Longest Living – Termites Queen
Termites Queen is an insect that is milky white, as big as a thumb, about 30-35mm long, with a small head, big belly, looks like a “terrible” earthworm. They live underground, inside termite mounds. In each large termite mound, there are usually 2 queens, one big and one smaller, the smaller one is ready to replace the queen when the big queen gets old and dies.
Termites Queen With a body weight 300 times larger than that of common termites, with a very long life span, the queen can usually live up to 50 years old. During her life cycle, almost the queen does not leave the nest, but only stays in, except in the case of waterlogging. In the colony, only the queen termite has the ability to reproduce, on average each day can lay 5.000 – 7.000 eggs, after performing the reproductive task, they will die.
Termites Queen precious food is likened to the underground cordyceps. This rare insect is currently caught 100% from the wild, no individual or unit has claimed to raise the queen termite. So use termite queen Making medicine is a great choice nowadays.
Fastest Flight – Buffalo Fly
The family of flies has about 4.500 different species, of which Gadfly are almost the largest species, many people think that they may have a large body, so they will be slow, but the special thing is that their flight speed is very fast, the fastest among insects, the flight speed can up to 145km/h and has the ability to change direction suddenly without affecting speed. It is because of such great ability that this species is rated number one in terms of flight speed.
Gadfly is a pest of livestock. The incessant bites of female flies can lead to weight loss in some animals. A buffalo fly bite can be very painful for humans. They have miniature knife-like mouths that they use to slit the skin with a scissor-like motion.
Gadfly Males feed mainly on pollen and nectar and are active during the day. Adults can be up to 25 mm long. Breeding season is mainly in spring and early summer. The adult life cycle is 30 to 60 days.
The most dangerous species – Australian Black Bulldog Ant
Like Bulldog ant There are about 90 species of ants endemic to the continent Australia, including the largest, most unique and aggressive ants in the world, it is completely proactive to attack first if it feels threatened, this animal is not afraid of any opponent including humans.
The Black Bulldog ant have a body length of up to 25 – 50mm, although they look small, they have a very strong venom, their venom can cause an immediate anaphylactic shock to the victim, similar to a severe allergy . If it is burned a lot and is not treated in time, it will lead to death. Therefore, care must be taken when making close contact.
Australian Black Bulldog Ants usually live in moderately humid environments, in forests or grasslands, gardens with lots of sand and small gravel. They can be active at night, but are considered light-loving animals. They build their own nests from materials mainly soil, sand, gravel or small rocks, each nest average 20 to 60 cm in diameter and can be 0,5 m high. These ants are omnivores: their plant food is usually pollen, their animal food is small prey or other carcasses. During the day, worker ants look for food, and do not return to the nest until dusk. Their activity is very active in the warm, hot months, and in winter it is almost inactive.
The Noisiest – African Cicadas
Cicadas is a superfamily of insects with a large head, two inner wings with many veins. There are about 2.500 species of cicadas in the world, in both temperate and tropical regions. Cicadas are the most well-known insects because of their distinctive shape, large head and ability to make a loud, rustling sound throughout the summer.
African cicadas được Dubbed the loudest cry, at a distance of 1,6km, the cry can still be heard. If at a closer distance, the sound they make is compared to even stronger music in the discotheque. Saying that to see the terrible noise they make.
Scientists have analyzed and shown that, to create sound vibrations, they have a unique skeleton, combined with a tendon membrane on the body, which vibrates when they deform the body, they repeat the cycle of body deformation contractions for the left and right sides about 300-400 times/second. Cicadas Males make sounds to attract females near them, females that do not make sounds will respond by flapping their wings. When the males hear the flapping of their wings, they will come closer and make a softer sound when approaching the female.
Most destructive – Desert locusts
Desert locusts (Scientific name Schistocerca gregaria) is a species of Grasshopper short antennae, not harmful if still in the “lone stage” – a period of large living space, grasshoppers actively avoid each other. They are dangerous as they increase in number, interacting with each other leading to behavioral changes and transitioning to the “swarm stage”, becoming large groups that can move 150 km per day.
Species Grasshopper At first glance, you may not be able to imagine how destructive they are, they move in huge flocks, fly from one area to another, wreaking havoc on agricultural crops. This species eats quite a lot, on average, each animal eats its body weight, so soon the crops are severely damaged. There have been many solutions offered to destroy this species, also contributing to the effect, but their number is still not small.
Desert locusts also has a fast reproduction rate, a female lays 60-80 eggs in a 90-day life span, every square kilometer of land can be a breeding ground for 2-40 million locusts.
Largest – Goliath . beetle
Beetle Goliath is the largest beetle with a length of about 50-100mm in males and 50-80mm in females, their body weight up to 85-100g. The anterior thorax is predominantly black, with a white longitudinal stripe, and the wings are sturdy, brown in color. Males have horns on their heads that are used as weapons when fighting for food or mates. Females have no horns and instead have a wedge-shaped head that aids in burrowing when laying eggs.
Species Goliath can be found in abundance in the tropical forests of Africa. Their food is fruit or sucks the sap of trees. Their larvae are so rare that it is difficult to understand the life cycle in the wild. However, they have been successfully raised to observe the life cycle and be a rich source of Protein for pet food.
In addition to their enormous size, the beetles Large also has prominent patterns. The hallmarks common to all large beetles are the strongly contrasting black vertical stripes on the pronotum (chest shield).
Longest – Phasmatodea que Stick Bug
Stick insect is the common name for many insects of the order rodents. The striking feature of this insect is its twig-like appearance, with very long trunks and legs, often in some species their wings are degenerate or very small, almost absent.
Stick beetle Phasmatodea The longest insect in the world, this animal has a rod-shaped body, over 160mm long with adults, including legs can reach 300mm, they live in warm climates, especially in tropical and subtropical regions. Nature favors them with the same body color as the branches, which is convenient for camouflage before the enemy, and is also a strength to hide and hunt.
Stick beetle Phasmatodea spend most of their time in the trees, lying on the leaves and moving slowly. Unlike most other insects. When the stick beetle is injured it can regenerate itself, that is, when the leg is broken due to an enemy attack or any other cause, after a while another leg will be grown to replace the leg. old. Stick beetles usually breed once a year, and the number of rodents is usually very low so it does not cause much damage to plants, but if the population is high, it is very dangerous for the plant.
The most beautiful species – Madagascar sunset butterfly
Species butterfly endemic to the archipelago Madagascar This is considered by experts to be one of the most impressive and attractive insects, and is also the most sought after species by collectors in the world because of the unique beauty that nature has bestowed. for them.
Madagascar sunset butterfly has a wingspan of 6 – 9cm with many different kinds of brilliant colors such as blue, green, yellow orange, red, purple, black, white, … have created a uniqueness that no other species has. have been. The special thing is that their wings do not contain coloring pigments, the colors appearing on their bodies are natural, changing according to viewing angle, time and living environment thanks to the curved system. light irradiation.
Madagascar sunset butterfly It is found throughout the year throughout the island, with highest numbers between March and August, and lowest numbers between October and December. Females lay about 80 eggs under the leaves.
The most roundest insect – Honey ants
Confidential – the name of this animal is enough for their body, with a round belly, like a jar of honey, they are in charge of food for the whole colony, consuming the food brought by the worker ants, then stores nutrients in the form of water, liquids, and fats. Therefore, with time, their bellies become more and more round and round, about the size of a grape. This species often nests in arid hollows in North America.
Confidential They can appear anywhere in the nest, but they are usually present in the deepest places hanging upside down from the roof of the anthill tunnel. Their large belly size forces them to spend all of their time in one place. In difficult times, when there is not enough food to sustain the nest, honey ants will sacrifice themselves to prey on other ants, or spray the reserves out. In the second case, the worker ants poked their antennae into the honey ant’s abdomen, prompting them to vomit fluid. The liquid in the honey ant’s stomach tastes very sweet and is a nutritious source of sugar.
Food of secret ant is nectar and plant juice that contains a lot of sugar. They also feed on liquids from other insects, honeydew from aphids, and dead animals. Worker ants leave the nest to find food. After finding food, they eat it all and return to the nest. Worker ants will visit their motionless friends, regurgitate portions of their meals and fertilize honey ants.
Most hated – Blood sucker
Din are small insects that live in humid places, they look tiny but extremely annoying to humans, usually only discovered after being attacked, more because of the structure of the species don having a short hose, so it often focuses on areas not covered by clothing such as the face and nose, making the feeling of frustration increase markedly, the burned places often cause uncomfortable itching, redness, when they are still the cause of disease.
Din Capable of transmitting Mansonellosis is rare and often asymptomatic. Its role in disease transmission is being studied by scientists, but now its stinging activity is troubling human activities. To avoid don flying in groups around the head, stinging blood, causing trouble, need to wash hair, shower daily, do not stay naked when going out, can use common insect repellant chemicals if there is activity in the city. outdoors in places where there are many species don work.
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