The article analyzes the humanitarian value in the work “A Phu couple” number 3
Humanism in literary works is very rich and diverse: It is an expression of patriotism and patriotism, condemning and denouncing brutal forces trampling on people. At the same time, the affirmation emphasizes qualities, talents, main aspirations such as the aspiration for the right to life, the right to happiness, justice and righteousness, and upholds good morality between people.
The work “A Phu couple” by To Hoai, composed in 1952, refers to the fate of two characters, Me and A Phu, through condemning and denouncing the brutality of the ruling class in the mountains; and at the same time defend and sympathize deeply with their unhappiness and suffering. Besides, To Hoai also respects the aspirations to live and agrees with the spirit of resistance to open a new path. That is the great humanitarian value of the work.
From ancient times, humane thought is the soul, a measure of the value of literary works. That valuable thought is expressed by the writer through the central character of the work. I always thought that the character is the soul of the work so that the writer can express the author’s thoughts, feelings and attitude towards life.
Right from the beginning of the work, To Hoai showed the reader two opposing scenes: I was sitting spinning next to a rock, a horse-drawn train, with my face always down and sad. On one side is the scene where the governor is busy with people coming in and out with the most wives, money, and drugs in the village.
The sentence is told as casually as exposing the nature of the henchman of the empire, while bullying his own people. Thereby, revealing to the reader why I was present in the richest mandarin house in the village, but I still had to work hard, was treated like a slave, not even equal to the life of a buffalo or a horse. Because I still have to pay the traditional debt left by my parents to the governor.
Building the character of A Phu, To Hoai deepened the picture of real life. From an orphan, innocent, A Phu wandered to earn a living, grew up and became a slave of the governor for the crime of fighting against the mandarin – the son of heaven. It’s ridiculous that the person sitting on the judge’s seat deciding the right and wrong is a bandit.
Isn’t the loan-paying argument for My and A Phu’s family the argument of an autocratic ruler who oppresses, robs innocent people of their labor power, and steals the human rights of innocent people? Talking about the sufferings of Me and A Phu and the cruel and inhuman acts of the father and son of the governor, Pa Tra, the writer used the name of human rights and condemned and denounced their crimes against the innocent people. sin.
When talking about the miserable and dark lives of Me and A Phu, hidden deep in To Hoai’s pen is a deep defense and sympathy. Sad to describe my life when I was with my parents. At that time, she was still a beautiful, gentle, gentle girl with a pure soul and many desires for happiness. I also have a talent for playing the flute and leaf trumpet, so many guys are passionate about it. But suddenly, I became the daughter-in-law to get rid of the debt, in fact a slave.
As for A Phu, only 10 years old, the villagers sold them to the lowlands to get rice to eat. A Phu was kneeled, beaten and cursed for a day and a night, but still had to be dumb as rice, had to kill pigs with knives to serve his tormentors, had to stake stakes to tie himself in, helpless to do anything. when death is near…
Writing about suffering and unhappiness, the writer’s pen seems to have tears, he has sown in the hearts of readers a deep sympathy for human fate. The humanitarian value of the work, most profoundly, is the respect for the aspiration for freedom, happiness and good qualities of poor farmers.
To Hoai’s pen step by step explores deeply into the intimate region of the characters’ inner world, he understands their thoughts, feelings and aspirations. Not only respecting the freedom aspirations of Me and A Phu but also agreeing with their spirit of resistance and struggle; and show them the way to liberation.
The writer described the inner process and actions of the characters naturally and vividly. That is also the inevitable natural law of life. With the short story “The couple A Phu”, To Hoai had to go, see, listen, think, dig by human nature into the depths of history. That is the heart of a great writer who always sided with the poor to live and write.
The article analyzes the humanitarian value in the work “A Phu couple” number 5
To Hoai is a great writer, with a record number of works in modern Vietnamese literature, his compositions tend to express the truth of everyday life with a simple, close, colloquial writing style. The short story “A Phu couple” printed in the collection “Tales of the Northwest” is a typical work that, after more than half a century, still retains its attraction to many generations of readers. Such success is due to the fact that short stories not only have deep realism values but also clearly show their noble humanitarian values.
Humanitarian value is a term, indicating a value of a literary work. A work with humanitarian value is a work that deeply expresses human values, love, empathy, praises human qualities and protects human rights. That value is expressed in many aspects such as themes, situations, details in the work.
For the work “A Phu couple”, the humanitarian value is expressed right from the subject and theme of the work. Right under the title “The A Phu couple”, the author has expressed the core and main idea of the story. Reading the title, we can immediately imagine the life of a Meo couple in the mountains before the August revolution, being exploited under the yoke of feudalism and colonialism while praising the change in their lives. them when the revolution came.
The work also deeply shows the author’s sympathy and love for people. To Hoai sympathizes with the fate of women through the character of Me. In the work, Mi is the most beautiful girl in the region, pursued by many boys, working hard, full of vitality and aspiration for freedom.
She was also a filial daughter when she accepted to marry the governor Pa Tra to pay her father’s debt and also because of her filial piety, even though she was so frustrated that she ran away and tried to kill herself, when she saw her father The old lady couldn’t afford to pay her debts, so she couldn’t bear to leave. Her life in the name of being a daughter-in-law but actually being a resident of that rich family kept repeating boringly and painfully.
Every day she did the same chores as washing jute, jute cart, going to the fields to break corn, pick firewood, pop corn, etc. And as the years passed, that miserable life killed a girl’s life. young “stayed in misery for a long time, I’m used to suffering. Now, I also think that I am a buffalo, I am a horse, a horse that has to be changed from one family’s horse to another, the horse only knows how to eat grass and work” and Me. has become “regressive like a turtle raised in a corner”.
But her status in this family is sometimes even worse than those animals, To Hoai bitterly compares “the horse and buffalo work sometimes, at night it can stand scratching its feet, chewing grass, The women and girls of this family are busy working all night and all day.” Not only Me, A Phu is also a person with an unfortunate fate.
A Phu was born in a poor family, his parents and brothers both died in an epidemic. When he was a child, he was sold and sold. When he grew up, he worked as a hired worker everywhere. Although he is a strong, talented, hardworking man who is admired by many girls, A Phu cannot get married because he has no parents, no fields, and no money.
Because of fighting with A Su in the spring party, A Phu was arrested and returned to the governor’s house, brutally beaten and fined 100 white silver coins, and since then, the freedom-loving man has become a debtor for the governor. physical. And because he had lost the governor’s cow, A Phu was tied to a post, starved, and left thirsty until he died. I thought that A Phu’s fate would come to an end, but no, A Phu was saved by Me and the two of them ran away from Hong Ngai.
The humanitarian value is also expressed when the writer discovers, appreciates and praises the beauty of the soul of the poor mountainous people. That is the beauty, quality and vitality of Mi. I am a filial son and also a girl who yearns for freedom. Despite being in a cramped situation, being exploited, being trampled on both physically and mentally, even though I thought I was just a corpse without a soul, inside Me a fire of protest was still smoldering, just waiting for the day to explode.
During the Spring Festival, for the first time in many years, she wanted to go out. It is the result of alcohol and flute sound in my heart, of my beautiful past. I realize that I’m still young and I want to buy clothes to step out into the air during the spring festival. It’s just in her thoughts and hasn’t come to fruition yet, but that one thought of Mi proves that her intense vitality has never been extinguished and it is burning in her heart.
However, when her husband, A Shi, he tied her up, the protest was stopped. But it did not go out, it was only temporarily buried by the ashes, waiting for the day when the wind blew through to burn up. And in the winter night, when she saw the tears crawling down Ah Su’s cheeks, her long thought lost emotions rushed back. She remembers the woman who died in the house before, she remembers the day before she was also tied up like this, crying many times but couldn’t wipe it away.
She loves A Phu, she loves herself to live a life of buffalo and horse. From loving people to loving herself, she suddenly realized something unfair in life “why should this person die?” and she was willing to sacrifice herself to save that innocent boy. Her love made her act so bravely to cut the ties for A Phu so that he could escape. But not only that, when her vitality arose, she ran away with A Phu in search of a better life that she deserved.
“A Phu couple” is a work denouncing the crimes of the mountain rulers. They use the form of loan sharks to control the fate of people. They take away the right to life and freedom of working people like A Phu and Me. They treat people like a buffalo or a horse, they exploit their labor force and force the people under them to work all year round, all month long, without a single day of rest. Not only physically and materially, they also rob people of their right to happiness by robbing their wives, separating Me and my lover, and separating other people’s families.
At the same time, the work also praises the process of struggle, self-liberation, and revolutionary enlightenment of poor working people in the Northwest mountains. Me and A Phu fought for freedom and happiness when I cut the ropes, rescued A Phu and at the same time freed myself, the two of them ran away together, accepting that if they were caught, both of them two will have to die.
Because after fleeing from Hong Ngai and coming to Phien Sa, Me and A Phu were enlightened to the revolution, participating in guerrillas to protect the village and protect the homeland. The process of A Phu couple going from darkness to light, from slavery to life as a free person, is also the writer who opened a way to liberation for human fate. This is a new point of humanitarian value in literary works after the August revolution compared to previous realist literature.
By describing the fate of the two characters Me and A Phu, writer To Hoai revived before the reader’s eyes the entire dark and miserable life of the mountainous people under the brutal yoke of the mandarins. feudal lord. The process of revolutionary enlightenment of the A Phu couple represents the way to the Party and the revolution of ethnic minorities in mountainous areas.
Through the literary images in the work, the author indirectly asserts that only revolution can liberate people from the yoke of unjust oppression, helping people reach a free and happy life. That is the great realism and humanitarian value of the work. This value helps the story stand the test of time and remain loved by generations of readers.
The article analyzes the humanitarian value in the work “A Phu couple” number 2
“A Phu couple” is one of the greatest successes of writer To Hoai – is a short story drawn from the collection “Tay Tay Bac” written in 1953. “A Phu couple” is a work that speaks for children. people, praising and protecting people and is a work of profound humanitarian value.
The story is about the life of Me and A Phu in the high mountains of the Northwest before and after coming to the revolution, and deeply sympathizes with the miserable, unhappy and humiliating fate of losing the right to life of the working people. mountainous areas under the yoke of land lords and colonists and thereby praising their revolutionary spirit.
Reading the short story makes me really feel sorry for Me, a beautiful, beautiful Cat girl: industrious, brave, filial, rich in love of life… just because of a poor family, I have to work as a cheating daughter-in-law. debt at the house of governor Pa Tra. Life here has turned an innocent girl, full of vitality and rich in dreams, into an austere person, living as a “turtle raised in a corner”, even Sometimes I even feel that I am not equal to an animal: “Now I think I am also a buffalo, I am also a horse, a horse that has to be changed from one house to another, horses only know. only eating grass, knowing how to go to work… the buffalo and the horse do it sometimes, at night it can stand scratching its feet, chewing grass, the women and girls in this house bury their heads in work all day. night”…
….When A Su went out on New Year’s Day, I was still tied up in a dark room. However, when I was untied by my sister-in-law, I had to go pick tobacco leaves for my husband, if I fell asleep, I would be kicked in the head by A Su. I was nominally the daughter-in-law of a mandarin, but in reality, I was just a slave working for free. I was not only exploited by the father and son of A Su in terms of labor, but also by them destroying her spiritual life, forbidding and extinguishing all the young girl’s thoughts and aspirations, even very small. I cried every night for months.
There was a time when she wanted to die, but because she loved her father, taking care of her old and weak father, she could not take care of a large debt, so she could not die, had to return to a life of slavery to pay her father’s debt. Imprisoned in that hell, I’m dying with years, I’m almost paralyzed with vitality. I am no longer conscious of space, time and social relationships, neither present nor future.
Staying in misery for a long time, I’m used to suffering. My life is only captured through a small window with a “fuzzy” hand, “the white moon doesn’t know if it’s dew or sunshine”. I have almost lost all sense of self and wish to change fate, I don’t even have thoughts of death.
Next to the character Me is the character A Phu. A Phu was originally a young man full of vitality, health, bravery, good worker, enthusiastic about his work, but because of a fight with A Su – the son of Pa Tra governor. A Phu became a servant for the governor. Just like me, the days of living at the house of governor A Phu suffered a lot of humiliation both physically and mentally. Then in hardship, these two people met each other in deep sympathy, in the love of people and the same situation.
The humanitarian value is also expressed in the fact that the writer exposes the tyrannical and unfair acts and deeds of the father and son of the ruler. You can see that just by looking at A Su’s treatment with Me. After being beaten with a bloody head by A Phu, being able to give A Su medicine was not only unappreciated, but on the contrary, when I was too tired, A Su brutally kicked Me in the face with his foot…
On the other hand, humanitarian values are also expressed in sympathy and understanding of the emotional thoughts and moods of miserable people. Then the author discovers the latent vitality in them and their good qualities. The sound of the flute and the flute calls for a lover to recover. For Me, the flute is a signal of love, happiness, freedom and she longs to burn: “In the past, I was good at playing the stars… I curled the leaf on my lips, blowing the leaves was as good as playing the flute.
There are so many people who love …” I relive beautiful and sweet memories with the sound of the flute, I return to the joy of living in the present. I want to go out. My appetite for life is strong. Forgetting the physical pain, I “walked away”. The tears rolling down my cheeks aroused deep sympathy in my soul when I saw A Phu tied up. The more I love you, the more I can’t be indifferent and silent anymore.
Love has overcome fear and is higher than death. I went to the action of cutting the ropes for A Phu. This is a spontaneous process, but it is the inevitable development result of a process of constant vitality in Me. It was the good spiritual qualities that helped Me and A Phu have enough vitality and energy to rise up, run away from Hong Ngai, and find freedom for themselves. Me and A Phu ran to Phieng Xa and revolutionary enlightenment. From the darkness, suffering the Party has guided them the way, helping them find a new path: the way of the Revolution.
In short, “A phu couple” has a profound humanitarian ideological meaning. It was created by deep sympathy with human pain, the cherishing of the beauty of the soul, but above all the direction towards liberation for people, represented by the fate of Me and A Phu.
The article analyzes the humanitarian value in the work “A Phu couple” number 7
To Hoai is a writer specializing in writing short stories with abundant pen. Not only is he famous for his works written for children, but his works are also imbued with the culture, lifestyle, and feelings of ethnic minorities in the northern mountainous region. The sub-title is the work: “A Phu’s husband and wife”. In the work, readers clearly see the profound humanitarian value.
First, the work denounced the crimes of the ruling class and exposed the reality of Vietnamese mountainous society before the August Revolution. In the story, the ruling class in Hong Ngai is the governor of Pa Tra. The ruler’s family took advantage of power and theocracy to oppress poor working people, including Me and A Phu.
Analyzing the humanitarian value in the work “A Phu couple” Ms. Mi herself was nervous on the first date night, her heart was filled with happiness, then she fell to the bottom of unhappiness and became a debtor’s daughter-in-law. of the magistrate. They also take advantage of the custom of “offering ghosts” to complete the transformation of a beautiful, flute-playing, filial, hardworking, self-respecting, and especially freedom-loving, longing for love into a woman. slave. Through this, the author indirectly denounces the power of the powerful and the theocracy that is weighing heavily on the lives of the mountainous people.
Not only Me, A Phu is also a guy who fell into an equally unfortunate situation. The character A Phu fell into an unfortunate situation through the unreasonable lawsuit of the family of the ruler Pa Tra. From this trial, A Phu went from a free boy who loved life to become a slave for life for the governor. The reason is also because A Fu dared to fight A Su. Verdict in this trial: A Phu was initially charged with death and then released. With the governor of Pa Tra, A Phu lived to work to pay the debt (paying a fine of 100 white silver coins).
The freedom-loving boy was turned into an eternal debtor. Although the events are different, the ways of being bound and tortured physically and mentally by two unrelated characters, Me and A Phu, are the same. That is how the rulers and rulers in the localities plagued the people before being liberated by the Revolution. A Fu was forced to do dangerous and hard work, and became a slave without pay due to a debt he did not know when to pay it off.
A Phu also did not dare to think of escaping due to the terrible power of the governor Pa Tra. Despite working hard and suffering, it only takes one mistake to make A Phu suffer. Disaster struck A Phu when he accidentally let a tiger eat a cow. A Phu was tied to a stake. Human life is less than an animal’s life.
The governor lost a cow, but A Phu had to pay with his life. It was a barbaric, dehumanizing act of the rulers, disregarding the lives of true workers. But it is also from the denunciation and exposure of the social reality that the author has expressed, showing sympathy for the unfortunate fates.
Not only that, the humanitarian value of the work is also reflected in the author’s affirmation and praise of the good qualities of the workers. I was originally a beautiful ethnic girl and full of life. But the circuTaxances pushed her to become the daughter-in-law of the governor of Pa Tra.
I myself am a beautiful girl, talented in playing the flute, filial, hardworking, self-respecting and especially love freedom, yearning for love. Having lived for a long time in the governor’s house, I was paralyzed in emotion and concept of time, but on the night of spring love, the intense latent vitality of the freedom-loving girl reawakened. Moreover, in the winter night, I cut the rope to untie A Phu, despite the danger of life just because she saw A Phu’s tears of despair and pain.
A Phu was introduced as an orphan, alone, was sold to Dong Thap, escaped back to the high fields and then wandered to Hong Ngai. From a young age, A Phu was stubborn and brave. The boy who works well, is not afraid of hard and dangerous jobs, is the dream of many girls. However, A Phu still went out on New Year’s Day, dreaming of finding a couple. Shows this is a guy who yearns for happiness and love.
A Phu is like a child, like a bird in the Northwest mountains. The young man was not afraid of danger and fought with A Su. The image of a strong and brave young man has taught the overbearing mandarins a lesson that makes readers admire and appreciate. Both characters A Phu and Me are poor laborers but yearning for love and happiness. That is what made them run away together from Hong Ngai, from the oppression and exploitation of the governor’s family.
Through the work, readers can see the profound humanitarian value expressed in the work “A Phu couple” by To Hoai, and understand more and more clearly the author’s deep sympathy with the fate of the laborers. The poor are forced to live a life of oppression under the yoke of domination.
The article analyzes the humanitarian value in the work “A Phu couple” number 4
The writing career of writer To Hoai has been almost 80 years of writing so far. He left behind a massive literary career including more than 1 books, thousands of articles with many rich and diverse genres. Every person who loves To Hoai literature from his subconscious mind, referring to To Hoai before the August Revolution, we cannot help but mention the work “Cricket adventure diary”. After the Revolution, he re-emerged with the collection of “Tales of the Northwest” with three typical stories: “A Phu couple”, “Save the land to save Muong” and “Liberated Muong”.
In it, “A Phu couple” is the soul of the whole story. In recent years, people have been talking about him again with the work “Sand and dust on whose feet” and the novel “Three other people”. Up to now, “A Phu couple” is still a challenging milestone for writer To Hoai himself. The work was awarded the art prize in 1954-1955 and was included in the curriculum as one of To Hoai’s masterpieces.
The soul of the work is the character Me – the symbol of the peasantry after the August Revolution, built by To Hoai, extremely realistic and vivid. The whole portrait was painted by To Hoai with the benevolent pen of a humanitarian writer from the core. Russian writer Chekhov once said: “A true artist must be a humanitarian at the core.” To Hoai is such a writer.
The first thing we need to understand is the concept of “humanity”. In Sino-Vietnamese, “people” means people and “dao” means morality. Thus, in a nutshell, humanity is the morality of being a human being. Deeper, the humanitarian love here is the human love of a writer. For a genuine literary t/p, the humanitarian value is the human heart value of t/p. As Nam Cao puts it, it must be something “both painful and exhilarating.
It praises love, charity, justice, it brings people closer to people.” According to Thach Lam in “The first cold wind of the season”, literature must be a noble and effective weapon; it purifies people’s hearts, changes a cruel and fake world. In order to have such works, writers must stand in hardship and open their hearts to receive the echoes of life or say as To Huu: Poets must be bees sucking pistil from the flowers of life. . Without the diligence of the bee, the pistil cannot become sweet nectar.
This is clearly shown in “A Phu and her husband” by writer To Hoai, a work filled with humane and humanitarian love. A Phu couple is considered as a strong indictment to condemn and denounce the crimes of the ruler’s family, of the Tibetan society created in the mountains, which corresponds to the feudal society in Vietnam. Plains. It was an extremely suffocating society where farmers had to live as buffaloes and horses, slaves until they lost their human rights.
That society is a pre-authoritarian and theocratic society. Just because of 10 white silver coins, each year they have to pay interest on 1 field of corn. This is a traditional debt because in the past, my parents did not have any money, so they had to borrow from the governor of Pa Tra – Mr. A Su. To this day, my mother is dead, my father is old, but the debt has not been paid off. It was those 10 white silver coins that caused Me to be kidnapped and brought back to the governor’s house to live a life of buffalo, horse, and slave.
The nature of a society where human rights are not respected is also revealed through the fate of the character A Phu. Just because of fighting the spring festival disruptor, A Phu was arrested and tried. The trial of A Fu opened at a time when no one else went to trial. The judges sat fainting in the smoke of opium; smoked, beat, and cursed A Phu. In the end, A Phu had to become a slave in the house of ruler Pa Tra. Later, just because the tiger took a cow, A Phu was tied to a house pillar and starved in the middle of the frosty highland nights.
Besides, we also see the image of a sister-in-law with a bent back because she wears a heavy watch even though her age is not much older than Me… All of those people are the embodiment of the farmer in the lowland. Northwest high, people are being exploited daily and hourly to the extreme.
In this hell on earth, people often think about death. It also makes people’s hearts callous and callous. We can clearly see this through the details every night, when I wake up to blow fire to my hands, I still see A Phu starving, tied to a pillar but I still don’t mind So clearly, the evil is there. This happens more often than usual, which has eroded humanity.
Not only denouncing, To Hoai also has sympathy and pity for the fate of people in society. This is shown first of all in the writer’s love for my father and son. In addition, To Hoai also devoted his love to the character A Phu. A Phu was originally an orphan who wandered to Hong Ngai.
Although he worked hard, A Phu could not get a wife because he was poor. Because of his upright nature, A Phu fought against A Su once when he broke the spring party and was forced to be a slave to the governor. It must be affirmed, writing on these pages, To Hoai’s pen sheds a lot of blood and tears.
When writing this t/p, To Hoai wormed his pen to discover that there was still humanity in the soul of a low-class farmer, and discovered that his good nature has not been lost. This is shown first in the fatherly love. It was the struggle in the heart of the old father. All his life he worked hard on the fields to get out of poverty, but at the end of the day, he had to marry his daughter to a rich family.
The literary lover can clearly see the poverty of My father through the tearful words “Are you coming back to greet me so that you will die? You died but I still owe you, the mandarin made me pay the debt. If you’re dead, you can’t marry anyone as a fake corn farm, you can’t owe them, I’m too sick. No way, baby!” On my side, although I am living in the happiness of my first love, but because I love my father, I have to accept to bury all my dreams of a girlhood. Many times I thought that I would find everything, but in the end, the word “Hieu” helped me win everything.
The good nature of the people of the highlands has also been shown through my love for someone in the same situation, A Phu. At first, the lover of literature thought that my love for people after so many years of living in the house of the governor in Hong Ngai had disappeared.
However, hearing A Phu’s heavy breathing, turned his head to see that the strongest man in the village had been tortured to the point of exhaustion, especially after seeing two lines of tears flowing into A Phu’s cheeks. , my compassion for people that seemed to have been calloused flared up intensely. It was that love that motivated Me to take a knife to cut the ropes for A Phu. Thus, even in the hell on earth, beauty is still sublimated, beauty is still rebellious, human kindness still wins.
As we all know, the purpose of literature as Nam Cao declared in t/p “Leadership” is: “Literature does not need skilled craftsmen to follow certain patterns given. Literature can only accommodate those who know how to dig deep, find out, draw upon sources that have not yet been discovered, and create things that do not exist yet.” Perhaps To Hoai is really such a writer. Writing “A Phu couple”, To Hoai has erected before our eyes a portrait of a farmer in society.
However, this is no longer the portrait of the peasants before the Revolution that we encountered somewhere like in Chi Pheo, old Hac, Mr. Pha, Ms. Dau, etc., all of them were cornered. Those portraits completely lack the light of the Party.
If the old crane at the end of the work eats dog bait to die; if the whole life only aspires to be an honest person but ends the story writhing in a pool of blood; If the twenty-four-year-old Rooster with the beauty of the girl “Bridge Lim Dinh Cam” had to sell her children, sell dogs, and then sell both her milk lines, only to end up having to open the door and run out into the sky. As dark as her future, the writer To Hoai when writing this work enlightened the light of the revolution, the consciousness of the times came to To Hoai.
To Hoai couldn’t let Me die in Hong Ngai. The writer crossed the limits of the critical realist literature and let Me meet A Phu. That gave me the strength to free people in the same situation, free myself.
Thus, To Hoai with his talent found out the spirit of solidarity of the people of the Northwest. The fact that I untied A Phu can be considered as a hinge that opens and closes 1 worlds. It closes the dark world of buffalo, horse and slave life in Hong Ngai. It opened a bright life in Phieng Sa because going to Phieng Sa, Me and A Phu met revolutionary cadre A Chau and gained revolutionary enlightenment. The act of My untying A Phu to escape from Hong Ngai to the call of the Revolution was a challenge for To Hoai himself.
It can be confirmed with this detail, To Hoai has surpassed Chi Pheo of Nam Cao, “A Phu couple” was awarded the award. Thanks to this event, “A Phu couple” became a pivotal work on the forum. It closes the limitations of the current critical realist literature. It opened a new direction of literature in the resistance period: the revolutionary enlightened peasants. President Ho Chi Minh once said: “Culture and art are a front. You are soldiers on that front.” To Hoai is really a soldier at the forefront of the literary front.
After reading the t/p “Lights out” by Ngo Tat To, Nguyen Tuan once commented: “I remember once meeting Ms. Dau in a crowd going to destroy Japanese granaries. During the days of the district’s uprising, she loaded up her salary to cover the basement for officers of the grassroots army…” It must be affirmed, in the story, Ms. Dau did not go to destroy the Japanese granary, but she was 1 money. healthy body, a predecessor who never surrendered to the situation, always struggled to stand tall in the situation.
Such a forerunner must have a descendant to join the group of people to destroy the Japanese granary. Who is that descendant, who Ng Tuan mistook for if not the couple A Phu. Literature lovers can trust that it is Me and A Phu who are the loyal CM soldiers by saying like poet To Huu:
“Revolutionary life, since I understood
To commit oneself is to be imprisoned
A sword to the neck, a gun to the ear
As a living body, only half of it is left.”
It is clear that “A Phu couple” is forever a luggage for us to enter life. Every genuine work of literature is a proposal for a way of life, capable of humanizing people. “A Phu couple” is 1 t/p like that. It is a testament to the statement of writer Nguyen Khai: “Life arises from death, happiness manifests from hardships and sacrifices. In this life there is no end, only boundaries. The key is to have the strength to cross those boundaries…”
The article analyzes the humanitarian value in the work “A Phu couple” number 1
The couple A Phu spoke about the unhappiness of the people in society at that time before the oppression and exploitation of the feudal colonial regime. The author has detailed the life as well as the emotional thoughts and aspirations for freedom of the people in the Northwest mountainous region, thereby expressing the writer’s great humanitarian heart to the people.
The author has portrayed characters with extremely unhappy lives. There are times when readers think that due to the excessive oppression of the overbearing strongmen, people have become resigned and callous, they will continue to live in their dark and miserable life. But in the end, that character got up and struggled to find his life again. I am such a character, I am a beautiful, hardworking but poor person, you can say “Suffering from the egg”. Poor parents, married without money, had to borrow money from the governor’s house.
The debt has not been paid off, the mother has passed away. The godfather is too weak, the debt is passed on to Me, Governor Ly Pa Tra wants me to be a daughter-in-law “to waive the debt”. But the superior wanted, how can the lower man escape! Pa Tra is cunning, taking advantage of the customs of the Meo people to rob Me. So there is no marriage, no need for love, and it is still perfectly reasonable.
Since being arrested as a wife, My life is considered to be over. Who dares to defend Me! To Hoai’s sober realist pen has exposed the nature of class exploitation hidden behind customs and habits. Miss Mi, known as a daughter-in-law, is actually a slave, a slave that people are not bought but are spoiled for exploitation and torture. I’m at my husband’s house like in the middle of hell.
No love, no conjugal sharing; only cruel, rough masters and silent, dark slaves. Gradually, I also forgot that I was human. All day “I’m wandering like a turtle raised in a corner”, always with my face down, my world narrows in a window “dim white moon, I don’t know if it’s dew or sunshine”.
The result of the living situation was very bitter: “Staying for a long time in the misery I am used to”, she endured, resigned to the point of paralysis of consciousness: “As a buffalo, the horse has to change from this houseboat to another. Horses and horses from other families, the horse only knows how to eat grass and know how to do it.” Who would have thought that the young, loving girl who played the flute every day anxiously waiting for her lover, who used to pick leaves to eat to avoid humiliation, is now so callous and infatuated.
Indeed, circuTaxances determine character. The dialectical principle of realism was strictly followed by the writer. The weakness of the slave, the brutal oppression of the exploiters will inevitably lead to that tragic situation. The humiliation of this Cat girl can really be compared with the shame of Chi Pheo when “Losing both humanity and humanity”. (Actually, Chi Pheo even bragged at times, even intimidating others).
If one considers the actual value of a work as a true reflection of life, the A Phu couple is an eloquent indictment of the sufferings of a mountainous woman who has just endured the burden of the regime. feudalism, just tied up in the chains of theocracy. The fear of the “ghost of Thong Ly” who recognized her face from the time she was arrested for “ghost offering” was a terrible obsession that weighed heavily all of her life (even when she escaped from Hong Ngai). ). Seeing that is enough to see how highly skilled the rulers are in the art of “folk” to make it easy to rule.
With his sharp descriptive pen, the writer has recreated the reality of an inhuman society, where the status of the poor is fragile and unstable! I was stunned by the scene of Miss Mi quietly sitting around in the cold winter nights, her husband would go out late at night and beat her to the ground. There is also a painful image: a girl tied to a post in a dark room, tied up just because she wants to go to Tet like friends. My helplessness overflowed with bitter tears on her cheeks that could not be wiped away.
Appearing next to my miserable life is A Phu. A Phu’s slave life is actually a repetition with more or less metamorphosis of My own life. The reason that Thong Li Pa Tra forced the A government to become a public servant was not because of the usual fights of the village boys.
The problem is that he wants A Fu to be his slave, his money-making tool. There was not a shred of justice in the society at that time, power was in the hands of the tyrannical tycoons, they liked to be right, they liked to be wrong, they liked to be wrong. That’s why there’s the most bizarre lawsuit scene in the world that we see at Thong Li’s house. As a result, the healthy and liberal son had to pay the mandarin’s debt for the sake of justice.
The real value lies in the fact that the writer knows how to dig into reality and has discovered the inevitable path that his characters take. That is the great heart of the writer, opening for his character a way out. The oppression is too heavy, the accumulated sufferings caused by the rulers will inevitably drive those poor people to fight back, and if they meet the light to illuminate the way, they will come to victory (To Hoai has a fortunately wrote “A Phu couple” after the August revolution).
Of course the writer must have his own way for the true expression of that simple truth. Using the psychological description as a solid fulcrum, To Hoai found out the logical development of personality. This is really a unique realism value of the work, and is the place with the strongest persuasion. To Hoai pointed out the rationality of the process of alienating Miss Mi’s personality at the beginning. I worked too much, was tormented so hard, forever I had to “get used to”, have to endure. Before, I was not allowed to commit suicide because I was afraid of getting involved with my father; Now my father is dead, but I don’t want to commit suicide anymore.
I’m like a machine, with no consciousness, no emotions. Will she be able to wake up again? Writer answers: yes. If there is a situation that paralyzes the human soul, there is also a circuTaxance that awakens it. What situation is this? What color magic is this? Amazing and also simple. It is the sound of the flute I heard by chance in the middle of a colorful spring day. Everything suddenly came to life, I felt “eager to recover” and immediately recalled the whole beautiful teenage life. Is there anything strange? Who doesn’t love the sound of the flute, but Mi is a good flute-playing girl.
Moreover, the fluttering sound of the flute mentioned love again, “calling you to love” it awakened in the depths of her heart the desire for love and happiness. Thus, the sound of the flute moved the most stable and eternal strength of youth, and I clearly remembered “I am still very young”, that “how many married people still go to spring”. And in my ear, I kept “ignoring”. The sound of the flute of awakening from the depths of her soul manifests itself in a strange new action: “I secretly took the jar of wine and drank every bowl. Then I got drunk, I sat there with my face numb”.
Is there a fire that needs to be kindled or needs to be extinguished with yeast? Only know that the girl decided to change clothes to go out, something she did not remember for many years. This can be considered as a psychological breakthrough, but it is a logical result of the whole process of interaction between the situation and the character’s personality. My “crossing the fence” was immediately suppressed (A Su turned off the light and tied her to a pole); but the sense of right to life, the desire for happiness has returned.
I can cry again, I want to commit suicide. And the tears on this cruel day will stay in my heart like a burning wound so that when I see the “sparkling” tears on A Phu’s emaciated cheeks, it has turned into reality. deep sympathy between those suffering. My whole sense of resistance manifests itself through a clear question: “why does the other person have to die?” I decided in a moment: to cut the ropes to free A Phu.
And of course, I also ran away, freeing myself. Two fugitives are grateful to each other, understand each other, and rely on each other to create happiness. However, when the Western station loomed large and when Thong Li Pa Tra and his father returned to the fortress, they were really cornered. Before them, only the last choice: return to slavery or fight the enemy. Surely they would rather die than live the same way. But to fight the enemy, who do they rely on? Revolution came to them at that moment. Me and A Phu follow the revolution, will be faithful to the revolution as a matter of course!
By successfully portraying the two main characters in the story, To Hoai has faithfully and vividly recreated the journey from suffering and darkness to the revolutionary light of the working people with the old regime. The work gives readers a correct perception of the path of the national democratic revolution in our country.
In addition, the realistic value of the story is also increased by the local colors that are very bold with the scenery, customs and activities of the Meo people, by the unique soul identity of the characters. With the same fate, the same situation, My’s psychological developments are very different from A Phu’s. A Phu is strong, straightforward, and decisive. I seem to be more mature but weaker.
With life’s twists and turns, with extreme suffering, seemingly forever in darkness, the characters woke up, suddenly and resolutely woke up, which is a great success. the best value of the work and the high value of the work. The author has a deep sympathy for the pain of Me and A Phu, respects the sense of dignity, aspiration for liberation and believes in the ability to control themselves before the lives of these two suffering people.
The article analyzes the humanitarian value in the work “A Phu couple” number 6
To Hoai is a famous writer with a sophisticated realistic sense of daily life and acumen in the use of words. Not only that, he is also a writer with a profound and refreshing humanitarian spirit. This has been shown through the fate of the characters Me and A Phu in the short story “A Phu and his wife”, printed in the collection “Tales of the Northwest”.
Humanitarian value is the concern for people, the expression of human values is compassion, sympathy, and human defense. Each work has its actual value and humanitarian value expressed in different aspects. The humanitarian value in “A Phu couple” is first expressed in the aspect of denouncing evil forces. That was the feudal force in the mountains that took advantage of the policy of heavy lending to the elderly in order to persecute honest people.
First, in My, she was forced into a vicious circle of debt from her parents’ time. In A Phu, there is a debt of 100 white silver coins. They bind both poor people to a life of suffering. Until one day, I no longer have the sense of resistance, because after being in suffering for a long time, I am used to suffering. “Now I think I’m a buffalo, I’m also a horse… horses only know how to eat grass and work…
Always like that, all year long.” Then one day I woke up and wanted to go out. I wrapped my hair back, I reached for the flower skirt that was squeezed on the inside of the wall. A Su saw it, grabbed Me, tied my hands with a belt. He carried a basket of jute yarn and tied Me to a pillar. I painfully, passionately remember the past days.
As for A Phu, he was pushed into debt, “burning forests, plowing the fields, hunting bulls, trapping tigers, herding cows, herding horses, roaming around alone in the mountains all year round. Then when he let the tiger capture a cow, Governor Pa Tra forced him to tie him to a post in the corner of the house with a rattan rope wrapped from his feet to his shoulders. Those atrocities not only torture physically, it also erodes the human spirit, every day, every day.
To Hoai also shows his humanitarian value in that he sympathizes with unfortunate fates like Me and A Phu. His compassion is not expressed in words, but is expressed through the sobs of the characters. She is described as always “with her face down, her face sad.”, her whole life seems to be just wandering around the mountains picking opium, washing jute, jute carts, breaking corn and even when picking firewood, when he pops corn, always tucks a bundle of jute in his arm to strip it into yarn.
When I was tied to a column by A Su, my stream of consciousness passed like tears. “The life of a woman married to a rich man, Hong Ngai, a person’s life can only follow her husband’s horse.” I’m afraid, I stir, see if I’m alive or dead. Fear of death is still wanting to live, that sense of longing is like a small light that makes readers emotional for a miserable fate. In A Phu, it was compassion for the boy who had suffered since childhood.
When he was a child, “a hungry villager forced A Phu to sell it in exchange for Thai rice in the field”. When wandering to Hong Ngai, A Phu could not get a wife, just because he had no parents, no field, no money. Bad luck still followed A Phu, then he was forced to pay a fine of one hundred white silver, had to go to pay the debt for the governor of Pa Tra. The writer’s humanitarian heart will embrace Me and A Phu, bringing honest people out of their miserable life.
Finally, the author expressed his respect and agreement with the desire for freedom and happiness of Me and A Phu. That respect is shown first in the sense of resistance and potential vitality of the character Mi. That vitality of Me awakens on the night of spring love. “That year, the Red Monk celebrated Tet in the middle of the year when the grass was yellow, the wind and cold were very fierce… In the Red Cat villages, the flower dresses were brought out to dry on the cliffs like butterflies, colorful… the sound of children playing…” That spring was full of sounds and colors, a sign of my awakening in the night of spring love.
First, that vitality was revived when I heard the flute: “Beyond the top of the mountain, someone played the flute to invite you to play…” That flute sound touched my soul, reminding me of it. the beautiful spring days of the past. “I heard the sound of the flute echoing again and again.” The sound of the flute made me sneak a bottle of wine. “Drink every bowl. Then get drunk. I sat there looking at the people dancing and singing, but my heart was still living in the past.”
That joy made me aware that “I am very young. We are still young. I want to go out.” The intense vitality was even stronger when I came to a decision: Leaving home to follow the game. I beautify myself without paying attention to A Su’s attitude, I act indifferently, but painfully, the ruthless cruelty of the ruling class has extinguished that desire for her resurgence. Me. My latent vitality flared up again in the night of untying A Phu.
When I saw “A Phu’s eyes had just opened, a stream of sparkling tears crawled down the darkened cheeks”. I suddenly remembered the night before A Su tied me, I also had to tie up like that. I was in pain for my life, and I cut the ropes for A Phu. Then I woke up and ran out. Then the two of them silently supported each other and ran down the mountain slope.
The footsteps of A Phu and Me are the footsteps of resistance, the footsteps to happiness, the area to escape the darkness, to another life. And that step imprinted the humanitarian value of To Hoai in the work. It is a step in agreement for the desire to find happiness.
In addition to the profound humanitarian value, the work also has strong artistic value. The work realistically portrays the distinctive features of the customs, practices, personality and soul of the ethnic people in a gentle, delicate voice, imbued with national colors and styles, and rich in shaping. rich in poetry.
It can be said that the work “A Phu couple” is a work of profound humanitarian value. The work has denounced evil forces, and at the same time expressed sympathy, respect and agreement for the desire for freedom and potential vitality of the characters Me and A Phu.
The article analyzes the humanitarian value in the work “A Phu couple” number 9
The work “A Phu couple” by To Hoai, composed in 1952, refers to the fate of two characters, Me and A Phu, through condemning and denouncing the brutality of the ruling class in the mountains; and at the same time defend, deeply sympathize with their unhappiness and suffering.
Besides, To Hoai also respects the aspirations to live and agrees with the spirit of resistance to open a new path. That is the great humanitarian value of the work. From ancient to ancient times, humanitarian thought is the soul, the measure of the value of literary works. That valuable thought is expressed by the writer through the central character of the work. I always thought that the character is the soul of the work so that the writer can express the author’s thoughts, feelings and attitude towards life.
Right from the beginning of the work, To Hoai showed the reader two opposing scenes: I was sitting spinning next to a rock, a horse-drawn train, with my face always down and sad. On one side is the scene where the governor is busy with people coming in and out with the most wives, money, and drugs in the village.
The sentence is told as casually as exposing the nature of the henchman of the empire, while bullying his own people. Thereby, revealing to the reader why I was present in the richest mandarin house in the village, but I still had to work hard, was treated like a slave, not even equal to the life of a buffalo or a horse. Because I still have to pay the traditional debt left by my parents to the governor.
Building the character of A Phu, To Hoai deepened the picture of real life. From an orphan, innocent, A Phu wandered to earn a living, grew up and became a slave of the governor for the crime of beating a mandarin – the son of heaven. right and wrong is a thief. Isn’t the loan-paying argument for My and A Phu’s family the argument of an autocratic ruler who oppresses, robs innocent people of their labor power, and steals the human rights of innocent people?
Talking about the sufferings of Me and A Phu and the cruel and inhuman acts of the father and son of the governor, Pa Tra, the writer used the name of human rights and condemned and denounced their crimes against the innocent people. When talking about the miserable and dark lives of Me and A Phu, hidden deep in To Hoai’s pen is a deep defense and sympathy. Sad to describe my life when I was with my parents.
At that time, she was still a beautiful, gentle, gentle girl with a pure soul and many desires for happiness. I also have a talent for playing flute and leaf trumpet, so many boys are passionate about it. But suddenly, I became a debt-ridden daughter-in-law, in fact a slave. And A Phu was only 10 years old and was sold by villagers to the lowlands to get rice to eat. A Phu was kneeled, beaten and cursed for a day and a night, but still had to be dumb as rice, had to kill pigs with knives to serve his tormentors, had to stake stakes to tie himself in, helpless to do anything. when death is near…
Writing about suffering and unhappiness, the writer’s pen seems to have tears, he has sown in the hearts of readers a deep sympathy for human fate. The humanitarian value of the work, the most profound is the appreciate the desire for freedom, happiness and good qualities of poor farmers. To Hoai’s pen step by step explores deeply into the intimate region of the characters’ inner world, he understands their thoughts, feelings and aspirations.
Not only respecting the freedom aspirations of Me and A Phu but also agreeing with their spirit of resistance and struggle; and show them the way to liberation. The writer described the inner process and actions of the characters naturally and vividly.
That is also the inevitable natural law of life. With the short story “A Phu couple”, To Hoai had to go, see, listen, think, dig by human nature into the deep layers. history. That is the heart of a great writer who always sided with the poor to live and write.
The article analyzes the humanitarian value in the work “A Phu couple” number 8
Every lover of To Hoai’s literature from his subconscious mind, referring to To Hoai before the August revolution, we cannot help but mention the work of Cricket adventure diary. After the revolution, he re-emerged with the collection of Tales of the Northwest with 3 typical stories: A Phu couple, Save the land to save Muong and Muong Gien liberated. In it, A Phu couple is the soul of the whole story.
The soul of the work is the character Me – the symbol of the peasantry after the August Revolution, built by To Hoai extremely realistic and vivid. The whole portrait was painted by To Hoai with the kindness of a humanitarian writer from the core. As Russia’s Chekhov once said: “A true artist must be a humanitarian at the core.” To Hoai is, of course, one such writer.
For a genuine literary work, the humanitarian value is the human value of the work. Like Nam Cao, it must have been something both painful and uplifting. It praises love, charity, justice, it makes people closer to people. According to Thach Lam: Literature must be a noble and effective weapon; it purifies people’s hearts, changes a cruel and fake world.
In order to have such works, writers must stand in hardship and open their hearts to receive the echoes of life or say as To Huu: Poets must be bees sucking pistil from the flowers of life. . Without the diligence of the bee, the pistil cannot become sweet nectar.
This is clearly shown in the writer To Hoai’s husband and wife A Phu, a work filled with humane and humanitarian love. A Phu and his wife are the best story collection in To Hoai’s collection of Tales of the Northwest. The story describes the process of enlightenment and rebellion against feudalism and imperialism of the peoples of the Northwest under the leadership of the Party.
A Phu couple is also the result of a transition to the maturity of the writer’s thoughts and feelings. The author’s feelings were mixed with the sentiments of the brothers and sisters in a natural way, that is, gratitude, loyalty, and gratitude to the guerrilla regions who provided and protected the cadres. troops operating in the enemy’s northwest region.
Is a basic value of genuine literary works created by the writer’s deep sympathy with the pain of people, unhappy scenes in life. At the same time, the writer also shows respect and appreciation for the beauty in the soul and belief in the ability of people to rise up in any situation of life.
A Phu couple’s humanitarian value is expressed right from the subject and theme of the work. Right under the title A Phu couple, the author has expressed the core and main idea of the story. Reading the title, we can immediately imagine the life of a Meo couple in the mountains before the August revolution.
The humanitarian thought of the work A Phu Husband and wife is first of all expressed from deep sympathy for the unfortunate fate, losing the right to life of mountain workers, typically Me and A Phu. I was originally a beautiful girl with many noble qualities.
However, since returning to be a daughter-in-law to pay off debt, she is actually an unpaid slave for the governor of Pa Tra, under several layers of oppression of power, theocracy and feudal customs in the mountains. live a series of painful, humiliating, dark days. I was not tortured physically, but mentally tortured.
I was treated like an animal, not even an animal: “Now I think I’m a buffalo too, I think I’m a horse, a horse that has to go from one house to another, from one family to another, Horses only know how to eat grass, only know how to do it, I bow my face, don’t think about it anymore… The buffalo, the horse works sometimes, at night it can stand scratching its feet, chewing grass, the women and girls of this family are buried in work day and night.”
Suffering has robbed Me of her youth, turning her into a doomed person. The beautiful, talented, and loving young Cat girl is now almost dead, only a woman with a withered body, cold and empty soul. I don’t talk anymore. I lost all sense of time: no past, no present, no future.
My life is only shrinking through the “square hole” of the window with my hand – the white moon, I don’t know if it’s dew or sunshine. I was almost paralyzed with life, crawling like a turtle in a corner. With such realistic and evocative details, To Hoai made the realistic picture and the humanitarian value of the work more vivid, both in width and depth.
The very act of My untying A Phu to escape from Hong Ngai to the call of the revolution was a challenge for To Hoai himself. It can be confirmed with this detail that To Hoai overcame Nam Cao’s Chi Pheo, and A Phu and his wife were awarded the award. Thanks to this event, the A Phu couple became a pivotal work on the literary forum. It closes the limitations of the current critical realist literature.
The appearance of the main character A Phu – who was also taken as a son to pay debts, has completed the picture of reality, denunciation value and humanitarian content of the work. A Phu was a child born into poverty, suffering more and lost both parents after a smallpox epidemic. That’s why all five months of his childhood had to live as a tormented slave when the villagers captured them and sold them to Thai people in the fields.
However, not yielding to fate, A Phu recklessly fled to Hong Ngai, working as a hired laborer from season to season to earn a living. Courageous bravery, potential vitality were forged during those difficult years and that was also one of the things that made a breakthrough in A Phu’s life.
Since growing up, A Phu has proven to be a courageous, unyielding man who always has the will to overcome his bitter fate to reach his best. He “knows how to cast plowshares”, “hunting bulls very boldly”. Not only does A Phu work well, but A Phu also has better health than people: “A Phu runs as fast as a horse”, “Work or hunt, everything is done”. It was his will to live and his health that made many girls and villagers love him.
Just because he fought against the mandarin A in breaking the New Year’s party, A Phu was tied up and brought to Pha Tra’s house for trial. From here, he suddenly became a buffalo, a horse, like a slave for the Pa Tra family. Moreover, for the whole life of children and grandchildren, they will never pay off their debts. And if I hadn’t met Me, A Phu would surely have died tragically at the governor’s house.
The humanitarian value of the work A Phu couple also emerges from the harsh denunciation of the feudal colonial power and the land lords. Typical for the opposing force, trampling on human life is the father and son, the ruler of Pa Tra. They took advantage of the power of power, theocracy, and customs to turn workers into unpaid slaves and treat them coldly and cruelly like animals.
There are so many women and young people like Me and A Phu who have been turned into working tools. Live the life of a buffalo and a horse in the governor’s house. How many people have been tied up, even tied to death in Pa Tra’s house? We cannot know the exact number, but through the fate of the characters Me and A Phu, readers still feel and hate the brutality and senselessness of the mountain strongmen.
Besides the attitude of sympathy, sharing and condemnation and denunciation, the A Phu couple is also a song praising the good qualities of workers. Besides the attitude of sympathy, sharing and condemnation, denunciation, trust, respect, and affection for the good aspirations of the persecuted and suffering people. It is the continuation of traditional humanitarianism, while developing to a higher level.
Readers not only love a miserable, exiled Mi, but also love a talented, eager to live, rich in filial piety, sacrifice and the spirit of struggle and struggle to overcome the situation. “The strange thing is that even in such extremes, all evil forces cannot kill human life. Lying, hungry, humiliated, I still live quietly, latently, intensely” (To Hoai). The yoke of power, theocracy, and customs has not completely killed the image of a talented, life-loving girl in Me.
Under the ashes of the present, the germ of life and the desire for happiness still smolder in Me, just waiting for an external influence to flare up and burn. The night of spring love and the scene where I untied A Phu are the best pages in the work, marking the awakening of the people struggling in Me.
Besides Me, the image of A Phu, the brave, courageous, and liberal Cat boy of the Northwest’s nature is also a character that leaves many impressions on readers. Me and A Phu represent the soul, beauty of the mountain people and the author’s attitude of respect and praise.
Reading the pages of To Hoai’s book about the tragic fate of Me and A Phu, I have the feeling that it is no longer cold words but tears flowing straight from a heart full of human love. The author’s director mourns the character’s ill-fated fate.
Humanitarian values in the A Phu couple also have a new and more progressive feature than traditional humanitarianism. It was the writer who pointed out that the true liberation path of workers is to go from spontaneity to self-discipline, from the darkness of pain to the light of freedom and dignity thanks to the guidance of the Party as a whole. historical weakness.
That path is described in detail by the writer through the struggle of Me and A Phu from the time they escaped from Hong Ngai to the time they became Phien Sa guerrillas. From the ignorant, silent slaves, they broke the visible ropes tightening their lives in the governor’s house of Pa Tra to follow the call of freedom, to realize one truth: only Only if there is a way to hold a gun to fight the rulers, they can have a peaceful and happy life.
Once again, we realize that no matter what topic or angle, the humanitarian spirit is always the core value. Thanks to the humanitarian value, after more than half a century, readers still feel attached to the people, to the details of the story. The suffering of people and their desire to live forever is the problem of literature. To Hoai’s new discovery aims to perfect people, themselves as well as people’s outlook on life.
The article analyzes the humanitarian value in the work “A Phu couple” number 10
To Hoai before 1945 was famous for his novel “Cricket Men’s Adventure”. Following the Revolution and then going to the resistance war against the French, To Hoai worked in the Northwest mountains. The brilliant result of that long field trip was the collection of “The Tale of the Northwest” was born, which won the first prize of the Vietnam Arts and Culture Association 1954-1955. “The A Phu couple” is the best work in To Hoai’s “Tale of the Northwest”.
The story describes the process of enlightenment and rise up against feudalism and imperialism of the peoples of the Northwest under the leadership of the Party. “A government couple” is also the result of a transition to the maturity of the writer’s thoughts and feelings. The author’s feelings were mixed with the sentiments of the brothers and sisters in a natural way, that is, gratitude, loyalty, and affection for the guerrillas who provided and protected the cadres. troops operating in the enemy’s northwest region”.
The “A phu couple” deeply denounced the crimes committed by the feudal lords of the Northwest mountainous region against the highland ethnic groups. The work has painfully expressed the pain of generations of ethnic brothers in the Northwest under the domination of the French colonialists and the minions of Quan Lang, Quan Chau, Phia (Thai), Tao (Thai). Muong), Thong Ly (H’Mong).
Under the brutal and barbarous rule of the governors, the mandarins, those who lived in debt relief like A Phu, and as a daughter-in-law to defraud the governor like Me were “lifes of buffalo and horses”, miserable, humiliating. gracefully. In fact, human lives like Me and A Phu were slaves in the highlands. The governors are a kind of “king” in the highlands, they have the right to live and kill the people of the Northwest.
They have the right to arrest, beat, enslave, marry, even brutally kill people (in the story, a girl was tied up and died and A Phu almost died). Only in a short story that the author has described the panorama of the Northwest ruling class, the real value of the work is profound.
I am a beautiful girl (indirectly described as spring love nights, boys come to stand at the top of my room …), talented (knife, flute, leaf blower is as good as flute) and rich in love. have a cold. My beauty reminds me of Kieu. Born in a poor family, Me was robbed by A Su, the son of the governor, to be his wife to pay off debts. I am A Su’s wife, but in reality I’m just a servant, a slave of the governor’s family.
I am as quiet as a turtle in a corner, all year round, I can only bury my head in hard labor: “After Tet, I go to the mountains to pick opium, in the middle of the year I wash jute and jute carts, when the season comes, I go to the fields to break opium. corn… Always like that, all year long. The horse and buffalo work sometimes, at night it can stand scratching its feet, chewing grass, the women and girls of this family work all night and all day.” On New Year’s Day, A Su tied Me in a dark room and asked her friends to go out. To Hoai, through the character of Mi, also reflects the barbaric customs of the highlanders. When the woman was robbed, she was invisible to the woman (whose Me is typical) tied her whole life to that house.
If unfortunately her husband dies, she has to be the wife of someone else in the family, sometimes an elderly husband, sometimes a younger brother-in-law, and if her husband dies, she still has to live. with another man still in that house… Having to stay in that house for the rest of his life. I slowly died in the governor’s house. In addition to the times when she worked like a buffalo and a horse, she was locked in a tight room, only looking out through a “square hole in the palm of her hand, always looking out to see the white moon, I don’t know what it is.” dew or sunshine”.
A Phu is a healthy, poor H’Mong boy who runs as fast as a horse and is very good at hunting bulls. The girls in the village really like A Phu, “whoever can get A Phu is equal to having a good buffalo in the house”. A Fu is also a freedom-loving young man. On New Year’s Day, A Phu invited his friends to play pounding, A Su came to break the group and was beaten by A Phu. Governor Pa Tra arrested A Phu to beat, torture, and fine one hundred white silver coins. A Phu must stay for the system to clear the debt.
So in the governor’s house there was another unhappy man as a slave. I worked as a servant in the house, and A Phu as a servant in the forest. “Your life, your child’s life, your grandchildren’s lives, I’ll force you to do the same, when will you ever owe me anything.” A Phu alone in the forest, on the high mountains burning cows, hunting bulls… Unfortunately, once in a forest, the tiger came down and ate a cow. The general made A Fu tied up and stood outside day and night.
It can be said that the father and son, the governor of Pa Tra, and his men and women such as Ly Yi, Quan Lang, right side… are typical examples of the brutal and barbaric ruling class of the Northwest highlands. Me and A Phu – Two tragic fates embodying the slavery of the barbaric feudalism in Tay Bac. But To Hoai does not stop at reflecting the brutal and barbaric nature of the Northwestern ruling class, the writer also delves into the nature of the life of the highland people, reflecting the intense vitality of the ethnic minorities. Northwest ethnic groups and the victorious rise of Northwest ethnic groups under the leadership of the Party.
I am bound, severely trampled, but in my silence lies a strong life. On New Year’s Day, I also wanted to go out, but A Su tied her to a house pole and wrapped her hair in a pole. “I was tied up like that all night. At times, the whole body was tied with ropes, painful. At times passionately remember. Alcohol vapor. Flute sound. The sound of a dog barking in the distance.” That brutal oppression could not extinguish the vitality of youth, could not extinguish the fire of love.
Suffering like that, but just seeing A Phu tied up made me moved again, hurt. “Oh my god, it’s okay to kill me, it’s tied to death the woman who was also in this house the other day. They are so cruel. Just like this tomorrow night, the other person will die, die of pain, starve, die of cold, have to die. I am a woman’s body, it has forced me to return to its ghost house, then I only know how to wait for the day to shed my bones here… What does that person have to die for?”
That is a manifestation of the rebellion in her heart, And this is the rebellious behavior of Me: She cut the ropes for A Phu, she also cut the invisible ropes that tied her to the family of ruler Pa-Tra. Then they both ran down the mountain slope. I have freed myself from the oppression and slavery of the brutal and barbaric feudal system. The latent vitality in Me has arisen. Youth, youth, and love have triumphed over the brutality. When spring colors are full in the garden, it is natural for an almond blossom to bloom outside the wall:
“Spring colors are full of eternal beauty
The most pink happiness comes out of the future”
(Rebellious Tourists – Gardeners are not allowed to enter)
Me and A Phu have been tired for a month on the forest road. They came to Phien Sa and became husband and wife – A phu couple. They built their own houses to do business and live in Phieng Sa. They dream of having a happy family. But the French invaders came to Phien Sa. A Phu’s family was robbed. A Phu was captured and tortured by the French invaders.
But A Phu still didn’t understand why he was captured by the French, he “hated the cadres” because the Tay told him to raise the cadres, so he caught his pig, beat him, cut his hair. Enlightened by A Chau, the A couple joined the anti-French guerrilla team in Phieng Sa.
A Phu couple has risen from spontaneous struggle to self-discipline. A Phu became the captain of the Phieng Sa guerrilla team. I have been a great help to A Phu. From the struggle for liberation from feudal oppression, to participating in the resistance war against the French under the leadership of the Party, that is also the profound reality of the development of the Northwest ethnic groups under the leadership of the Party.
“A government couple” has a deep realist and humanitarian value. The work has faithfully reflected the enlightenment and rise of Mi and A Phu, thereby reflecting the maturity of the Northwest ethnic groups in the light of the Party. At the same time, the work also reflects the Party’s humanitarian policy towards ethnic groups, which is to liberate the oppressed and exploited workers, and to liberate all vitality that is being restrained and bound by the dominant forces. tie. It is because of its deep realism and humanitarian value that the story “A Phu couple” is attractive and has lasting value.