Another major religion also comes from India and is one of the Top 10 largest religions in the world Buddhism. Buddhism was formed around the 6th century BC, when Siddhartha Gautama – the prince of the ancient Indian city of Kapilavastu (now in Nepal) because he realized the suffering in life, he set out to find a way to end suffering. Siddhartha was begging everywhere and finally became enlightened, known as Shakyamuni (Shakyamuni), which means “Great Wise One” or also called Buddha (Buddha), meaning “Enlightened One” enlightenment”. He is considered as the first Buddha to have escaped samsara to enter Nirvana.
The main principle of Buddhism is to direct people to good, avoid doing evil, practice hard to destroy suffering, destroy self, escape from samsara, to reach Nirvana (according to Buddha Shakyamuni) or the West. The Ultimate Bliss (according to Amitabha Buddha). After Buddhism was founded by Shakyamuni Buddha, it quickly developed throughout India and spread to the West Asian countries, from West Asia spread to the west. East through the Silk Road. With the branching according to Hinayana and Mahayana, when the Hinayana advocates keeping the basic and original and the Mahayana advocates expansion and development, Mahayana Buddhism has interfered with the beliefs of other countries to create strength. affect. Buddhism developed widely in China during the Tang Dynasty, with the legend of Tang Tang Xuanzang going to Western Truc to seek sutras and from then on, Buddhism spread throughout China, with the famous Shaolin Temple. .
From China, Buddhism spread widely to other countries such as Japan, Korea… While Mahayana Buddhism spread throughout China and East Asia, Theravada Buddhism also followed Indians to the region. Southeast Asia – which is considered as a miniature India with Khmer, Javanese civilizations… In Vietnam – a country with a large population following and supporting Buddhism, both Theravada and Mahayana were introduced very early and have undergone the process of development, mixed with indigenous beliefs, have become the main religion in Vietnam.
Number of followers: 365 million people
Main countries: China, Japan, Korea, Korea, Vietnam, Thailand, Myanmar, Cambodia, Nepal, India, Tibet, Bhutan…
Traditional African Religions
Africans follow many types of religion, with Christianity and Islam being the most popular. About 40% of Africa’s population is Christian and 40% Muslim. The remaining 20% follow mainly indigenous African religions. A small number of Africans also adhere to Jewish beliefs, such as the Beta Israel and Lemba tribes.
Indigenous African religions tend to evolve around animism and ancestor worship. The general idea of traditional belief systems is to divide the spiritual world into “helpful” and “harmful”. The world of beneficial spirits is generally believed to include ancestral spirits helping their descendants or spirits with the power to protect entire communities from natural disasters or attacks by humans. enemy; while the harmful spirit world includes the souls of murder victims who are buried without proper burial rites and the kinds of demons that mediums and grandmothers use. used to create disease for their enemies. While the impact of these primitive forms of worship is still ongoing and profoundly influential, such belief systems have also evolved through contact with other religions.
The formation of the ancient kingdom in Egypt in the 3rd millennium BC marked the first known religious belief complex on the continent. Around the XNUMXth century BC, Carthage (modern day Tunisia) was founded by the Phoenicians, and became the major cosmic center of the ancient world, in which the gods from Egypt, ancient Rome, and Etruscan water-city was worshiped.
The Ethiopian Orthodox Church has an official date from the XNUMXth century, and is thus one of the first Christian churches to have been built elsewhere. At an early stage, the orthodoxy of Christianity had an influence in the present-day Sudan and other surrounding areas; However, after the spread of Islam, the development of Christianity slowed down and was restricted to the highlands.
Number of followers: 100 million
Main Country: Africa
God religion there are many gods, there are 8 million gods (神 kami). Although some of these gods are personified, most of the gods are related to nature such as the souls of the earth, sky, the moon, plants, and flowers. Even rocks, mountains, or animals such as foxes, bears, and deceased people who have become spirits are considered gods. The gods who reside at the highest level in the heavens are called the “high heavens” (高天原 takama-ga-hara), and leave there only when invited to descend into the temples for ceremonies.
Rituals in God religion to pray or give thanks to the gods is usually held at shrines (神社) or special sacred places. The mascots often offered to the gods are cloth, mirrors or swords. The ritual of cleansing is very important, the person performing the ceremony must keep himself clear to have peace of mind and have good luck. Today, ritual activities God religion Usually associated with festivals, traditional weddings or New Year. However, people also often go to the temple to pray and offer sacrifices (usually just put a few yen in the box and pray to the god), or buy lucky charms. And at home, there is often a god equal (神棚 kamidana) to worship the spirits.
Thoughts of God religion It differs from other religions in that it does not prohibit or force people to do anything, but only advises towards purity and avoids evil. Killing for God religion It is evil and should not be killed unless it is for your own survival, so before eating it is often necessary to say Itadakimasu! (戴きます) to thank beings who died to become food, this has become a custom today. People or creatures that are brutally killed, and are not worshiped, become wild gods (荒神様 aragami). In addition, there are many types of demons such as demons (鬼 oni), youkai (妖怪 youkai), ha dong (河童 kappa)…
Number of followers: 30 million
Main Country: Japan
Confucianism (儒教), also known as Confucianism or Confucianism is an ethical system, social philosophy, educational philosophy, and political philosophy proposed by Confucius and developed by his disciples with The goal is to build a harmonious, peaceful and prosperous society.
Confucianism is very influential in Asian countries such as China, Taiwan, Japan, Korea, Korea and Vietnam. Those who practice Confucian beliefs are called Confucianists, Confucians or Confucianists.
In the history of ancient China, Confucianism, Confucianism (Confucianism) is a term that starts with the word Confucianism, according to Chinese characters the word “Confucianism” includes the word “Human” (person) standing next to the word “Nhu”. Confucianism is also known as Confucianism, who has studied holy books, can teach people to live in accordance with morality, ethics, etc. means.
In China, Confucianism has been unique since the reign of Emperor Wu, becoming China’s political and moral orthodox ideology for more than 2.000 years. From the XNUMXth century, Confucianism spread and also flourished in other Asian countries such as Japan, Korea and Vietnam.
Number of followers: 150 million people
Main country: East Asia and overseas Chinese community
Christianity (transliteration term) or Christianity (Sino-Vietnamese term) is one of the religions originating from Abraham, based on the teaching, death on the cross and resurrection of Jesus Christ as signed art in the New Testament. Christians (Christians) believe that Jesus is the Son of God and the Jewish Messiah as foretold in the Old Testament. Belonging to a monotheistic religion, most Christians believe that there is only one God existing in three persons (Greek: hypostasis) called the Trinity. Christianity plays an important role in Western culture and civilization.
Over two millennia, theological and ecclesiological disagreements have formed denominations Christianity different. The four main current branches of Christianity are Roman Catholicism, Protestantism (Protestantism), Eastern Orthodoxy, and Old Eastern Orthodoxy. Western Catholicism, Eastern Orthodoxy, and Old Eastern Orthodoxy severed their communion with each other during the East-West Schism in 1054 and the Chalcedon Schism that began in 451. Protestantism (also commonly known as Protestantism). Protestant), not a single denomination but a collective term, arising from the 16th-century Protestant Reformation. Collectively, Christianity is the world’s largest religion with about 2,3 billion believers, accounting for more than 31% of the world’s population (2015).
The etymology of “Christ” is Χριστός (Khristos) in Greek, meaning “Anointed One”, which translates to the Hebrew title Messiah. In Vietnamese, Catholics use the word “Christ” to call this title of Jesus, while Protestants often use the word “Christ”. Besides the Portuguese transliterated “Christ” used by Catholics, there is also the word “Christian” which comes from the Confucian word (基督) and is commonly used by Protestants. In addition, some people also use the term Christianity to refer to Catholicism in particular and Christianity generally.
Number of followers: Over 2,4 billion VND
Main Country: Worldwide, except for a few places.
Hinduism Hinduism, also known as Hinduism or Hinduism, is the name given to the main religious branches that are related to each other and still exist in India. About 80% of Indians consider themselves Hindus and it is thought that there are around 30 million Hindus living abroad.
Hinduism It is one of the oldest religions in the world. It has a complex origin, and entails a chain of doctrines and divine systems. The rich rites and beliefs reflect the great diversity of India, where up to a billion believers live. Hinduism is more than a religion. It is a culture, a habit of living and a code of conduct. This is reflected in a term Indians use to describe Hinduism: Sanatana Dharma, which means eternal belief or the way things are (truth).
The word Hinduism derives from a Persian concept to refer to the inhabitants of the regions outside the Indus valley, now a river in Pakistan. During the early 19th century, the word entered common English to describe the religious traditions that prevailed in South Asia, and today it is used only for Hinduism. The beliefs and practices of Hinduism are widespread, changing over time, and across individuals, communities, or regions.
- Number of teachers: 900 million people
- Main countries: South Asia, Southeast Asia, Fiji, Guyana, Mauritus.
Chinese folk religion
Religion in China has long been a cradle and host of a variety of the oldest religions – the philosophical traditions of the world. Confucianism and Taoism, later joined by Buddhism, form the “three teachings” that have shaped Chinese culture. There are no clear lines between these interwoven religious systems, which do not claim to be exclusive, and elements of each popular religion or folk religion. The emperors of China proclaimed the Mandate of Heaven and participated in Chinese religious activities.
In the early 20th century, reform-minded officials and intellectuals attacked all religions as “superstitious”, and since 1949 China has been ruled by the Communist Party of China, an organization Atheists forbid party members from practicing religion while in office. In the culmination of a series of campaigns against religions that had been waged since the late 19th century, the Cultural Revolution against old habits, ideas, customs and cultures, lasted from 1966 to 1967, destroyed or forced them to go underground. The government only officially recognizes five religions: Buddhism, Taoism, Islam, Protestantism, and Catholicism (although the Chinese Catholic Church is independent of the Catholic Church in Rome). At the beginning of the 21st century, there is increasing official recognition of Confucianism and Chinese folk religion as part of China’s cultural inheritance.
- Number of followers: 394 million people
- Main country: China
Religions of the tribes
Tribe (English: Kinship), also known as clan or kinship, is a form of community organization formed from the association of many tribes and alliances of tribes on the same territory. certain and often related by blood (bloodline). The head of a tribe is usually a patriarch or patriarch.
In terms of numbers, the tribe is more numerous than the tribe because the tribe is the organization from the association of the tribes. Each tribe has its own name and has its own economic and cultural characteristics. Unlike tribes and clans, tribes have relatively stable territories, diverse and intertwined populations, multilingual and cultural, in which the language of which tribe occupies the central position of communication. Save and develop economy will become the common language of the whole tribe.
The period of tribal formation is the period that marks the complete dissolution of primitive communal society, private ownership and the birth of private property to replace the collective ownership of clans and tribes. The state, the first class-based socio-political organization was formed.
The extent of state domination may not coincide with that of the tribe. There are single-tribe states, and there are multi-tribal and ethnic states. The emergence of the state has made a very important contribution to the socio-economic development process, promoting economic and cultural unification, expanding inter-tribal exchanges…
Number of followers: 300 million people
Main Country: Worldwide except Europe
Islam (aka Islam) is a religion belonging to the Abrahamic group, originating from Arabia. In Islam, Sunni Islam makes up 70-90%. With a total number of followers of up to 1,5 billion, Sunni Islam ranks first in the Top 10 largest religions in the world. Islam was founded by the Prophet Muhammad – who is believed by the followers to have adopted it. revelation of Allah the Most High – the only god according to Islam.
After the death of Muhammad, Islam split into two main lines, Sunni and Shia Islam. Sunni Muslims believe that the first four caliphs, the supreme disciples of Muhammad, are the heirs of Muhammad, who Allah has no other heir after Muhammad. These four caliphs later became the names of four sub-sects of Sunni Islam: Hanafi, Hanbali, Maliki and Shafi’i.
ISIS is a Sunni Muslim terrorist group that was originally created to fight Shia in Iraq.
Number of followers: 1,5 billion people
Main countries: Middle East, North Africa, Central Asia, South Asia, West Africa, East Africa, South Asia, Southeast Asia, Albania, part of Russia, western provinces of China.
Taoism (Chinese: ) (Tao means the way, the way, the way is the teaching) or so-called Xian Dao, is a branch of Chinese philosophy and religion, considered to be the official religion of this country. The confirmed historical origins of Taoism are considered to be in the 4th century BC, when Lao Tzu’s Tao Te Ching appeared. Other names are Taoism, Taoism, Dao Huang Lao, or Daoism, Tien Giao (道家).
Doctrine It is one of the Three Religions that existed since ancient China, paralleling Confucianism and Buddhism. These three internal (Confucian-Lao) and foreign (Buddhist) thought traditions have greatly influenced the foundation of Chinese national culture. Although there are many different points of view, all three of these teachings have merged into one tradition. The influence of the Three Religions in the field of religion and culture transcends China’s borders and is transmitted to neighboring countries such as Vietnam, Korea, and Japan.
In China, Doctrine influenced the fields of politics, economics, philosophy, literature, art, music, nutrition, medicine, chemistry, dance, and geography.
Because of appearing in many different states and the difficulty of clearly distinguishing from other religions, people do not know the number of followers. Doctrine. In particular, many Taoists live in Taiwan, where many schools of Taoism took refuge during the Cultural Revolution in mainland China. The current, Doctrine There are about 400 million followers gathered in China, Singapore, Malaysia, Taiwan and the overseas Chinese community.
Doctrine also mentioned the fairies and worshiping the fairies shows respect.
- Number of followers: 400 million people
- Main countries: China, Singapore, Malaysia and overseas Chinese community, Vietnam, Japan, Korea.