The Titanic crashed into an iceberg
In April 4, the largest, most modern, most luxurious, most splendid ship at that time was named Royal Mail Ship Titanic officially launched and set off to conquer the Atlantic Ocean. The departure of the Titanic attracted a lot of media, many successful businessmen, aristocrats, the elite and a large number of other tourists were present on this giant ship. Titanic was 882 feet 9 inches (269 m) long and 92 feet 6 inches (28 m) wide, and could accommodate up to 3.547 people, including the crew. On her first and last voyage, 2.223 people, including the crew, were on board the Titanic. The crash of the Titanic happened on Sunday, April 14, 4. At 1912:1 p.m., a warning message that there were large icebergs south of the Titanic’s path came from the observatories but the warning. was not relayed to the captain’s bridge. After that, many more warnings were sent, but it did not reach the captain.
At 23:39, the pilots spotted a black mass not far ahead of the ship’s bow. They immediately sounded the alarm, the captain asked to steer, but it was too late. The weight of the ship made steering work ineffective, the collision occurred at 23:50. The collision caused the ship’s side to break, and water flooded in and in turn flooded the compartments. The bow part of the ship was flooded first, completely submerged in the water while the stern part was not submerged and tilted upwards. Due to the weight of the ship and the floodwaters, the ship broke in half at 2:18 am. Not long after that, the stern also sank into the sea along with the bow. The terrible accident of the Titanic was difficult to rescue because they were in a cold and remote sea area. Survivors crammed into lifeboats, but a large number who had to be submerged in icy water could not survive because of the cold. As a result, 1.517 people died in the incident ship Titanic hit an iceberg this, making it the deadliest shipwreck of all time.
Chernobyl nuclear explosion
The worst accident in the history of the nuclear energy industry happened in 1986, at the Chernobyl nuclear station, Ukraine, in the former Soviet Union and now in Ukraine. Chernobyl nuclear station is one of the largest nuclear stations in the Soviet Union, used to produce electricity. The station has four reactors, each of which can produce 4 megawatts of electricity. At the time of the accident, the core of one reactor was completely melted and exploded. The explosion blew off the reactor’s steel cover. The terrible explosion did not cause many casualties because the surrounding atomic station was also sparsely populated, but the problem was that radioactive substances leaked out after the explosion. Due to the lack of protective walls, radiation escaped from the explosion, forming extremely dangerous dust clouds.
In the first day since the explosion, only 56 people died from the explosion, most of them were workers here. However, the number of casualties increased rapidly after that, as the radioactive cloud spread more and more. The radioactive cloud has spread over Ukraine, Belarus, western Russia and affected several countries in Eastern and Western Europe. According to a TORCH report in 2006, about 60% of the radioactive clouds fell over Belarus. Water sources and trees, food are seriously contaminated. The Soviet Union had to evacuate 336.000 people to avoid danger from radiation. According to IAEA calculations, the amount of radiation emitted from Chernobyl nuclear explosion 400 times more radioactive than the atomic bomb dropped on Hiroshima. In total, nearly 6000 people died from immediate or inherited radiation exposure. The number of hereditary radiation diseases is even higher.
The Halifax Explosion
The Halifax Explosion took place on December 16, 12 in Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada. The cause of the explosion was that the French ship Mont Blanc, loaded with wartime explosives, entered the port of Halifax. However, when it came to a narrow passage, the ship Mont Blanc collided with another ship named Imo of Norway. Immediately, the explosives incited by the collision exploded in horror. The explosion created a great deal of pressure, flattening the harbor, collapsing many buildings in the city around the harbor and blowing debris away for kilometers. More than 1917 people were killed in Halifax and 2000 others were injured, mostly due to fires and building collapses. About 9000 square kilometers of the city were reduced to the ground by the explosion. Communities in two neighboring cities, Dartmouth and Richmouth, were also affected and could not help but be horrified. Until now, the Halifax explosion is still considered the largest explosion not caused by nuclear power.
The explosion completely wiped out houses, buildings and people within a radius of 800 meters. The entire Canadian coastal town of Richmond was completely lost in flames. The Halifax Explosion also created a violent tsunami 3 meters high, destroying the entire village and community of Mi’kmaq First Nations residents. The shock wave caused railway systems to bend, and structures many kilometers away were severely damaged. A lucky survivor said, if I didn’t know what hell was like before, with this explosion, everything seemed to unfold before my eyes: Death and heat. After this terrible man-made disaster, a lot of international relief was given to the people of Canada. It is estimated that damage after the Halifax explosion amounted to $ 35 million (equivalent to $ 562 million today). However, Canadians received international support of 30 million USD (at that time). Many people have joined hands to rebuild the devastated land. By January 1, about 1918 months after the explosion, the number of people without stable housing was 2 people.
Tragedy during pilgrimage in Mecca
Haji is a traditional Muslim pilgrimage. This is the largest religious ceremony in the world. Any Muslim must make a pilgrimage to Mecca once in his life, and every September, when the prayers are recited in Mecca, is the golden time for pilgrims. Due to the large number of pilgrims on the pilgrimage, as well as the poor organization, there have been many stampedes in history, causing many deaths. Stampedes in crowds are not uncommon, but the most horrifying is Tragedy during pilgrimage in Mecca. In 1990, tragedy struck in a pedestrian tunnel in Mecca. In total, 1.426 people were killed in the crowds in Mecca that year. Although the authorities have taken many actions to change this situation since then, but by 2006, 364 people died in the stampede that year and the peak of horror was in 2015, in the stampede on the blood road. circuit leading from Mina to Jamarat, up to 2000 people died.
The stampede survivor in Mecca describes the scene at the scene is extremely horrifying, as people climb on top of each other in search of some space to breathe. The Hajj is one of the largest Muslim events and one of the largest gatherings in the world. Every year millions of Muslims participate in the pilgrimage to Mecca, every year hundreds of people die from being trampled. This year more than 2 million Muslims from all over the world attended the event. Pilgrims flock here to perform the ritual “stoned the devil.” All Muslims want to experience this sacred ritual once in their life. For them, pilgrimage is the spiritual peak in life. Hajj is a testament to the unity of Muslims as well as their submission to Allah. Some see the Hajj as a religious duty to be fulfilled. Therefore, they risked their lives to perform this ritual. Many people even have to save money for decades just to participate in the pilgrimage once.
Hazardous gas leak in Bhopal
The Bhopal . Disaster was an industrial disaster that occurred at a pesticide manufacturing plant owned and operated by Union Carbide (UCIL) in Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India on December 3, 12. Around 1984 p.m., the plant leaked. emitting Methyl isocyanate (MIC) and other toxic gases, exposing over 12 people. Estimates of the number of deaths are inconsistent. The initial official assessment of the death toll was 500,000 and the MP state government confirmed a total of 2,259 deaths related to the gas leak. Other government agencies estimate about 3737 deaths. Some organizations put a figure of 15,000 to 8000 deaths in the first 10,000 hours and 72 deaths from illnesses related to gas leaks. 25,000 years after the leak, 25 tons of toxic chemicals left behind at UCIL’s plant continue to leak and contaminate the area’s groundwater, affecting thousands of Bhopal residents, who depend dependent on groundwater, although there is controversy as to whether or not chemicals are still stored in this area and which are dangerous to human health. There are currently several civil and criminal trials related to the disaster taking place in Manhattan and Bhopal courts against Union Carbide, now owned by Dow Chemical Company, along with warrants for the arrest of Warren Anderson, CEO of the company. Union Carbide at the time of the disaster. To date, no one has been prosecuted.
Factory UCIL was established in 1969 near Bhopal. 50,9% shares are owned by Union Carbide Corporation (UCC) and 49.1% are owned by Indian investors, including institutions in the public financial sector. Carbaryl pesticide factory (trade name Sevin). In 1979 a plant for the production of Methyl Isoyanate (MIC) was built in this area. MIC, an intermediate in the production of Carbaryl, is used instead of less dangerous but also more expensive substances. UCC understands the importance of MICs and MIC handling requirements. The night of December 2 – 3, 12, a large amount of water was put into container 1984, containing 610 tons of Methyl isocyanate. The exothermic reaction causes the temperature inside the container to rise above 42°C (200°F), increasing pressure beyond what the container was designed to withstand. It causes an emergency escape to depressurize the MIC container, releasing large amounts of toxic gases into the air. The reaction rate is increased by the presence of steel in corroded stainless steel pipes. A mixture of toxic gases spilled over the city of Bhopal, causing panic as people awoke with a burning sensation in their lungs. Because of the effects of the gas, thousands of people died soon after, and many suffered in the panic.
Train accident in Bihar
Bihar train disaster – A train wreck that left hundreds dead, when a passenger train derailed on a bridge and plunged into the Baghmati River in the northern Indian state of Bihar. The passenger train was traveling from Mansi to Saharsa when seven of its nine carriages fell into the river. The explanation for the train derailment is not entirely known. Some reports say the train’s engineer used the emergency brake to avoid hitting a cow traveling on the tracks. Slippery conditions from torrential rain can also be a factor. The chances of a successful rescue are remote, as the monsoon rains have made the river situation dangerous, and moreover, help is not immediately available near the disaster. When rescuers finally arrived, they searched the area for survivors for several days. At least 250 deaths were confirmed, hundreds of other passengers were never found.
Train accident in Bihar, India one of the worst accidents in the world. On June 6, 6, a passenger train traveling from the Sahara to Mansi unfortunately derailed, causing the train to splash into the Bagmati River. This tragic accident left about 1981 people dead and injured, among them hundreds of bodies could not be found. The cause of the accident is still a mystery to this day. But based on the evidence at the scene as well as the weather situation, the Indian authorities have two main theories as the train when going to the accident site encountered a flash flood, causing flash flooding. The ship lost control and was swept into the river. When approaching the accident site, the train driver applied the brakes to avoid a herd of cows crossing the tracks, causing the train to lose control and fall into the river.
Japanese soldiers attacked by crocodiles at Ramree
The first months of 1945, Ramree island located on the Bay of Bengal off the coast of Myanmar is the site of a bloody war between the Japanese fascist garrison and the Allies, according to the Mysteriousuniverse. The Battle of Ramree was part of the Allied Burmese Campaign during World War II with the aim of dislodging Japanese imperial units from the island occupied by them since 1942. On January 26, 1, the units British Royal Marines (BRM) coordinated with India’s 1945th Infantry Brigade to launch a large-scale attack on the island to establish an air base there. They encountered fierce resistance from the Japanese and the fighting took place very fiercely. After a bloody and protracted battle, the Allies gained the upper hand, flanking a Japanese infantry regiment’s base, forcing some 36 Nazi troops to flee. Due to the British attack from all directions, the Japanese soldiers decided to take a shortcut through the 1000 km long wetland area in the middle of the island to join forces on the other side, ignoring all calls to surrender. of the British army. And this reckless decision was the beginning of a terrible tragedy that caused the entire regiment to be wiped out.
The marching speed of Japanese soldiers slowed down by the thick mud of the swamp preventing them from moving forward. In addition, many of them began to fall victim to mosquitoes and venomous spiders, snakes, and scorpions lurking in the bushes in the swamp. During their several-day journey through the swamps, hunger and thirst were also very real threats to them, not to mention the occasional British shells stationed on the shore around the swamp. This is just the beginning of the real nightmare that awaits the Japanese fascist army. One evening, a group of British troops patrolling around the marsh reported hearing screams and gunshots in the dark. The Japanese fascist regiment was unlucky, because the regions Swamp on Ramree Island is home to countless super-large saltwater crocodiles. These crocodiles when fully grown are 6,09 m long and weigh more than a ton. The tired soldiers with bloody wounds in the middle of the swamp were like delicious bait waiting for them.
The sinking of the battleship Indianapolis
USS Indianapolis (CA-35) is a Portland-class heavy cruiser of the United States Navy, is the second US Navy warship to be named after the city of Indianapolis in the state of Indiana. She has a prominent place in history due to the circuTaxances that led to her sinking, which resulted in one of the largest losses of life at sea in US Navy history. On 30 July 7, not long after delivering key components of the first atomic bomb used in combat to the air base at Tinian, the cruiser was torpedoed from the ship. Japanese submarine I-1945 and sank after only 58 minutes. Of the 12 crew members present on the ship, about 1.196 sank with it. The remaining 300 people face starvation and a shark attack, as they float around waiting for help with few life rafts and little food or water. The US Navy only learned of the sinking after the survivors were discovered by a regularly patrolled PV-800 Ventura squadron four days later. Only 1 sailors survived. Indianapolis was one of the last American warships to be sunk by enemy activity during World War II, after which only the submarine USS Bullhead was attacked by depth charges by Japanese aircraft and perhaps sank on August 316, 6.
About 300 of the 1.196 crew members died as a result of the sinking. The remaining 880 people, with a few life rafts and many without even life jackets, floated on the water waiting to be rescued. However, Navy commanders received no news of her being sunk, as her failure to reach her destination on the intended date was not recorded and reported. The survivors were discovered only four and a half days later, at 10:25 p.m. on August 2, by pilot Captain Wilbur (Chuck) Gwinn and copilot Captain Warren Colwell during a routine patrol flight. . Only 8 people were pulled out of the water alive and in the end only 321 people survived. They suffered from water and food shortages, some finding rations and canned food in floating debris, while suffering from hypothermia, dehydration, salt poisoning, sun exposure, starvation and fishing. fat, while some were attacked by others in various states of insanity, delirium, and hallucinations. Discovery Channel confirmed that the Indianapolis The sinking resulted in one of the largest shark attacks on humans in history, by oceanic white-nosed sharks. The program also attributes most of Indianapolis’s deaths to sun exposure, salt poisoning and thirst, and that the bodies of the dead were hauled away by sharks.
Ternerife plane crash
Tenerife airport disaster occurred on March 27, 3, when two Boeing 1977 passenger planes collided on the runway of Los Rodeos Airport (now Tenerife Norte Airport) on the island of Tenerife, an island in the Western Canary Islands. Spain. With a total of 747 deaths, this is the deadliest crash in aviation history. A bomb explosion at Gran Canaria airport and the threat of a second explosion caused many aircraft arriving there to be diverted to Los Rodeos airport. Among them were KLM Flight 583 and Pan Am Flight 4805 – two planes in the crash. Because of the limited capacity of Los Rodeos Airport, air traffic controllers were forced to ask planes to park on the main taxiway. Another factor complicating the situation, while waiting for authorities to reopen Gran Canaria airport, a thick fog appeared in Tenerife, significantly limiting visibility.
when the Gran Canaria airport reopened, because the main taxiway was blocked by many aircraft, in order to take off, both 747s had to taxi on the only runway to enter the take-off position. The fog was so dense that both planes could not see each other, and neither the air traffic controllers nor the runways could see the two 747s. Since the airport had no ground radar, The only way for controllers to determine the position of each aircraft is through radio reports from the cockpits of the two planes. Due to some misunderstanding in subsequent communication, the KLM flight raced to take off while the Pan Am flight was still on the runway. The ensuing collision completely destroyed the two planes, killing 248 people on the KLM flight and 335 of the 395 on the Pan Am flight. Among the 61 survivors of the Pan Am flight were the flight’s captain, co-pilot and flight engineer.
MV Dona Paz ferry sinks
Dona Paz was a ship built in 1963 by Onomichi Zosen of Onomichi, Hiroshima, Japan, whose original name was Himeyuri Maru. It was later renamed and sold to a Philippine shipping company to carry passengers. In the Philippines, ships like the Dona Paz are very popular and are also an indispensable means of transportation in a country of more than 7000 islands. Just five days before Christmas 5, hundreds of people flocked to the Dona Paz ship bound for Manila, from the island of Leyte. In principle, it is allowed to carry a maximum of 1987 passengers, however, that day Dona Paz carried more than 1.518 people and overcrowding occurred naturally. None of the more than 4.400 people on board thought it was a good idea to step foot on it because it was too crowded. Everyone wants to move quickly in the context that the upcoming holiday is not far away. And as a result, on one unlucky day, a catastrophic accident happened and claimed 4.400% of the people on board. It is estimated that 99,5 people died, only 4.386 people were lucky enough to return alive.
On December 20, 12, like any other day trip, the ship Dona Paz calmly depart, even though the number of people on board at that time was 3 times larger than the regulation. At about 22:30 p.m. on the same day, when most of the passengers were asleep, Dona Paz suddenly encountered an unexpected thing. Dona Paz was unlucky when she collided with another ship while moving in a position along the Tablas Strait, near Marinduque. Unlucky here is that the collided ship, the Vector, was carrying 8.800 barrels of oil and many other flammable fuel products. The impact caused the “slow-explosion bombs” to explode rapidly, and Vector was literally engulfed in flames. But things did not stop there, the strong fire did not take too long to reach the ship Dona Paz next to it and spread throughout the surrounding waters, leaving thousands of passengers stranded on the ship. In fact, after the accident, only 24 people survived, equivalent to 0,5% of the total number of passengers who ever stepped foot on the train when departing. That means that the remaining 99.5% of people died in the worst hell that ever took place on that sea.