Analysis of the work “Can Giuoc’s philanthropist” No. 5
“The star Nguyen Dinh Chieu, a great poet of our country, should have been brighter in the sky of the nation’s art and culture, especially at this time” (quoted from “Nguyen Dinh Chieu, a bright star in the arts and culture of Vietnam”). ethnicity”, Pham Van Dong). Author Pham Van Dong’s comments have shown admiration, respect and appreciation for the talent of the great old man Nguyen Dinh Chieu – a prominent face representing the achievements of medieval literature. Vietnam.
One of the outstanding contributions of Nguyen Dinh Chieu was the successful construction of an immortal monument of patriotic peasant martyrs through the work “Can Giuoc philanthropist”. Born in 1858 – the time when the French colonialists began to invade our country at the mouth of Da Nang, the work sketched portraits of peasants who had heroically sacrificed themselves in the uprising against the French colonialists. November 15, New Year of the Rooster.
First of all, the author has recreated the beauty of a heroic farmer in the tense and exciting atmosphere of the times: “The enemy’s guns rumbled, the hearts of the people were revealed”. With only eight words, author Nguyen Dinh Chieu successfully portrayed the historical confrontation between the invaders’ footsteps and the resilient and indomitable patriotism of our people through the opposing structure: war guns/people’s hearts, the earth groans/heaven reveals”. In the midst of that urgent context, the beauty of the farmer – the martyr emerges in the comparison between the past and present contexts:
“Remember the old spirit: Quail doing business; worry about poverty,
Not familiar with the horse bow, where to go to the velvet school;
Only know buffalo fields, live in the village.
The hoe, the plowing, the harrowing, the transplanting, the hand is used to doing;
Practice shields, practice guns, practice marks, practice chess, never have eyes”
Before the war against the West took place, they were just gentle and simple farmers behind the “bamboo village”, attached to a life of “sunshine and rain”, “two dew and one sun”. The military jobs were completely unfamiliar to them: “Practice shields, practice guns, practice marks, practice chess, never had eyes”. Is it because they are attached to the fields and homeland, so they are always aware and glowing with the fire of patriotism:
“It looks like a drought, it looks like it rains
The smell of fried semen has been patched for three years, hates habits like a farmer hates grass….
When I saw a white tire, I wanted to come and eat liver;
The day I watched the chimney run black, I wanted to go out and bite my neck.”
In the moment when the country was in danger, the court was cowardly and weak, the peasants still maintained their sense of responsibility for their homeland through their deep hatred of the enemy. The sentences of author Nguyen Dinh Chieu have evoked the deep hatred of the enemy of Hung Dao Dai Vuong Tran Quoc Tuan: “I often forget to eat at mealtimes, pat my pillow in the middle of the night, my intestines hurt like a cut, and my tears fall. dammit, only anger has not yet shed flesh and skin, swallowed the liver and drank the blood of the enemy.
Even if these hundred bodies were to be dried in the grass, these thousand bodies would be wrapped in horse skins, I would be happy” (Excerpt from “Hich General Soldier”). Without waiting for the leadership and calling, they voluntarily stood up to fight the invading French colonialists with a heroic and courageous spirit: “Waiting for someone to ask for someone to arrest, this time please try to stop fighting – Don’t bother. run away and hide, this trip is going to the tigers”.
With the spirit of being ready to sacrifice their lives and sacrifice themselves for the cause of national defense, the peasants participated in the war against the West with a proud posture, a resilient and indomitable spirit, without fear in front of them. enemy gun. Even though they entered the war with rudimentary weapons and equipment: “cloth mannequin”, “timbered top”, “straw bow”, “mill blade”, but with a strong patriotic spirit, they fought with the enemy. heroic, enthusiastic and bubbly attitude: “stepping over the fence, seeing the enemy as if he is not”, “smashing the door, risking his life as if nothing” through drastic actions “Those who pierced through, reverse slashers”,…
Author Nguyen Dinh Chieu has successfully applied the vocabulary field describing fast, strong and decisive actions such as “stepping”, “surfing”, “buckling”, “rushing”, “stabbing”, “slashing” to sketch. the tenacious and heroic beauty of the heroic farmer. Therefore, although their uprising failed, but their fighting will created a song about the victory of patriotism and left pity and pain in the hearts of the Vietnamese people. Patriot.
Thus, through the analysis, we can see the beauty of the heroic peasants through their patriotism, the will to voluntarily stand up to fight against foreign invaders as well as their brave posture. brave and brave in battle. Under the pen of Do Chieu’s old man, Do Chieu, the portrait of a peasant soldier in the righteous battle against the West with tragic beauty.
Analysis of the work “Can Giuoc’s philanthropist” No. 9
Perhaps for literary lovers, the topic of the farmer has become too familiar and has become the topic of “choosing to send gold” of many “pens”. We had a farmer who lost all his “humanity and humanity” when he was pushed to the brink by society in “Chi Pheo” – Nam Cao. Or the image of the Rooster “running out in the middle of the night as black as ink, as black as her future!” in “Turn off the lights” by Ngo Tat To.
However, for the first time in Vietnamese literature, a majestic and majestic statue of a farmer was penned by Nguyen Dinh Chieu through “Can Giuoc’s philanthropist.” Besides depicting a tragic image, full of sacrifices of the peasants against the French, the tribute is also the heart and sorrow of the author for the “clothes heroes”.
The song was born in the context that the French colonialists were “roaming” in our country.After capturing Gia Dinh citadel, the French began to invade nearby areas such as Tan An, Can Giuoc, Go Cong… On December 16, 12, because of their anger, the Can Giuoc peasants ambushed the French garrison and destroyed a number of French troops.
Moved by this passing, Nguyen Dinh Chieu composed the song “Can Giuoc’s philanthropist literature” to read the last memorial for the brave heroes. the evil of the colonists:
The earth-shattering gun; the hearts of the people of heaven show…”
The sound of gunfire was everywhere, and that sound shook the whole land. But from the danger, one can see the bravery and virtues of ordinary farmers. What they do has been “tested” by heaven and earth and credited by history with the act of “a righteous battle against the West, although the body lost its resonance like a mule”. With only the first few lines, the author directly praised the heroic actions of the farmer. They are willing to sacrifice themselves in order to drive away the invaders.
From affirming the meaning in the sacrifices of Can Giuoc farmers. The author switched to describing their images in daily life, daily work and by the time they became heroes fighting the enemy, making merit:
Remember the old spirit:
Orphaned business; worry about poverty”
They are just honest, gentle farmers, all year round, “selling their face to the land, selling their back to the sky” all day around with buffaloes, cows, and bamboo groves in the village. interested in doing business, just looking forward to “making a living”. They only know “hoeing, plowing, harrowing, transplanting, hands are used to doing;” because those are the jobs that stick with farmers from day to day. But what about the fact that soldiers “are not used to bows and horses, where to go to velvet school” and for them, “Practice shields, practice guns, practice marks, practice chess, eyes have never seen”.
It can be seen that the farmers of Nguyen Dinh Chieu are only used to farm work, have never been “acquainted” with guns, although they are not skilled soldiers, nor are they able to do so. However, those heroes still bravely forged and stood up to fight the enemy, all of their actions stemmed from the hatred of the enemy’s crimes.
The author was also very subtle when he pointed out that one of the other reasons that prompted the farmers to stand up was because “The sound of the cranes fluttering for more than ten months, it looks like a drought waiting for rain”. The weakness and weakness of the court when there was no action to show resistance to the crimes of the enemy forced the peasants of Can Giuoc.
“Waiting for someone to demand, who to arrest, this time please try to break the cycle;
There’s no going back and forth, this trip is all about the tigers.”
With the listed method, the author showed the stubborn fighting will of the farmer. They are ready to rise up and fight, not cowardly to “hide and hide”. If with the image of previous farmers “stepping into the boat, tears like rain” – somewhat weak and spiritual. If forced, here we see the image of farmers who are completely voluntary, voluntarily fighting, without any other force controlling. This is one of the reasons that make the beauty of Can Giuoc farmers different from other farmers.
It can be seen that the farmers in “Can Giuoc’s philanthropist” not only had to practice their swords to go to war, but in them their sacrifice was also reflected in how to overcome difficult circuTaxances. The only “clothes man” but they don’t wait to be equipped with all protective equipment, so they go to battle:
“Besides the kidney, there is a cloth shirt, waiting to wear a holster;
In his hand, he holds a bamboo stick, so he can buy a knife and a percussion hat.”
Author Nguyen Dinh Chieu leads the reader to slowly discover the inner personality of the farmer. If above we admire the peasants’ iron will, forged spirit to go to war, then the next part of the author faithfully recreates the boiling aura when fighting the enemy as if the spirit ” it drowned all the water merchants and the water robbers.” (“The patriotic spirit of our people” – Ho Chi Minh).
“The hard work of managing the drums, prompting drums, stepping on the fences, and seeing the enemy as if they were empty;
Don’t be afraid of Westerners shooting small bullets, big bullets, knocking at the door, risking themselves like nothing
Someone who stabs horizontally, someone who slashes vertically, makes the ghosts and ghosts unnerving;
The summer boys, the eagles after, let the tin ships and bronze guns explode.
The author uses enumeration, continuously gives the peasants’ anti-war actions “drums, drums, rushes forward” and then “stabs horizontally, slashes vertically” to make the rhythm of the sacrifice fast and urgent. , as urgent as the actions that the martyrs fought against. The melody of the poem gradually became heroic, rushing like a hurricane shaking a battlefield. The fighting spirit is more and more boiling and rising.
Looking back at the historical situation at that time, when the colonialists attacked our country, the Hue court was weak and weak and did not have any attitude to deal with the enemy. Implicitly surrendered, clinging to his throne, ignoring the responsibility of preserving the country. Farmers across the country in general and the “soldiers” of Can Giuoc in particular stood up for their freedom and defended their own land.
However, the asymmetry of forces between us and the enemy caused a part of the martyrs to fall. However, their “self” is the posture of heroes who were brave and determined to chase away invaders to protect the country. This sacrifice is the pity that Nguyen Dinh Chieu does not only for the deceased, but also sympathizes with and shares with the families whose “hero” was forced to “stop”.
“It hurts! the old mother sat crying young, the late-night lamp flickered in the tent;
Instead of brains! The weak wife runs to find her husband, the shadow fades in front of the alley.”
There is nothing more painful than when a mother is away from her children, and a husband is far from his wife! There is no greater pain than losing a loved one. The more heroic and courageous the martyrs of Can Giuoc were, the more pitiful and indignant the reader would be to the French. The exclamation sentences that the author uses like ripping the sky, is a cry for people for national independence. Nguyen Dinh Chieu has a very good comparison when “old mother” is now like “a late-night light”.
In the late afternoon, every mother has a child to take care of and protect, but Can Giuoc mothers can only cry for their children. Those mothers are climbing, hungry, and do not know who to rely on because their children are nowhere to be looked after. The “weak wives” are like “the fading shadow in front of the alley” because they can’t find a pillar to rely on.
They struggled and wobbled because they suddenly lost a very important part of their life. “Sloppy” can also be the anticipation, waiting for her husband to come back, but nowhere else! These heroes died for the cause of fighting the French invaders, for the ideal of protecting the countryside. The two verses above sound so lamentable, so bitter to the martyrs of Can Giuoc!
Admire and pity for the souls of the martyrs who had quiet moments when reading the article. To the end, the author is still not satisfied with the brave actions that the martyrs have done for their land, for their people.
“Live to fight the enemy, the waterfall also fights the enemy, the soul follows to help the army, vows to take revenge for all eternity;
Living to worship the king, the waterfall also worships the king, the teaching is clear, a warm word is enough to pay for it.
The hero’s tears can’t be wiped dry, sorry for the two words heaven and earth;
The incense tree of the martyrs is lit by a verse of the kingdom.”
At the beginning of the sacrifice are also heroic heroes, at the end of the sacrifice, they still live forever with the river. The “Soldiers of Can Giuoc” are indeed living statues of ordinary people who are willing to stand up for the safety of the country. The image “it is better to die with honor than to live in disgrace” is a golden symbol for the heroic and glorious atmosphere of the peasantry.
By using the sacrifice genre, along with the use of simple and rustic language combined with a pitiful tone, Nguyen Dinh Chieu has portrayed a portrait of the brave “soldiers of Can Giuoc” who forgot themselves. . In them, the lack of austerity, the difficulty in weapon training did not slow down the soldiers’ footsteps, but on the contrary, their lively spirit, voluntary will and determination to repel the enemy had been summed up. so hero pages.
Despite the end, we have had a part of fallen heroes, but that sacrifice is a noble voice for people who, despite being “low throated”, still have the right to speak for themselves.
Analysis of the work “Can Giuoc’s philanthropist” No. 3
“There are stars in the sky with unusual light… our eyes must be attentive to see and the more we look, the brighter we will see” is the comment of the late Prime Minister Pham Van Dong for the event. Do Chieu’s life and poetry. Nguyen Dinh Chieu the poet is blind but his mind is always bright. Mentioning him, people do not forget to mention “Can Giuoc’s philanthropist”, the most typical and successful work for the literary genre, leaving a deep impression in the hearts of readers.
The work expresses the author’s gratitude, compassion, and admiration for the heroic peasants and martyrs of Can Giuoc, who bravely sacrificed themselves for the country. To analyze the text in the most comprehensive and unique way, we choose the eyes and point of view from the patriotic spirit of the peasants.
The peasants were originally simple farmers, but now because of their patriotism and deep hatred for the enemy, they became heroic warriors who sacrificed themselves in the full-moon battle in November 11. – the tough time of the early days against the French.
Why is that so? By “Guns against the earth roar; The heart of the people of heaven reveals” the two-sentence quartet, though brief, gave an overview of the situation and situation of the country at that time. In 1858, the French colonialists invaded our country, invaded, and implemented policies of oppression and exploitation that pushed our people into extreme misery. The above sentence has shown us the barbarism of the colonists. They have state-of-the-art weapons, fierce destructive power, guns resounding through the ground. That reminds us of the crimes of the French invaders denounced by the poet in the song “Running the enemy”:
“After the market was closed, I heard the sound of Western guns
A chess board that fell after a minute
Leaving the house, the children ran away
Lost nest of flying squirrels
Ben Nghe front door melts bubbles
Dong Nai tile paintings tinged with clouds”
The unintentional gunfire of the enemy troops did not miss anyone, not except for a scene. Everything became desolate, shabby, chaotic after the “Western gunfire”. The enemy is so much more modern than us in terms of equipment, material, number of soldiers, but we only have one heart, a strong patriotic tradition of the farmers and the Vietnamese people. .
The art of minor opposition has been used very successfully for a very correct and very standard: Ten years – a battle, gong (material) – meaning (spiritual), may not be as famous as a float – although it loses its resonance like a mule. affirmed the spirit of determination to fight the enemy, as a basis for farmers to appear. The familiar “oh my” cry opens the lesson. The loud cry expressed grief and mourned for the souls of the martyrs who had died gloriously.
The poet recalled and portrayed the image of the heroic farmers of Can Giuoc – simple rural farmers with a rebellious patriotic spirit with the phrase “Remember the old spirit”. First of all, they are the people of the fields, of agriculture, working in floods to make a living. “Quiet doing business, worrying about poverty” just as Hoai Thanh commented, “So much love in a quail word”. The poet expressed his sympathy for the gentle man who looked miserable and miserable.
They are simple, purely agricultural people, in addition to farming “only know the buffalo field”, the communication space is limited “in the village” with the farmer’s work. hand transplants are used to doing”. What do they know about the military knives, spears “Not used to bow and horse, where to go to velvet school” and “practice shields, practice guns, practice marks, practice chess that have never been seen”. There were so many unknowns, but when the enemy invaded and harassed, the court resisted weakly, they courageously suddenly became heroic martyrs to save the country.
At first they also looked forward to a counterattack from the court. But in the face of a critical situation, the weak court allowed its people to exclaim “The sound of the wind and crane fluttering for more than ten months, it looks like a drought and it rains”. The classic “sound of the crane” is taken from the sentence “Wind barn crane, herbs of the army” to indicate anxiety, nervousness, fear before the violent attack of the enemy.
As children, they can only look forward to their parents, hoping for a peaceful country so that they can settle down in peace, but they are just tired of waiting for ten great months. And of course they could not open their eyes to see the country fall into the hands of the enemy. Before that, they only hated them because of the “smell of fried starch” that was only the fishy smell of the French invaders with a very unique comparison image of “hating petty habits like a farmer hates grass”.
That is a natural reason. The use of words is very bright, suitable for farmers’ psychology and thinking. Hate was pushed to a higher level when “The meal saw bubbles covering the white tire”, “The day I watched the chimney run black” but “Wanted to come eat liver”, “Want to bite the neck”. The pain to the end, the hatred to the extreme not until the next sentence reached the climax: “A huge relationship, let anyone cut snakes to chase deer; The two suns and moons are so bright, there’s no need for people to hang goats and sell dogs.”
Traditions, classics, Sino-Vietnamese words, especially the idiom “hanging goats and selling dogs” are focused to express the will to fight the enemy, the sharp eyes of the people. The mask of “civilization”, “evangelism” of the French invaders was exposed, exposing their malice to rob our country.
The tradition and spirit of the nation along with the crimes of the French invaders have prompted them to stand up and fight with all the hearts of Vietnamese people. The poets are impressed by their spirit and work, which is in stark contrast to the strength of the farmers. They don’t wait for anyone to ask anyone to catch them, but voluntarily fight “this time try to break the fight, don’t even bother to hide, this time, go to the tiger” a series of action predicate verbs show determination to fight. open, the magnanimous atmosphere follows the Dong A spirit of the Tran dynasty.
They “shake off the mud and stand up brightly” fight when in their hands are rudimentary items, the daily labor tools of farmers are cloth clothes, bamboo tops, straw bows, milling blades .. They are not of military lineage, have no training, have no organization, have no command, team, discipline, and rudimentary weapons. It is these “nos” that highlight the priceless “yes” hidden in the people of Can Giuoc.
Because they have a sense of determination to fight the enemy, have a constant patriotic spirit, and have an infinite hatred for the enemy. That has created an unparalleled strength for them to step on the fence to surf, consider the enemy as well as not, not afraid of large bullets and small bullets, but risking their lives to rush in as if there were none, then someone who stabbed horizontally, someone slashed backwards, making the enemy soldiers terrified. be afraid.
The eloquent tone, boiling through the pauses, the fast and fast rhythm, with the strong verbs “slam the fence forward”, “smash the door in”, “smash back and forth” and a steely tone of voice. .
The poet’s mourning for the deceased martyrs is expressed by the opening phrase “Quite pitiful” in the third paragraph. At the end, the word “Oh” appears expressing the mercy and prayer of the priest. The mournful tone fell to the pit of sorrow. The author has compassion for the people who have to work hard and suffer “eating snow and lying on bones” to “fall from rain to wind”.
He affirmed the determination of the nation that would rather “return to our ancestors and be honored” rather than stoop to be a slave. Behind the loud cry, the mournful cry is the author’s wish and wish. He wished for the country to be at peace, for the black people to escape poverty and misery, for the nation to be free from enemies.
Although he was blind, he could not go to war, but Nguyen Dinh Chieu still joined the leaders of the insurgent army to discuss the plan to fight the enemy. When the enemy invaded and occupied Nam Ky, he stayed in Ba Tri and they tried to seduce and bribe him, but that steadfast man refused, keeping his whole heart to the nation.
“The philanthropist Can Giuoc” is the most successful essay for the literary genre of Nguyen Dinh Chieu. The essay has made new contributions to national literature along with expensive art that is cleverly used. Firstly, new contributions: the image of a Vietnamese farmer first entered literature with the most simple features with clear gestures, appearance, personality, emotions and feelings.
The topic is related to the current reality of the country at that time. Notably, the shift of the middle-class ideology towards increasing the realism, reducing the ideal “weapon”. The work has turned the literature of this period into a weapon to fight against the enemy, against the idea of surrender and reactionary henchmen selling the country. The second are expensive artistic tricks used successfully.
The poem is written in the form of a rhyme in the form of a rhyme, with a unique destiny. Expressive words directly, naming diverse states such as sadness, sadness, sometimes pride. The system of evocative and sexy words is used flexibly: quail, creep, brainless, sloppy, … Simple language, bold colors of the countryside of the southern land: quail, patchy , straw bow, milling knife…. Ingenious combination of classic classics, symbolic conventions such as: the sound of cranes, the smell of sheep, termites, slaying snakes and chasing deer…
The art of subjunctive art typical of the literary genre is clearly shown through the sentences along with the same negative linguistic structure: “Wait/ don’t want/ don’t have to/ just do/ don’t wait/ don’t wait. ..” The art of contrasting two levels was used successfully as “Fire flint… the sword…/ The hard work of the mandarin… not afraid of the West… / The man who crosses… the gangsters… last summer… the gun went off.” The flexible tone is sometimes majestic, boiling when expressing arrogance, sometimes tragic, and painful when talking about loss and grief.
It is these things that have portrayed the image of the heroic farmer Can Giuoc – heroic people who dare to sacrifice for a great cause with a passionate patriotism “It formed a very strong and huge wave. , it passes through all the dangers and difficulties, it drowns all the watermen and water robbers”. With that spirit, that person has become a beautiful, admirable image and a shining example for the young generation of Vietnam.
If before the French colonialists invaded, Do Chieu’s poetry and literature were mainly long stories with the typical character of Luc Van Tien to spread morality and human thought, then in the period after 1858 poetry and literature. Do Chieu was the flagship for anti-French poetry in the early XNUMXth century, promoting patriotism. The sacrifice contributed to Nguyen Dinh Chieu, a bright star that really shines in its own way in the nation’s artistic sky.
Analysis of the work “Can Giuoc’s philanthropist” No. 1
Nguyen Dinh Chieu is one of the famous writers and poets of Vietnamese literature. But his life was not smooth, in 1849 he had to give up his exam to go home to mourn his mother. On the way, he suffered eye pain and went blind, later he went out to teach and give medicine to the people, and finally joined the fight against the French.
Probably because he spent a lot of time near people in general and farmers in particular, he understood the hardships and hardships but brought a tragic beauty, ready to sacrifice for the people of Southern farmers that he had wrote a page of the masterpiece “Can Giuoc’s philanthropist” at the request of Do Quang.
The lesson consists of four parts: Lung arising, liking real, ending and ending. With such a layout, Nguyen Dinh Chieu erected in the eyes of readers and listeners an immortal monument of a farmer. In the beginning, Nguyen Dinh Chieu raised the argument of life and death. That is to stand up against foreign invaders because enemy guns make the earth rumble, but the hearts of the people will be revealed by heaven. By analogy, he expressed the people’s indignation at the invasion of his country.
Besides, he also compared the reputation of farming and fighting the enemy after spending ten years’ effort due to the field work, to a battle against the west, and the name brought about by ten years that could not be as famous as the buoy of the battle. When fighting in that west, the heroic reputation resounded as far as the mighty and imposing sound of a muzzle.
Also because of that life and death, along with patriotism and hatred for the enemy, hating the habits it is like a farmer hates grass and that anger is so extreme that he wants to eat the liver, want to bite the throat of the foreign invaders. and an understanding that “water is lost, house is destroyed” boiled over and the peasant class rose up to revolt.
Those are the orphaned farmers who did business before specializing in hoes, plows, and harrows, and military jobs such as shield training, gun practice, marking training, chess practice, they have never looked at, never seen like that. having to wait for someone to come, who to arrest, they have tried their best to stop fighting voluntarily even before becoming soldiers.
They are brave farmers, fighting without regard to life and death with a heroic image that is not afraid of iron and steel pointing out but stepping on the fence, treating the enemy as if it did not exist; I don’t know which Western guy is shooting small bullets with big bullets, but he rushes in and rushes in with all but nothing.
Although their weapons are very rudimentary, just the tops of the twigs, the chisels, the knives, the percussion hats, but they still rush into the enemy, stabbing them across, slashing backwards, making the code evil ghosts; the summer boys, the eagles after, the tin ships, the bronze ships with guns and explosions. They fight for the country, for the nation, so they are ready to leave their own families. This is the content of the real liking section.
In the mourning part, Nguyen Dinh Chieu expressed his condolences to the peasants with tragic beauty and indomitable patriotism who were not afraid to sacrifice themselves in the Can Giuoc war. “A long sleep that the word virtue, or horse skin wrapped the body; hundreds of years of the underworld, waiting for the sword and lobster to hang the grave”, so “old and young, two rows of small burdens”, “old mother sat crying young , the other lamp is creeping in the tent”, “the beloved wife runs to find her husband”. That is the grief, suffering, and compassion for the soldiers of Nguyen Dinh Chieu in particular and the entire Can Giuoc people in general.
For the ending, the author once again emphasizes that in life, one must worship the king, when the enemy comes, he must try to protect the country like the martyrs of Can Giuoc. The martyrs, even though they have sacrificed, will always continue to walk with the nation in the defense of the country.
In summary, Nguyen Dinh Chieu’s Literature sacrifice to the martyrs of Can Giuoc is the tragic cry of a painful but great period of the nation’s history, the great immortal wall of Can Giuoc farmers in particular and the whole nation. The people of the South in general bravely fought and died for the country during wartime. The essay is also an excellent achievement in the art of creating character images, which skillfully combines lyricism and realism; simple, clear, and lively language.
Analysis of the work “Can Giuoc’s philanthropist” No. 10
The philanthropist’s filial piety is considered as the loyal heart of Nguyen Dinh Chieu to the martyrs of our people’s heroes in the fight against the French invasion. The eminent poet of Vietnamese literature has erected a tragic “art monument” about patriotic peasants who dared to stand up against foreign invaders. They are peasants with fierce hatred, undying love with the invading French colonialists, ready to sacrifice everything for the independence and freedom of the nation.
“Can Giuoc philanthropist” is a rare “work of art” born in 1858, when the French colonialists opened fire on Da Nang. “Tragic” is the stature and nature of that work of art, majestic, both intimate and tragic. Heroic in the content of fighting for a great cause. Heroic in heroic qualities, in the virtue of self-sacrifice. It is heroic in that it erected a fierce and fierce turbulent era of the country and the nation.
The opening of the eulogy is two words “Oi!” It sounded like a poet’s lamenting cry for a martyr, a sob and sorrowful cry for the country in danger at that time.
The earth-shattering gun,
The heart of the people of heaven revealed.
Two verses describe the Fatherland at that time in the dying period, guns and bullets resounded all over the world, all regions in the same countryside. In the scene where the country lost their home, only the unanimous strength of the peasants stood up to shoulder the historical mission, fighting the enemy to save the country and save the house. In that situation, the peasant bravely stood up to fight the enemy to reclaim the independence and democracy for the Fatherland.
All stem from great patriotism and deep hatred for the enemy. They all come from honest, rustic, hardworking farmers who sell their faces to the land and their backs to heaven all day long, all year round, they only know how to plow their meals, make friends with buffalo, and are strangers to the palace. but
Remember the old spirit
Worrying about poverty alone,
Unaccustomed to the bow and horse brought to velvet school
Only know that buffalo fields live in households;
“Business orphan” clearly shows the austerity, year-round hard work, no fault of the farmers. They are farmers who only know how to do and do, not knowing anything about “horse bow” or “velvet school”. The fighting spirit of the Can Giuoc martyrs. They are a large class of people who know only fields and plowshares all year round, but “have never looked” at weapons and weapons to fight the enemy:
The hoeing, the plowing, the harrowing, the transplanting, the familiar hands;
Practice shield, practice spear, practice spear, practice chess, eyes have never looked.
Plowing, hoeing and harrowing is their main job, the job that feeds them, so it is familiar to farmers. As for spears, marks, or chess sets is something completely foreign, they have never “looked at”. However, when the French invaders invaded our country, the peasants with muddy hands and feet stood up as volunteers to fight the enemy to save the country, protect every piece of land, collect fields as if they were protecting their own rice and pond. their peace
The sound of the wind and the crane rose and fell for more than ten months, it looked like a drought and a rain.
The smell of fried semen, which has been patched for three years, hates routine like a farmer hates grass.
For the French invaders and invading minions, they only have an attitude of “eating the liver” and “biting the neck”.
Night see bubbles cover the white layer, but want to eat liver;
The day I watched the chimney run black, I was about to bite my neck.
A huge mail match, let anyone cut snakes to chase retirement;
The two suns and moons are dazzling, where do not use the flood of goats and dogs.
Conscious of that, they came to the determination to make an uprising. They are ready to rise up when necessary:
Let’s wait for someone to ask who to arrest, this time please try to break it.
Not bothering to hide and hide, this trip poured into the hands of the tiger.
They envisioned a just war.
They are ready to follow the call of the country. They are ready to fight, sacrifice themselves to keep every inch of land and gold, to keep what belongs to Vietnam. Their image is beautiful, sublimely beautiful, heroic. Nguyen Dinh Chieu drew on the image of the insurgent soldiers going to the battle, which are the most majestic and majestic lines to depict the “artistic monument” of the sacrifice.
The author has built with two contrasting images: the brave group of the homeland and the French invaders. If the invading French army was equipped with modern and advanced weapons such as “tin ships, copper ships”, “small bullets”, “big bullets”, “prison codes”, “codes”, our troops would only have weapons. simple, rudimentary gas “a cloth shirt”, “tops of the mountain”, “milling knife”. Despite being so simple and idyllic, they have woven heroic and glorious history pages for our nation. Inside the pitiful “man’s shirt” is a great and noble thing contained.
Besides the kidney, there is a cloth shirt, waiting to bring a sack, a nib,
In his hand, he used a top of the nettle to buy a knife and a wooden hat.
Fire apricots beaten with straw, also burned the other religious house;
The sword that is worn uses a milling cutter, also cuts off the heads of the two officials
They are simple but heroic people. When plowing and farming, they are gentle people, but when facing the enemy, they are a different person, despite all standing up to protect the independence of the nation. The atmosphere of the battle was fierce, our heroic soldiers considered death as light as a feather, and did not hesitate to advance in the middle of the enemy station “stepping on the fence”, “rushing through the door”, “crossing and slashing”. reverse”, “summer first, owl later”….
Powerful voice, flexible use of strong words to show determination and strength to emphasize the brave fighting spirit, not afraid of the death of Can Giuoc soldiers. Thereby, the author also shows pride and admiration for farmers who incarnate as soldiers.
Spending time and money, the Quan mandarins beat the drums to urge them on, step on the fences, and see the enemy as if they were not.
Ignore the guy who shoots small bullets, big bullets, knocks on the door and rushes in, risking his life like nothing.
Someone who stabs horizontally, someone who cuts vertically, makes the grave of evil, the grave of love, the horror.
The summer before, the eagle after, the tin ships, the bronze ships with guns.
In the sacrificial poem, interspersed with that is the cry, the tears of compassion expressed in the mourning part. There are many martyrs who have fallen because of the struggle of the nation, “but after using it, the body will quickly give it up”, the tone of the poem sags in pain and sorrow. After painful moments, the author has highlighted a noble conception of life and death.
How to live according to the army of the left, throw away incense, leave the table alone and think more sad;
How to live in the evil soldiers, share sweet wine, gnaw bread, listen to more tigers.
It is better to have a sentence to translate, later the ancestors will also be honored,
More than that, suffering from the initials of the West, living with barbarians is very miserable.
He gave a profoundly humanistic concept that, even if he died, he would definitely not be a slave or henchman for the countrymen and bandits. To live but to follow the French army, it is better to die, for the martyrs, to live to fight the enemy and die to fight the enemy. The truth clearly shows the determination and strength of our people as a brilliant and brilliant living truth that further encourages the fighting spirit of the nation. The martyrs vowed to dedicate themselves to the country, for the homeland.
Interspersed with that proud voice, the author again interjected with the heartbreaking cries of mothers with children, married wives who are waiting day and night, waiting for the peaceful day of the country and the return of loved ones. But many heroic martyrs have fallen in a proud posture
How painful, the old mother crying and the young, the late-night lamp flickering in the tent,
Embarrassed, the weak wife ran to find her husband, the driver’s shadow struggled in front of the alley.
The martyrs lived a heroic life, and died without honor. The example of their heroic battle and sacrifice will forever shine, shine, and endure along the mountains and rivers. Nguyen Dinh Chieu had to exclaim “oh” to express his intense pride.
A puff of smoke,
Thousand years of brilliant weather.
The sacrifice of the martyrs of Can Giuoc is a valuable lesson that they have left to the next generation as “It is better to die with honor than to live with shame”. Lessons about life and death, living proudly and dying must also be indomitable, holding your head up high. It is that attitude that has enhanced the tragic character of the artistic monument of heroic farmers for the freedom of the country, for the independence of the nation. The great merits that the martyrs have shed their tears, sweat and blood will always be engraved in the hearts of every Vietnamese. They are a bright example to follow and do, a lamp to illuminate the Vietnamese nation
Live to fight the enemy, the waterfall also fights the enemy, the soul follows to help the army for eternity, vowing to take revenge
Living to worship the king, the waterfall also worshiping the king, the teaching is clear enough to pay for it.
The hero’s tears can’t be wiped dry, sorry for the two words “Heavenly People”.
The incense stick is lit with a sense of smell, bran by a kingdom sentence.
The song “Can Giuoc’s philanthropist” has shown all the patriotism and love of the people of poet Nguyen Dinh Chieu. The sacrifice is as a pride to express the deep gratitude of our people to the peasants and martyrs of Can Giuoc who bravely fought for the independence and freedom of the nation. They are a shining example for future generations to learn and follow.
Analysis of the work “Can Giuoc’s philanthropist” No. 2
Nguyen Dinh Chieu, the leading poet and writer in the South during the Middle Ages, was a bright star of national literature. He left behind a massive writing career, expressing his ideals of humanity and deep patriotism. In that system of works, we can’t help but mention Can Giuoc’s Literature, one of his best works.
Can Giuoc’s philanthropist’s literature was composed in the context that the French colonialists opened fire to invade our country, the uprising of the Can Giuoc insurgent army broke out and won the initial victory. Then the enemy counterattacked fiercely, 20 martyrs were killed. At that time, the governor of Gia Dinh, Do Quang, asked Nguyen Dinh Chieu to write a sacrifice to read in the memorial ceremony of the martyrs of Can Giuoc.
At the beginning of the work, Nguyen Dinh Chieu discussed the reason of life and death: “The enemy’s guns rumbled; People’s hearts are revealed / Ten years of hard work, not necessarily famous as floats; a righteous battle against the West, although it lost its echo like a mule”. The author draws the context of the era with many events and storms: the enemy, equipped with modern weapons, massacred many people in the South. It was in that situation that tested people’s hearts for the country.
The people of the South did not mind living and dying, fighting with their bodies against the enemy. They are willing to give up, sacrifice what is most precious (property, life) in exchange for fame and reputation handed down for eternity. Thereby clarifying the truth of the times: It is better to die with honor than to live in disgrace.
In the next part of the work, the portrait of a peasant heroic figure appears to be both rustic and simple but at the same time extremely brave and resilient. Before the foreign invaders came, they were just very simple farmers, they lived a simple life, “doing business” with so many worries and chaos of life. They only know the poor village, but never know the outside world.
All year round and all month, those farmers are busy with farm work: “hoeing, plowing, harrowing, transplanting, hands are used to doing” and “practice shield, practice gun, practice marks, practice chess.” eyes have never seen.” But when the invaders came to the border, to the inherent peace, they were ready to stand up, in them there was a great change in perception and emotion.
First of all, there is a change in emotions. They had been listening to “the sound of the wind and crane rising and falling for more than ten months” – the news of the enemy coming to the wind they had heard for a long time. Not only did they hear them, they also smelled the smell of struggle: “The smell of sheep has been patched for three years” and finally they saw with their own eyes the aggression and cruelty of the enemy: “When I saw the white tire, the white tire was covered with bubbles, want to eat liver; Watching the chimney run black every day, I want to go out and bite my neck.”
By this time they had made clear changes in awareness, if at first among those peasants there was still faith in the court, relying on the army “like a drought and waiting for rain”, then they have come to this point. have a clear awareness of the independence and honor of the country; about the enemy – invaders have no reason to exist in the light of justice and moreover they realize their own responsibility to the country: “Wait for someone to ask who to arrest, this time please try your best. period of time, did not bother to hide and hide, this trip was directed to the tiger”. Their initiative is majestic, bold and full of courage.
In the Western battle, they were not equipped with military tactics, had not been trained in martial arts for a day, their equipment was very rudimentary, just items of daily living and labor: “Besides the kidney, there is a cloth shirt. “In his hand he held a torch” “fired a musket with a bow of straw”,… In contrast, the enemy was equipped with modern weapons, moreover, they were trained extremely elite: “small bullets big bullets”. “”gun-fired bronze ship”.
The correlation between the two sides’ forces was clearly seen, but the peasant soldier still “stepped through the fence”, “regarded the enemy as not”, “rushed the door and risked his life as if he didn’t have it”, “Smashed and slashed backwards”. make the evil ghosts terrify the soul”, … Not afraid of the power of the enemy. By consecutively using strong verbs, fast-paced, urgent, the author painted the scene of a fierce battlefield, and at the same time also reflected the beauty of the heroic peasant: brave, resilient, brave. emotional, indomitable.
But the modern weapons of the enemy have caused many martyrs to fall, causing grief for the entire nation. The cry of the author, relatives and the entire nation for the heroic sacrifices of brave people, it is also the mourning for the fate of the family, who will now fall into slavery. enemy’s faction.
At the same time, the author also expressed deep admiration for the heroic peasants of Can Giuoc: “It is better to fall to catch the enemy, to follow the ancestors is also honored; rather than bear the initials of the West, living with barbarians is very miserable”. The verse not only expresses mourning for those who have passed away, but also affirms things that are immortal with time and look forward to the continuation of future generations. Therefore, the verse is sad and pitiful, but not tragic or weak.
The last verses have affirmed the immortality of the Can Giuoc peasant martyrs in the mourning and admiration of the rest. At the same time, praising the merits of sacrificing themselves for the great cause of the martyrs. Especially in the sentence: “Hero’s tears can’t be wiped dry, because of the two words heaven and people; “The sage’s incense tree is lit with more fragrance, “bran by a verse of the kingdom” both expressing pity and remembrance of those who have passed away and honoring their merits in a tacit comparison with the court.
The language is rustic, simple, and close to everyday speech, especially the bold Southern language. Building an artistic image – a true, detailed and vivid peasant hero, for the first time, a farmer has appeared so beautifully and solemnly. Harmoniously combine details to express the feelings and emotions of the writer, increase the lyrical quality of the essay, and at the same time make it easier to enter the reader’s heart.
In simple and emotional language, Can Giuoc’s philanthropist Van Te has successfully portrayed a tragic and immortal statue of a peasant martyr. At the same time, through the work, Nguyen Dinh Chieu expressed his admiration and sorrow for their indomitable merits and sacrifices.
Analysis of the work “Can Giuoc’s philanthropist” No. 7
Literary philanthropist Can Giuoc is the culmination of poet Nguyen Dinh Chieu’s compositions and also the most concentrated and profound expression of his patriotic and patriotic thought. With sincere sympathy and admiration, the poet has built an immortal artistic monument of the heroic peasant soldier during the historical period of the nation’s struggle against foreign invaders. It can be said that Van Te is a tragic song about a peasant hero who dared to sacrifice himself for the survival of the country.
The first beauty in them is the spirit of voluntary fighting against the enemy, which is the year-round plowing orphans doing business, their daily concern is to have enough to eat and clothe, not to be hungry or ragged. They know their status is lowly in society, besides collecting taxes to pay enough, they don’t dare to think about big work. The state of affairs belongs to the king and mandarins and the court.
However, now, the Lang Sa invaders have invaded the country, spreading the smell of stink (elite battle) for three years, but the faces of the officers are nowhere to be seen, even if they are just cowards running long. That scene made them unable to turn a blind eye. Patriotism forged from thousands of years ago in their veins boiling, they voluntarily stood up to fight the enemy:
Wait for someone to ask who to arrest, this time please try to break the cycle;
did not bother to hide and hide, this trip was to the hands of the tiger.
They took on extremely difficult and huge jobs for themselves: cut the glass, set the tiger, ie fight against the enemy many times stronger than themselves. Their spiritual beauty is daring to fight, dare to sacrifice; wholeheartedly ask for efforts, hands, and dedication to the Fatherland. The pure god who dares to fight and dare to sacrifice is so much more beautiful when they are just villagers from the unicorn hamlet, uniting themselves into a team to fight, not soldiers of the court.
From the gates of their cottages, they charged straight into battle, with no training at all. That spirit was even greater when looking at the weapons in their hands. It can be said that their sharp equipment is their patriotism and great meaning for the country, but their bows, machetes, and canes can’t be matched with bicentric guns, tin ships and bronze ships. .
Its sharpness, its ability to kill enemies is only in the heart, in the courage of the person holding the knife and holding the stick, their beauty is so heroic, but next to that heroism is the pain, the sadness that wants to fall. tear! So let’s see them in battle. So many words are so much epic quality, fiery mettle, fighting fire of a fierce and heroic battle:
The shells were beaten with straw, and they also burned the other religious house;
The sword used by the milling cutter also cut off the heads of the two officials.
The one who crosses, the one who slashes back, makes the ghosts of evil spirits,
the summer before, the eagles after, let the train and the train explode with gunfire.
It’s great! Someone used a very expensive (but not expensive) way of saying that the image of a hard-working, poor peasant hero has appeared as a heroic image in the middle of the battlefield, mastering the battle, overwhelming. all. Their machetes and blades pierced and slashed back and forth, tossing and turning, and proudly occupied the entire battlefield space, making the enemy’s soul panic.
The sound of their summer, their booing, drowned out the cannons of the bronze ships. Straw crouched, the blade of the milling cutter also burned the enemy’s post, and also cut off the heads of the two enemies. The passage is full of verbs, phrasal verbs that describe intense action, flaming enthusiasm. In front of these heroes, the ferocious enemy soldiers with guns and bullets swam across them as if they were cowering, short, pitifully shabby. It can be said that the image of the peasant heroic man in need of Giuoc emerges from the fiery sky, standing like a magnificent monument.
The main emotion of the poem is the tragic emotion, the words are solid, the tone is tight and fast. The art of opposing has brought to its fullest effect. All combined into a heroic, exciting battle sound of a wonderful epic. The author’s pen is completely worthy of the noble act of the peasant hero, with the extremely great ideas that the author discovered in their voluntary act of killing the enemy to save the country.
Nearly three dozen peasant soldiers died in a fierce and unequal battle. Their tragic deaths made nature and people all mourn: Doi Can Giuoc river, trees and grass for miles are so sad; Looking at Truong Binh market, young and old, two rows of small ones. People who die for the country, for the nation, how can they not be touched by the people and the country?!
The artistic monument of the peasant hero is tragic in nature. It was erected in tears, in the mournful cry of the poet and of the people. This is an excellent artistic achievement of the blind patriotic poet Nguyen Dinh Chieu. The article is like a stele, a landmark, a glorious monument to the heroic Southern peasants, to the eternally shining working people.
Analysis of the work “Can Giuoc’s philanthropist” No. 4
Nguyen Dinh Chieu came from a Confucian family. In 1846, he returned to Gia Dinh to open a school to teach people to take medicine to cure diseases and to write poetry. When the French invaders seduced him, he still kept his whole heart loyal to the country and the people. His poetry and poetry are imbued with the ideal of noble morality and benevolence with noble and loyal people who know how to maintain their upright and noble personalities who dare to fight and have enough strength to defeat the brutal forces. save humanity.
The article “Can Giuoc philanthropist’s literature” is such a work. The essay is the cry from the bottom of the heart of the author and the people’s loud cry at the sacrifices of the heroes. Literature is a type of literature often used while offering sacrifices to the dead, it has the form of sacrifice – thought. The sacrificial essay has the following parts: Loyalty is the general inspiration of the dead, Thich real reminisces about the merits of the dead, Who laments the death of the dead and the conclusion states the meaning and invitation of the sacrificer to the deceased. Dead souls.
The Can Giuoc philanthropist’s article has four such parts. At the beginning of the poem is a lament: “Oh my! The enemy’s guns against the earth groaned in the hearts of the people of heaven”. The sound of groans sounded so painful to hear. That lament gives us an idea of a scene of mourning and death that is a scene of brutal war with those who have been killed on the battlefield. God understands people’s hearts, understands the grief and sorrow in the hearts of the relatives of the people who died in battle.
The author’s tragic cry comes from many emotional sources. That is the author’s attitude of admiration and infinite compassion for the heroic farmer. The details “the flesh hastened to give up”; “Let’s wait for the sword to hang the grave”; “an inch of soil to thank God”, “finance for our country”; “troubled military mandarin”, “eats snow and lies dew”; The “shattered stronghold” showing that compassion and mercy once again affirms that the soldiers are just ordinary people, but ready to raise troops for a patriotism.
Besides, the author describes the image of a soldier with the beauty of the outside “just a villager”, “aside from the kidney, there is a cloth shirt”, “in his hand he holds a bamboo top”. Those are the pictures of people with muddy hands and feet, not enough food, not enough clothes. As for their daily life, the author describes in simple, easy-to-understand sentences that are not fussy about words, they appear to be people who “have to do business and worry about poverty”, “not used to providing services”. horses”, “hoarding, ploughing, harrowing work, hand transplants which are familiar to do; shield practice, practice gun practice, practice chess, practice chess that you have never looked at”.
From there, it gives us the most comprehensive view of the farmer. They are ordinary working people and they are extremely honest and never want war, they don’t go looting, they don’t want to invade other countries to enrich themselves, but they are satisfied with their miserable life. its hard but peaceful. Maybe their biggest dream is to have enough food to eat.
But when the country was in danger of the enemy’s guns exploding in the heavens and the earth and the homeland, they strangely had a boiling resistance spirit. “Rolling gun” shows that the enemy used very advanced weapons, not sticks, shields and marks, showing that there is a long gap in the weapons of both sides. The writer described the beauty of the patriotic people so simply: “The sound of the wind and crane fluttering for more than ten months looks like a drought, it looks like it’s raining, the smell of war has been patched for three years, and he hates all manners like that. The ghost house hates grass”.
“When I saw the white tire, I wanted to come eat liver and see the black chimney, I wanted to come out and bite my neck.” That’s why, although the villagers, in addition to their kidneys, have a cloth shirt in their hand holding a bamboo stick, they are still willing to voluntarily sacrifice themselves for the great cause, “fire with straw and bow also burn the house to teach religion.” The other sword wielded with a machete blade also cut off the heads of the two families”, “the hard work of the officers who beat the drums and drums urged them to step on the fence to see the enemy as well as not afraid of the western guy shooting small bullets and rushing through the door.” I feel like I don’t have any” and that’s why “the man who stabbed him back and forth made the ghosts terrify the people in front of the eagles behind the train, the train, the gun, and the explosion.
The writer succeeded in portraying the image of the Can Giuoc insurgent army. The words describing the origin, appearance and actions of the peasant noblemen show that they are just ordinary people who are simple and hardworking, but when there is a enemy in their country, they accept their responsibility to protect the country. willing to sacrifice for water. The way of expressing the image of the artist is very meticulous from rudimentary equipment, brave actions, and sacrifices to protect the country.
Analysis of the work “Can Giuoc’s philanthropist” No. 8
Nguyen Dinh Chieu is a talented writer when he has raised the image of a farmer in literature that has not been mentioned in recent times through the article Can Giuoc philanthropist. In the liturgy, the image of a farmer is clearly depicted. The image of a poor farmer who only knows how to do business quietly, all year round, only knows how to farm buffaloes and work diligently.
They were clearly love-hate farmers, determined to fight with the enemy when the French colonialists invaded. They fought bravely and heroically sacrificed, in the lyrics were sad words filled with tears but not tears. That is the beauty of Nguyen Dinh Chieu’s poetry.
Can Giuoc philanthropist was born in 1858, when the French colonialists opened fire on Da Nang, Vietnam. After capturing Gia Dinh citadel in early 1859, the French began a process of expanding their attack to neighboring areas such as Tan An, Can Giuoc, Go Cong…
On November 15, the year of the Rooster, the martyrs who were peasants, because they were so angry with the foreign invaders, bravely stood up to fight and ambushed the French garrison in Can Giuoc, destroying a number of enemy troops and members. Vietnamese tri district is working as a partner for France. About fifteen martyrs died. Those examples have caused great emotion among the people. At the request of the Gia Dinh government, Do Quang, Nguyen Dinh Chieu wrote the article “Can Giuoc’s philanthropist” to read at the memorial service for the martyrs who died in this battle.
As we all know, “Can Giuoc philanthropist” is a rare “work of art”. “Truthful” is the stature and nature of that work of art: both monumental, majestic, painful and tragic. Heroic in the content of fighting for a great cause. Heroic in heroic qualities, in the virtue of self-sacrifice. It is heroic in that it erected a fierce and fierce turbulent era of the country and the nation.
The opening of the eulogy is two words “Oi!” resounding sorrowfully, it is the cry of the poet to the martyr, the sob of grief for the perilous world: “The enemy’s guns, the earth rumbles; the hearts of the people are revealed” which means the Fatherland is in danger, the gun is in danger. The war resounded in heaven and earth and in the homeland.
In the situation where the country lost their home, only the people stood up to shoulder the historical mission, fighting the enemy to save the country and save the house. And the poor farmer who only knew how to do business in a pitiful way bravely stood up to fight the enemy to regain independence for the beloved Fatherland, that courage comes from the patriotism in every human being. The patriotism and hatred of the farmers of the farmers and the people in cloth clothes showed to heaven and earth and shone with righteousness. The main image of the article Van Te is the Can Giuoc insurgent soldiers.
Their origins are poor farmers who live a “orphan” life behind the village’s bamboo ramparts. Simple and gentle, industrious is to work hard in business, hang around in the village, make friends with buffaloes, plow roads, harrows, very unfamiliar with the long velvet palace: “Remember the old spirit: Cui quail do eat; worry about poverty. Doing business: means doing business alone, pitifully silently. No matter how tired or hard they are, they still silently suffer alone without telling anyone.
“Doing business; worrying about poverty” has shown a full life cycle of Vietnamese farmers, the “neighborhood people” of the South. Starting with quail, struggling to do business, trying to end up in poverty. They are farmers who only know what to do and do all year round, never knowing what is called a bow or what is called a horse.
“I’m not used to bows and horses, but I don’t know where to go to velvet school;
know only buffalo fields, live in the village”.
They are a large class of people, living close to us. All year round, muddy hands and feet with farming, “never looked at” the soldiers and weapons fighting the enemy:
“The hoeing, the plowing, the harrowing, the transplanting, the hand is used to doing;
practice shields, practice guns, practice marks, practice chess that have never been seen before”.
However, when their homeland was invaded by the French invaders, those people with muddy hands and feet stood up to volunteer as soldiers to fight the enemy to save the country, save their home, and protect the occupation that they considered a bad rice bowl. their shirt is the big meaning that they “love” is to pursue
“The day I saw the bubbles covering the white tires, I wanted to go to safety; the day I saw the black chimney running, I wanted to go out and bite my neck.” For the French invaders and their henchmen selling the country, they only had one attitude: “eat your liver” and “bite your neck”, only one intention: “This time, please try to break it…, this trip is going to go out. tiger arm”.
In Van Te Nguyen Dinh Chieu’s essay, there was a contrast between the brave army of the homeland and the invading French invaders. The invaders were equipped with modern equipment, had “tin ships, copper ships”, “shot small bullets, big bullets”, there were mercenaries with “evil code, ghost” mercenaries. On the contrary, the equipment of the insurgents was very rudimentary.
Military equipment is just “a piece of cloth”. The weapon had only “a scythe”, or “a machete”, a musket that fired “with a bow of straw”. However, they still managed to achieve feats: “burning the other religious house” and “cutting off the head of that two mandarins”. The Van Te re-created the hours of fierce fighting between the insurgents and the French invaders:
“Expenses to manage the drums, drums urging, stepping on the fence to glide forward, consider the enemy as well as not;
No one is afraid of Westerners shooting small bullets with large bullets, rushing through the door, risking their lives like nothing.”
“Those who cross, those who cut backwards, make ghosts, evil spirits;
the summer boys, the eagles after, let the tin ships and bronze ships explode.”
The atmosphere of the battle was filled with the sound of drums urging the troops, “there are summer people first, there are eagles later” resounding through the sky and the sound of gunfire. Our martyrs considered death as nothing, attacked like a storm, roamed in the middle of the enemy’s fortress: “stepping on the fence”, “rushing the door”, “crossing and slashing”, “last summer, later owl later”. “.
Nguyen Dinh Chieu’s voice has highlighted the brave, indomitable spirit of the Can Giuoc peasants’ martyrs. He also clearly expressed his admiration for the peasant hero. So far, this is the first work to include the image of a peasant hero
In the song “Can Giuoc’s philanthropist” there is also the cry of an elderly mother in her hometown waiting for her son to return, a wife lovingly remembers her husband, and a son waiting for his father to return to listen to grief and sorrow. Many martyrs have fallen on the battlefield in heroic poses:
“Those five hearts are used for a long time, but the body is in a hurry to leave” The country and homeland are deeply saddened. A large space of sorrow and pain: “Loving the Can Giuoc river, the trees and grass for a few miles stretch; looking at Truong Binh market, young and old, two rows of small children.” The cry of an old mother, the pain of a wife When young, the children’s grief was talked about with great emotion: “In pain, the old mother sat crying and the young child, the late-night lamp flickered in the tent; the weak wife ran to find her husband in despair, the shadow drifted in front of the alley. “.
The martyrs lived bravely fighting, and died gloriously. Their example of fighting and sacrificing is to let us know that every country is independent and self-reliant. No one has the right to invade. They are a very proud example: “Oh! A cloud of smoke; a thousand years of brilliant weather”.
The sacrifice of the martyrs of Can Giuoc is a valuable lesson they have left behind. It is better to die with honor than to live with shame. They are a shining example for the Vietnamese people to follow and do, a lamp to illuminate the Vietnamese nation. “Live to fight the enemy, the waterfall also fights the enemy, the soul follows to help the army, forever vows to take revenge;…”
The merits of the heroic farmer Can Giuoc will forever be in the hearts of every Vietnamese for his heroic example, ready to sacrifice himself for the independence of the Fatherland. “The hero’s tears can’t be wiped dry, sorry for the two words “heavenly people”; the incense of the martyrs is lit with more fragrance, thanks to a sentence of kingdom”.
In short, “Can Giuoc philanthropist” affirms Nguyen Dinh Chieu’s passionate love for the people. “Can Giuoc philanthropist’s culture” is the pride and deep gratitude of our people for the Can Giuoc peasant martyr who bravely fought against foreign invaders to protect the solid independence of the homeland. where they were born and raised or is it the homeland that for them “it” is very important in life.
Can Giuoc’s peasant martyr is an example of bravery and deep patriotism for generations to follow after reading this sacrificial text to build the country richer and stronger.
Analysis of the work “Can Giuoc’s philanthropist” No. 6
Nguyen Dinh Chieu (1822-1888) was a passionate patriotic Confucian who hated the enemy deeply. His life had to go through many tragedies, sufferings and misfortunes. Perhaps that’s why he felt more than anyone the pain of losing his country when the French colonialists invaded our country. In 1859, the French invaders invaded the Ben Nghe River and occupied Gia Dinh citadel, he had to go to his wife’s hometown in Thanh Ba, Can Giuoc to temporarily hide.
On the French side, after capturing Gia Dinh citadel, they began to carry out the process of expanding the attack to neighboring areas. Can Giuoc was soon overrun by the French invaders. The farmers in cloth clothes, with their feet covered in mud, stood up to fight. They joined the insurgent army, ready to sacrifice for a great cause. Among them many martyrs have died heroically. Those examples of sacrifice have caused great appreciation among the people.
Do Quang, the governor of Gia Dinh, assigned Nguyen Dinh Chieu to make a sacrificial essay to read at the memorial service for more than twenty martyrs who died in the night battle on December 16, 12. With admiration and boundless compassion, Nguyen Dinh Chieu wrote the article Van Sac Can Giuoc. The sacrifice not only shows the infinite compassion of the author and the people for the martyrs of Can Giuoc, but also depicts the true, tragic and heroic beauty of the peasants. patriotism against the West.
Oh my!The earth’s guns roar; The hearts of the people of heaven revealed… When the Fatherland was in danger, the whole country resounded with gunfire. It is from that peril and pain that ordinary farmers’ love for the country is shown, and the true flatness of their souls is revealed to heaven and earth.
The heart, love of the countryside and the country of the simple peasants are shown more clearly and deeply when the author has repeatedly used contrasting comparisons in the following sentences. Remember the old soldiers: Quail for business; trying to worry about poverty, not familiar with the bow and horse, where to go to velvet school; only know the buffalo field, living in the village. hoeing, plowing, harrowing, transplanting, hands are used to doing; shield practice, gun practice, mark practice , practice chess, eyes have never looked…
Before, they were still alive, still existing, but just “doing business”. They still live, still exist, but only in silence. In life, they have the worry of simple everyday life; They are only used to doing farm work: plowing, harrowing, transplanting, picking, making friends with buffaloes and fields. They are not familiar with “horse bow”, “velvet school”, not familiar with “marking set, chess set”. The martyrs here are just farmers in cloth clothes, not used to battle, not trained, just because of their love and hate for evil, they stand up to fight the enemy.
When “the sound of the wind and crane rose and fell for more than ten months”, they looked forward to the imperial court’s order: “Watching news is like a drought and waiting for rain”. It turned out that the tragic tragedy was here: the court was weak and did not understand the patriotism of the people. The peasants’ hatred for the enemy was uncontrollable:
The smell of fried semen has been patched for three years, hates habits like a farmer hates grass….
When I saw a white tire, I wanted to come and eat liver;
day watch the chimney run black, want to bite the neck.
The image of peasants and patriotic martyrs appeared bravely and heroically. The passionate love of the country that comes from their own hearts makes them beautiful and sparkling. The beauty of patriotic peasants and soldiers is exuded from the boiling hatred of the enemy. It was the hatred of the enemy that turned into a very heroic act of revolt.
Now wait for anyone to ask, anyone, this time please try to break the sutra:
Not bothering to hide, escape, this trip is to the hands of the tiger.
In the works opposing the unjustified feudal war in the past, the peasants, when they had to go to work as border guards from afar to protect the king’s territory, they left with the mood and attitude of “stepping into the boat.” , tears like rain”, here, the farmer of Nguyen Dinh Chieu is completely different. They voluntarily and voluntarily stood up to fight to protect the country and the country, which is the most essential beauty in the actions of the peasants – the martyrs of Can Giuoc.
Coming here, not only the beauty in the soul but also the beauty in the actions of the patriotic peasant soldiers has been clearly portrayed by Nguyen Dinh Chieu. From the spiritual motivation of voluntarily shouldering the historical responsibility that gave them great strength. They acted and stood up against foreign invaders. Not waiting to show his father, but only “besides the kidney, there is a piece of cloth shirt that carries a sack, a knife, in one hand holds a top of the nettle, just buys a knife and a percussion hat”.
The image of the farmer shown in the work makes us both feel proud and mixed with sadness. The righteous people seem to act as the embodiment of a whole national strength. Faced with powerful enemies with “small bullets, big bullets”, “tin ships, copper ships” with a team of professional invaders, but the weapon for them to use against is only “a piece of cloth”, ” a cymbals”, only “milling knives” and just “bowls of straw”.
Imagine that bringing those things up against the colonial guns is like walking to death. It’s so painful to see that harsh truth unfold before our eyes. That is the tragedy of the martyrs of Can Giuoc, also the tragedy of our country’s life at that grim time.
This tragedy led to a century-long loss of water. But it is also from this tragedy that brightens up the beauty of the image of patriotic peasants. With tenacity, passionate patriotism, they have done extraordinary things, they have sung the national war epic.
Despite the danger, despite the disparity and opposition of the fighting situation, they still decided to fight and win, using the spirit of self-sacrifice to make up for their lack and disparity with the enemy. enemy. The fighting situation is so different, but because the martyrs fight with the spirit of determination without fear of sacrifice, the combat effectiveness is extremely great.
Only with rudimentary weapons such as: Fire apricots hit with straw, the bow also burned the other religious house, The sword worn by the milling cutter, also cut off the head of the other two. The one who pierced, the other slashed, did it. for code evil man ni soul scripture. With only rudimentary weapons, but patriotism and national spirit have created miracles. The image of the peasant heroic figure appeared with a glorious beauty of patriotism, which seemed to have overshadowed the dark period of the history of dehydration in the second half of the nineteenth century.
The sacrificial essay is like a monument in words, sculpting the image of heroic but tragic peasant soldiers, symbolizing the patriotism and hatred of the foreign invaders of his father. That monument is a landmark representing a great tragedy of the nation – the tragedy of losing the country, and signaling a dark period of our nation’s history – the one hundred years of French colonialism.
But heroically, in that great tragedy, the indomitable spirit of the people of the South in particular and the people of Vietnam in general still shines brightly because of the noble ideals of the martyrs in need of Giuoc – they are ready to make sacrifices. for the great cause, for the nation.