University of Chicago (University of Chicago)
The University of Chicago Institute (also known as the University of Chicago), is a private research university in Chicago, Illinois, United States. The university was founded in 1890 by the American Baptist Education Association with a donation from oil billionaire John D. Rockefeller. William Rainey Harper became the university’s first president in 1891, with the first classes starting in 1892. The University of Chicago includes the College, numerous graduate programs and commissions. The various interdisciplinary departments are organized into four faculties, six professional schools and one continuing education school. The university has a total of about 15.000 students, of which about 5.000 are enrolled at the University. The University of Chicago has been ranked among the top 10 universities in the world for many years in a row, and was ranked fifth along with Stanford University in the 2014 US News & World Report.
Scholars of University of Chicago Institute played an important role in the development of various academic fields, including the Chicago school of economics, the Chicago school of sociology, the law movement, and the economics of legal analysis. The Chicago school of literary criticism, the Chicago school of religious studies, the school of political science known as “behavioralism” and in the field of physics where university scientists have studied created the world’s first man-made and self-sustaining nuclear reaction. The University of Chicago Institute is also a higher education institution with the largest publishing house in the United States, the University of Chicago Institute Press. The University of Chicago has 98 Nobel Laureates, 49 Rhodes Scholars and 9 Fields Medalists. Since 2009, a $2 billion fundraising campaign has significantly expanded the campus, with the opening of the Max Palevsky Apartments, South Campus Residence, Gerald Ratner Sports Center, a new hospital, and a new building for science. Since 2011, major construction projects include the Jules & Gwen Knapp Biomedical Innovation Center, a 10-story medical research center, and additional buildings to the medical district of the University Medical Center Medical Center. study Chicago.
Address: 5801 S Ellis Ave, Chicago, IL 60637, USA.
Imperial College London
Imperial College London is a famous public school of the University of London system. The school was established in 1907 under the Royal Constitution of Great Britain. After more than 100 years of establishment and development, Imperial College London has become one of the leading schools for training in medicine – healthcare and many other scientific fields. Instead of multidisciplinary training, Imperial College London chooses its own direction to focus on Science and technology. The university has 4 faculties: Faculty of Engineering, Faculty of Medicine, Faculty of Natural Sciences and Faculty of Economics (under the Royal Business School). Imperial College London is home to nearly 20.000 students, of which the international student community accounts for 59%, coming from 140 countries around the world. Imperial College’s main campus is located in South Kensington in central London. It is a large area established as a cultural center for the arts, sciences and music.
Near the Imperial School are the Royal Albert Hall, the Science Museum, the Natural History Museum, and the Victoria and Albert Museum. Because of its convenient location, students can easily reach the school by public transport such as subway, bus and train. In addition, the school is located near one of the three largest airports in the UK. Heathrow, Gatwick and Stansted are all accessible through special services. The school has 1 campuses with the main headquarters in London, UK. The Imperial London College sports complex includes four gyms, two swimming pools and two sports halls. Imperial has additional sports facilities at the Teddington and Harlington sports fields. At the South Kensington campus, there are a total of six piano-equipped music practice rooms catering to the needs of all students. There are two student bars on the South Kensington campus, one at Imperial College Union and one on the Eastside.
Address: Exhibition Rd, South Kensington, London SW7 2BX, United Kingdom.
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (Massachusetts Institute of Technology)
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) is a private research university in the city of Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States. MIT is renowned for its research and education in the physical sciences and engineering, as well as in biology, economics, linguistics, and management. MIT was founded in 1861 to meet the needs of industrialization in the United States, based on the polytechnic university model and emphasizing laboratory teaching. MIT initially emphasized applied technology industries at undergraduate and graduate level, and it is this that helps establish close cooperation with industrial companies. Curriculum reforms under Presidents Karl Compton and Vannevar Bush in the 1930s emphasized the basic sciences. MIT joined the Association of North American Universities in 1934. MIT researchers researched and designed computers, radars, and navigation systems during World War II and the Cold War. Postwar defense research contributed to the rapid increase in faculty numbers and campus growth under President James Killian. The current 168-acre (68,0 ha) campus opened in 1916 and spans more than 1,6km along the north bank of the Charles River.
Nowadays MIT encompasses a variety of academic disciplines, emphasizing research and education in the fields of science, engineering, technology, economics, management, and the social sciences. MIT There are five schools (School of Science, School of Engineering, School of Architecture and Planning, School of Management, and School of Humanities, Arts, and Social Sciences) and one university (University of Science and Technology). medical technology), including a total of 32 faculties. The university has 93 Nobel laureates, 25 Turing Prize recipients, 58 National Medal of Science recipients, 29 National Medal of Technology and Innovation recipients. Technology and Innovation) 45 Rhodes Scholars and 50 MacArthur Fellows. MIT and its alumni play a large role in many modern scientific and technological innovations. MIT is also an important defense research partner of the US government, particularly in projects in nuclear, space science, computer science, and nanotechnology. 41 MIT alumni have become astronauts in the United States and other countries. Of the 12 people who have ever set foot on the Moon, four of them have degrees from MIT. MIT is one of the higher education institutions with the strictest student selection criteria; For example, the class that will graduate in 2016 has 1.620 students selected from 18.109 candidates, so the admission rate is only 8.95%.
Address: 77 Massachusetts Ave, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA.
Stanford University (Stanford University)
Leland Stanford Junior Institute, commonly known as Stanford University Institute or Stanford, is a private university in the Stanford statistical area, California (USA). Stanford is known for its academic prowess, wealth, proximity to Silicon Valley, and ranks as one of the top universities in the world. The main campus of the university is spacious and beautiful, located 60 kilometers southeast of San Francisco, it is in the unincorporated part of Santa Clara County next to the town of Palo Alto, and is located in the heart of the Valley Silicon both geographically and historically. The second largest university in the world by area, Stanford University has a full program for undergraduates and graduate students, along with a renowned medical center and numerous research centers. research and service projects. Along with Harvard University, Yale University, and Princeton University, Stanford University is among the best universities in the United States.
Stanford University Institute was founded by Leland Stanford, railroad tycoon and Governor of California, and his wife, Jane Stanford. The university is named after the couple’s only child, Leland Stanford, who died of typhoid at a young age. Locals and members of the university often refer to the school as The Farm (“Camp”), because it is located on the site of Leland Stanford’s horse farm. The license to establish Stanford University was written on November 11, 11 and accepted by the first Board of Trustees on November 1885, the foundation stone was laid on May 14, 11, and the school officially opened on November 14. October 5, 1887 welcomed 1 students. Tuition is waived. There are 10 professors, of which seven are from Cornell University. The school was founded as a mixed training institution for both men and women, but for many years they restricted the number of female students to enroll. The official slogan of Stanford University, chosen by the Stanford family, is Die Luft der Freiheit weht. Translated from German, this quote by Ulrich von Hutten means “The wind of freedom blows.” By the time the university was founded, German had just replaced Latin as the primary language of science and philosophy.
Address: 450 Serra Mall, Stanford, CA 94305, USA.
University of Oxford
Oxford University Institute (also known as Oxford University), is one of the joint research universities in Oxford, England. Although the date of Oxford’s founding is unknown, there is evidence that teaching goes back as far as 1096. Oxford is the oldest university in the English-speaking world and the oldest university. the second is still active in the world. Oxford has thrived since 1167, when King Henry II banned English students from studying at the University of Paris in France. After quarrels between some scholars and Oxford residents in 1209, they moved to Cambridge, northeast of Oxford, and founded a society, which later became the University of Cambridge. These two old British universities are often referred to as “Oxbridge.” Oxford University Institute It is made up of various institutions, including 38 member universities and a wide range of academic departments organized into four university faculties. All of these universities are self-administered institutions and are part of a university institution; each university controls its own admissions and has authority over its own internal organizational structure and activities. As an inner-city university, Oxford has no main campus, and the university’s buildings and facilities are scattered throughout the city centre.
Much of the teaching at the university level is done through weekly sessions and discussions at member institutions; In addition, there are classes, lectures, and laboratory practice sessions organized by the faculties and departments of the university. Oxford and is the birthplace of a number of prestigious scholarships, including the Clarendon Scholarship, which has been in operation since 2001 and the Rhodes Scholarship for more than a century, which has helped bring elite graduate students from around the world to study at Oxford. Among Oxford’s alumni are 27 Nobel laureates, 26 British prime ministers, and many heads of state from other countries. Oxford is a member of the Russell Group of UK research universities, the Coimbra Group, the G5 Group, the Federation of European Research Universities and the International Alliance of Research Universities, also a core member. of the Europaeum and part of the “Golden Triangle” (consisting of three of the top research universities in the UK: Cambridge, London, and Oxford) of the British higher education system. In the long list of outstanding characters of University of Oxford there are many prominent people in politics, the sciences, medicine, and English literature. More than 40 Nobel laureates and more than 50 world leaders have had relationships with University of Oxford.
Address: Oxford OX1 2JD, UK.
University of Cambridge
Cambridge University Institute also known as Cambridge University, is a prestigious joint research university in Cambridge, UK. Founded in 1200 and crowned by King Henry III in 1231. Cambridge is the second oldest university in the English-speaking world, behind only Oxford University, and the fifth oldest. world is currently operating. Cambridge was formed from a group of scholars who left Oxford University after an argument between them and local residents. These two “ancient universities” share many similarities and are often referred to by the common name “Oxbridge”. Cambridge is made up of a range of different institutions, including 31 member universities and more than 100 academic departments organized into six schools. University buildings are located throughout the city, many of which are of great historical value. These universities are self-governing institutions, established as constituent parts of a university. In 2014, the university had a total income of £1,51 billion, of which £371 million was from contracts and research grants.
Cambridge University Institute and its member institutions have a combined £4,9 billion in endowments, the largest amount of any university outside the US. Cambridge is a member of many associations and is part of the “Golden Triangle” – the top three universities in the UK: Cambridge, London and Oxford. Cambridge students learn through lectures and laboratory sessions organized by faculties under the supervision of universities. Cambridge operates eight museums of art, culture and science, including the Fitzwilliam Museum and a botanical garden. Cambridge libraries have a total of about 15 million books. Cambridge University Press, a division of the university, is the world’s oldest publishing house and the world’s second-largest publisher operated by a university. Cambridge is regularly ranked as one of the world’s top universities in rankings. Cambridge has many famous alumni, including some outstanding mathematicians, scientists and politicians; Cambridge has produced more than 100 Nobel laureates, more than any other university in the world. Throughout its history, the university has been depicted in many literary and artistic works by many authors including Geoffrey Chaucer, EM Forster and CP Snow.
Address: The Old Schools, Trinity Ln, Cambridge CB2 1TN, UK.
Federal Institute of Technology Zurich
Federal Institute of Technology Zurich – ETH Zürich, commonly known as the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology is a higher education institution in science and engineering located in Zürich, Switzerland. The full name is Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule Zürich, with ETHZ also being an informal but common abbreviation. Locals often call it Polytechnic, from its original name Eidgenössisches Polytechnikum or Federal Polytechnic Institute. Like the École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL), it has three main missions: education, research and technical transfer at the highest international level. Together with a few other specialist institutes, the two (ETH Zurich and EPF Lausanne) form the ETH region, which is directly subordinate to the Federal Ministry of the Interior.
School ETH was founded in 1854 by the Swiss Confederation and opened in 1855 as a polytechnic institute. Initially it consisted of only six university faculties: architecture, civil engineering, mechanics, chemistry, forestry, and the other one for all the branches of mathematics, natural sciences, literature, and other disciplines. social and political science. The ETH School is a federal institute (under the direct administration of the Swiss state), while the University of Zurich is a cantonal institute. The decision to create a new federal university was controversial at the time, because liberals strongly supported “federal universities”, while conservatives wanted all universities are subject to individual state regulation, leaving libertarians with no place. Originally, both universities were located in the same buildings of the University of Zurich. In 6, the ETH program was reorganized into a true university and ETH was granted the right to train for a doctorate. In 1909 it was given its present name, Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule. In 1911, a reorganization divided the university into 1924 different faculties.
Address: Rämistrasse 101, 8092 Zürich, Switzerland.
Harvard University (Harvard University)
Harvard University (also known as Harvard University), is a private research university, member of the Ivy League located in Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States. With its history, influence, and fortune, Harvard is one of the most prestigious universities in the world. Founded in 1636 by the Massachusetts Bay Colony Legislature and shortly thereafter named after John Harvard who donated his fortune, Harvard is the oldest institution of higher learning in the United States. Although it never had formal ties to any sect, Harvard University (Harvard College, later Harvard University’s school of higher education) in its early days mainly trained religious leaders. Protestant pastor of the Congregational Autonomy. The school’s curriculum and student body gradually became secular in the eighteenth century, and by the nineteenth century Harvard had emerged as a key cultural establishment for Boston’s elite. After the American Civil War, Charles W. Eliot during his multi-year presidency (1869 to 1909) converted the university and its affiliated professional schools into a research university. modern.
Harvard University became a co-educational institution in 1977 when it merged with Radcliffe University. Harvard University is organized into 11 academic units – 10 undergraduate faculties and the Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study – with campuses scattered throughout the Boston metropolitan area: the main campus is 209 acres (85 hectares). ) is located in the city of Cambridge, about 3 miles (4,8 km) northwest of Boston; The School of Business and athletic facilities, including Harvard Stadium, are located across the Charles River in the Allston neighborhood of Boston, and the School of Medicine, School of Dentistry, and School of Public Health are located in the Longwood Medical District. Among the presidents of the United States, eight are Harvard alumni; About 150 Nobel laureates are students, faculty, or employees of this university. In addition, there are 62 living billionaires and 335 Rhodes Scholars, most of whom live in the United States, who are Harvard alumni. The Harvard University Library is also the largest university library in the United States. As of June 6, Harvard’s total endowment was $2013 billion, more than any other institution in the world.
Address: Cambridge, MA, USA.
California Institute of Technology
California Institute of Technology (commonly known as Caltech) is a private research university located in Pasadena, California, United States. Caltech has six member units with a focus on science and engineering and is one of the world’s leading universities. The main campus is 50 hectares wide, located about 18km southeast of downtown Los Angeles. Originally founded by Amos G. Throop as a preparatory and vocational school in 1891, the school attracted prominent scientists of the early 20th century such as George Ellery Hale, Arthur Amos Noyes, and Robert Andrews Millikan. . The preparatory and vocational training system was abolished in 1910 and the school has its present name since 1921. In 1934, Caltech joined the Association of North American Universities. The precursor facilities to NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory were later established between 1936 and 1943; Caltech continues to manage and operate this laboratory today. Caltech is one of a small group of technology institutes in the United States that tend to focus primarily on engineering and applied sciences.
Despite its small size, 72 Caltech alumni and faculty members have been awarded 73 Nobel Prizes (Linus Pauling is the first person in history to receive 2 individual awards), 4 Fields Medals, 6 Turing Prizes, and 72 people have won. received the National Medal of Science or the National Medal of Technology and Innovation of the United States, 112 faculty members are members of the US National Academies, 4 chief scientists of the US Air Force. Caltech managed $332 million in research grants in 2011 and received $2.93 billion in endowments in 2018. Caltech is also a longtime Massachusetts Institute of Technology competitor. In 2012 – 2013, Caltech ranked first in the world in the Times Higher Education rankings of universities. Originally, Caltech was a vocational school founded by Amos G. Throop, a politician and businessman, in Pasadena in 1891. The school was then known as Throop University. ), Throop Polytechnic Institute and Manual Training School and Throop College of Technology, before being renamed the California Institute of Technology (Caltech) in 1920. The school teaches The original profession was disbanded and the pre-university program was split off to form the independent Polytechnic School in 1907.
Address: 1200 E California Blvd, Pasadena, CA 91125, USA.
Princeton University (Princeton University)
Princeton University Institute (also known as Princeton University), is a private university located in Princeton, New Jersey, United States. Princeton is the fourth oldest university in the United States and one of eight Ivy League schools and colleges. Founded in Elizabeth, New Jersey in 1746 and named after the University of New Jersey (College of New Jersey), the school was moved to Newark in 1747, then to Princeton in 1756 and renamed the Princeton University Institute (Princeton). University) in 1896. The school now known as the University of New Jersey near Ewing, New Jersey has no connection with the Princeton University Institute. Princeton is one of eight Ivy League schools, and one of nine colonial-era universities founded before the American Revolution. Princeton offers a variety of graduate research programs (most notably a PhD program) and ranks among the best in many disciplines, including math, physics, astronomy and plasma physics, economics, history and philosophy. However, it doesn’t have the same range of graduate schools as many other universities – Princeton doesn’t have a medical school, a law school, or a business school.
The most famous professional school is the Princeton School of International Relations and Public Affairs (commonly referred to by students as “Woody Woo”), founded in 1930. The school also offers graduate programs in engineering and architecture. and finance. The school has more than 11 million books. The main school library, Firestone library, which holds about 4 million books, is one of the largest university libraries in the world (and among the largest libraries of “open shelves” that have ever existed). In its collection are priceless copies of books like the Blickling sermons. In addition to Firestone, the university has a variety of specialized libraries, including architecture, art history, East Asian studies, engineering, geography, diplomacy and public policy, and Near Eastern studies. Princeton ranked 10th with a score of 96.10 in the ranking of world universities in 2013. Among the famous Vietnamese, Zen Master Thich Nhat Hanh used to study comparative religion at the institute. this university in the 1960s.
Address: Princeton, NJ 08544, USA.