Avoid harmful drinks
Alcohol, beer and alcohol-containing substances should all be avoided during pregnancy. When using these types of drinks, it is very easy to cause alcohol poisoning in the fetus, leading to the fetus having physical or mental disabilities. Besides, drinks containing caffeine such as coffee, tea … pregnant women should not use. These substances are addictive and very harmful to the fetus.
Studies have shown that regular drinking can lead to miscarriage. During pregnancy, alcohol enters the mother’s bloodstream and carries it into the fetus. This exposes the fetus to a certain concentration of alcohol in the blood. It is the great calamity that causes fetal poisoning. Studies have also shown that pregnant mothers who drink alcohol will give birth to babies that are dumb and even deformed. Although many people think that drinking just a few drops will be okay, it is best to avoid alcohol during pregnancy.
In addition, there are many studies on the harmful effects of coffee on pregnant women. Research results show that The caffeine in coffee can cross the placenta and affect the baby’s heart rate. The most common sources of caffeine are coffee, tea, and carbonated soft drinks. However, according to experts, if you are too addicted, pregnant women can enjoy about 200mg of caffeine per day. In addition, pregnant women should not drink beverages such as milk tea, pineapple juice, aloe vera juice, unpasteurized fresh milk, carbonated drinks…
Avoid eating fish containing mercury
Fish is a very good food for mother and baby during pregnancy. However, there Mercury-contaminated fish harms the brain of the fetus, and should be avoided during pregnancy. According to some scientific studies, eating seafood by pregnant women will be very good for the pregnancy process. However, if you “load” a large amount of seafood (more than 2-3 meals a week) or choose the wrong type of fish contaminated with mercury, it will cause an “anti-master” effect. The amount of mercury from seafood penetrates the mother’s bloodstream, transfers into the fetus naturally and directly affects the development of the fetus.
High levels of mercury in a pregnant woman’s blood can increase the risk of miscarriage, premature birth or cause birth defects.. Examples include blindness, deafness, kidney damage and mental retardation, and delayed weight gain if the fetus is exposed to metals in utero. Thus, it can be seen that mercury, after entering the body of a pregnant woman, will destroy the central nervous system of the fetus, affecting cognition. Therefore, women need to be very careful when eating seafood. Should choose seafood with low mercury content and apply reasonable processing method.
Avoid contact with pesticides
In a new report published in the American journal Science, Exposure to pesticides during pregnancy not only affects the health of pregnant women but also can affect the brain development of the fetus in the womb.. According to research published in the journal Science, pesticide exposure during pregnancy, even in moderation, can seriously affect fetal development, causing brain changes in the baby’s brain structure. structure and influence children’s later intelligence.
In addition to pesticides, Pregnant women also need to avoid contact with chemicals to minimize the potential risks affecting the baby’s development such as insect spray, cockroach killer, mouse… The smell of paint, paint thinner, varnish used to polish furniture not only cause damage to the baby’s brain in the womb but also increase the risk of premature birth of the pregnant mother… Therefore, in order to have a healthy pregnancy, pregnant mothers must be very careful to eliminate pesticides as well like other chemicals in daily life.
Avoid self-medication during pregnancy
When you’re pregnant It does not mean that you are “exempt” from all diseases. Bacteria and germs are everywhere and it can enter your body at any time. In fact, research shows that the immune system in pregnant women is weaker than in normal people. Therefore, you need to pay more attention to your health and avoid getting sick during pregnancy.
Make sure to get into the habit of washing your hands often. Avoid direct contact with sick people, people who have symptoms of sneezing or coughing, because it is possible that you will be transmitting the virus that causes the disease. In case you are with someone who is vomiting, hold your breath for a short time to prevent opportunistic bacteria from entering the body. Rubella flu and chickenpox are the two most common diseases and are likely to affect the fetus the most. In our country, many women before planning to become pregnant, they often vaccinated against these two diseases. And if unfortunately you get sick during pregnancy, you Please consult your doctor before taking any medication you.
Avoid saunas and hot baths
During pregnancy, women must be taken care of from the little things, if mistakes are not only dangerous for the mother but also the baby. One of the things to watch out for is bathing, especially hot showers. Experts warn pregnant women to be careful when bathing Because hot water can dilate blood vessels and reduce blood circulation, affecting the fetus if the baby receives less blood from the mother.
According to many recent studies, If pregnant women regularly take a sauna or hot bath, it will make the fetus have neurological defectsBecause when you take a sauna, take a hot bath, the heat will be too hot to transfer into the body, changing the endocrine and body temperature and directly affecting the fetus. Accordingly, the most suitable bathing water for pregnant women is about 36 degrees Celsius. Pregnant women should not take a long bath, should not bathe after eating, should not bathe too late after 21pm.
Stress during pregnancy can cause problems with your baby’s health… The results show that children are at risk of early infections and mental disorders when under stress in the womb. In addition, children also have other problems such as eyes, ears, digestive, respiratory, skin, musculoskeletal, circulatory, genital diseases, allergies and asthma.
Stress and anxiety in women during pregnancy will cause many extremely serious consequences. Pregnant women may experience constipation, back pain, insomnia, and the baby may be born prematurely and underweight. So during pregnancy, keep your mind at ease, lead a healthy life, relax, join motherhood clubs, listen to music or watch music videos. favorite movie.
Avoid taking too much Vitamin A
V is an important micronutrient for the health of pregnant women and fetuses. Not only supporting the development of morphological, functional and intact eyes, vitamin A also has systemic effects, especially on some specialized organs and fetal bone development. Therefore, Vitamin A supplementation during pregnancy is essential. Vitamin A deficiency in pregnant women is the leading cause of corneal damage in the fetus, the risk of permanent blindness if not treated promptly. Most pregnant women in developing countries experience vitamin A deficiency during pregnancy.
Opposite, Excessive vitamin A supplementation during pregnancy is a big concern. If an overdose of vitamin A is given to pregnant women, this micronutrient can cause birth defects, especially in the first 60 days after conception. In addition, regular prenatal vitamin A supplementation is not recommended. Pregnant women are encouraged to get adequate nutrition, preferably through a healthy, balanced diet.
Avoid overeating, gain too much weight
Agree that taking care of the fetus from the womb is very important but Pregnant women should know how to eat in a balanced and moderate way to avoid gaining too much weight. The standard weight during pregnancy is: For mothers who are a bit thin, they should gain from 12-18kg during pregnancy. For mothers with normal physique, medium weight, pregnant women should gain from 11-15kg. Mothers are a bit overweight, just need to gain from 6-11kg. For babies, the standard birth weight should only be from 2,8kg – 3,2kg is reasonable. During pregnancy, pregnant women should also work hard to have an active pregnancy and also help pregnant women give birth more easily.
Pregnant women should know that taking care of a baby that is too big will firstly directly affect the mother’s health, making the pregnant woman tired, the cervix dilates and presses on the diaphragm, causing difficulty breathing, and inserting into the pelvic veins. , causing leg swelling. This is also the leading cause of many women developing diabetes during pregnancy. In addition, giving birth to a large baby will cause the mother to lose more strength, damage soft tissues such as tearing the vulva, vagina, cervix, and losing a lot of blood. Therefore, pregnant women need to have a reasonable diet during pregnancy to ensure the health of both mother and fetus.
Be careful when using supplements
Pregnant women should be careful in using supplements, especially in the first trimester of pregnancy. Medicines called tonics, even if made from natural ingredients, do not mean they are safe for pregnant women. There are many supplements that have not been thoroughly tested for safety and have not proven to work as advertised.
DHA and EPA are two types of omega-3 fatty acids that are especially good for the baby’s brain and vision. The role of DHA, EPA in the intellectual development of young children is increasingly attracting the attention of scientists. Therefore, more and more studies have been carried out to evaluate the ability to increase children’s IQ related to DHA and EPA supplementation during pregnancy and lactation. Research results show that mothers supplementing with DHA and EPA during pregnancy will give birth to babies with higher IQs, reflexes, concentration and problem-solving skills than other children. .
According to the recommendations of leading health organizations in the world, pregnant and lactating women should supplement about 200mg of DHA per day. The recommended dose is calculated by the total amount from foods such as fish, eggs, avocado … and tonic, so depending on the diet, mothers can choose to supplement with 100-200mg of DHA per day. So, Be careful before taking any medicine. It is best to consult your doctor before taking.
Avoid exercising with great intensity
In fact, exercising during pregnancy has many health benefits for pregnant women. To have a healthy pregnancy and successful labor, pregnant women should plan a suitable exercise regimen, exercise with moderate intensity, Avoid high intensity exercise.
Exercise with moderate intensity This means being physically active enough to raise your heart rate and sweat. While exercising, you can still talk freely without feeling tired. Some moderate-intensity aerobic activities that pregnant women can apply, such as swimming, brisk walking, cycling on flat terrain. You can spend 30 minutes exercising about 5 days a week or each day break up the exercises for 10 minutes each time. For example, it can be broken down into 3 walks during the day and each time is 10 minutes.
Avoid cigarette smoke
Smoke Passive is the inhalation of secondhand smoke in the environment caused by other people smoking cigarettes, cigars or pipes. Secondhand smoke is exhaled by smokers and is transmitted into the environment. Secondhand smoke carries nicotine and about 4.000 harmful substances, many of which are potentially carcinogenic, that stick to surfaces and clothing. These toxins can persist for months. Pregnant women can be exposed to these toxins when they come into contact with furniture, carpets, curtains, walls, floors, or accidentally breathe toxic gases from the air.
These substances can react with other impurities inside the body, creating toxic compounds. The toxins enter the bloodstream of a pregnant woman and are passed on to the fetus. In fact, secondhand smoke can put pregnant women at risk for a range of diseases similar to smoking, including lung cancer. According to many studies, a pregnant woman who inhales cigarette smoke regularly can give birth to a baby with a lower than normal birth weight. Low birth weight has an adverse effect on a baby’s health.
Avoid listening to loud music
If the fetus is exposed to music that is played too loud for a long time, it will have a negative effect on the ability to hear and cause the baby to startle and become stressed. Many mothers think that having to play music very loudly, the baby in the womb can hear it, but they do not know that the mother’s amniotic fluid is a very good conductor of sound, just playing the music at a moderate volume, the baby can enjoy the music with the mother. Enjoy minutes of relaxing music.
Unborn babies can be startled by loud noises, and pregnant mothers can feel this every time the baby kicks in the belly. Sometimes listening to music a little too loud will not harm your baby. But regular exposure to music louder than 70 decibels can have adverse effects on both mother and child. It can cause the mother to have high blood pressure and slow down the baby’s motor skills and learning skills.
For pregnant mothers who like to listen to music and listen to it often, always adjust the volume to never exceed 65 decibels (dB). That is the threshold for mother and child to safely enjoy soothing music. If pregnant women often listen to music for a long time, for example, listening continuously for more than an hour, it is best to reduce the volume level to less than 2 decibels.