King Fahd Causeway
The idea of building the bridge is based on improving the link and relationship between Saudi Arabia and Bahrain. Marine surveying began in 1968, construction began in 1981 and continued until officially opened to the public in 1986. Since its completion in 1986, the causeway has been reasonably commercialization and strengthening cultural and social ties between Saudi Arabia and Bahrain. The idea of building a bridge connecting Bahrain with the eastern region of Saudi Arabia has fascinated the two kingdoms for generations. This idea arose during an official visit to Bahrain in 1954 and King Saud’s wish was to nurture and strengthen the bond between the two. In 1965, the plan to build the causeway officially began to take shape when Sheikh Khalifah ibn Sulman Al Khalifah, Prime Minister of Bahrain, paid a courtesy visit to King Faisal, at which time the king expressed his wish to move forward.
With a length of 28 km and 4 lanes, The King Fahd Causeway is a bridge connecting Saudi Arabia with the island nation of Bahrain. On 11/11/1982, the kings of two Arab countries and Bahrain officially laid the first stone to start the construction of the bridge. After 4 years of construction, the bridge was completed in 1986 at a total cost of $1,2 million with the complete support of Saudi Arabia. As of March 8, 3, as a result of the COVID-2020 pandemic, the causeway is temporarily closed to all passenger traffic to prevent the spread of the COVID-19 virus. between two countries. Commercial trucks are still allowed to cross the border after rigorous checks. The causeway reopened on July 19, 23, and the Saudi embassy in Bahrain announced that citizens can return to the Kingdom via the King Fahd Highway without prior authorization. On September 7, 2020, the causeway was listed as closed to most non-commercial traffic on the website of the US Embassy in Bahrain.
Rio – Niteroi Bridge
The President Costa e Silva Bridge is commonly known as the Rio Bridge – Niterói, is a box girder bridge spanning Guanabara Bay, in the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro. It connects the cities of Rio de Janeiro and Niterói. It is currently the second longest bridge in Latin America, after the Metro Line 1 bridge, and the 48th longest in the world in 2020. From its completion in 1974 until 1985, it was the second longest bridge in the world. . As a box-shaped rigid girder bridge (a bridge with a large girder size for bearing) connecting the two major cities of Rio de Janeiro and Niteroi in Brazil, Rio – Niteroi Bridge has a length of 8,25 miles or 13,29km. During a visit to Brazil, Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip participated in the groundbreaking ceremony of the bridge on August 23, 08 and in April 1968 the Rio – niteroi Bridge was officially completed. Rio – Niteroi Bridge is officially called “President Costa e Silva Bridge” after the Brazilian president – who proposed the construction of the bridge. Currently, about 4 vehicles cross the bridge every day.
Bridge was built by a consortium of Brazilian companies led by Camargo Correa SA (for concrete works) and Cleveland Bridge & Engineering Company and Redpath Dorman Long with Brazil’s Montreal Engenharia (for steel lead spans). It is 13,29 km – 8,836 km across the water and the bridge’s 300 m long central span is 72 m high to allow hundreds of ships to enter the bay monthly. At the time of completion, the center span was the longest box girder in the world, surpassed by the 301 meter main span of the Stolma Bridge (1998) and the 330 meter main span of the second Shibanpo Bridge (2006). It carries 140.000 vehicles daily, which pays a single toll on entry Niterói of R $4,30 (as of June 6), approximately US$2018, GBP £1.10 or €0,85. It has 0,97 access points and eight overpasses.
Seven Mile Bridge (Seven Mile Bridge)
Seven Mile Bridge is a bridge in the Florida Keys, in Monroe County, Florida, United States. It connects Knight’s Key (part of the city of Marathon, Florida) in the Middle Keys with Little Duck Key in the Lower Keys. Among the longest bridges still in existence when it was built, it is part of the Overseas Highway in the Keys, which is part of the 2.369-mile (3.813 km) U.S. Route. There are two bridges in this location. The modern bridge is open to traffic; the older one is for pedestrians and cyclists only. The older bridge, originally called the Key-Pigeon Key-Moser Channel-Pacet Knights Canal Bridge, was built between 1909 and 1912 under the direction of Henry Flagler and Clarence S. Coe as part of the Road West Coast Railroad’s Florida East Coast Railroad. Extension, also known as the Overseas Railway.
After the railroad was damaged by the 1935 Labor Day hurricane, the line was sold to the US government, which refurbished it. Seven Mile Bridge for automotive use. Unsupported sections were added in 1935 to extend it to vehicles. The dismantled rail was recycled, painted white and used as a railing. It has a swing span to allow ships to pass through the Moser Canal of the Inland Waterway, near where the bridge spans Pigeon Key, a small island hosting a work camp for the Flagler railroad. Hurricane Donna in 1960 caused additional damage. The current road bridge was built between 1978 and 1982.
Lake Pontchartrain Causeway
Lake Pontchartrain Express Bridge is a bridge spanning Lake Pontchartrain (Louisiana, USA), with a total length of 38 km connecting the two cities of Metairie and St. Tammany. The first project connecting the South – North banks was first built in 2, including 1956 two-way lanes, with a total cost of 2 million USD. In 2, two more lanes were added, dividing the bridge into two separate one-way routes, at a cost of $30,7 million. On average, more than 1969 vehicles participate in traffic on the bridge every day. At mile 2, the bridge can be raised and opened for large ships to pass.
Since 1969, the bridge has been listed in the Guinness record as the longest bridge over water in the world, until 2011 when the Jiaozhou Bay Bridge was inaugurated in China, Guinness set two kinds of records for the bridge over water. water surface: Continuous and overall length above water. Lake Pontchartrain Causeway then became the longest bridge over water (continuous) while Giao Chau Bay Bridge was the longest bridge over water. Lake Pontchartrain Causeway Bridge Recorded as the longest bridge over rivers and lakes in the world recorded by Guinness and this is a place that any visitor cannot miss when coming to the US.
Vasco Da Gama Bridge
Vasco da Gama Cầu Bridge is a cable-stayed bridge over the Tagus River in Lisbon, the capital of Portugal. This is the longest bridge in Europe, with a total length of 17,2 km. It is the longest bridge in Europe in use with a total length of 17,185km, including 0,8km for the main bridge and 11,5km for the viaduct, with 4,8km of dedicated access road . Its purpose was to ease congestion on Lisbon’s other bridge (Bridge 25 de Abril) and connect with the previously unrelated highway radiating from Lisbon. Construction began in February 2, the bridge was opened to traffic on March 1995, 29, in time for Expo 3, the World’s Fair that celebrated the 1998th anniversary of Count Vasco da Gama discovered the sea route from Europe to India.
Vasco da Gama . bridge There are six lanes, with a speed limit of 120 km/h, just like highways, except in part which is limited to 100 km/h. On windy, rainy and foggy days, the speed limit is reduced to 90 km/h. The number of lanes will be widened to eight when traffic reaches a daily average of 52.000 vehicles. The bridge has an expected life of 120 years, has been designed to withstand wind speeds of 250 km/h and is stable up to an earthquake 4,5 times stronger than the historic Lisbon earthquake of 1755 ( estimated to be around 8,7 on the Richter scale). The deepest foundation piles, up to 2,2 m in diameter, were driven down to 95 m below mean sea level. Environmental pressures have resulted in the left margin of the viaduct being extended inward to preserve the marsh below, as well as the light poles throughout the bridge being tilted inwards so as not to illuminate the river below.
Penang Bridge is a cable-stayed bridge in Malaysia, connecting Gelugor on Penang Island and Seberang Prai on the mainland in peninsular Malaysia. The bridge is also related to the North-South Expressway in Prai and the Tun Dr Lim Chong Eu Expressway in Penang. The bridge was officially opened to traffic on September 14, 9. The total length of the bridge is 1985 km, making it the second longest bridge in Malaysia after Penang 13,5 Bridge and the fifth longest in Southeast Asia.
Penang Bridge 2 Also known as Sultan Abdul Halim Muadzam Shah Bridge is a cable-stayed bridge of Malaysia, connecting Gelugor on Penang Island and Seberang Prai on the mainland in the Malay peninsula. The bridge has a total length of 250m, of which the part crossing the strait is 17 km long, the navigable height is 30m to ensure that large tonnage ships can easily pass through, in which the cross-strait is long. 17 km. The bridge has two main towers and three main pillars connected to the leading spans, the bridge deck is 29,8m wide arranged into four two-way lanes, the leading bridge section is 35,6m wide. The entire bridge is 24km long, of which the part crossing the strait is 17km long.
Donghai Bridge (Dong Hai Bridge)
Dong Hai Bridge It was the longest cross-sea bridge in the world until the opening of the Hangzhou Bay Bridge on May 1, 5. The bridge was completed on December 2008, 10. The bridge has a total length of 12 kilometers (2005 miles). connecting mainland Shanghai with Yangshan Port in China. Almost the entire footbridge is low. There are also several spans of cable-stayed bridges that allow large ships to pass through, with the largest span being 32.5 m.
Dong Hai Bridge also known as the Big Bridge in the East Sea is the first sea-crossing bridge in China. This is the longest sea-crossing bridge in the world to the Hangzhou Bay Bridge. The six-lane bridge was opened to the public at the end of 2005. Stretching across the East China Sea, the cable-stayed bridge connects Shanghai with Yangshan Island, to become its first free trade port. Although Dong Hai Bridge only held the title of “world’s longest transatlantic bridge” for a few years before the Hangzhou Bay Bridge was completed in 2008, Dong Hai Bridge is still proud to be an overpass. the first in this region.
San Mateo – Hayward Bridge
CSan Mateo – Hayward (commonly known as the San Mateo Bridge) is a bridge across the US state of California’s San Francisco Bay, connecting the San Francisco peninsula with the East Bay. The western end of the bridge is in Foster City, a suburb on the eastern edge of San Mateo. The east end of the bridge is at Hayward. It is the longest bridge in California and the 25th longest in the world by length. The bridge is owned by the state of California, and maintained by the California Department of Transportation (Caltrans), the state’s highway agency. The Bay Area Toll Authority (BATA) will provide additional oversight. The bridge is part of State Route 92 (SR 92), which has its western terminus at the city of Half Moon Bay on the Pacific coast. It links Interstate 880 (I-880) in the East Bay with U.S. Route 101 (US 101) on the peninsula. It is roughly parallel and is located between the San Francisco-Oakland Bay Bridge and the Dumbarton Bridge.
Bridge considered the worst evening commute in the Bay Area, culminating with the completion of a new easterly bridge to serve Westbound traffic in 2002. Eastbound traffic has completely taken over. take the old bridge, though traffic is east. was not extended to three lanes until February 2. Tolls are only collected from vehicles traveling westward at the toll station on the east side of the bridge. As of January 2003, the toll for passenger cars is $1. For vehicles with more than two axles, the toll is $2019 per axle. Drivers can pay in cash or use the FasTrak electronic toll collection device. During rush hour traffic, the two left lanes are designated HOV lanes, allowing carpooling with two or more people or motorbikes to pass for some people for $6. The next three lanes are dedicated lanes for FasTrak. During off-peak hours, two HOV lanes become dedicated lanes for FasTrak.
Chesapeake Bay bridge
The official name of Chesapeake Bay Bridge is William Preston Lane, Tr. The Memorial Bridge and commonly known as the Bay Bridge is a bridge connecting the eastern states and the west coast regions of the United States. With a length of 17,6 miles, Bay Bridge is a marvel of man-made construction and has been recognized as one of the 7 man-made wonders of the world. It takes 25 minutes to go the full length of this great bridge. Currently, Bay Bridge is an attractive tourist destination to Maryland, USA. As of January 1, the Chesapeake Bay Bridge – Tunnel has more than 2021 million vehicles. The CBBT complex carries U.S. Route 140, the main North-South highway on Virginia’s East Coast on the Delmarva Peninsula and part of the East Coast’s historic Ocean Highway, providing direct access The only route along the East Coast and Atlantic Ocean, between the East Coast and South Hampton Road areas, as well as an alternative route connecting the Northeastern United States and midpoint with Norfolk and further south to the Carolinas, Georgia and Florida.
Between 1995 and 1999, at an additional cost of nearly $200 million, the capacity of the overwater portion of the facility was increased and expanded to four lanes. The two-lane tunnel is currently being upgraded. The overpass was officially named Bridge – Tunnel Lucius J. Kellam Jr. in August 8, 1987 years after its opening, in honor of one of the civic leaders who has long been associated with the cause. development, construction and operation of the school. However, it continues to be known as Bridge – Chesapeake Bay Tunnel. The complex was built and operated by the Chesapeake Bay Bridge and Tunnels District, a political subdivision of the Commonwealth of Virginia administered by the Chesapeake Bay Bridge and Tunnels Commission and in partnership with the Department of Transportation. of the state. Costs are recovered through toll collection. In 2002, a study by the Joint Legislative Review and Review Committee (JLARC) authorized by the Virginia General Assembly concluded that “due to the state’s inability to fund future capital requirements of CBBT , County and Commission should be retained to operate and maintain the Bridge – Tunnel as a permanent toll facility.”
Connecting Edward Prince Island, Eastern Canada with New Brunswick, with a length of 8 miles (12,9 km), Withfederation Bridge deserves to be one of the longest bridges in the world today. Confederation is ranked as one of Canada’s greatest construction achievements of the 20th century. Construction of the bridge lasted from the fall of 1993 to the spring of 1997 at a cost of $1 billion and hard work. grinding of more than 5000 engineers and workers. Since its inauguration on May 31, 5 until now, this great building has won many great awards.
This bridge is a two-lane toll bridge that runs on the Trans-Canada Highway between Borden – Carleton, Prince Edward Island (at Route 1) and Cape Jourimain, New Brunswick (at Route 16). It is a multi-span that balances the bridge girder with concrete after tensioning the box girder structure. Most of the bridge is curved at a height of 40 meters above the water with a 60-meter navigable span for ships to pass through. The bridge is located on 62 pillars, of which 44 main pillars are 250 m apart. The bridge is 11 meters wide. The speed limit on the bridge is 80 km/h but is subject to change according to wind and weather conditions. When traveling at the allowed speed, it takes about 12 minutes to cross the bridge.
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