Eat a lot of fiber
In fact, to date, there is no known drug that works for this disease. Recently, however, scientists have proven that soluble fiber has a great effect in the prevention of colon cancer. Soluble fiber passes through the intestines to form coagulants that slow down the absorption of certain nutrients into the bloodstream and also increase stool volume, which stimulates bowel movements.
In addition, fiber in the large intestine has the effect of increasing the fermentability of large intestine bacteria with polysaccharides, producing short-chain acids as an energy source for old mucosal cells. Therefore, if the diet lacks fiber, it will cause bad consequences and the risk of colon cancer is very high. Eating vegetables not only provides adequate fiber and vitamins for the body but also helps the digestive system work better. In particular, eating a lot of vegetables, lots of fiber helps laxatives, waste is pushed out, clean the rectal area.
Proper nutrition is an easy measure to reduce the rate of colon cancer. World Health recommends that people should add calcium and folic acid to their daily diet to improve the quality of their health. Folic acid is found in many legumes: soybeans, legumes. This is the most fiber-rich food group, which stimulates bowel movements to prevent colon cancer. Green vegetables such as cabbage, broccoli, watercress and fruits such as papaya, sweet potato… should be eaten regularly. In addition to providing fiber and vitamins and minerals to the body, there are many compounds that have the ability to inhibit the growth of colon cancer cells and limit the possibility of metastasis of this type of cancer.
The habit of eating a lot of red meat, animal fat is being actively recommended by health to be limited, not only in the prevention of colorectal cancer but with many other diseases. Limit alcohol, it is best to quit smoking as soon as possible. Stay active and exercise every day. Good health is also resistant to disease, increasing resistance to disease. Maintaining a stable weight should also be closely monitored.
By increasing your fiber intake, you can reduce your risk of colon cancer as well as mouth, throat, prostate, and esophageal cancers. Eating more fiber helps shorten the time it takes for waste to pass through the large intestine. This prevents the intestinal cells from being affected by the cancerous substance. You can increase fiber from sources such as wheat, oats, whole grains or green vegetables.
Limit antibiotic use
Antibiotics, also known as antibiotics, are substances extracted from microorganisms, fungi, synthetic or semi-synthetic. These are drugs that kill bacteria (microorganisms that cause infections) or specifically inhibit the growth of bacteria. Although antibiotics have the positive effect of treating diseases, killing disease-causing bacteria, and preventing bacteria from multiplying and releasing toxic substances that are harmful to the body, it also has side effects such as side effects. or allergies. On the other hand, the overuse of antibiotics makes the emergence of resistant bacteria increasingly common such as: methicillin-resistant staphylococcus; penicillin-resistant pneumococci; salmonela multi-resistant to choramphenicol, ampicillin, cotrimoxazole… The presence of these bacteria poses a serious danger to human life.
According to scientists, the reason why taking antibiotics increases the risk of colon polyps and later colon cancer is that in addition to killing harmful bacteria, antibiotics also destroy beneficial bacteria in the intestinal tract. , thereby affecting the immune response in the colon and causing polyps to form. For women between the ages of 40 and 59, the rate of colon polyps increases significantly and is more dependent on the duration of antibiotic use. Women who took antibiotics for more than 2 months were 1,69 times more likely to develop colon polyps than women who did not take antibiotics.
Because colon polyps can progress to colon cancer, these findings are concerning. In addition, another study done in Finland also showed that people who used antibiotics more than 6 times in 2 years had a 15% increased risk of colon cancer.
Sometimes, the use of a small dose of antibiotics is necessary and important to treat certain bacterial infections. However, using too many antibiotics can increase the risk of certain diseases such as colon, prostate, lung cancer, etc. Moreover, overuse of antibiotics tends to weaken the immune system. by killing both bad bacteria as well as good bacteria. So, avoid taking antibiotics when you don’t need them and never take them without consulting your doctor. In case of use, remember to ask about its side effects.
By removing excess fat around the waistline, you not only have a slimmer waistline that makes you more beautiful, but it also helps reduce the risk of developing colon cancer. Research shows that overweight and obese people have a higher risk of colon cancer than other people. If you are obese, you should start with a healthy diet and exercise less. At least 30 minutes/day to control weight and lose weight slowly. You should also consult with your doctor about effective measures to achieve your goals.
Men and women who are overweight or obese are more likely to develop colorectal cancer. The risk of cancer is especially high for men, especially those who are overweight in the abdominal area. A study published in October 10 in the journal JAMA Oncology tracked the health of more than 2018 women for 85.000 years and found that the higher a woman’s body mass index (BMI), the greater her risk of developing diabetes. colorectal cancer before the age of 22.
Research shows that women aged 20 to 49 who are overweight or obese are twice as likely to develop colorectal cancer early as women with a low BMI. By removing excess fat around the waistline, you not only have a slimmer waistline that makes you more beautiful, but it also helps reduce the risk of developing colon cancer. Research shows that people who are overweight or obese have a higher risk of colon cancer than other people.
Fat in the body has two main functions: Storing energy and continuously spreading information and directions to the rest of the body. This information can influence cell growth, cell chemistry, and the body’s reproductive cycle. When there is too much fat in the body, the signals that are transmitted around the body can cause disorders, which are the source of cancer.
If you are obese, you should start with a healthy diet and exercise at least 30 minutes a day to control your weight and lose weight slowly. You should also consult with your doctor about effective measures to achieve your goals.
The colon (large intestine) and rectum (sacrum, colon, straight intestine) are parts of the intestine. These organs help to excrete waste ingredients from food. Like the rest of the body, the large intestine and intestines are made up of tiny building blocks called cells. Just like the bricks that build a house, cells build up the human body. But sometimes these cells grow out of control and become cancerous. Cancer that begins in the large intestine or sacrum is called colorectal cancer, sometimes called colon cancer.
Colon cancer is a malignancy that originates in the colon. Cells of the colon are mutated into cancer cells. Cancer cells proliferate and form tumors, causing damage to the colon. Cancer cells also have the ability to metastasize to other organs such as lymph nodes, peritoneum, liver, ovaries, etc.
Smokers often excrete more sputum than non-smokers, the ability to remove sputum from the respiratory tract is poor because the circulation system in drug users is destroyed. Besides, cigarette smoke changes the structure of the mucus-secreting glands, so it is easy to be infected with toxic substances, hindering the circulation and exchange of gases. Smoking is very dangerous to health, in addition to lung cancer, it also causes cancer of some other organs such as mouth, stomach, digestive organs… Cancer patients at any stage need to quit their jobs immediately. smoking, especially during treatment.
Long-term smoking increases the risk of colon cancer as well as lung, stomach and esophageal cancer. Tobacco smoke contains many carcinogens that damage DNA and are difficult to cure. Therefore, those who have a habit of smoking should give up immediately is what you need to do to both ensure your own health and not affect the health of your loved ones in the family.
People can also reduce their risk of colorectal cancer by making changes to their daily habits such as: Limiting intake of meat, animal fats and processed foods, roasted and grilled foods; Eat a variety of fruits and vegetables for vitamins, minerals, fiber and antioxidants. These substances may help prevent cancer; limit alcohol intake and quit smoking; Try to exercise regularly to improve health and control weight.
Cut down on red meat in your diet
Red meat includes: beef, lamb, pork, veal, venison, goat meat. Excludes: turkey, duck, geese, bird, chicken, rabbit. Many studies have shown that regularly eating red meat brings many harmful effects to health, because this meat is high in cholesterol and saturated fat, causing the risk of cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and heart disease. stroke, cancer…
According to a recent report by the World Health Organization, red meat, such as beef, lamb and pork, has been classified as a group 2A carcinogen which means it has a specific carcinogenic potential. especially colorectal cancer. This conclusion is based on research commissioned by the Cancer Council in 2010, which estimated that 2600 in 1 people in Australia will have cancer linked to excessive red meat consumption. On the other hand, a diet rich in fiber, fruits and vegetables is also likely to reduce the risk of bowel and rectal cancer.
In addition, the US National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences examined the cooking and meat consumption of more than 42.000 women in the continental US and Puerto Rico. More than 1.500 women developed breast cancer during an average follow-up of 7,5 years, the report said. The results showed that eating red and processed meat increased the risk of breast cancer by 23%. That’s why researchers recommend that women switch from red meat to poultry to reduce their risk of cancer, especially breast cancer. Besides, red meat can make you more susceptible to cardiovascular diseases due to its high cholesterol content. Low meat consumption has also been linked to reduced rates of obesity in both children and adults.
Medical experts in the UK recommend that the National Nutrition and Nutritional Survey (NDNS) reveal the average amount of beef a person should eat should not exceed 70g per day. According to research, most of us are overeating meat in our meals. If the amount of red meat consumed per day is up to 90g per day, the risk of intestinal diseases, especially the rate of rectal cancer is much higher. Therefore, it is recommended to reduce the amount of red meat in each meal, about 70g – equivalent to a slice of beef.
A 2010 study published in the journal Cancer Research found a link between eating red meat (such as beef, dog meat, etc.) colon cancer. If red meat is your thing, limit it to 4 ounces a week. In addition, you can choose lean meat instead of fatty meat and avoid eating grilled, fried or bacon, hot dogs, fast food, etc.
Provide enough vitamin D
In 2011, a review and meta-analysis of prospective studies on colon cancer published in the journals Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention found that improving vitamin D status is beneficial for patients with colorectal cancer. with colon cancer. Vitamin D regulates cell growth, limits inflammation, and even stops cancer cells from spreading.
Recently, scientists from the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute discovered that high-dose vitamin D supplementation with chemotherapy could benefit patients with metastatic colorectal cancer by delaying progression. of disease. This very promising result was found in the SUNSHINE clinical trial, thereby helping patients realize the potential and benefits of vitamin D supplementation in the treatment of metastatic colorectal cancer and will have A larger trial will be conducted later this year across the United States to look at this, said Dr. Kimmie, director of clinical research at Dana-Farber’s Gastrointestinal Cancer Center. In addition, this is also the first study to demonstrate that vitamin D supplementation has many benefits in the treatment of advanced or metastatic colorectal cancer.
Vitamin D is an essential vitamin for bone health, made in the body through a chemical reaction that depends on sunlight and is found in some foods. In laboratory studies, vitamin D has demonstrated anti-cancer properties such as activating cell death, inhibiting cancer cell growth, and reducing metastasis. They also observed that linking (higher) blood levels of vitamin D with a (lower) risk of colorectal cancer could improve patient survival, but this It has not yet been proven that vitamin D is the main adjuvant agent in treatment.
You can expose yourself to the early morning sun without sunscreen for about 15 minutes a day to help your body produce vitamin D. Also, eat foods rich in vitamin D such as fish, egg yolks, milk or milk. Besides, you need to avoid foods preserved with sodium nitrite, cut down on sugar and avoid excess salt and fried foods. Also, drink plenty of water to improve your digestion and overall health.
Eat anti-cancer foods
A planned diet plays an important role in preventing colon cancer. Remember to add foods rich in antioxidants and phytochemicals that provide anti-cancer benefits. Cancer has been confirmed to be significantly influenced by daily diet. Some studies have even shown that consuming certain foods reduces your risk of cancer. In the process of cancer treatment and prevention, patients need to learn clearly to make the right diet according to the type of cancer, stage of the disease and the patient’s condition. However, the general rule is to choose foods that are easy to digest, palatable, divided and eaten in several meals to ensure sufficient energy and nutrients for the body to maintain health against disease.
Due to higher digestibility and absorption during the day, it is necessary to increase intake in the morning and noon, rather than in the evening. Diet needs to increase protein compared to normal, soybeans, eggs, fish, sea cucumbers, blood cockles, abalone, chicken, duck are good sources of protein for cancer patients. To rehydrate due to changes in the metabolic rate in the body, as well as to reduce the side effects of cancer drugs, patients need to drink enough water.
In some cases, if the patient is either compressed by the tumor, or by psychological reasons… can’t eat normally, the feeding method can be applied through the tube or by the vein. In these cases, it is still necessary to ensure adequate supply of nutrients such as protein, fat, carbohydrates, vitamins and mineral salts. During the stable disease stage, the diet still needs to be provided with enough energy and nutrients to ensure improved health and nutritional status.
It is necessary to eat more foods with thick skin, less stimulant, preservatives such as grapefruit, coconut, papaya, banana, dragon fruit, zucchini, pumpkin, kohlrabi, taro, sweet potato , beans, young corn. Vegetables such as sauerkraut, spinach, amaranth, broccoli… Gotu kola should not be used because there is a risk of bleeding. It should be noted that celery is grown in a polluted river environment, contaminated with heavy metals such as lead, arsenic …
You can also take a daily multivitamin or mineral supplement in small doses. It is necessary to limit the consumption of processed foods because they often contain preservatives. Fresh food should be processed by boiling, steaming, simmering, not using cooking methods such as baking, smoking, frying, or marinating in sugar when processing. It is recommended to use coconut oil, olive oil … by cold pressing technology (without using carcinogenic preservatives) in food processing to provide more energy and create sustainability of cell membranes, preventing energy loss. quantity.
- Eat half – 2 cups of boiled or steamed broccoli, 3 times a week.
- Drink 3-4 cups of green tea daily instead of coffee.
- Eat 1 cup of sliced tomatoes daily.
- Drink 2-3 cups of ginger tea daily and add ginger in dishes.
- Eat 2-3 raw garlic cloves daily.
- Eat 1 cup of spinach (3-4 times a week) by adding it to salads, soups or mixed vegetable juices.
- Eat half- 1 cup of grapes daily.
Limiting alcohol intake
According to statistics, every year around the world, nearly 1 million people are diagnosed with colorectal cancer. Among them, men account for a higher proportion than women. Colorectal cancer is ranked 2nd in the 5 most common types of cancer in men, just behind common cancer. Vietnamese men are no exception to that number. So why are men at a higher risk of colorectal cancer than men?
Some researchers believe that men often have unhealthy and scientific habits and lifestyles than women. Regularly smoking, using stimulants, drinking alcohol … is one of the leading causes of colon cancer in men.
A study published in the international scientific journal Gastroenterology found that smoking increases the risk of colon cancer by 2,14 times compared to those who have never smoked. According to the same study, people who smoked 1 pack a day continuously for 50 years or 2 packs for 25 years had twice the risk of developing colorectal polyps compared to those who never smoked. Research results show that between 20-25% of colorectal cancer cases are caused by smoking.
Besides, people who both smoke and drink alcohol, the risk is higher. This explains why men have a higher rate of colorectal cancer than women. Therefore, to prevent the risk of colorectal cancer, you should limit the abuse of alcohol, smoking and other stimulants.
To help prevent colon cancer, you should drink less alcohol or say no to them, the better. Because along with colon cancer, alcohol is also a cause of cancer of the mouth, pharynx, larynx, esophagus, liver or breast. Excessive alcohol consumption leads to changes in the DNA in the cells and gradually leads to the formation of cancer. In addition, bacteria in the colon can also convert alcohol into acetaldehyde – one of the carcinogens. Therefore, the American Cancer Society recommends that you should not drink more than 2 drinks / day (for men) and 1 drink / day (for women).
The American Cancer Society recommends colon cancer screening beginning at age 45 for people with a family history of cancer. Others should also get screened after age 50. While screening does not cure colon cancer, it can allow for early detection and easier treatment.
Colorectal cancer is cancer that occurs and develops in the colon and rectum. This is the most common gastrointestinal cancer, with the third highest incidence and fourth highest mortality rate among common cancers in the world. In 2016, there were an estimated 134.000 new cases of colorectal cancer in the US and over 49.000 deaths from colorectal cancer. In Vietnam, according to Globocan’s statistics in 2012, colorectal cancer ranks fifth in incidence and fourth in mortality among cancers. Colorectal cancer is closely related to diet, lifestyle and has an increasing incidence.
Screening is the process of finding cancer or pre-cancer when a patient has no clinical symptoms of the disease. Regular screening for colorectal cancer is the most important weapon in the early diagnosis and treatment of colorectal cancer. The mortality rate from colorectal cancer has decreased in recent decades and one of the reasons is the early detection of colorectal polyps during screening before they develop into cancer. A colorectal polyp takes 10-15 years to develop into cancer. Regular screening helps detect and remove polyps before they develop into cancer and can therefore prevent many cases of colorectal cancer. Regular screening also helps detect colorectal cancer early when the tumor is small, invasive, metastatic and easier to treat.
When colon cancer is detected at an early stage, the 5-year relative survival rate reaches 90%. However, in the US only 4 out of 10 cases of colorectal cancer are diagnosed at an early stage. The survival rate of patients is significantly reduced when colorectal cancer has invaded and metastasized. Unfortunately, only over 50% of Americans at risk of colorectal cancer are screened. In Vietnam, there is currently no screening program for colorectal cancer for the community and most patients are detected at an advanced stage.
Colorectal cancer cannot be completely prevented, but risk can be reduced by screening for and controlling modifiable risk factors. Some other screenings include colonoscopy, sigmoidoscopy, fecal occult blood testing, and stool immunochemical testing. You can consult with your doctor to choose the most suitable screening tests.
A new study published in the journal Cancer says that high levels of exercise reduce the risk of developing lung and colorectal cancer. If you want to reduce your risk of colorectal cancer, it’s important that you exercise for more than 30 minutes a day. According to the British Medical Journal, this will significantly reduce your risk.
Another study by the American Cancer Society followed nearly 2.300 cancer patients. They also found that even 2 hours and 30 minutes of walking per week can have a significant impact on mortality. Exercise keeps the digestive system healthy and working efficiently, thus reducing the risk of colorectal cancer. Scientific studies also link body fat to BMI (body mass index) and show a 15% increased risk of colorectal cancer for every 5kg/m2.
People who follow healthy lifestyle habits, including exercising for more than 30 minutes a day, have a reduced risk of colorectal cancer, according to a study published online in October in the British Medical Journal. . In fact, according to researchers from the Institute of Cancer Epidemiology in Copenhagen, colorectal cancer can be prevented by up to 10% with regular exercise. The study is based on a survey of 23 men and women between the ages of 55.489 and 50 and was conducted over a period of nearly 64 years.
One of the main causes of colon cancer is a sedentary lifestyle. According to the results of a 2014 study published in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute, physical activity is associated with an increased risk of cancers such as colon, endometrial, and colon. , lung or diabetes, obesity and cardiovascular diseases.
To have a healthy body, daily exercise is essential. Every day, you just need to spend about 30 minutes walking, cycling, swimming, dancing or simply gardening will make you much healthier.