You must have heard about Braille reading and writing system for the blind or visually impaired. It was created by Louis Braille, a 15 year old French inventor. When Louis was 3 years old, an eye injury left him blind.
Although blind, but Louis Braille excelled in her studies and received a prestigious scholarship to join the Royal Institute for Blind Youth. There, he began working on a system to help blind people write and read quickly, which he introduced to his peers at the age of 15.
A 14-year-old farm boy who excelled in chemistry and physics once asked his high school teacher about a particular idea he was thinking of. The idea is so complicated Philo Farnsworth had to draw a diagram on the board, the teacher copied it down for later study.
The boy was encouraged to continue implementing his ideas. Seven years later, in 7, Philo Farnsworth developed and patented the world’s first fully electronic television. Philo Farnsworth developed a television system complete with receiver and camera, which he produced commercially as the Farnsworth Television and Radio Company, between 1938 and 1951, in Fort Wayne, Indiana.
Philo T. Farnsworth was inducted into the Television Academy Hall of Fame in 2013.
This guy was born in 1997. Jack Andraka was a normal child until a close family friend died of pancreatic cancer. This inspired Jack to look for a way to identify the early stages of cancer.
At the age of 15, Jack Andraka invented a new type of sensor to detect the presence of cancer cells, proven to be less expensive, much faster (x168) and more accurate (25-50%) than all other tests. As the old story goes, he was rejected by almost 200 laboratories until he was finally confirmed by Dr. Anirban Maitra at John Hopkins.
Elif Bilgin At the age of 16, after 2 years of research and failure, a girl from Turkey finally developed a process to turn banana peels into bioplastics. This can reduce pollution from petroleum.
In his diary, Elif Bilgin writes that Thailand throws away 200 tons of banana peels every day, this could be put to much better use. She started experimenting and eventually won the 2013 Science in Action Award (Google’s $50.000 contest).
A 14-year-old boy made his first robotic hand using LEGO and fishing line. Do not stop there, Easton LaChappelle used 3D printing technology and primarily self-taught knowledge of robotics to turn his prototype into an affordable, practical device.
As a result, NASA was very interested in his work and invited him to join their Robonaut team. When Easton LaChappelle 17 years old and already working for NASA. That’s actually quite an impressive resume!
Boyan Slat is a 16-year-old teenager from the Netherlands who was shocked to find a lot of plastic while diving in Greece. He chose ocean pollution as his high school science project. At 18, he demonstrated a system that uses ocean currents to make plastic self-concentrate, reducing ocean cleaning from millennia to years.
It is estimated that every year, about 600.000-800.000 tons of garbage are abandoned or lost by fishermen at sea. About 8 million tons of other plastic waste drifts into the sea from beaches. Recently, Boyan Slat announced the good news: his ocean cleanup system is up and running and officially collecting the first amount of trash discharged into the sea in the area between California and Hawaii.
This ocean cleaning system is the Ocean Cleanup project of the company of the same name founded by Boyan himself. On Twitter, he wrote: “Our ocean cleaning system is finally picking up plastic waste, from tons of trash to tiny plastic particles.” Several organizations and companies have praised his invention. Boyan Slat is the youngest person ever to receive the United Nations’ highest environmental award.
Year 2013, Ann Makosinski As a 16-year-old Canadian high school student, he created Hollow Flashlight, a flashlight that converts body heat into light without the need for batteries or kinetic energy. She was deeply moved when she learned that a friend in the Philippines had a problem at school: there was no light at night, the only time she had free time to do her homework.
Ann Makosinski spent only $26 on her prototype materials, and she aims to make her device free to people in the developing world.
Alex Deans Born in 1997 (an amazing age), Alex (at the age of 12) created iAid, a navigation device to help the blind. He once helped a blind woman cross the street, and what amazed him was that there were no devices to help blind people walk independently around their neighborhood.
Alex Deans taught himself to program and soon created iAid, a handheld navigation device that used GPS and compass to detect any obstacles and guide the blind in the right direction.
Anne Frank wrote Diary of a Young Girl, one of the most widely known books in the world. Her family went into hiding for two years as persecution of the Jews intensified, but they were eventually captured by the Gestapo and sent to a concentration camp.
She died at the age of 16 in a camp just months before the war ended. Diary of Anne Frank was published in 1952 by her father and has been translated into more than 60 languages. She wanted to be a journalist but couldn’t survive to see her diary praised for its literary value.
Malala Yousafzai The youngest person ever to receive a Nobel Prize was born in Pakistan. She lives in a small town ruled by the Taliban, which forbids girls from studying or going to school. At the age of 11, she wrote a blog for the local BBC station, expressing her wish for her daughter to continue her education.
When I turned 15, Malala Yousafzai was shot in the head by a Taliban gunman while riding a bus to school. She survived the attack and was sent to a hospital in Birmingham, UK, where she lived and ran several educational projects.