Mental retardation or mental retardation has levels from mild to moderate, severe and very severe. In severe cases, the disease is easy to diagnose because the clinical picture is quite clear, but the treatment intervention has very little results. Young mental retardation Severe and moderate body types both have manifestations of weakness in thinking, emotions, behavior or have body deformities in many parts.
According to research data of many authors, Mental retardation The heavy body accounts for only 5%. As for the diagnosis of mild mental retardation, it is difficult because the clinical picture is often unclear, it is easy to confuse it with the normal limit, but it accounts for more than 80%. At this mild level, intervention by education and training can help children develop better intellectually, better integrate into the social environment.
In general, treatment mental retardation It requires a lot of effort and patience for children. Therefore, when a family has a child with this condition, each parent needs to be more aware and attentive in the care and education of the child in combination with other therapies. If parents see that their child shows signs of mental retardation, they need to calm down and take the child to a pediatric specialist medical facility for a doctor to check. Depending on the degree of speech delay and the age of the child, the doctor will have appropriate interventions to improve the child’s developmental delay.
Psychosis grade is an acute and transient psychotic episode, symptoms may resemble those of schizophrenia (hallucinations, delusions) but are usually milder. The illness may appear after a severe psychosocial stress or a group of stressors. The disease usually occurs in people 20 – 30 years old, often in people of low socio-economic class.
Llevel psychedelic and transient transition from a state without psychotic features to a marked psychotic state within two weeks or less, with or without stress. The disease resolves completely within 2-3 months, usually completes within a few weeks or days, and only a small percentage of patients have this disorder that is persistent and disabling.
Personality disorder are ingrained patterns of personality activity that lead to rigid, inflexible responses in a variety of social and interpersonal contexts leading to different forms of subjective grief and impairment of functioning or pain. sad for the others involved with that person. People with personality disorder often have mood swings, social isolation, difficulty making friends, poor control over thoughts and behaviors, etc. Personality disorder often begin to become apparent in late adolescence or early adulthood, and their characteristics and symptoms vary considerably in their degree of persistence; Many cases take time to resolve.
Personality disorder exists when traits become apparent, rigid, and maladaptive that impair personal and/or professional functioning. These social inadequacies can cause significant discomfort to people with personality disorders and those around them. For those with personality disorder (unlike other people who seek counseling), suffering as a result of their own socially maladaptive behavior is often the reason they seek treatment, rather than any disaffection. comfortable with their thoughts and feelings. Therefore, the clinician must first help the patient see that their personality traits are at the root of the problem.
Alcohol-induced psychosis including diseases such as alcohol intoxication, alcoholic psychosis, alcohol withdrawal syndrome, etc. Currently, the number of alcoholics in our country is increasing, so the number of patients with alcohol-related mental disorders has also increased significantly. tell. The disease usually occurs between the ages of 30 and 50. The symptoms of the disease are directly related to alcohol. People with alcohol-induced mental disorders are often accompanied by a number of other physical diseases such as exhaustion, anemia, hepatitis, cirrhosis, gastritis, etc.
Psychosis consists of persistent hallucinations, mainly visual and auditory hallucinations, without delirium, usually occurring within 2 days of alcohol dependence cessation. Alcoholic psychosis can be chronic and the clinical picture closely resembles schizophrenia. This is a rare condition, the ratio of men to women is 4/1, usually in people with a history of drinking alcohol more than 10 years.
Alcohol has the ability to inhibit the nervous system, causing cross-tolerance. With a blood alcohol concentration of 0,05%, thought and judgment processes become lax or stagnant. At a blood alcohol concentration of 0,1%, voluntary movements become clumsy. Alcohol poisoning occurs when the blood alcohol concentration is between 0,1 and 0,15%. At a concentration of 0,2%, the function of the entire motor area of the brain was inhibited. At 0,3%, the patient was confused and comatose. From 0,4 to 0,5%, the patient falls into a coma. Alcohol can cause mental disorders. Psychosis due to alcohol use can be caused by acute alcohol poisoning or by chronic alcohol poisoning (alcohol addiction).
Schizophrenia is a serious mental illness. Many patients develop the disease from a very young age and persist throughout life. The manifestation of schizophrenia is the wrong and inappropriate thoughts of the patient, the client cannot explain to the patient when it is right and wrong. People with discriminatory mental illness often have strange and strange activities due to paranoia, poor emotions.
During illness, patients often become withdrawn from others, talk less with loved ones, become brooding, anxious or fearful, even severely paranoid. The basic symptoms of schizophrenia pathology: Delusions, hallucinations (auditories), thought disorders,… The disease is often accompanied by a number of other less specific symptoms.
Currently, 100 in 1 people has this disease. Schizophrenia can manifest itself in many different forms, but they all share the common feature of affecting mental functioning and in the long run can change the personality of the person. Schizophrenia usually begins in young people and usually lasts a lifetime. The disease has a rapid onset with acute symptoms appearing over several weeks, or may have a gradual onset over months or years.
Neurasthenia is a dysfunction of the brain and some centers located under the cerebral cortex due to overwork or under a lot of pressure and stress, leading to depression. Depression occurs at all ages in men and women. Nervous breakdown, if not overcome and treated in time, will cause unpredictable consequences such as depression, memory loss, neurological disorders, mental …
If you are young, surely a nervous breakdown is affecting your life, the future is unfinished. You still have to go to work, take care of your spouse, children… But since you have a nervous breakdown, you have never enjoyed a full life, even worrying about yourself and your family. . If you are in your 50s, you should have a happy, happy life with your children and grandchildren. However, the debilitating disease becomes a burden for your children, serving you every meal, sleep, daily activities need someone by your side.
Sleep plays an important role in every human’s life, helping people to rest after periods of work and study. Insomnia is a common sleep disorder that can include not getting enough sleep, having trouble falling asleep, waking up too early and not being able to go back to sleep, and possibly still feeling tired when you wake up. Insomnia can cause uncomfortable fatigue that seriously affects work performance and quality of life.
On average, a normal person sleeps from 7 to 8 hours a day, in which sleep must ensure enough time, deep enough and feel comfortable and healthy after waking up. Insomnia include: acute insomnia and chronic insomnia. Chronic insomnia is insomnia that lasts for at least 1 month. Acute insomnia is insomnia lasting less than 1 month. Lost sleep This is a common condition that affects not only the elderly but also young people due to many different reasons. Changes to daily routine may help improve sleep in some people.
Though know, concerned It is also one of the normal human states. But if it appears dense and disordered, it will be extremely dangerous. Anxiety disorder is a disease that causes people to become obsessed with excessive fears. Even simple situations, an unreasonable problem can cause the patient to fall into a state of extreme stress. People with this syndrome will often live in a state of excessive anxiety, prolonged stress for no apparent reason. The majority of people who suffer from anxiety disorders All are female and there is no age limit.
Anxiety disorders including some common diseases such as generalized anxiety disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, panic disorder, fear of crowds,… In our country, the number of patients suffering from anxiety disorders is increasing. increased in recent years. According to some statistics, the proportion of patients with anxiety disorders accounts for 25% of the total number of patients who come to mental health care. Prolonged anxiety makes patients feel tired, lose concentration, reduce memory, sometimes leading to a number of other diseases such as depression, cardiovascular disease, insomnia, …
Substance use disorder is a type of substance use disorder involving a pattern of pathological behavior in which the patient continues to use a substance despite experiencing significant use-related problems. There may be physiological manifestations, including alterations in the brain’s conduction system.
Substances involved are often on the list of 10 most common substance use disorders. These substances all directly activate the brain’s reward system and induce feelings of well-being. The activation can be so intense that patients crave intensely and neglect their usual activities in order to obtain and use the substance.
The common terms “addiction”, “abuse”, and “dependence” are often used in relation to substance use, but these terms are highly uncertain and volatile to be identified as very useful. in a systematic way. Substance use disorders are more comprehensive and have fewer negative connotations.
Depression is a psychiatric illness characterized by mood disturbances. The disease is caused by a disordered brain activity caused by a psychological factor that creates abnormal changes in thinking, behavior, and behavior. Common women depression more than men (2 female/1 male) occurs in many age groups, especially in adulthood.
The prevalence of depression is increasing day by day, according to the World Health Organization, an estimated 850000 people die each year from suicide due to depression, which is a common disease globally. However, among those who are diagnosed and treated promptly, they are still very low, accounting for about 25%.
Depression If not detected and treated promptly, the risk of suicide is very high, accounting for 50% of all depressed patients. Anyone in the family, relatives who have the above symptoms should be taken to a psychiatric hospital for timely detection and treatment.