Vitamin E helps prevent oxidation, smooth skin and hair. In addition, for pregnant women, this vitamin can also prevent miscarriage and premature birth.
But do not use it too casually, because it can increase the risk of cardiovascular disease in children up to 9 times. Vitamin E is found in avocados, peaches, pears, olive oil, etc.
Everyone knows that vitamin D is a substance that helps the body absorb calcium, making the body grow in height. Children in the womb also need vitamin D, especially during the second trimester of pregnancy.
In Vietnam, the high rate of babies born with rickets, soft and fragile bones is because pregnant mothers do not pay attention to vitamin D supplementation for the fetus. Salmon in particular and fish in general are excellent sources of vitamin D. In addition, milk and dairy products also contain a lot of vitamin D, so pregnant people should use them more.
Each vitamin has its own function in the formation of the baby’s body. Vitamin C plays an important role in the immune system. So, to have a healthy body, children need a lot of this vitamin, and so does the fetus. During 9 months of pregnancy, the mother needs to provide 85 mg of vitamin C per day.
Through the placenta, the baby will absorb almost completely the vitamin C the mother put into the body. But if too much is provided, the baby will be born deficient in vitamin C. Pregnant women should eat citrus fruits such as oranges, lemons, tangerines, grapefruit, grape juice…
EPA, DHA, DPA are the three main substances found in Omega 3. In which, DHA occupies an important position in the formation of the fetal nervous system, deciding 3% of the brain weight, nearly 20% in the retina. .
They affect the intelligence of the baby, so supplementing it is essential. Pregnant women should supplement at least 200 mg of DHA per day by eating green leafy vegetables, walnuts and nuts, eggs, vegetable oils, animal fats…
Along with iron, calcium is also essential for mother and baby during pregnancy. In the second trimester of pregnancy, the mother’s body needs 3 mg of calcium per day. Calcium helps the mother’s skeletal system to be stronger to protect the fetus. Calcium enters the mother’s body, mixes with the blood, and crosses the placenta to form a skeleton for the baby.
Lack of calcium will cause children to have bone diseases at birth. Therefore, pregnant women should pay attention to foods containing a lot of calcium such as milk, dairy products, shellfish such as crab, tofu, oranges, etc.
Every day, pregnant women need to supplement 30 to 35 mg of iron. Iron deficiency can easily lead to anemia, a common phenomenon during pregnancy. This has a negative impact on both the mother and the unborn child. Babies are more likely to be born prematurely or be born with low birth weight if the mother is anemic. In Vietnam, the rate of women with anemia during pregnancy is up to 50%.
To provide enough iron for the body, the mother needs to eat a lot of bananas, dried nuts such as sunflower, almonds, broccoli, pumpkin, and eat a lot of egg yolks. In addition, pregnant women should take vitamin C supplements to help absorb iron more.
During pregnancy, mothers gain weight significantly, making it difficult to regain shape after childbirth, making pregnant women afraid of starch. Therefore, many pregnant women restrict starch, leading to a baby that is not born healthy. Starch is the basic substance that creates vital energy for the fetus.
Therefore, mothers must not ignore this group of substances. To have starch, mothers should eat a lot of rice, bread (made from coarse flour), corn, potatoes, whole grains, brown rice, etc. Pregnant mothers should also know the balance of substances, Do not eat too much starch leading to high blood sugar, which adversely affects the health of both mother and child.
Vitamin A when entering the body is stored in the liver. It affects the formation of the liver, lungs, eyes, bones, and central nervous system. Vitamin A also helps to restore tissue after birth, which is very beneficial for the mother. However, too much of this vitamin can cause birth defects in babies.
Therefore, mothers should be careful, do not let too little or too much to adversely affect the fetus. Animal liver, carrots, watermelon and papaya are all high in vitamin A. Mothers should eat a variety of fruits to diversify vitamins into the body.
When visiting antenatal care, doctors often advise pregnant women to provide more folic acid to reduce the risk of brain and spinal cord defects in the fetus.
Therefore, mothers should eat foods rich in folic acid, and supplement with drugs. Folic acid is found in lentils, spinach, cauliflower, cereals, asparagus …
During pregnancy, mothers have to eat 2-3 times more than normal people to fully supplement nutrients for their babies. In particular, protein is very important in nourishing the mother’s body as well as developing the brain and forming the baby’s body.
Therefore, pregnant women need to eat protein-rich foods such as: beef, pork, eggs, milk, fish, cereals… Because they have to eat many times more than normal people, mothers should also pay attention to combining exercise. Exercise to regulate the body.
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