St. Bernard (Swiss Rescue Dog)
St. Bernard whose full name is Saint Bernard, is a giant dog breed born in the Western Alps, where the three countries of Italy, Switzerland and France meet. St. The Bernard is a cross between a native Swiss breed and a mastiff when the Romans invaded the Alps in the 1000nd century AD. Initially, St. Bernard is raised mainly for rescue purposes, especially rescue in high mountain and icy terrain. St. Bernard is especially famous for the image of a giant rescue dog with a bottle of brandy on his neck (used to resuscitate and warm the victim’s body) in the cold, snow-covered mountains. Saint Bernard is a fairly ancient dog breed about XNUMX years ago, they originated in the Alps region connecting Italy and Switzerland, this is the result of mating between the Tibetan mastiff, the native dogs. of Switzerland with the Great Dane and the Pyrenees mountain dog. Saint Bernard dogs are used to guard military bases, help track down missing and injured people. When the border war ended, this dog began to be raised on farms to carry goods, guard warehouses, herd sheep and cattle, they were also raised by monks in monasteries to protect and save accidents in avalanches.
Like Saint Bernard dog became famous in the world in the mid-17th century when he participated in the rescue in an avalanche near Hospice and saved more than 2000 lives in this disaster. Giant dogs often wear around their necks a bottle of brandy used to resuscitate and fight the cold for victims buried in snow. They have a sense of smell that makes it easy for them to find missing people even if they are buried in the snow, they also have the ability to warn of storms and avalanches. Today, the St. Bernard is still used mainly for rescue purposes in the high, cold, snowy areas, but besides that, they are also used to look after the farm and follow the monks to the orphanages. With an intelligent, brave, friendly, sociable and especially loving personality, the St. Bernard was raised by families in America to let them play with their children. On this point, St. Bernard is very similar to the crossbreed from them, which is the Newfoundland. With its enormous size, St. Bernard average weight from 60 – 110 kg, is one of the largest dog breeds in the world.
Great Dane (German Mastiff)
Great Dane dog breed began to be raised in popularity in the late 1600s in Germany for the purpose of protection and house keeping. Until the late 1800s, the breed continued to be crossed with many different breeds to create the giant Great Dane that it is today. The Great Dane is considered the most ancient breed of dog. Based on a lot of evidence left, scientists have shown that the time of the appearance of this dog is from 5000 – 7000 years BC. To date, humans have not found the ancestral origin of this breed. Only know that in the 19th century Great Dane was bred by the Germans from the Danish Mastiff. Later, the Great Dane was brought to Europe by the Assyrians through conquests. It is said that the English Mastiff and Greyhound are the ancestors of the Great Dane.
Great Dane is a mastiff breed in Germany, considered the tallest dog in the world with the Guinness record recorded by a Great Dane dog named Zeus with a height of up to 110 cm. Great Dane is a gentle dog, so it is very popular with families as a pet. Historically, the Great Dane is considered a descendant of an ancient Greek hound, which nomad Germany with merchants in Roman times and after giving birth to the native breed gave birth to the breed. this. Although not really big and fat, but with his height, the Great Dane has an average weight of about 59 – 90 kg, ranked in the list of the largest dog breeds in the world. Although their maximum weight is nearly 100kg, their body is very neat, toned and very muscular. The body and height of the Great Dane are very proportionate, but their head is a bit small compared to the body.
Giant Alaskan Malamute (Giant Alaskan Dog)
Alaska Giant Dog which is already extremely large in size, in the “giant” category compared to dogs. On average they can be up to 80cm tall and weigh over 50kg. In some healthy dogs, their maximum height can reach a maximum of 1m and weigh up to 80kg. Alaska Giant has a wide chest and 4 big legs with toned muscles, convenient for moving in harsh weather like snow and rain. However, due to the different breeding conditions in each region, when developing Alaskan dog breeds, there will be many different sizes. While Alaska Giant dogs bred in cold countries like Europe – America can grow up to 1m tall, similar dogs in the tropics will often be much smaller in size. At the same time, the fur of Alaskan dogs in the tropics will not be as ruffled as dogs of the same type raised in the tropics.
Giant Alaskan Malamute is a special breed of dog in the Alaskan Malamute breed, also known as Mally. Mally has ancient origins from the Siberian Husky, when the Husky dogs followed the Russians who immigrated to Alaska, mating with the Eskimo wolf there. Later, when Alaska belonged to the US, Mally was also recognized as an American breed. In Alaska, the Mally dog breed is often used to pull sleds, they have a calm, intelligent, gentle personality and especially get along very well with other pets and never attack cats. Mally, basically looks very similar to Husky, but if you pay attention, you can still see many differences, for example, Mally often looks bigger, has a “cooler” face, is less mischievous than Husky. Mally divides into smaller lines, according to their size, that is small, medium and large, especially giant.
Leonberger (German Lion Dog)
Leonberger dog is a large dog breed. The breed’s name is believed to have originated from the city of Leonberg in Baden-Württemberg, Germany. According to legend, the Leonberger appeared to be an “iconic breed”, able to pretend to be a lion in the town’s mountain crest. It’s on the Dog Team that works on dog shows like Crufts, but not at the World Dog Show. A wide range of coat colors are accepted, including all combinations of lion gold, red, russet and sand colors. The skin of their noses, paw pads, and lips are usually black. Colors considered “faulty” include brown with brown, black and tan nose skin, black, white or silver, and eyes without brown. A small patch of white hair on the chest or toes is allowed. The first and most important characteristic of the Leonberge breed is that it is a family dog, the temperament of this breed is one of the most important and distinguishing features between it and other dogs. other dog breeds. Interacted and trained, Leonberger is confident, insensitive to noise, submissive to family members, friendly with children, appears calm to passers-by and self-disciplined when prompted family or property claims. Strong, loyal, intelligent, playful and pleasing to the owner.
Leonberger is a large dog breed in Germany, also known as “German lion dog”. This is a breed born in the mountains, known as the strongest of the German dog breeds. The Leonberger originated as a cross between Newfoundland, St. Bernard and Great Pyrenees, created in the 18th century by breeder Heinrich Essing to create a dog that closely resembles a lion. The Leonberger dog breed became a pet dog symbol of European aristocrats, used by many Royal figures such as King Napoleon II of France, Queen Elizabeth of Austria, Emperor Umberto of Italy… Leonberger was known as the Leonberger. “lion dogs” because they have a body similar to a lion, with a large body, toned and strong muscles. Besides his brave personality, Leonberger is also very friendly and affectionate, intelligent and loyal. With an average weight of 59 – 79 kg, the Leonberger is one of the largest dog breeds in the world.
English Mastiff (English Mastiff)
English Mastiff, often referred to as Mastiff, is a famous mastiff breed and is the origin of many large dog breeds on the list that we have met above. In English, there are many breeds of dogs from other countries that have the country name with the Mastiff, but if it’s just Mastiff, it’s the same breed. English Mastiff his. There are many theories about the ancestry of this breed, but the most popular one is that of an extinct breed of Molosser, which originated in the Middle East and Tibet region. When Marco Polo arrived in Tibet, he described a dog as large as a donkey, barking like a lion. Therefore, it is very possible that this extinct Molosser breed is the ancestor of the breed English Mastiff and the Tibetan Mastiff mentioned above.
These Molosser dog This one came to Europe in Roman times, was brought by Roman generals to battle, used as a gladiator or used in dogfights, or dog fights with lions, tigers, bears… Other than Great Danes are heavy because they are tall and bony, English Mastiffs are heavy because they are big and muscular. They are big fat dogs, saggy face, always dripping water but in fact are very smart and agile. In the US and UK, English Mastiff is often used by police and military forces. Along with the German Berger, the English Mastiff is one of the two most elite dog breeds, favored by police and military forces. With an average weight of up to about 68 – 113 kg, definitely English Mastiff is the largest of the giant dog breeds in the world.
Newfoundland (Newfoundland Mixed Dog)
Newfoundland dog is a breed of dog native to Canada in the Northern Hemisphere and used as a rescue dog. In addition to the place-name Newfoundland, this breed has another name, New-fun-land. This is a dog breed that has the result of crossbreeding a native wolf breed with a giant mastiff, they are quite gentle and exemplary dogs. This is a dog that many families with young children love, as well as the Saint Bernard dog, so it is also nicknamed the Water Saint Bernard because they love to play with water. There are two types of dogs originally from many parts of Europe that were bought by sailors in Newfoundland. The small species became the ancestor of the Labrador Retriever, while the larger species Greater St. John evolved into what is now known as the Newfoundland dog. Today, it is discovered that later imported American dogs have the same blood type as the species Newfoundland. This is one of the largest dog breeds and was originally used as North Sea rescue dogs. With a two-layer ruffled coat, this breed is well-suited to and adapted to the cold in the northern area, however, it also requires very careful care with their coat.
This is a large, healthy, long-haired dogy. The male dog is 69 – 74 cm tall and weighs 56 – 68 kg. The female dog is 63 – 69 cm tall, weighing 45 – 54 kg. Their muscles are toned, strong and capable of enduring work. They have big fluffy, fluffy fur that makes it look much bigger than the real body. In terms of color, they are brown, black, yellow, white – black, gray and often have a white cavity on the chest, feet, and tip of the tail. With a double-layered ruffled coat, this breed is well-suited to and adapted to the cold of the northern region, but requires very careful care with their coat. They also take care to provide adequate nutrition during the growing period which is an important factor, in addition, there should be reasonable and adequate exercise along with the necessary exercises before the end of the growth period. develop. Newfoundland dog breed very agile, easy to tame and like to live in large houses. They are good at swimming and house keeping. Just seeing its form makes people shy, but if provoked, they are ready to show ferocity to defend their loved ones. This breed has very sensitive senses, gets along well with other family pets and even with other adult dogs. Innocent, friendly, loyal, loving and very docile and rarely attacks strange dogs.
Black Russian Terrier (Black Russian Terrier)
Black Russian Terrier are medium-sized terriers from Russia in the former Soviet Union. This dog is strong and healthy with a good nervous system. Big, strong, steady and alert. In May 5 this species was recognized. This species is bred for house keeping. Black Russian Terriers are larger than medium-sized dogs. Males are 1984 – 64 cm tall, females are 74 – 64 cm tall. The difference is about 72 cm. More if the male grows well. Weighs about 3-36 kg. Males are larger and more massive than females. The length of the body is proportional to the height creating a square appearance. The shoulders protrude beyond the back and the throat slant gradually down to the tail. There should be no swinging or excessively large neck bibs. The paws of a bear are very broad with thick, black, hard cushions and large black claws. Balanced body, when lying down forms a rectangle. Lower back slowly down to the buttocks. Strong straight front legs. Shoulders are broad, firm and well developed with a broad and deep skeleton. Elbows should not be turned inward or outward. The four legs are covered with coarse hairs 65 to 2 inches (4 – 5 cm) long. The feet are very wide, completely covered with fur and with large black fleshy pads. Posterior body strong and muscular. Four straight legs.
Species Black Russian Terrier This rare is strong and healthy with a good nervous system. Big, strong, steady and alert. The square head should be well-structured with a wide and long skull. The mustache adds to the squareness of the muzzle. The face is a bit broken but not obvious. The nose is wide, and jet-black. The lips are thick, round and black at the edges and the jaws are wide and strong. The mouth is thick with meat and if it wasn’t, it would be an error. The two teeth are as tight as the blades of scissors. The black eyes are medium sized and far apart. The rim of the eye should be black and almond-shaped. The ears are triangular and rattle. Sticky ears are not accepted. The length of the ear should be close to the outer corner of the eyelid. The ears are positioned quite high. The neck should be thick, firm and strong. Black Russian Terrier has a harmonious appearance, strong and strong. It walks lightly on the feet. The tail is short and tall. Black waterproof coat. The white or brown patches are unresponsive. The appearance of individuals with gray fur is highly anticipated. The coat can be dense or slightly sparse. The hair structure is somewhat coarse depending on how dense or sparse it is.
Dogue de Bordeaux (French Mastiff)
French Mastiff Also known as the Dogue de Bordeaux is a mastiff breed originating from France, this is a dog breed that was once nearly extinct in the early 20th century due to hunting them. After a period of efforts by the government and people to breed, the French mastiff was restored. This is a fairly expensive dog breed for dog lovers. They are also a high-priced breed, in the US, there was once a French Mastiff that cost about $ 5.000 and people often paid $ 3.000 for small dogs. They have a pretty impressive appearance. Body short and stocky. They are 23 – 30 inches (58 – 75 cm) tall and weigh between 120 – 145 pounds (54 – 65 kg). Their heads are oversized, wide, heavy and full of wrinkles, the size of the head is the basis for classifying this breed. First-class male dogs have a large head circumference of about 68 – 75 cm. Their jaws are short and powerful. They must have a black or red nose, rim and eyelids, distinct from the surrounding feathers. Nose upturned, wide nostrils. The snout should be at least about 1/3 of the head volume. The upper lip is thick and drooping, obscuring the lower jaw.
French Mastiff soft neck skin forming prominent wrinkles. Drooping ears. The front legs are straight, big bones. The fat tail is straight and tapered to the tip and should not be longer than the hind legs. The short, soft coat is fawn to mahogany with black or red patches. White patches are only allowed on the chest or feet. They have a lifespan of about 10 – 12 years. Or wheezing and dripping water. This is also a difficult breed to raise and breed and has a very small number of puppies in a litter. Because puppies have very large heads, it can sometimes be difficult to give birth and have to have a caesarean section for some cases. Mother dogs have large breasts, so when nursing, they often lie on their stomach and they can press on the puppies. The mother dog when nursing is very aggressive. They are of the moderate shedding type. The French Mastiff is a kind and calm dog. They are very loyal, patient and love their owners. They have a courageous character and are ready to confront strangers, they are one of the best guard dog breeds. Can be very aggressive towards other breeds. There is always rivalry between males of the same breed. Despite its intimidating appearance, the French Mastiff is always gentle with children and family members. You can live in an apartment if you can play comfortably. Relatively inactive indoors and love to play outside, they are in great need of activity and exercise.
Turkish Shepherd Dog – Kangal Dog
Kangal dog is a breed of dog that originated as a hunting dog from the time of King Ashurbanipal of Assyrian. They are also known as Sivas Kangal Dog, Anatoli Shepherd Dog (Anatolian Shepherd Dog). In Turkish they are called Karabash, which means black head. They are considered a national asset in Turkey. In their native Sivas district, they are mainly used in livestock protection and are sold at a high price. The current Kangal lineage in Turkey originated as hunting dogs from the time of Assyrian King Ashurbanipal. The Herodotus described them as large, strong dogs a bit like the Indian hounds bred by the Babylonians. Although they are of Middle Eastern origin, it has been suggested that they were introduced to the Middle East from Central Asia by dog lines considered to be relatives of the Kangal that appeared in Syria and Iraq. The Kangal is thought to have been bred by the Oghuz Turks who had fled from the invasions of Genghis Khan. They were brought from Central Asia to the Anatolian plateau in the 11th century. During this time there appeared a very similar dog breed to the present Kangal. The first pair of dogs to appear in Britain in 1967 were the Gazi of Bakirtolloköyü and the Sabahat of Hayirogluköyü. In the US also began to import this breed from the 1980s of the 20th century.
Kangal dog is a large, strong dog with a very strong skeleton. Males are 30-32 inches (77 – 86 cm) tall and females are 28 – 30 inches (72 – 77 cm) tall. Males weigh between 110 – 145 pounds (50 – 66 kg) and females 90 – 120 pounds (41 – 54 kg). Due to their large size and appearance, they are effectively used to protect livestock against predators such as wolves, bears or other jackals. Kangal’s body structure has some outstanding features such as their long body length relative to their height. Their front legs are 1/2 their height. Kangal dogs are used to guard livestock in Turkey. They are very calm, easy to control, independent and highly protective. They tend not to like being around strangers but are very close to the host family, friendly with other members, especially children. They are not shy or overly aggressive. A trained Kangal will be very sensitive and quick to alert to immediate danger, ready to attack if necessary. They are very effective guardians for both livestock and as a family, but with their independent personalities and large bodies, they are not suitable for owners who are inexperienced or physically fit to control them.
Tibetan Mastiff (Tibetan Mastiff)
Tibetan Mastiff also known as Tibetan Mastiff, is a breed of Mastiff raised and trained by Tibetans to guard livestock and protect the lives of the indigenous peoples of the Himalayas from wild animals such as wolves, tigers, bears, and to keep watch. monasteries in Tibet. They are loyal, stubborn, especially obedient to only one owner. The Tibetan Mastiff is said to be the Lord of the Steppe and has been described as Bigger than a wolf, stronger than a leopard, and faster than a deer. It is possible that the Tibetan Mastiff was the ancestor of several breeds of today’s mastiffs. The Tibetan Mastiff is quite massive in size. At least 70 cm tall for male dogs. Weighs about 64 – 90 kg. Coat: With a 2-layer coat, the outer coat is soft and long while the inner coat is cotton like wool. It can adapt to any harshest weather. The Tibetan Mastiff has a distinctive neck hair that looks like a lion’s mane. Color: black, black – brown, black – yellow, gray or yellow. Tail: always rolled high on the back. Head: flat, no wrinkles. Balanced and majestic figure. Attack stubborn, loyal, especially only listen to the owner, only absolutely loyal to a single owner. The Tibetan Mastiff also matures very slowly. Females take 1 to 3 years to start the reproductive cycle, and males also take 4 to 3 years to develop sex and be able to mate.
Scientists believe that this is the most intelligent hunting dog breed today, once considered extinct by modern zoology. This breed of dog existed 5000 years ago and is considered the oldest breed of dog in the world today. Dogs Tibetan Mastiff This was discovered by chance by two Italian explorers while visiting the village of Jhangihe in Tibet in the 1820th century. In fact, this breed has been domesticated since ancient times, but it was only in the 1th century that they became famous. Explorers often brought the Tibetan Mastiff home as a precious gift to the Royal Family. English mighty and ferocious. In particular, this is the only dog breed in the world that is only loyal to its owner, except for the owner, no one will command or touch them. The Tibetan Mastiff is a breed favored by Chinese millionaires.