Erdene-Zuu . Buddhist Monastery
Built in the ancient city of Karakorum (the capital of the Mongol Empire in the XNUMXth century), Erdene Zuu . monastery Mongolia is considered the oldest remaining Buddhist Monastery in present-day Mongolia. The monastery was recognized as a World Heritage Site in 2004. With its beautiful and impressive architecture, it promises to bring an interesting experience to anyone who comes to Mongolia. Located 365 km west of the ancient capital of Karakorum, the capital of the Mongol Empire, Erdene Zuu Monastery is one of the hundreds of the most beautiful and famous monasteries in Mongolia with a total area of 0,16 km2. Experiencing many ups and downs in history, Erdene Zuu Monastery exists to this day and has become a symbol of Mongolian Buddhism as well as a famous spot in the land of Kharkhorin eagles.
This monastery consists of unique temples and is surrounded by a large wall connected by 108 stupas built on stone pedestals. With a typical decoration of two main colors red and yellow, Erdene Zuu . monastery It is a unique combination of all 3 ancient architectural styles: Mongolian, Tibetan and Chinese. Built in 1585 by Crown Prince Abtai Sain Khan, grandfather of Zanabazar (a famous religious leader in Eastern Mongolia) after he met the third Dalai Lama and when Tibetan Buddhism was proclaimed as the state religion in Mongolia. In addition to the remaining temples, what makes visitors interested and pay attention to this place is the 400m long wall. It was built in ancient times as a protection for the temples inside. This was an attempt to fend off the onslaught of foreigners. However, later the wall was damaged. It was built with 108 additional towers with quite similar architecture.
Kharkhorin steppe – A peaceful, rustic place, preserving many glorious and heroic pasts of the Mongols. Here, you can experience the feeling of riding a horse alone in the vast sky, watching eagle training, sleeping under thatched huts and watching the stars at night in Mongolia. Visit the Kharkhorin museum to learn about and admire the historical ruins of a once-in-a-lifetime Genghis Khan. This beautiful steppe is one of Mongolia’s most popular tourist attractions. Located right in the upper valley of the Orkhon River, beautiful Kharkhorin, a land of herds of horses, a picturesque steppe. Recognized by UNESCO as a world heritage site, the ancient capital of Kharkhorin has a peaceful beauty that makes many people admire. Kharkhorin steppe is one of the tourist attractions to visit and experience when coming to Mongolia.
Coming to this place visitors can visit Kharkhorin museum, admire the remnants of the once Mongol empire. Not only looking at the artifacts, visitors can directly ride horses on the vast steppe to feel the strength of the horse’s hooves, the vastness of the steppe and how free the soul is. In the Kharkhorin steppe, horses are an important livestock species providing people with milk, meat, traction, and a source of raw materials for food processing. Not only is it an important animal in the steppe, it is also a symbol of strength of the Mongols. Standing in the middle of the vast steppe, the beautiful and majestic landscape with the overlapping hills and mountains, the sound of horse hooves echoing on the immense green steppe and the hospitality of the nomadic people here will make visitors want to come back again. Again.
Gobi . Desert
Located in the territory of two countries, China and Mongolia, Gobi . Desert located partly in north and northwest China and partly in southern Mongolia. Gobi is famous as one of the five largest deserts in the world and the largest desert in Asia with a lot of attractive landscapes and interesting experiences. The Gobi Desert is the heart of Mongolia. Although it is a dry land, it has a beautiful landscape. Many tourists come here just want to hear the sand “singing”, when the wind is strong, the sand roars like a wild animal, when the wind is light, the sound is very melodious. It is also home to many rare animals such as Bactrian camels, diamond-cut ferrets, snow leopards, brown bears, and wolves. Coming here, visitors will experience many new and interesting things, admire the ancient fossil remains of many prehistoric animals.
In summer the temperature is in desert Gobi very harsh above 40 degrees Celsius, and in winter, the temperature is often below 40 degrees Celsius. Although the weather is hot and cold, it still attracts a large number of tourists. explore and experience. Because Gobi owns many sand dunes, gravel plains and majestic rocky mountains creating beautiful natural scenery. Traveling to Mongolia and coming to this “paradise”, you will feel like you are lost in a peaceful and mysterious labyrinth. If you come here in winter, you may encounter frost and even snow! Because Gobi is considered a cold desert because of the northern part of this desert and the altitude of 1520 meters above sea level. For many tourists, this place is indeed a very interesting tourist destination with many new and attractive things. In the Gobi desert, people even found dinosaur eggs for the first time.
Genghis Khan Memorial Site
Genghis Khan Memorial Site Located about 54km east of the capital Ulaanbaatar, the most prominent is the statue of the emperor Genghis Khan riding a horse to battle. As the one who unified the tribes on the Mongolian steppe, when he heard his name, people throughout Eurasia were very afraid, but for the Mongols, Genghis Khan was the hero, the pride. largest of the Mongols. Located 50 km from the capital Ulan Bator, on the vast steppe of Mongolia, the statue of Genghis Khan is 40 meters high and made from 250 tons of stainless steel. The monument of the first emperor of the Mongol Empire has become an attractive destination for domestic and foreign tourists.
Genghis Khan was the one who unified the tribes on the Mongolian steppe and became the founding emperor of the Mongol empire. During his 21-year reign of Mongolia, Genghis Khan made many successful conquests that helped the Mongol empire expand. To the world, Genghis Khan was a fearsome ruler who conquered half the world in the 13th century on horseback, causing the deaths of 40 million people. However, for the people of Mongolia, Genghis Khan is a national hero, a symbol of the country’s culture and history. Today, to the Mongolian steppe and especially the capital Ulaanbaatar (Ulan Bator), visitors can easily see the imprint of Genghis Khan left in many works. Mongolian international airport bears his name, universities, hotels, shops all have the name and image of Genghis Khan.
Gorkh National Park – Terelj
Located about 70km northeast of the capital Ulaanbaatar, Gorkh – Terelj . national park is the best tourist destination for visitors to immerse themselves in nature, enjoy the fresh air, and look at the fresh and pleasant scenery. Terelj National Park is a popular camping and nature discovery site in Mongolia, attracting many domestic and foreign tourists every year. Terelj has a lot of beautiful landscapes, including blue mountains, dense green forests and rocks with many mysterious shapes. Visitors can walk or ride horses, visit Turtle Rock or Terelj monastery. The park also attracts many visitors to play golf in the summer and ski in the winter.
A small southern part of Gorkh – Terelj . national park built for tourists, with restaurants, souvenir shops, horses and camels for hire, and tourist ger camps, many of which are run by the Juulchin group, a former national tour company . However, much of the park is undeveloped and difficult to access. Attractions include Lake Khagiin Khar, a 20m deep glacial lake 80km upstream from the tourist camps, and Yestii Hot Springs, a natural hot spring more than 18km upstream. The park also has a Buddhist monastery open to visitors. Wildlife in the park includes brown bears and more than 250 species of birds. The Tuul River flows through the park. The park has many rock formations for rock climbers, and includes two famous formations named for the things they resemble: Turtle Rock (Melkhii Khad) and Old Man Reading (Lat Praying Stone) ghost).
Ulaanbaatar – Ulan Bator
Located in the north of central Mongolia, the city is 1.310 meters high above a valley on the Tuul River. Ulaanbaatar is the cultural, economic and financial center of the entire country of Mongolia. The city is also the center of the road network in Mongolia, and is connected to both the Russian Trans-Siberian Railway and the Chinese railway system. Coming to Ulaanbaatar, visitors will have the opportunity to visit Choijin Lama Monastery, a Buddhist monastery that was completed in 1908. It has avoided the fate of destruction like the one. other Buddhist monasteries when converted into a museum by the communist government in 1942. Another famous monastery is Gandan Monastery, built in the 19th century. The main attraction of the temple is Gandan Monastery. The monastery is a 26,5 meter high statue of Avalokitesvara. These monasteries are one of the very few religious structures in Mongolia that escaped destruction under Khorloogiin Choibalsan.
Ulaanbaatar It is famous for several museums specializing in Mongolian history and culture. The Natural History Museum has a number of dinosaur fossils and meteorites found in Mongolia. The National Museum of Mongolian History features artifacts from prehistoric times to the Mongol empire and modern eras. The Zanabazar Museum of Fine Arts has a large collection of Mongolian art, including works by the 17th-century sculptor and painter Zanabazar, as well as the most famous painting, A Day in Mongolia by B. Sharav. Artifacts that had not left the city before 1778 since they were discovered include a statue of the Vajra God that was created by Zanabazar himself in 1683, a splendid throne given to Zanabazar by the Kangxi emperor, and a Sandalwood hat given to Zanabazar by the Dalai Lama. Zanabazar’s large fur coat was given to him by the Qing emperor Kangxi and a large number of statues were created by Zanabazar himself.
Zaisan . Memorial Site
Located on the hill south of the city, Zaisan There is a circular memorial painting depicting scenes of friendship between the peoples of the Soviet Union and Mongolia. It was built to commemorate Soviet soldiers during World War II, and includes pictures of Stalin and Lenin. The colorful mural also illustrates the defeat of the Japanese in 1939. This is considered the pride of the two states of the Soviet Union and Mongolia years ago. Passing through steep bridges, you will reach the hilltop monument south of the city with great views of Ulaanbaatar and the surrounding hills. Currently, the area overlooking Zaisan has had the intervention of businesses, so the vision is just high-rise buildings, commercial centers from small to large in the style of the Soviet Union, with many symbols of Mongolian country. Besides, you can also see the surrounding mountains, the green Tuul river.
Zaisan is a famous Mongolian tourist destination and one of the highlights of Ulan Bator. The memorial includes a 10-meter-tall statue of a Russian soldier holding a flag, and a circular concrete area with murals. At the foot of the hill there is a very large Buddha statue, attracting the attention of devotees and tourists to explore Mongolia. Buddha Park has a 23 meter high Buddha statue. This area is also very close to the tank exhibition area at the foot of the hill. To get to the Zaisan memorial, you can either walk or drive. The ascent takes about 20 minutes up the steep hill several hundred steps. However, when you get there, the biggest and most meaningful gift is to see the whole city of Ulaanbaatar in the most wonderful way. This building is designed in an open circular structure, see the paintings sketched on the wall depicting the friendship between Mongolia and the Soviet Union. To come here, you have to walk more than 300 steps. In return, seeing the whole scene of the capital Ulaanbaatar next to the valley makes you fascinated.
Karakorum was founded in 1220 as the capital of the Mongol Empire. This is also one of the attractive and famous sightseeing places in Mongolia. In addition, visitors can know more about the unique traditional culture of the people of Karakorum. Karakorum served as the capital of the Mongol Empire during the period 1235 – 1260 and of the Northern Yuan, China from 1368 until the end of the Qing Dynasty. Karakorum was probably formed in 750, when it was only a small population cluster. By 1220, Genghis Khan (Genghis Khan) built his capital here and used Karakorum as a base to begin the strategy of invading ancient China.
Through many years of ups and downs of history, Karakorum was gradually forgotten. It was not until 1889 that the exact location of Karakorum was discovered by two people from Eastern Russia who were working nearby. Until 1948 – 1949, the ruins of Karakorum were discovered by scientists of the USSR. Thanks to that, the ruins of the Ogodei palace and the Erdeni Dzu Buddhist monastery were discovered. The Karakorum Museum, although small in size, is one of the most popular museums around Ulaanbaatar. Every nook and cranny here is meticulously decorated with an eye-catching display of artifacts. Most of the artifacts date from the 13th-14th centuries or from the pre-stone age. Most are everyday objects such as ceramics, bronzes, coins, religious statues and stone sculptures.
Altai . Mountains It is one of the most majestic and mysterious mountain ranges in the world. The most prominent feature is the mountains covered with white snow, adding to the unique and novel beauty in winter. Not only is there a strange place, but there are also vast forests and green grasslands, worthy of being one of the best places to visit for tourists. The Altai Mountains represent the most northern region affected by the tectonic impacts of the Indian subcontinent into Asia. Major fault systems run throughout the region, including the Kurai fault zone and the recently discovered Tashanta fault zone.
Is a mountainous area with an area of 16.175 km including Altai and Altai Nature Reserve, Katun Nature Reserve, Lake Teletskoye, Mount Belukha and the Ukok Plateau – form a UNESCO natural world heritage site, called the Altai Golden Mountains. UNESCO’s descriptive notice reads: “the area represents the most perfect sequence of upland vegetation in central Siberia, from steppe, steppe-forest, mixed forest, sub-mountain flora high altitude and alpine flora”. In making its decision, UNESCO also cited the importance of Russian Altai in conserving globally endangered mammals, such as the snow leopard and the Altai aga sheep.
Gandan Khiid Monastery
Mongolia is a large landmass north of Central Asia. Today, Mongolia is a small country with the lowest population density on the planet. However, this place still retains the wild beauty but no less poetic. Mongolia is associated with vast steppes, vast deserts and the life of free nomads. Coming to Mongolia, visitors will be captivated by its rustic and natural beauty, along with its unique history and culture that has not faded over the years. Among them, there is a famous institute that is Gandan Khiid Monastery.
Built in 1835, it is one of the largest monasteries and also a tourist attraction in Mongolia. The most prominent here is the gold-plated Avalokitesvara statue with the meaning of revival. Gandan Khiid Monastery is one of the largest monasteries in Mongolia. If you believe in Buddhism, then Gandan Khiid Monastery is a must-visit when you come to this green steppe country. The 26-meter-tall, 20-ton gilded statue of Magjid Janraisig is a symbol of the Buddhist revival in Mongolia. This statue is also considered the most special attraction for all visitors to learn about Gandan Monastery. At the monastery, there are Buddhist lectures by the monks in the monastery. If you want to find a quiet place, visit Gandan Khiid Monastery!