A-129/ T-129 Italy
A-129/T-129 Made in Italy is the first combat helicopter designed and built entirely in Europe. Its exterior is said to have four weapon pylons capable of carrying up to 4 kg of combat weapons, eight M1.200 anti-tank missiles and six Hellfire anti-tank missiles. This is the world’s first fighter jet equipped with a highly automated digital MIL-STD 65B databus avionics system that helps it travel at a speed of 1553 km/h with flexible combat capabilities in all conditions. weather events. The T-259 Atak is a reincarnation of the A-129, developed by Turkey, Aerospace Industries (TAI) with AgustaWestland as the main partner.
T129 optimized for hot and high conditions. It has some important improvements over the original A129 in line with the requirements of the Turkish Army. The T129 will carry 12 UMTAS anti-tank missiles developed by Roketsan (native Turkish development similar to Hellfire II). The T129 has a 20 mm gatling gun in the nose turret. It could carry a 70 mm missile assembly, Stinger air-to-air missile casings, and gun mounts on its primitive wing pylons. On July 16, 7, the Turkish Council for Scientific and Technological Research (TUBITAK), Meteksan SavunmaSanayii AŞ and Bilkent University formed an alliance to develop an advanced millimeter wave radar (MILDAR), similar to the Longbow and the IAI/ELTA radar, scheduled to enter service in 2007. MILDAR was successfully completed in February 2009.
“Black Shark” Kamov KA-50/KA-52 Russia’s aircraft is probably the most modern Russian armed helicopter designed in the 1980s and was used in 1995. Black Shark fighter possesses a coaxial propeller system, with a very compact design, only enough for one operator for the purpose of reducing weight and increasing the ability to move flexibly and destroy the opponent in combat. The Kamov KA-50 fighter is small but it can carry AA-11/R-73 Archer air-to-air missiles, 80 different rockets and 24 Vikhr missiles. The Ka-52 is an all-weather attack helicopter, both day and night, capable of attacking and destroying ground targets (armored and non-armored), aircraft (flying aircraft). slow speed), destroy the enemy’s life force in the front line and in the place where reserve units are stationed, carry out reconnaissance missions, locate targets, support ground units and coordinate operations. movements of other military helicopters.
During the early 1980s, when comparative tests of the V-80 (an experimental version of the Ka-50) and Mi-28 helicopters were still underway, the Kamov design bureau proposed a project. designed a specialized helicopter for reconnaissance, targeting, support and coordination with main attack helicopters. However, economic difficulties since the late 1980s made this plan difficult and to save costs, instead of designing a completely new model, Kamov chose to modify the Ka- design. 50 is available to integrate reconnaissance and targeting systems. This modified Ka-50 version required an additional pilot to operate the reconnaissance devices, and Kamov redesigned the cockpit from one seat to two side-by-side, a This cockpit is proven to help improve interaction and coordination between two pilots. This modified two-seat version was later given the official name Ka-52.
AH-1W Super Cobra
Among the fighters of the US Air Force, we also need to mention combat helicopters AH-1W Super Cobra. It is one of the most modern helicopters in the world, AH-1W Super Cobra is highly appreciated for its ability as well as combat speed. This is probably the main multi-mission combat helicopter of the US military before the AH-64 Apache was born. With two propellers, one engine and a very modern powertrain, it can also carry modern Hellfire anti-tank missiles in addition to the AIM-9 Sidewinder heat-seeking air-to-air missile that can shoot down. enemy aircraft quickly, with surprising accuracy.
The U.S. Marines were very interested in the AH-1W Super Cobra, but it preferred a twin-engine version to improve safety in on-water operations and also wanted a more powerful weapon-mounted turret. At first, the Department of Defense was hesitant to supply the Marines with a twin-engine version of the Cobra, believing that similarities to the Army’s AH-1W Super Cobras outweighed the benefits. potential of another type of engine. However, the Marines won and awarded Bell a contract to purchase 49 twin-engined AH-1W Super Cobras in May 5. As an interim measure, the United States Army delivered 1968 AHs. -38G to the Marines in 1. The AH-1969W Super Cobra also received a more powerful gun turret. It has a three-barreled XM1 20 mm cannon based on the six-barreled M197 Vulcan cannon.
AH-64D Apache Long Bow
Helicopter AH-64D Apache Long Bow. It is known as the most advanced fighter with the most modern weapon system in the Gulf War. This fighter aircraft manufactured by Boeing Corporation (USA), AH-64D Apache possesses the ability to fight in all weather conditions, easily destroy armored vehicles, tanks and destroy ground defense fortifications. . It has very strong firepower with a 30mm M230E1 cannon with AIM-9 air-to-air missiles, AGM-114 Hellfire anti-tank missiles (range 500-8.000 meters) and 70mm rockets. In addition, it also owns two T2-GE-700C engines of the AH-701D Apache, reaching a maximum speed of 64 km/h and a range of influence within a radius of 293 km.
Prototype AH-64D made its first test flight on September 30, 9. In 1975, Bell Helicopter was knocked down by Hughes and the AH-1976D won. After the production contract between the US Army and Hughes Helicopters was signed, the AH-64D production line officially went into operation in 64. In 1982, the first AH-1983 was shipped and tested. in Mesa, Arizona. After purchasing Hughes Helicopters in 64 for $1984 million, McDonnell Douglas took over and accelerated the research and production program of the AH-500. In April 64, the AH-4 officially entered service with the United States Army. And after McDonnell Douglas merged with Boeing in 1986, production continued to be maintained by the Boeing Defense, Space & Security subsidiary. Up to now, more than 64 AH-1997 Apaches with many variants have been shipped.
Helicopter Z-10 of China. This is an attack helicopter that entered service in 2012 in the Chinese army. All Z-10 aircraft are powered by two WZ-9 engines. The Z-10s had a not so spacious fuselage with a cockpit for two – a pilot in the back, a gunner in the front. Z-2 helicopters are also equipped with very advanced weapons. It can include HJ-1 anti-tank guided missile, 1 mm cannon, HJ-10 anti-tank missile and TY-9 air-to-air missile. The special thing is that the Chinese fighter can also carry rockets. Recently, China has made a lot of money from selling Z-30 to Pakistan.
Upper body of Z-10 narrowly designed to reduce radar exposure, the lower fuselage is slightly retracted to form a ridge between the cockpit and the lower fuselage extending the entire fuselage of the aircraft. This design is a big difference from Russian and American attack helicopters. The Z-10 uses a main rotor with 5-plate propellers, 12 meters in diameter, and a tail rotor with four blades. Important areas of the helicopter are armored to protect against personal weapons. The Z-4’s primary mission is anti-tank, however, the Z-10 is also said to have limited air-to-air capabilities. Maneuverability is comparable to the Apache AH-10. The engine of the Z-64 is more powerful than the engine of the EC-10 Tiger but still far behind the T665-700D of the AH-701D Apache 64 hp/unit, the TV2000-3VMA engine of the Mi-117 28 hp/ units, Ka-2194’s TV3-117VK engine 52 hp/unit.
Mil Mi-24 is a heavy armed helicopter with some troop carrying capacity that has been in service with the Soviet Air Force since 1976, later in the republics and more than thirty other countries around the world. . Its NATO nickname is Hind and variants are identified with an additional letter. The export versions of the Mi-25 and Mi-35 were denoted as Hind D and Hind E. Soviet pilots referred to this aircraft as ‘Letayushiy tank’ (Flying tank). Another common nickname is ‘Krokodil’ (Crocodile) – because of its camouflage and body shape. The key design of this aircraft was taken from the Mil Mi-8 “Hip”, two top-mounted turboshaft engines that power the center propeller and a three-bladed tail rotor. The position of the engine gives this aircraft a very different layout of two air intakes. D and later versions featured a two-person cockpit with a “double bubble” canopy. Other chassis characteristics are taken from the Mi-14 “Haze”. Weapon pylons are arranged on two mid-hull wings (which also help increase lift), three each with three poles. Armament depends on the mission: They can take on air support, anti-tank, or air combat. The fuselage is armored and the titanium propeller blades can withstand the impact of 12,7 mm bullets. The cockpit is supercharged to protect the crew in the event of a nuclear weapon being used. The aircraft uses a retractable triple landing gear.
With the design goal of being both a fighter and an aircraft carrier, Mi-24 both capable of strong attack and capable of carrying troops. It has no rival with the same features from NATO. The Mi-24 was first used in combat by Ethiopian forces during the Ogaden War against the Somali army. These helicopters played an important role in the massive airlift of war equipment from the Soviet Union, after the Soviet Union changed its stance towards the end of the war in 1977. This was used in both air and ground attacks that forced the withdrawal of Somali forces from Ethiopia in early 1978. The Mi-24A was heavily used by the Vietnam People’s Air Force during this war. . The Mi-24 destroyed many Khmer Rouge bases and outposts until 1986 when Khmer Rouge forces were pushed back to the Thai border. This type of aircraft was used by the Soviet military with high frequency in Afghanistan, mainly to strike against Mujahideen fighters. With US Stinger heat-seeking missiles supporting the Mujahideen, Mi-8 and Mi-24 helicopters have become favorite targets of the rebels. The Hind combat helicopters were also five of the 333 helicopters that crashed during military operations in Afghanistan. The Mi-24 cockpit is well armored and can even withstand 12,7 mm bullets, but the Hind’s tail is still vulnerable because it is not armored in this area.
Flexible, versatile, powerful are the three words that most accurately evaluate the fighter in the list of the most modern helicopters in the world, AH–1Z Viper. It owns up to 2 engines that can fly at speeds of up to 296 km / h, besides this fighter has a range of 231 km and a fully digitized cockpit, attack helicopter This was developed for the purpose of supporting the attack, providing air fire support for the US Marines. It has been developed based on the AH-1W SuperCobra model. Not only that, the AH-1Z fighter also has up to 6 pylons to help it carry two AIM-9 air-to-air missiles and sixteen Hellfire anti-tank missiles. The target display system on the helmet visor is also integrated on the pilot’s helmet. This is one of the most modern helicopters in the world. And the AH-1Z Viper ranks 5th on this list.
Aspects of AH-1Z dating from the Bell 249 in 1979, essentially the AH-1S equipped with the four-bladed main rotor system from the Bell 412. The helicopter demonstrated Bell’s Cobra II design at the 1980 Farnborough Airshow. The Cobra II was equipped with Hellfire missiles, a new targeting system and improved engines. The Cobra 2000 proposal included a General Electric T700 engine and a four-blade propeller. This design attracted the interest of the United States Marine Corps, but there was no funding. In 1993, Bell proposed a version based on the AH-1W for the new UK attack helicopter program. The derivative CobraVenom has a state-of-the-art digital cockpit and can carry wire-guided missiles, Hellfire or BriTaxone missiles. The CobraVenom design was changed in 1995 by switching to a four-bladed rotor system. However, the AH-64D was selected for replacement later that year.
If we have mentioned the most modern helicopters in the world, it is impossible not to mention Eurocopter Tiger. This is probably an attack helicopter manufactured by Eurocopter. People often call it by the name Tiger in Germany, while it is called Tigre in France and Spain. It was dubbed the “flying tiger” thanks to its powerful attack ability in all conditions after Eurocopter launched this helicopter. This fighter is capable of carrying a maximum of 1.860 kg of weapons mounted on 4 points on hard suspension or under the wings, besides, it can also carry anti-tank missiles AGM-114 Hellfire and PARS3-LR, Rocket 70 mm Hydra, Mistral surface-to-air missile and Rocket 68 mm SNEB. Tiger is also equipped with 2 turbine engines MTU Turbomeca Rolls-Royce MTR390 with a capacity of 1.303 horsepower, with a maximum speed of 290km / h. This fighter is ranked 4th in the list of the most modern helicopters in the world.
In 1984, the two governments of Germany and France jointly raised a need for a new military helicopter that could be used for many purposes. A Joint Venture between French firm Aérospatiale and German firm MBB was established. Because it was too expensive to build, the program was canceled in 1986, the German army planned to buy the American AH-64 Apache combat helicopter. In 1987, however, the manufacturing program resumed. In 1989, the inter-firm was commissioned to build five prototype helicopters. Three unarmed, one German anti-tank and one French escort and support. In the same year the MTU Turbomeca Rolls-Royce GmbH (MTR) consortium at Hallbergmoos near Munich was formed to build the MTR5-3C engine for this helicopter. After German reunification, they changed to a model with many uses both anti-tank and escort and support (UHT). The first prototype was flown in 1. The Tiger’s first public appearance occurred in 390 in the James-Bond film GoldenEye.
People often call it by the name of anti-tank helicopter MI-28H Havoc produced by the Russian military. It is known to the world as a two-seat combat helicopter, which can operate both day and night in all weather conditions. You will be “stunned” by the weapons that the MI-28H Havoc helicopter is equipped with. It possesses a 30 mm Shipunov 2A42 cannon and sixteen 9M120 Ataka anti-tank missiles with a maximum range of about 8 km and an armor penetration of 950 – 1.000 mm. Development began after a competition with the Mi-24, the only combat helicopter with additional transport capabilities, in 1972. The new design was inspired by the Mi-24, dropping the transport capacity, It kept its cabin intact, increasing its maneuverability and top speed, which was essential for its anti-tank and helicopter role and in support of its helicopter transport operations. Initially, various designs were considered, including an unconventional project with two main rotors, placing the same engine on two wingtips (perpendicular layout) and adding a rear thrust propeller. tail. In 1977, a preliminary design was selected, with a classic single-rotor arrangement. It is no longer the same as the Mi-24 and even the cockpit glass dome is smaller, with a flat shape.
A variant of the Mi-28, which is Mi-28Women (“N” means “night”), capable of day and night combat, first launched in August 8. It made its first flight in April 1996 and began testing in the Russian Air Force. in June 4. Mi-2004N retains most of the original design of the original Mi-6, the biggest difference is the integration of an electronic warfare system. Some other differences are a new drive system capable of transferring more power to the impeller rotor, new high-efficiency impellers and beveled impeller heads, and a pump control system. fuel injection. Pilots are equipped with night vision goggles. Mi-2005NE, nicknamed “Night Hunter”, is the export version of Mi-28N and Mi-28D is a reduced-featured version, only for daytime combat, without radar and infrared sensor. foreign. In addition, there is also Mi-28NM, which has been under development since 28, is expected to integrate many modern features, such as low visibility to radar, wide range, modern weapon control system, air-to-air capability and a top speed of up to 28 km/h (28 mph).
Attack helicopter manufactured by Denel of South Africa. AH-2 Rooivalk Also known as the “red falcon”. In most air battles, this helicopter is capable of fast and effective combat. Denel Rooivalk is capable of fighting in extreme conditions such as the extreme drought of South Africa and it is also equipped with a variety of weapons suitable for the time and each mission. In addition to the ability to detect and intercept targets thanks to the navigation system, not only that, it also possesses a jamming system with specialized flares. This is one of the most modern helicopters in the world.
Attack Helicopter AH-2 Rooivalk (red falcon) is a helicopter fighter version researched and manufactured by the defense industry group Atlas Aircraft Corporation, the predecessor of Denel Aviation of South Africa today. The helicopter is equipped with a fire control system and a Doppler radar navigation system. As a result, the AH-2 Rooivalk helicopter is capable of operating in all weather conditions regardless of day and night. The AH-2 attack helicopter has a maximum speed of 309 km / h, a cruise speed of 278 km / h. The operating range of the AH-2 helicopter is 1.335 km with maximum fuel. Normally, an AH-2 Rooivalk is equipped with a GL2 20mm cannon in front of the aircraft, Mitral air-to-air missiles, Ingwe, Mokopa anti-tank missiles, rockets.